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  1. Input and Age‐Dependent Variation in Second Language Learning: A Connectionist Account.Marius Janciauskas & Franklin Chang - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S2):519-554.
    Language learning requires linguistic input, but several studies have found that knowledge of second language rules does not seem to improve with more language exposure. One reason for this is that previous studies did not factor out variation due to the different rules tested. To examine this issue, we reanalyzed grammaticality judgment scores in Flege, Yeni-Komshian, and Liu's study of L2 learners using rule-related predictors and found that, in addition to the overall drop in performance due to a sensitive period, (...)
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  • The Relationship Between Artificial and Second Language Learning.Marc Ettlinger, Kara Morgan-Short, Mandy Faretta-Stutenberg & Patrick C. M. Wong - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (4):822-847.
    Artificial language learning experiments have become an important tool in exploring principles of language and language learning. A persistent question in all of this work, however, is whether ALL engages the linguistic system and whether ALL studies are ecologically valid assessments of natural language ability. In the present study, we considered these questions by examining the relationship between performance in an ALL task and second language learning ability. Participants enrolled in a Spanish language class were evaluated using a number of (...)
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  • What to Expect Where and When: How Statistical Learning Drives Visual Selection.Jan Theeuwes, Louisa Bogaerts & Dirk van Moorselaar - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  • Adaptationism.Steven Hecht Orzack - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  • SCALa: A Blueprint for Computational Models of Language Acquisition in Social Context.Sho Tsuji, Alejandrina Cristia & Emmanuel Dupoux - 2021 - Cognition 213:104779.
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  • The P600 in Implicit Artificial Grammar Learning.Susana Silva, Vasiliki Folia, Peter Hagoort & Karl Magnus Petersson - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (1):137-157.
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  • An Alternative View of the Mental Lexicon.Jeffrey Elman L. - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (7):301-306.
    An essential aspect of knowing language is knowing the words of that language. This knowledge is usually thought to reside in the mental lexicon, a kind of dictionary that contains information regarding a word’s meaning, pronunciation, syntactic characteristics, and so on. In this article, a very different view is presented. In this view, words are understood as stimuli that operate directly on mental states. The phonological, syntactic and semantic properties of a word are revealed by the effects it has on (...)
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  • On the Meaning of Words and Dinosaur Bones: Lexical Knowledge Without a Lexicon.Jeffrey L. Elman - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (4):547-582.
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  • Structured Sequence Learning: Animal Abilities, Cognitive Operations, and Language Evolution.Christopher I. Petkov & Carel ten Cate - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):828-842.
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  • Uncovering the Richness of the Stimulus: Structure Dependence and Indirect Statistical Evidence.Florencia Reali & Morten H. Christiansen - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (6):1007-1028.
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  • The Role of Prior Experience in Language Acquisition.Jill Lany, Rebecca L. Gómez & Lou Ann Gerken - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (3):481-507.
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  • Artificial Syntactic Violations Activate Broca?S Region.Karl Magnus Petersson, Christian Forkstam & Martin Ingvar - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3):383-407.
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  • Language Acquisition Meets Language Evolution.Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (7):1131-1157.
    Recent research suggests that language evolution is a process of cultural change, in which linguistic structures are shaped through repeated cycles of learning and use by domain-general mechanisms. This paper draws out the implications of this viewpoint for understanding the problem of language acquisition, which is cast in a new, and much more tractable, form. In essence, the child faces a problem of induction, where the objective is to coordinate with others (C-induction), rather than to model the structure of the (...)
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  • Statistical Learning Is Related to Reading Ability in Children and Adults.Joanne Arciuli & Ian C. Simpson - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (2):286-304.
    There is little empirical evidence showing a direct link between a capacity for statistical learning (SL) and proficiency with natural language. Moreover, discussion of the role of SL in language acquisition has seldom focused on literacy development. Our study addressed these issues by investigating the relationship between SL and reading ability in typically developing children and healthy adults. We tested SL using visually presented stimuli within a triplet learning paradigm and examined reading ability by administering the Wide Range Achievement Test (...)
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  • The Power of Ignoring: Filtering Input for Argument Structure Acquisition.Laurel Perkins, Naomi H. Feldman & Jeffrey Lidz - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (1):e13080.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 1, January 2022.
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  • Can Recurrent Neural Networks Validate Usage-Based Theories of Grammar Acquisition?Ludovica Pannitto & Aurelie Herbelot - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    It has been shown that Recurrent Artificial Neural Networks automatically acquire some grammatical knowledge in the course of performing linguistic prediction tasks. The extent to which such networks can actually learn grammar is still an object of investigation. However, being mostly data-driven, they provide a natural testbed for usage-based theories of language acquisition. This mini-review gives an overview of the state of the field, focusing on the influence of the theoretical framework in the interpretation of results.
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  • Music and Language Perception: Expectations, Structural Integration, and Cognitive Sequencing.Barbara Tillmann - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):568-584.
    Music can be described as sequences of events that are structured in pitch and time. Studying music processing provides insight into how complex event sequences are learned, perceived, and represented by the brain. Given the temporal nature of sound, expectations, structural integration, and cognitive sequencing are central in music perception (i.e., which sounds are most likely to come next and at what moment should they occur?). This paper focuses on similarities in music and language cognition research, showing that music cognition (...)
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  • Second Language Experience Facilitates Statistical Learning of Novel Linguistic Materials.Christine E. Potter, Tianlin Wang & Jenny R. Saffran - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S4):913-927.
    Recent research has begun to explore individual differences in statistical learning, and how those differences may be related to other cognitive abilities, particularly their effects on language learning. In this research, we explored a different type of relationship between language learning and statistical learning: the possibility that learning a new language may also influence statistical learning by changing the regularities to which learners are sensitive. We tested two groups of participants, Mandarin Learners and Naïve Controls, at two time points, 6 (...)
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  • What Determines Visual Statistical Learning Performance? Insights From Information Theory.Noam Siegelman, Louisa Bogaerts & Ram Frost - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (12).
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  • What Complexity Differences Reveal About Domains in Language.Jeffrey Heinz & William Idsardi - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (1):111-131.
    An important distinction between phonology and syntax has been overlooked. All phonological patterns belong to the regular region of the Chomsky Hierarchy, but not all syntactic patterns do. We argue that the hypothesis that humans employ distinct learning mechanisms for phonology and syntax currently offers the best explanation for this difference.
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  • Explanation and Constructions: Response to Adger.Adele E. Goldberg - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (4):479-491.
  • Explanation and Constructions: Response to Adger.Adele E. Goldberg - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (4):479-491.
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  • Grammatical Constructions as Relational Categories.B. Goldwater Micah - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):776-799.
    This paper argues that grammatical constructions, specifically argument structure constructions that determine the “who did what to whom” part of sentence meaning and how this meaning is expressed syntactically, can be considered a kind of relational category. That is, grammatical constructions are represented as the abstraction of the syntactic and semantic relations of the exemplar utterances that are expressed in that construction, and it enables the generation of novel exemplars. To support this argument, I review evidence that there are parallel (...)
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  • Analogy and Abstraction.Dedre Gentner & Christian Hoyos - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):672-693.
    A central question in human development is how young children gain knowledge so fast. We propose that analogical generalization drives much of this early learning and allows children to generate new abstractions from experience. In this paper, we review evidence for analogical generalization in both children and adults. We discuss how analogical processes interact with the child's changing knowledge base to predict the course of learning, from conservative to domain-general understanding. This line of research leads to challenges to existing assumptions (...)
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  • Sequential Expectations: The Role of Prediction‐Based Learning in Language.Jennifer B. Misyak, Morten H. Christiansen & J. Bruce Tomblin - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):138-153.
  • Form is Easy, Meaning is Hard: Resolving a Paradox in Early Child Language.Letitia R. Naigles - 2002 - Cognition 86 (2):157-199.
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  • Do Humans Have Two Systems to Track Beliefs and Belief-Like States?Stephen Andrew Butterfill & Ian A. Apperly - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):953-970.
    The lack of consensus on how to characterize humans’ capacity for belief reasoning has been brought into sharp focus by recent research. Children fail critical tests of belief reasoning before 3 to 4 years (Wellman, Cross, & Watson, 2001; Wimmer & Perner, 1983), yet infants apparently pass false belief tasks at 13 or 15 months (Onishi & Baillargeon, 2005; Surian, Caldi, & Sperber, 2007). Non-human animals also fail critical tests of belief reasoning but can show very complex social behaviour (e.g., (...)
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  • Brains, Genes, and Language Evolution: A New Synthesis.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):537-558.
    Our target article argued that a genetically specified Universal Grammar (UG), capturing arbitrary properties of languages, is not tenable on evolutionary grounds, and that the close fit between language and language learners arises because language is shaped by the brain, rather than the reverse. Few commentaries defend a genetically specified UG. Some commentators argue that we underestimate the importance of processes of cultural transmission; some propose additional cognitive and brain mechanisms that may constrain language and perhaps differentiate humans from nonhuman (...)
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  • Subtle Implicit Language Facts Emerge From the Functions of Constructions.Adele E. Goldberg - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Developmental Constraints on Learning Artificial Grammars with Fixed, Flexible and Free Word Order.Iga Nowak & Giosuè Baggio - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  • Juvenile Zebra Finches Learn the Underlying Structural Regularities of Their Fathers’ Song.Otília Menyhart, Oren Kolodny, Michael H. Goldstein, Timothy J. DeVoogd & Shimon Edelman - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  • Pitch Enhancement Facilitates Word Learning Across Visual Contexts.Piera Filippi, Bruno Gingras & W. Tecumseh Fitch - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  • Implicit Learning, Bilingualism, and Dyslexia: Insights From a Study Assessing AGL With a Modified Simon Task.Maria Vender, Diego Gabriel Krivochen, Beth Phillips, Douglas Saddy & Denis Delfitto - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    This paper presents an experimental study investigating artificial grammar learning (AGL) in monolingual and bilingual children, with and without dyslexia, using an original methodology. We administered a serial reaction time (SRT) task, in the form of a modified Simon task, in which the sequence of the stimuli was manipulated according to the rules of a simple Lindenmayer grammar (more specifically, a Fibonacci grammar). By ensuring that the subjects focused on the correct response execution at the motor stage in presence of (...)
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  • Darwin's Triumph: Explaining the Uniqueness of the Human Mind Without a Deus Ex Machina.Derek C. Penn, Keith J. Holyoak & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):153-178.
    In our target article, we argued that there is a profound functional discontinuity between the cognitive abilities of modern humans and those of all other extant species. Unsurprisingly, our hypothesis elicited a wide range of responses from commentators. After responding to the commentaries, we conclude that our hypothesis lies closer to Darwin's views on the matter than to those of many of our contemporaries.
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  • Extending Statistical Learning Farther and Further: Long-Distance Dependencies, and Individual Differences in Statistical Learning and Language.Jennifer B. Misyak & Morten H. Christiansen - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1307--1312.
  • The Role of Salience in the Extraction of Algebraic Rules.Ansgar D. Endress, Brian J. Scholl & Jacques Mehler - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (3):406-419.
  • Noam Chomsky’s Role in Biological Theory: A Mixed Legacy.D. Kimbrough Oller - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (4):344-350.
  • Structural Principles or Frequency of Use? An ERP Experiment on the Learnability of Consonant Clusters.Richard Wiese, Paula Orzechowska, Phillip M. Alday & Christiane Ulbrich - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Impaired Statistical Learning of Non-Adjacent Dependencies in Adolescents with Specific Language Impairment.Hsinjen J. Hsu, J. Bruce Tomblin & Morten H. Christiansen - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  • Influence of Perceptual Saliency Hierarchy on Learning of Language Structures: An Artificial Language Learning Experiment.Tao Gong, Yau W. Lam & Lan Shuai - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Effects of Statistical Learning on the Acquisition of Grammatical Categories Through Qur’Anic Memorization: A Natural Experiment.Fathima Manaar Zuhurudeen & Yi Ting Huang - 2016 - Cognition 148:79-84.
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  • Toddlers Encode Similarities Among Novel Words From Meaningful Sentences.Erica H. Wojcik & Jenny R. Saffran - 2015 - Cognition 138:10-20.
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  • In Search of Lost Time: Reconstructing the Unfolding of Events From Memory.Myrthe Faber & Silvia P. Gennari - 2015 - Cognition 143:193-202.
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  • An Integrative Account of Constraints on Cross-Situational Learning.Daniel Yurovsky & Michael C. Frank - 2015 - Cognition 145:53-62.
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  • Learning Abstract Visual Concepts Via Probabilistic Program Induction in a Language of Thought.Matthew C. Overlan, Robert A. Jacobs & Steven T. Piantadosi - 2017 - Cognition 168:320-334.
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  • Compression and Communication in the Cultural Evolution of Linguistic Structure.Simon Kirby, Monica Tamariz, Hannah Cornish & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognition 141:87-102.
  • Three Ideal Observer Models for Rule Learning in Simple Languages.Michael C. Frank & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2011 - Cognition 120 (3):360-371.
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  • Nine-Month-Olds Extract Structural Principles Required for Natural Language.L. Gerken - 2004 - Cognition 93 (3):B89-B96.
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  • Syntactic Structure and Artificial Grammar Learning: The Learnability of Embedded Hierarchical Structures.Meinou H. de Vries, Padraic Monaghan, Stefan Knecht & Pienie Zwitserlood - 2008 - Cognition 107 (2):763-774.
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  • Symposium on S. Butterfill and I. Apperly, "How to Construct a Minimal Theory of Mind".Stephen Butterfill, Ian Apperly, Hannes Rakoczy, Shannon Spaulding & Tadeusz Zawidzki - 2013 - Mind and Language Symposia at the Brains Blog.