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  1. A Case For The Centrality Of Ethics In Organizational Transformation.Raymond D. Smith - 2002 - Journal of Human Values 8 (1):3-16.
    The author offers a modification and extension of existing organizational transformation approaches by drawing on values-oriented and stakeholder management paradigms currently popular in literature. Many of the current values-based change paradigms offer vague guidance as to how to actually create, implement and sustain a strategically and operationally excellent organization as an extension of a stakeholder-based cultural mindset. Sharing the belief that organizations should be operationally and strategically sound in addition to being stakeholder centred, the suggestions presented represent an attempt to (...)
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  • Psychological Pragmatism and the Imperative of Aims: A New Approach for Business Ethics.Joshua D. Margolis - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):409-430.
    Psychological forces in play across individual, group, and organizational levels of analysis increase the likelihood that people inbusiness organizations will engage in misconduct. Therefore, it is argued, we must turn our attention from dominant normative and empirical trends in business ethics, which revolve around boundaries and constraints, and instead concentrate on methods for promoting ethical behavior in practice, exploiting psychological forces conducive to ethical conduct. This calls for a better understanding of how organizations and their inhabitants function, and, in turn, (...)
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  • Multinational Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, Interactions and Third World Governments: An Agenda for the 1990s. [REVIEW]Sita C. Amba-Rao - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (7):553 - 572.
    A critical literature on mulitnational corporate social responsibility has developed in recent years. Many authors addressed the issue in the Third World countries. This paper reviews the literature, focusing on the relationship between the multinational corporations (MNCs) and Third World governments in fulfilling the social responsibility, based on the underlying ethical imperative.There is a growing consensus that both corporations and governments should accept moral responsibility for social welfare and individual interests in their economic transactions. A collaborative relationship is proposed where (...)
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  • Honesty, Individualism, and Pragmatic Business Ethics: Implications for Corporate Hierarchy. [REVIEW]J. Kevin Quinn, J. David Reed, M. Neil Browne & Wesley J. Hiers - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1419-1430.
    The boundaries of honesty are the focal point of this exploration of the individualistic origins of modernist ethics and the consequent need for a more pragmatic approach to business ethics. The tendency of modernist ethics to see honesty as an individual responsibility is described as a contextually naive approach, one that fails to account for the interactive effects between individual choices and corporate norms. By reviewing the empirical accounts of managerial struggles with ethical dilemmas, the article arrives at the contextual (...)
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  • What We Talk About When We Talk About Stakeholders.Heather Elms, Shawn L. Berman, Hussein Fadlallah, Robert A. Phillips & Michael E. Johnson-Cramer - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (5):1083-1135.
    Will stakeholder theory continue to transform how we think about business and society? On the occasion of this journal’s 60th anniversary, this review article examines the journal’s role in shaping stakeholder theory to date and suggests that it still has transformative potential. We conducted a bibliometric analysis of co-citations in the literature from 1984 to 2020. Reporting these results, we examine the field’s evolving structure. Contextualized theoretically as an accomplishment of institutional work—the creation of a meaningful and innovative field ideology—this (...)
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  • Is It Ethical to Use Ethics as Strategy?Bryan W. Husted & David B. Allen - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (1-2):21 - 31.
    Increasingly research in the field of business and society suggests that ethics and corporate social responsibility can be profitable. Yet this work raises a troubling question: Is it ethical to use ethics and social responsibility in a strategic way? Is it possible to be ethical or socially responsible for the wrong reason? In this article, we define a strategy concept in order to situate the different approaches to the strategic use of ethics and social responsibility found in the current literature. (...)
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  • Personal Values: Potential Keys to Ethical Decision Making. [REVIEW]David J. Fritzsche - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (11):909 - 922.
    Personal values have long been associated with individual decision behavior. The role played by personal values in decision making within an organization is less clear. This study examines the relationship between personal values and the ethical dimension of indicated decisions utilizing discriminant analysis. Past research has found that managers tend to respond to ethical dilemmas situationally. The study examines personal values as they relate to four types of ethical dilemmas.
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  • Conspicuous by Its Absence: Ethics and Managerial Economics.Daniel G. Arce - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (3):261-277.
    This paper gives prescriptions for introducing ethical concerns into the economic theory of the firm. Topics include social responsibility, corporate governance, profit maximization, competition barriers, collusion, the market system, and welfare economics. The need for such prescriptions is based on a content analysis of 21 managerial economics texts for their coverage of ethics. My analysis finds that substantive discussions of ethics are conspicuous by their absence. As ethical breaches can involve significant monetary damages to a firm - particularly through adverse (...)
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  • Corporate Social Responsibility: A Three-Domain Approach.Mark S. Schwartz & Archie B. Carroll - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):503-530.
    Extrapolating from Carroll’s four domains of corporate social responsibility and Pyramid of CSR, an alternative approach to conceptualizing corporate social responsibility is proposed. A three-domain approach is presented in which the three core domains of economic, legal, and ethical responsibilities are depicted in a Venn model framework. The Venn framework yields seven CSR categories resulting from the overlap of the three core domains. Corporate examples are suggested and classified according to the new model, followed by a discussion of limitations and (...)
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  • A Multi-Level Perspective for the Integration of Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability (ECSRS) in Management Education.Dolors Setó-Pamies & Eleni Papaoikonomou - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (3):523-538.
    In recent years, much discussion has taken place regarding the social role of firms and their responsibilities to society. In this context, the role of universities is crucial, as it may shape management students’ attitudes and provide them with the necessary knowledge, skills and critical analysis to make decisions as consumers and future professionals. We emphasise that universities are multi-level learning environments, so there is a need to look beyond formal curricular content and pay more attention to implicit dimensions of (...)
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  • Business Ethis Quarterly Twentieth Anniversary Forum, Part I: New Directions for Business New Directions in Strategic Management and Business Ethics.Heather Elms, Stephen Brammer, Jared D. Harris & Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):401.
    This essay attempts to provide a useful research agenda for researchers in both strategic management and business ethics. We motivate this agenda by suggesting that the two fields started with similar interests, diverged, and are beginning to converge again. We then identify several streams that hold particular promise for developing our understanding of the relationship between strategy and ethics: stakeholder theory, managerial discretion, behavioral strategy, strategy as practice, and environmental sustainability.
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  • New Directions in Strategic Management and Business Ethics.Robert A. Phillips - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):401-425.
    This essay attempts to provide a useful research agenda for researchers in both strategic management and business ethics. We motivate this agenda by suggesting that the two fields started with similar interests, diverged, and are beginning to converge again. We then identify several streams that hold particular promise for developing our understanding of the relationship between strategy and ethics: stakeholder theory, managerial discretion, behavioral strategy, strategy as practice, and environmental sustainability.
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  • Strategizing Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From an Italian Medium-Sized, Family-Owned Company.Francesco Perrini & Mario Minoja - 2008 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 17 (1):47–63.
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  • Ethical Decision–Making in Business: Focus on Mauritius.Geetanee Napal - 2003 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 12 (1):54–63.
    This paper explores management attitudes towards ethical issues in an attempt to shed some light on the determinants of ethical issue intensity in the context of business. A sample of business executives in Mauritius was surveyed in order to establish their ethical perceptions when exposed to potentially questionable business practices. The findings demonstrated the significant influence of factors associated with moral deliberations on strategies for ethical decision–making as compared with the impact of company policy and legal requirements. Participants revealed that, (...)
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  • Making Sense of Changing Ethical Expectations: The Role of Moral Imagination.Timothy J. Hargrave, Mukesh Sud, Craig V. VanSandt & Patricia M. Werhane - 2020 - Business and Society Review 125 (2):183-201.
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  • How Cognitive Neuroscience Informs a Subjectivist-Evolutionary Explanation of Business Ethics.Marc Orlitzky - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (4):717-732.
    Most theory in business ethics is still steeped in rationalist and moral-realist assumptions. However, some seminal neuroscientific studies point to the primacy of moral emotions and intuition in shaping moral judgment. In line with previous interpretations, I suggest that a dual-system explanation of emotional-intuitive automaticity and deliberative reasoning is the most appropriate view. However, my interpretation of the evidence also contradicts Greene’s conclusion that nonconsequentialist decision making is primarily sentimentalist or affective at its core, while utilitarianism is largely rational-deliberative. Instead, (...)
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  • The Indirect Ethics of AIG’s ‘Backdoor Bailout’.Daniel G. Arce & Laura Razzolini - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 148 (1):37-51.
    We experimentally assess the ethics of the U.S. government’s indirect bailout of the bank counterparties of American International Group during the 2008 financial crisis. When the indirect bailout is jointly compared with a counterfactual where the government directly bails out the banks, subjects judge the indirect bailout to be far more unethical. On the other hand, when the two scenarios are judged separately, subjects consider a direct bailout of banks to be more unethical. This suggests that ethical judgments of indirect (...)
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  • Integrating Business Ethics in Classroom Teaching: Some Preliminary Considerations.Gopalkrishnan R. Iyer - 1997 - Teaching Business Ethics 1 (3):315-331.
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  • Wisdom and Responsible Leadership: Aesthetic Sensibility, Moral Imagination, and Systems Thinking.Sandra Waddock - forthcoming - Aesthetics and Business Ethics.
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  • A Comparative Empirical Study on Mobile ICT Services, Social Responsibility and the Protection of Children.María De-Miguel-Molina & Mónica Martínez-Gómez - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):245-270.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyse the Spanish mobile phone industry to determine how mobile phone companies and certain institutions can improve protection for children who use mobile phones. We carried out a multivariate statistical analysis using anonymous primary data from mobile phone companies, and institutions and associations that protect children, to compare these stakeholders’ opinions and to put forward solutions. We proved that, even though some European countries have made an effort to provide safer ICT services, all (...)
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  • Conspicuous By Its Absence: Ethics and Managerial Economics. [REVIEW]M. Arce - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (3):261-277.
    This paper gives prescriptions for introducing ethical concerns into the economic theory of the firm. Topics include social responsibility, corporate governance, profit maximization, competition barriers, collusion, the market system, and welfare economics. The need for such prescriptions is based on a content analysis of 21 managerial economics texts for their coverage of ethics. My analysis finds that substantive discussions of ethics are conspicuous by their absence. As ethical breaches can involve significant monetary damages to a firm – particularly through adverse (...)
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  • Integrating CSR Initiatives in Business: An Organizing Framework. [REVIEW]Wenlong Yuan, Yongjian Bao & Alain Verbeke - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (1):75 - 92.
    Integrating corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives in business is one of the great challenges facing firms today. Societal stakeholders require much more from the firm than pursuing profitability and growth. But these societal stakeholders often simply assume that increased societal expectations can easily be accommodated within efficiently run business operations, without much attention devoted to process issues. We build upon the core—periphery thesis to explore potential avenues for firms to add recurring CSR initiatives to their existing business practices. Based on (...)
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  • Do Internal Due Process System Permit Adequate Political and Moral Space for Ethics Voice, Praxis, and Community?Richard P. Nielsen - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 24 (1):1 - 27.
    Internal due process systems are the formal mechanisms thatmany organizations use to address and resolve ethics conflicts.Problematical due process systems such asinvestigation-punishment and grievance-arbitration systemsnarrowly constrain the political and moral space needed formeaningful ethics voice, praxis, and community. The relativelyuncommon employee board and mediator-counselor types of systemscan help solve such problems. The employee board andmediator-counselor systems permit questioning not only of guiltwith respect to policy violations but also the appropriateness ofthe policies as well as potential biases in an organization'sembedded tradition-system (...)
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  • Antitrust, Dynamic Competition, and Business Ethics.T. A. Hemphill - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (2):127-135.
    The American Antitrust Institute, a Washington, D.C. think tank, recently completed a study that concludes that competition law and policy plays little if any role in business ethics courses taught in U.S. business schools. To fill this intellectual void, this article makes a case for the development of a business ethics sub-field of antitrust ethics that is synonymous with the ethics of competitive strategy. After reviewing Paine''s Five Principles of Positive Competition and Boatright''s and Hendry''s views on the Moral Manager (...)
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  • Ethical Theory in Business Ethics: A Critical Assessment. [REVIEW]Robbin Derry & Ronald M. Green - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (7):521 - 533.
    How is ethical theory used in contemporary teaching in business ethics? To answer this question, we undertook a survey of twenty-five of the leading business ethics texts. Our purpose was to examine the ways in which normative moral theory is introduced and applied to cases and issues. We focused especially on the authors' views of the conflicts and tensions posed by basic theoretical debates. How can these theories be made useful if fundamental tensions are acknowledged? Our analysis resulted in a (...)
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  • Insurance for the Poor?: First Thoughts About Microinsurance Business Ethics.Ralf Radermacher & Johannes Brinkmann - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (S1):63-76.
    Microinsurance is the provision of insurance services to the poor, usually in developing countries. One of the key criteria of poverty is vulnerability even to minor events. In such cases, even micro coverage can make a major difference, yet still be funded by an affordable contribution by the insured. Like any kind of insurance, microinsurance can cover different risks to life, health, farming, property among other things. Our paper sketches how one could address and develop microinsurance business ethics. First, we (...)
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  • Book Review. The Lowest Common Ethical Denominator? [REVIEW]Lutz Preuss - 1995 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 4 (2):124–126.
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  • Book Review. [REVIEW]Lutz Preuss - 1995 - Business Ethics: A European Review 4 (2):124-126.
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  • Environmental Issues in Product Development Processes: Paradigm Shift in a Finnish Packaging Company.Minna Halme - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (4):713-733.
    The debate about the differing philosophies of human-nature relationship is ongoing. Several studies discuss the need to develop and adopt a new environmental paradigm to replace the neoclassical economic paradigm predominant in Western societies. This issue has been discussed mainly at a societal level. Society or societies are, however, entities that consist of smaller particles. If a phenomenon is supposed to exist in an entity, signs of the phenomenon should also be found in its particles, business enterprises among others. This (...)
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  • Strategizing Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From an Italian Medium-Sized, Family-Owned Company.Francesco Perrini & Mario Minoja - 2008 - Business Ethics: A European Review 17 (1):47-63.
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  • Freedom, Participation and Corporations: The Issue of Corporate (Economic) Democracy.George G. Brenkert - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3):251-269.
    The freedom of employees within large corporations has been the topic of considerable attention. Various discussions have invoked utilitarian appeals, social contract arguments, rights to meaningful jobs and analogies between corporations and state government. After briefly reviewing and rejecting these approaches, this paper contends that the legitimate exercise of corporate authority requires its accountability to a relevant group. It is then argued that the rnost relevant group are the employees over whom such power is exercised and that the form such (...)
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  • Social Contracting as a Trust-Building Process of Network Governance.Lawrence J. Lad - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):271-295.
    Social contracting has a long and important place in the history of political philosophy (Hardin, 1991; Waldron, 1989) and as a theory of justice (Baynes, 1989; Rawls, 1971). More recently, it has been developed into an individual rights-based theory of organizations (Keeley, 1980, 1988), and as a way to integrate ethics and moral legitimacy into corporate strategy and action (DonaIdson, 1982; Freeman & Gilbert, 1988). Currently, it is being proposed as an integrative theory of economic ethics (Donaldson & Dunfee, forthcoming). (...)
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  • Normative and Empirical Business Ethics: Separation, Marriage of Convenience, or Marriage of Necessity?Linda Klebe Trevino - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):129-143.
    This paper outlines three conceptions of the relationship between normative and empirical business ethics, views we refer to as parallel, symbiotic, and integrative. Parallelism rejects efforts to link normative and empirical inquiry, for both conceptual and practical reasons. The symbiotic position supports a practical relationship in which normative and/or empirical business ethics rely on each other for guidance in setting agenda or in applying the results of their conceptually and methodologically distinct inquiries. Theoretical integration countenances a deeper merging of prima (...)
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  • Welcoming Another CMD Instrument — The MES: But Don't Throw Out the MJI or DIT Just Yet!James Weber - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (4):517-522.
    This review offers a cautious acceptance ofthe Multidimensional Ethics Scale (MES) developed by Robin, Gordon, Jordan and Reiden-bach. While the contribution of the MES to future empirical research of individuals’ moral reasoning is welcomed, a number of reservations or criticisms are raised regarding theory confusion, instrument confusion, and fears arising when using the MES. I conclude that the MES is a valuable compliment to existing moral reasoning instruments - the Moral Judgment Interview and the Defining Issues Test - but not (...)
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  • Reflections on the Practical Relevance of Feminist Thought to Business.Andrew C. Wicks - 1996 - Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (4):523-531.
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  • Missing the Target: Normative Stakeholder Theory and the Corporate Governance Debate.John Hendry - 2001 - Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (1):159-176.
    After a decade of intensive debate, stakeholder ideas have come to exert a significant influence on academic managementthinking, but normative stakeholder theory itself appears to be in considerable disarray. This paper attempts to untangle the confusionand to prepare the ground for a more productive approach to the normative stakeholder problem. The paper identifies three distinctkinds of normative stakeholder theory and three different levels of claim that can be made by such theories, and uses this classificationto argue that stakeholder theorists have (...)
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  • The Value Dynamics of Total Quality Management: Ethics and the Foundations of TQM.Andrew C. Wicks - 2001 - Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (3):501-535.
    Total Quality Management (TQM) has been the object of extensive discussion within the popular literature and is increasingly of interest among management scholars. Recent scholarship has focused on the theoretical foundations of TQM, particularly what makes it work, why so many firms have had problems implementing it, and under what circumstances it may create a sustainable advantage for individual firms. This paper extends the work in theory development regarding TQM and offers an empirically testable theoretical model of its function. The (...)
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  • A Feminist Reinterpretation of The Stakeholder Concept.R. Edward Freeman - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (4):475-497.
    Stakeholder theory has become one of the most important developments in the field of business ethics. While this concept has evolved and gained prominence as a method of integrating ethics into the basic purposes and strategic objectives of the firm, the authors argue that stakeholder theory has retained certain “masculinist” assumptions from the wider business literature that limit its usefulness. The resources of feminist thought, specifically the work of Carol Gilligan, provide a means of reinterpreting the stakeholder concept in a (...)
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  • A Single Framework for Strategic and Ethical Behavior in the International Context.Scott J. Reynolds - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (3):361-379.
    Scholars have developed many theories of international strategy and many theories of international ethics. Separating strategyand ethics in this way, though, perpetuates a perception that profit and ethics are mutually exclusive. Accordingly, I offer a frameworkthat links international strategy and international ethics. I suggest that at an abstract level the strategic concepts of integration and responsiveness and the ethical concepts of justice and caring are concerned with the same theoretical quandaries. Therefore, in anysituation there are behaviors that are both integrative (...)
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  • Organization Ethics From a Perspective of Praxis.Richard P. Nielsen - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):131-151.
    Organization ethics praxis is theory and method of appropriate action for addressing ethics issues and developing ethical organizations. The perspective of praxis (theory and method of action) is important and different from the perspectives of theoria (theory of understanding), epistemology (ways of knowing), and ontology (ways of being/existing). Praxis is the least developed area within the field of organization ethics. Differences between theoria and praxis are considered within the context of Kohlberg-Gilligan developmental ethics where part of the controversy may be (...)
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  • The Place of Ethics in Business: Shifting Paradigms?Jon M. Shepard, Jon Shepard, James C. Wimbush & Carroll U. Stephens - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):577-601.
    This article uses concepts from sociology, history, and philosophy to explore the shifting relationship between moral values and business in the Western world. We examine the historical roots and intellectual underpinnings of two major business-society paradigms in ideal-type terms. In pre-industrial Western society, we argue that business activity was linked to society’s values of morality (the moral unity paradigm}-for good or for ill. With the rise of industrialism, we contend that business was freed from moral constraints by the alleged “invisible (...)
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  • Ethical Decision-Making in Business: Focus on Mauritius.Geetanee Napal - 2003 - Business Ethics: A European Review 12 (1):54-63.
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  • The Corporation as Actual Agreement.Gordon G. Sollars - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (3):351-370.
    Abstract: In contrast to “social contract” theories of the corporation, a moral justification of the corporation as actual, not hypothetical, agreement is presented. Central to the justification is the idea of personal projects, as developed by Loren Lomasky. The key idea is the role that corporations can play in the construction and advancement of personal, value-creating projects. The concept of the corporation as actual agreement, as a type of “right of association” theory, is defended against influential criticism of such theories (...)
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  • Fulfilling Institutional Responsibilities in Health Care: Organizational Ethics and the Role of Mission Discernment.John A. Gallagher & Jerry Goodstein - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (4):433-450.
    Abstract: In this paper we highlight the emergence of organizational ethics issues in health care as an important outcome of the changing structure of health care delivery. We emphasize three core themes related to business ethics and health care ethics: integrity, responsibility, and choice. These themes are brought together in a discussion of the process of Mission Discernment as it has been developed and implemented within an integrated health care system. Through this discussion we highlight how processes of institutional reflection, (...)
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  • Stakeholder Theory: A Libertarian Defense.R. Edward Freeman & Robert A. Phillips - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (3):331-350.
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to suggest that at least one strain of what has come to be called “stakeholder theory” has roots that are deeply libertarian. We begin by explicating both “stakeholder theory” and “libertarian arguments.” We show how there are libertarian arguments for both instrumental and normative stakeholder theory, and we construct a version of capitalism, called “stakeholder capitalism,” that builds on these libertarian ideas. We argue throughout that strong notions of “freedom” and “voluntary action” are (...)
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  • Ethics and Incentives: An Evaluation and Development of Stakeholder Theory in the Health Care Industry.Heather Elms, Shawn Berman & Andrew C. Wicks - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (4):413-432.
    Abstract: This paper utilizes a qualitative case study of the health care industry and a recent legal case to demonstrate that stakeholder theory’s focus on ethics, without recognition of the effects of incentives, severely limits the theory’s ability to provide managerial direction and explain managerial behavior. While ethics provide a basis for stakeholder prioritization, incentives influence whether managerial action is consistent with that prioritization. Our health care examples highlight this and other limitations of stakeholder theory and demonstrate the explanatory and (...)
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  • The Proactive Corporation: Its Nature and Causes. [REVIEW]Jon M. Shepard, Michael Betz & Lenahan O'Connell - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1001-1010.
    We argue that the stakeholder perspective on corporate social responsibility is in the process of being enlarged. Due to the process of institutional isomorphism, corporations are increasingly adopting organizational features designed to promote proactivity over mere reactivity in their stakeholder relationships. We identify two sources of pressure promoting the emergence of the proactive corporation -- stakeholder activism and the recognition of the social embeddedness of the economy. The final section describes four organizational design dimensions being installed by the more proactive (...)
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  • The Contingency of Business: Narrative, Metaphor, and Ethics. [REVIEW]George D. Randels - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (12):1299 - 1310.
    The purpose of this paper is to discuss rival views of business and business ethics in terms of narrative. I want to show that we can tell various stories about business, and that our worldview narratives shape our accounts of business. These narratives not only involve description, but contain normative ramifications. We can only act within the world that we perceive. To evaluate competing narratives, I suggest dialectical comparison of the narratives with important values. The second part of the paper (...)
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  • A Multidimensional Approach to Finnish Managers' Moral Decision-Making.Johanna Kujala - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):231 - 254.
    This paper analyses managers'' moral decision-making, and studies the role of ethical theories in it by following the research tradition using the multidimensional ethics scale. The research question is: what kinds of ethical dimensions do Finnish business managers reveal when they are making moral decisions, and how have these dimensions changed in the 1990s? This question is answered by examining what kinds of factors emerge when the multidimensional ethics scale is used to analyse Finnish managers'' attitudes toward moral dilemmas. The (...)
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  • Codes of Ethics Among Corporate Research Departments, Marketing Research Firms, and Data Subcontractors: An Examination of a Three-Communities Metaphor. [REVIEW]O. C. Ferrell, Michael D. Hartline & Stephen W. McDaniel - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (5):49-62.
    Despite the importance of the interorganizational nature of the marketing research process, very little research has addressed how research organizations differ and how they affect each other in the conduct of ethical marketing research. The purpose of this study is to examine differences among three typical participants in the research process: corporate research departments, marketing research firms, and data subcontractors. These organizations were examined with respect to having and enforcing internal codes of conduct and the awareness and enforcement of external (...)
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