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  1. Enhancement of Executive Control Through Short-Term Cognitive Training: Far-Transfer Effects on General Fluid Intelligence.Edward Nęcka, Michał Nowak & Radosław Wujcik - 2017 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 48 (1):72-78.
    We predicted that short-term training of executive control would improve both cognitive control itself and general fluid intelligence. We randomly assigned 120 high school students to the experimental and control groups. The former underwent a 14-day training of four executive functions: interference resolution, response inhibition, task switching, and goal monitoring. The latter did not train anything. The training significantly improved cognitive control and IQ. The control group also improved their IQ scores but gained less than the experimental one. However, the (...)
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  • Extending the Transformative Potential of Mindfulness Through Team Mindfulness Training, Integrating Individual With Collective Mindfulness, in a High-Stress Military Setting.Jutta Tobias Mortlock, Alison Carter & Dawn Querstret - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Mindfulness has come to be considered an important approach to help individuals cultivate transformative capacity to free themselves from stress and suffering. However, the transformative potential of mindfulness extends beyond individual stress management. This study contributes to a broadening of the scope of contemplative science by integrating the prominent, individually focused mindfulness meditation literature with collective mindfulness scholarship. In so doing, it aims to illuminate an important context in which mindfulness interventions are increasingly prevalent: workplaces. Typically, the intended effect of (...)
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  • How Semantic Memory Structure and Intelligence Contribute to Creative Thought: A Network Science Approach.Mathias Benedek, Yoed N. Kenett, Konstantin Umdasch, David Anaki, Miriam Faust & Aljoscha C. Neubauer - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (2):158-183.
    The associative theory of creativity states that creativity is associated with differences in the structure of semantic memory, whereas the executive theory of creativity emphasises the role of top-down control for creative thought. For a powerful test of these accounts, individual semantic memory structure was modelled with a novel method based on semantic relatedness judgements and different criteria for network filtering were compared. The executive account was supported by a correlation between creative ability and broad retrieval ability. The associative account (...)
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  • Event Segmentation Ability Uniquely Predicts Event Memory.Jesse Q. Sargent, Jeffrey M. Zacks, David Z. Hambrick, Rose T. Zacks, Christopher A. Kurby, Heather R. Bailey, Michelle L. Eisenberg & Taylor M. Beck - 2013 - Cognition 129 (2):241-255.
  • The Generality of Working Memory Capacity: A Latent-Variable Approach to Verbal and Visuospatial Memory Span and Reasoning.Michael J. Kane, David Z. Hambrick, Stephen W. Tuholski, Oliver Wilhelm, Tabitha W. Payne & Randall W. Engle - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (2):189-217.
  • How Are Visuospatial Working Memory, Executive Functioning, and Spatial Abilities Related? A Latent-Variable Analysis.Akira Miyake, Naomi P. Friedman, David A. Rettinger, Priti Shah & Mary Hegarty - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):621.
  • The Role of Working Memory in Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution: A Psychometric Approach.Benjamin Swets, Timothy Desmet, David Z. Hambrick & Fernanda Ferreira - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (1):64-81.
  • Test–Retest Reliability of an Emotion Maintenance Task.Rose Broome, David E. Gard & Joseph A. Mikels - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):737-747.
  • Working Memory and Connectionist Models of Parsing: A Reply to MacDonald and Christiansen.David Caplan & Gloria Waters - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (1):66-74.
  • Individual Differences in Reward‐Based Learning Predict Fluid Reasoning Abilities.Andrea Stocco, Chantel S. Prat & Lauren K. Graham - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (2):e12941.
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  • The Role of Executive Function and Theory of Mind in Pragmatic Computations.Sarah Fairchild & Anna Papafragou - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (2):e12938.
    In sentences such as “Some dogs are mammals,” the literal semantic meaning (“Some and possibly all dogs are mammals”) conflicts with the pragmatic meaning (“Not all dogs are mammals,” known as a scalar implicature). Prior work has shown that adults vary widely in the extent to which they adopt the semantic or pragmatic meaning of such utterances, yet the underlying reason for this variation is unknown. Drawing on theoretical models of scalar implicature derivation, we explore the hypothesis that the cognitive (...)
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  • Trade-Off Vs. Common Factor—Differentiating Resource-Based Explanations From Their Alternative.Christoph Naefgen & Robert Gaschler - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
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  • The Duality of Poverty: A Replication of Mani Et Al. (2013) in Colombia.Jhonathan Jared González, Juan Herrera-Santofimio, María Camila Contreras-González, María Angélica López-Ardila, Javier Corredor & Felipe González-Arango - 2021 - Theory and Decision 92 (1):39-73.
    Scarcity acts as a mental burden that disrupts how people process information and make decisions. In this study, we replicated Mani et al.’s experimental design to explore whether scarcity also taxes Colombian high school students’ mental bandwidth. In a lab-in-the-field experiment, we tested how 417 high school students from high and low socioeconomic status in Bogotá, Colombia, responded to different scarcity situations. Students were first presented with hypothetical scenarios of harsh or soft scarcity. Next, participants had to solve a series (...)
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  • Recognition Decisions From Visual Working Memory Are Mediated by Continuous Latent Strengths.J. Ricker Timothy, E. Thiele Jonathan, R. Swagman April & N. Rouder Jeffrey - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1510-1532.
    Making recognition decisions often requires us to reference the contents of working memory, the information available for ongoing cognitive processing. As such, understanding how recognition decisions are made when based on the contents of working memory is of critical importance. In this work we examine whether recognition decisions based on the contents of visual working memory follow a continuous decision process of graded information about the correct choice or a discrete decision process reflecting only knowing and guessing. We find a (...)
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  • The Cognitive Underpinnings of Option Generation in Everyday Life Decision‐Making: A Latent Variable Analysis.Johannes Leder, Jan A. Häusser, Stefan Krumm, Markus Germar, Alexander Schlemmer, Stefan Kaiser, Annemarie Kalis & Andreas Mojzisch - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):2562-2591.
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  • Visual Working Memory Resources Are Best Characterized as Dynamic, Quantifiable Mnemonic Traces.Bella Z. Veksler, Rachel Boyd, Christopher W. Myers, Glenn Gunzelmann, Hansjörg Neth & Wayne D. Gray - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (1):83-101.
    Visual working memory is a construct hypothesized to store a small amount of accurate perceptual information that can be brought to bear on a task. Much research concerns the construct's capacity and the precision of the information stored. Two prominent theories of VWM representation have emerged: slot-based and continuous-resource mechanisms. Prior modeling work suggests that a continuous resource that varies over trials with variable capacity and a potential to make localization errors best accounts for the empirical data. Questions remain regarding (...)
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  • ‘But’ Implicatures: A Study of the Effect of Working Memory and Argument Characteristics.Leen Janssens & Walter Schaeken - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • The Complex Role of Mental Time Travel in Depressive and Anxiety Disorders: An Ensemble Perspective.Ronald T. Kellogg, Cristina A. Chirino & Jeffrey D. Gfeller - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • Working Memory Updating and Binding Training: Bayesian Evidence Supporting the Absence of Transfer.Carla De Simoni & Claudia C. von Bastian - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (6):829-858.
  • Emergent Ghosts of the Emotion Machine.James A. Coan - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (3):274-285.
    Competing perspectives on the nature of emotion are illustrated with latent and emergent variable models. Latent variable models draw from classical test theory, assuming that the measured indicators of emotion covary by virtue of some common executive, organizing neural circuit or network in the brain. By contrast, emergent variable models draw from a theory-driven, operational definition tradition, positing that emotions do not cause, but rather are caused by, the measured indicators of emotion, assuming no executive neural circuit or network, and (...)
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  • How Similar Are Fluid Cognition and General Intelligence? A Developmental Neuroscience Perspective on Fluid Cognition as an Aspect of Human Cognitive Ability.Blair Clancy - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):109-125.
    This target article considers the relation of fluid cognitive functioning to general intelligence. A neurobiological model differentiating working memory/executive function cognitive processes of the prefrontal cortex from aspects of psychometrically defined general intelligence is presented. Work examining the rise in mean intelligence-test performance between normative cohorts, the neuropsychology and neuroscience of cognitive function in typically and atypically developing human populations, and stress, brain development, and corticolimbic connectivity in human and nonhuman animal models is reviewed and found to provide evidence of (...)
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  • Insightful Imagery is Related to Working Memory Updating.Edward Nęcka, Piotr Żak & Aleksandra Gruszka - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  • Working-Memory Capacity and the Control of Attention: The Contributions of Goal Neglect, Response Competition, and Task Set to Stroop Interference.Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):47.
  • Natural Myside Bias is Independent of Cognitive Ability.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):225 – 247.
    Natural myside bias is the tendency to evaluate propositions from within one's own perspective when given no instructions or cues (such as within-participants conditions) to avoid doing so. We defined the participant's perspective as their previously existing status on four variables: their sex, whether they smoked, their alcohol consumption, and the strength of their religious beliefs. Participants then evaluated a contentious but ultimately factual proposition relevant to each of these demographic factors. Myside bias is defined between-participants as the mean difference (...)
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  • Advancing the Rationality Debate.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):701-717.
    In this response, we clarify several misunderstandings of the understanding/acceptance principle and defend our specific operationalization of that principle. We reiterate the importance of addressing the problem of rational task construal and we elaborate the notion of computational limitations contained in our target article. Our concept of thinking dispositions as variable intentional-level styles of epistemic and behavioral regulation is explained, as is its relation to the rationality debate. Many of the suggestions of the commentators for elaborating two-process models are easily (...)
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  • Individual Differences in Change Blindness.Katharina Verena Bergmann - unknown
    The present work shows the existence of systematic individual differences in change blindness. It can be concluded that the sensitivity for changes is a trait. That is, persons differ in their ability to detect changes, independent from the situation or the measurement method. Moreover, there are two explanations for individual differences in change blindness: a) capacity differences in visual selective attention that may be influenced by top-down activated attention helping to focus attention onto relevant stimuli b) differences in working memory (...)
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  • The Integration of Realistic Episodic Memories Relies on Different Working Memory Processes: Evidence From Virtual Navigation.Gaën Plancher, Valérie Gyselinck & Pascale Piolino - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  • The Role of Domain-General Cognitive Control in Language Comprehension.Evelina Fedorenko - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • Cognitive Aging and Hearing Acuity: Modeling Spoken Language Comprehension.Arthur Wingfield, Nicole M. Amichetti & Amanda Lash - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Genetics and General Cognitive Ability.Robert Plomin & Frank M. Spinath - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):169-176.
  • Capacity, Control, or Both – Which Aspects of Working Memory Contribute to Children’s General Fluid Intelligence?Agata Lulewicz & Edward Nęcka - 2016 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 47 (1):21-28.
    Starting from the assumption that working memory capacity is an important predictor of general fluid intelligence, we asked which aspects of working memory account for this relationship. Two theoretical stances are discussed. The first one posits that the important explanatory factor is storage capacity, roughly defined as the number of chunks possible to hold in the focus of attention. The second one claims that intelligence is explained by the efficiency of executive control, for instance, by prepotent response inhibition. We investigated (...)
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  • Attentional Control and Retrieval Induced Forgetting Self-Regulation Perspective.Paweł Mordasiewicz, Marta Reszko & Alina Kolańczyk - 2013 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 44 (1):56-69.
    Retrieval Induced Forgetting refers to the finding that the retrieval of some items from memory impairs the retrieval of related items. The RIF effect is indicated by a comparison of RP- with unrelated but also tobe- remembered items. Since RIF appears during intentional memorizing of words, therefore we checked whether it depends on attentional control involved in goal maintenance, and also if implicit evaluations of to-be-remembered contents moderate this process. In three experiments, each including AC as the independent variable, we (...)
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  • From Pan to Homo Sapiens: Evolution From Individual Based to Group Based Forms of Social Cognition.Dwight Read - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):121-161.
    The evolution from pre-human primates to modern Homo sapiens is a complex one involving many domains, ranging from the material to the social to the cognitive, both at the individual and the community levels. This article focuses on a critical qualitative transition that took place during this evolution involving both the social and the cognitive domains. For the social domain, the transition is from the face-to-face forms of social interaction and organization that characterize the non-human primates that reached, with Pan, (...)
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  • Intuitive Expertise and Perceptual Templates.Michael Harré & Allan Snyder - 2012 - Minds and Machines 22 (3):167-182.
    We provide the first demonstration of an artificial neural network encoding the perceptual templates that form an important component of the high level strategic understanding developed by experts. Experts have a highly refined sense of knowing where to look, what information is important and what information to ignore. The conclusions these experts reach are of a higher quality and typically made in a shorter amount of time than those of non-experts. Understanding the manifestation of such abilities in terms of both (...)
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  • Domain-Specific Experience and Dual-Process Thinking.Zoë A. Purcell, Colin A. Wastell & Naomi Sweller - 2020 - Thinking and Reasoning 27 (2):239-267.
    Prominent dual process models assert that reasoning processes can transition from effortful to intuitive with increases in domain-specific experience. In two studies we directly e...
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  • Cognitive Control and Cortisol Response to Stress in Generalised Anxiety Disorder: A Study of Working Memory Capacity with Negative and Neutral Distractors.Joelle LeMoult, Randi E. McCabe, Atayeh Hamedani & K. Lira Yoon - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (4):800-806.
    We investigated the association between cognitive control and individual differences in cortisol response to stress in participants with generalised anxiety disorder and in never-disordered c...
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  • Working Memory and Everyday Conditional Reasoning: Retrieval and Inhibition of Stored Counterexamples.Wim De Neys, Walter Schaeken & Géry D'Ydewalle - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):349-381.
  • Face Perception Across the Adult Lifespan: Evidence for Age-Related Changes Independent of General Intelligence.Hannah L. Connolly, Andrew W. Young & Gary J. Lewis - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-12.
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  • The Soft Constraints Hypothesis: A Rational Analysis Approach to Resource Allocation for Interactive Behavior.Wayne D. Gray, Chris R. Sims, Wai-Tat Fu & Michael J. Schoelles - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):461-482.
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  • Beginning of the Pandemic: COVID-19-Elicited Anxiety as a Predictor of Working Memory Performance.Daniel Fellman, Liisa Ritakallio, Otto Waris, Jussi Jylkkä & Matti Laine - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Increasing evidence indicates that the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic is associated with adverse psychological effects, including heightened levels of anxiety. This study examined whether COVID-19-related anxiety levels during the early stage of the pandemic predicted demanding working memory updating performance. Altogether, 201 healthy adults mostly from North America and the British Isles were recruited to this study via the crowdsourcing site www.prolific.co. The results showed that higher levels of COVID-19-related anxiety during the first weeks of the pandemic outbreak were associated (...)
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  • A Controlled-Attention View of Working-Memory Capacity.Michael J. Kane, M. Kathryn Bleckley, Andrew R. A. Conway & Randall W. Engle - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):169.
  • An Integrated Process Model of Stereotype Threat Effects on Performance.Toni Schmader, Michael Johns & Chad Forbes - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):336-356.
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  • Individual Differences in Working Memory Capacity and Workload Capacity.Ju-Chi Yu, Ting-Yun Chang & Cheng-Ta Yang - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • Contributions of Basic Cognitive Processing to Chinese Reading: The Mediation Effect of Basic Language Processing.Xiujie Yang, Peng Peng & Xiangzhi Meng - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • The Moderation Effect of Processing Efficiency on the Relationship Between Visual Working Memory and Chinese Character Recognition.Zhengye Xu, Li-Chih Wang, Duo Liu, Yimei Chen & Li Tao - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • A Latent Factor Analysis of Working Memory Measures Using Large-Scale Data.Otto Waris, Anna Soveri, Miikka Ahti, Russell C. Hoffing, Daniel Ventus, Susanne M. Jaeggi, Aaron R. Seitz & Matti Laine - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • The Index of Cognitive Activity as a Measure of Cognitive Processing Load in Dual Task Settings.Jorrig Vogels, Vera Demberg & Jutta Kray - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Semantic and Syntactic Interference in Sentence Comprehension: A Comparison of Working Memory Models.Yingying Tan, Randi C. Martin & Julie A. Van Dyke - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  • Cognitive Strategy Interventions Improve Word Problem Solving and Working Memory in Children with Math Disabilities.H. Lee Swanson - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Working Memory Training is Associated with Long Term Attainments in Math and Reading.Stina Söderqvist & Sissela Bergman Nutley - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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