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  1. The Link Between Transitive Reasoning and Mathematics Achievement in Preadolescence: The Role of Relational Processing and Deductive Reasoning.Terry Tin-Yau Wong & Kinga Morsanyi - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-28.
  • Superminds: People Harness Hypercomputation, and More.Mark Phillips, Selmer Bringsjord & M. Zenzen - 2003 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer Science & Business Media.
    When Ken Malone investigates a case of something causing mental static across the United States, he is teleported to a world that doesn't exist.
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  • How Are Visuospatial Working Memory, Executive Functioning, and Spatial Abilities Related? A Latent-Variable Analysis.Akira Miyake, Naomi P. Friedman, David A. Rettinger, Priti Shah & Mary Hegarty - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):621.
  • Expert Interpretation of Bar and Line Graphs: The Role of Graphicacy in Reducing the Effect of Graph Format.David Peebles & Nadia Ali - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Mental-Imagery-Based Mnemonic Training: A New Kind of Cognitive Training.Xiaoyu Luan, Yayoi Kawasaki, Qi Chen & Eriko Sugimori - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    We investigated the immediate and maintenance effects of mental-imagery-based mnemonic training on improving youths’ working memory, long-term memory, arithmetic and spatial abilities, and fluid intelligence. In Experiment 1, 26 Chinese participants aged 10–16 years were divided into an experimental group that received 8 days of mental-imagery-based mnemonic training and a no-contact control group. Participants completed pre-, post-, and three follow-up tests. In Experiment 2, 54 Chinese children, all 12 years old, were divided into experimental and control groups. Participants completed pre-, (...)
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  • Individual Differences in Reward‐Based Learning Predict Fluid Reasoning Abilities.Andrea Stocco, Chantel S. Prat & Lauren K. Graham - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (2):e12941.
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  • Spatio-Temporal Brain Dynamic Differences in Fluid Intelligence.Nadja Tschentscher & Paul Sauseng - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Human fluid intelligence is closely linked to the sequential solving of complex problems. It has been associated with a distributed cognitive control or multiple-demand network, comprising regions of lateral frontal, insular, dorsomedial frontal, and parietal cortex. Previous neuroimaging research suggests that the MD network may orchestrate the allocation of attentional resources to individual parts of a complex task: in a complex target detection task with multiple independent rules, applied one at a time, reduced response to rule-critical events across the MD (...)
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  • Integrating Analogical Mapping and General Problem Solving: The Path‐Mapping Theory.Dario D. Salvucci & John R. Anderson - 2001 - Cognitive Science 25 (1):67-110.
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  • Flexible Strategy Use in Young Children's Tic‐Tac‐Toe.Kevin Crowley & Robert S. Siegler - 1993 - Cognitive Science 17 (4):531-561.
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  • Exploring the Functional Advantages of Spatial and Visual Cognition From an Architectural Perspective.Scott D. Lathrop, Samuel Wintermute & John E. Laird - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (4):796-818.
    We present a general cognitive architecture that tightly integrates symbolic, spatial, and visual representations. A key means to achieving this integration is allowing cognition to move freely between these modes, using mental imagery. The specific components and their integration are motivated by results from psychology, as well as the need for developing a functional and efficient implementation. We discuss functional benefits that result from the combination of multiple content-based representations and the specialized processing units associated with them. Instantiating this theory, (...)
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  • A Neural Model of Rule Generation in Inductive Reasoning.Daniel Rasmussen & Chris Eliasmith - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):140-153.
    Inductive reasoning is a fundamental and complex aspect of human intelligence. In particular, how do subjects, given a set of particular examples, generate general descriptions of the rules governing that set? We present a biologically plausible method for accomplishing this task and implement it in a spiking neuron model. We demonstrate the success of this model by applying it to the problem domain of Raven's Progressive Matrices, a widely used tool in the field of intelligence testing. The model is able (...)
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  • CogSketch: Sketch Understanding for Cognitive Science Research and for Education.Kenneth Forbus, Jeffrey Usher, Andrew Lovett, Kate Lockwood & Jon Wetzel - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (4):648-666.
    Sketching is a powerful means of working out and communicating ideas. Sketch understanding involves a combination of visual, spatial, and conceptual knowledge and reasoning, which makes it both challenging to model and potentially illuminating for cognitive science. This paper describes CogSketch, an ongoing effort of the NSF-funded Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center, which is being developed both as a research instrument for cognitive science and as a platform for sketch-based educational software. We describe the idea of open-domain sketch understanding, the (...)
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  • Calibrating the Test of Relational Reasoning: New Information From Oblique Bifactor Models.Denis Federiakin - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  • System Structure and Cognitive Ability as Predictors of Performance in Dynamic System Control Tasks.Jan Hundertmark, Daniel V. Holt, Andreas Fischer, Nadia Said & Helen Fischer - 2015 - Journal of Dynamic Decision Making 1 (1).
    In dynamic system control, cognitive mechanisms and abilities underlying performance may vary depending on the nature of the task. We therefore investigated the effects of system structure and its interaction with cognitive abilities on system control performance. A sample of 127 university students completed a series of different system control tasks that were manipulated in terms of system size and recurrent feedback, either with or without a cognitive load manipulation. Cognitive abilities assessed included reasoning ability, working memory capacity, and cognitive (...)
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  • The Nature and Transfer of Cognitive Skills.Niels A. Taatgen - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):439-471.
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  • Individual Differences in Framing and Conjunction Effects.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (4):289-317.
    Individual differences on a variety of framing and conjunction problems were examined in light of Slovic and Tversky's (1974) understanding/acceptance principle-that more reflective and skilled reasoners are more likely to affirm the axioms that define normative reasoning and to endorse the task construals of informed experts. The predictions derived from the principle were confirmed for the much discussed framing effect in the Disease Problem and for the conjunction fallacy on the Linda Problem. Subjects of higher cognitive ability were disproportionately likely (...)
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  • How Similar Are Fluid Cognition and General Intelligence? A Developmental Neuroscience Perspective on Fluid Cognition as an Aspect of Human Cognitive Ability.Blair Clancy - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):109-125.
    This target article considers the relation of fluid cognitive functioning to general intelligence. A neurobiological model differentiating working memory/executive function cognitive processes of the prefrontal cortex from aspects of psychometrically defined general intelligence is presented. Work examining the rise in mean intelligence-test performance between normative cohorts, the neuropsychology and neuroscience of cognitive function in typically and atypically developing human populations, and stress, brain development, and corticolimbic connectivity in human and nonhuman animal models is reviewed and found to provide evidence of (...)
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  • A New Look to a Classic Issue: Reasoning and Academic Achievement at Secondary School.Isabel Gómez-Veiga, José O. Vila Chaves, Gonzalo Duque & Juan A. García Madruga - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Advancing the Rationality Debate.Keith E. Stanovich & Richard F. West - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):701-717.
    In this response, we clarify several misunderstandings of the understanding/acceptance principle and defend our specific operationalization of that principle. We reiterate the importance of addressing the problem of rational task construal and we elaborate the notion of computational limitations contained in our target article. Our concept of thinking dispositions as variable intentional-level styles of epistemic and behavioral regulation is explained, as is its relation to the rationality debate. Many of the suggestions of the commentators for elaborating two-process models are easily (...)
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  • The Bright Side of Being Blue: Depression as an Adaptation for Analyzing Complex Problems.Paul W. Andrews & J. Anderson Thomson - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):620-654.
  • Individual Differences in Learning and Transfer: Stable Tendencies for Learning Exemplars Versus Abstracting Rules.Mark A. McDaniel, Michael J. Cahill, Mathew Robbins & Chelsea Wiener - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):668-693.
  • Going Beyond the Data as the Patching (Sheaving) of Local Knowledge.Steven Phillips - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Context, Visual Salience, and Inductive Reasoning.Maxwell J. Roberts, Heather Welfare, Doreen P. Livermore & Alice M. Theadom - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):349 – 374.
    An important debate in the reasoning literature concerns the extent to which inference processes are domain-free or domain-specific. Typically, evidence in support of the domain-specific position comprises the facilitation observed when abstract reasoning tasks are set in realistic context. Three experiments are reported here in which the sources of facilitation were investigated for contextualised versions of Raven's Progressive Matrices (Richardson, 1991) and non-verbal analogies from the AH4 test (Richardson & Webster, 1996). Experiment 1 confirmed that the facilitation observed for the (...)
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  • Gambling-Specific Cognitions Are Not Associated With Either Abstract or Probabilistic Reasoning: A Dual Frequentist-Bayesian Analysis of Individuals With and Without Gambling Disorder.Ismael Muela, Juan F. Navas & José C. Perales - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    BackgroundDistorted gambling-related cognitions are tightly related to gambling problems, and are one of the main targets of treatment for disordered gambling, but their etiology remains uncertain. Although folk wisdom and some theoretical approaches have linked them to lower domain-general reasoning abilities, evidence regarding that relationship remains unconvincing.MethodIn the present cross-sectional study, the relationship between probabilistic/abstract reasoning, as measured by the Berlin Numeracy Test, and the Matrices Test, respectively, and the five dimensions of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale, was tested in a (...)
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  • Test Preparation in Figural Matrices Tests: Focus on the Difficult Rules.Kai Krautter, Jessica Lehmann, Eva Kleinort, Marco Koch, Frank M. Spinath & Nicolas Becker - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    It is well documented that training the rules employed in figural matrices tests enhances test performance. Previous studies only compare experimental conditions in which all or no rules were trained and therefore ignore the particular influence of knowledge about the easy and difficult rules. With the current study, we wanted to provide some first insights into this topic. Respondents were assigned to four groups that received training for no rules, only the easy rules, only the difficult rules, or for all (...)
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  • The Multiple-Demand System of the Primate Brain: Mental Programs for Intelligent Behaviour.John Duncan - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):172-179.
  • Metacognitive Awareness Scale, Domain Specific (MCAS-DS): Assessing Metacognitive Awareness During Raven’s Progressive Matrices.John H. H. Song, Sasha Loyal & Benjamin Lond - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Metacognition, the cognition about cognition, is closely linked to intelligence and therefore understanding the metacognitive processes underlying intelligence test performance, specifically on Raven’s Progressive Matrices, could help advance the knowledge about intelligence. The measurement of metacognition, is often done using domain-general offline questionnaires or domain-specific online think-aloud protocols. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between metacognitive awareness and intelligence via the design and use of a novel Meta-Cognitive Awareness Scale – Domain Specific that encourages reflection of task strategy processes. (...)
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  • Fluid Intelligence as a Mediator of the Relationship Between Executive Control and Balanced Time Perspective.Marcin Zajenkowski, Maciej Stolarski, Joanna Witowska, Oliwia Maciantowicz & Paweł Łowicki - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • Visual Relations Children Find Easy and Difficult to Process in Figural Analogies.Claire E. Stevenson, Rosa A. Alberto, Max A. van den Boom & Paul A. L. de Boeck - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • The Quadratic Relationship Between Difficulty of Intelligence Test Items and Their Correlations with Working Memory.Tomasz Smolen & Adam Chuderski - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • The Fatalistic Decision Maker: Time Perspective, Working Memory, and Older Adults’ Decision-Making Competence.Michael Rönnlund, Fabio Del Missier, Timo Mäntylä & Maria Grazia Carelli - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  • What Is Specific and What Is Shared Between Numbers and Words?Júlia B. Lopes-Silva, Ricardo Moura, Annelise Júlio-Costa, Guilherme Wood, Jerusa F. Salles & Vitor G. Haase - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  • The Association Between Higher Education and Approximate Number System Acuity.Marcus Lindskog, Anders Winman & Peter Juslin - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  • Measuring Acuity of the Approximate Number System Reliably and Validly: The Evaluation of an Adaptive Test Procedure.Marcus Lindskog, Anders Winman, Peter Juslin & Leo Poom - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  • Eye Movements and Cognitive Strategy in a Fluid Intelligence Test: Item Type Analysis.Paulo G. Laurence, Tatiana P. Mecca, Alexandre Serpa, Romain Martin & Elizeu C. Macedo - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Sharing and Giving Across Adolescence: An Experimental Study Examining the Development of Prosocial Behavior.Berna GüroÄŸlu, Wouter van den Bos & Eveline A. Crone - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  • A Cross-Cultural Comparison Between South African and British Students on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales Third Edition.Kate Cockcroft, Tracy Alloway, Evan Copello & Robyn Milligan - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  • Cognitive Strategies and Natural Environments Interact in Influencing Executive Function.Stefan C. Bourrier, Marc G. Berman & James T. Enns - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  • Automatic Generation of Figural Analogies With the IMak Package.Diego Blum & Heinz Holling - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  • Independent Effects of Bilingualism and Socioeconomic Status on Language Ability and Executive Functioning.Alejandra Calvo & Ellen Bialystok - 2014 - Cognition 130 (3):278-288.
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  • Finding Categories Through Words: More Nameable Features Improve Category Learning.Martin Zettersten & Gary Lupyan - 2020 - Cognition 196:104135.
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  • Do Musicians Have Better Mnemonic and Executive Performance Than Actors? Influence of Regular Musical or Theater Practice in Adults and in the Elderly.Mathilde Groussard, Renaud Coppalle, Thomas Hinault & Hervé Platel - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  • A Capacity Theory of Comprehension: Individual Differences in Working Memory.Marcel A. Just & Patricia A. Carpenter - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (1):122-149.
  • No Spearman’s Law of Diminishing Returns for the Working Memory and Intelligence Relationship.Adam Chuderski, Michał Ociepka & Bartłomiej Kroczek - 2016 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 47 (1):73-80.
    Spearman’s Law of Diminishing Returns holds that correlation between general /fluid intelligence factor and other cognitive abilities weakens with increasing ability level. Thus, cognitive processing in low ability people is most strongly saturated by g/gf, whereas processing in high ability people depends less on g/gf. Numerous studies demonstrated that low g is more strongly correlated with crystallized intelligence/creativity/processing speed than is high g, however no study tested an analogous effect in the case of working memory. Our aim was to investigate (...)
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  • Three Functional Aspects of Working Memory as Strong Predictors of Early School Achievements: The Review and Illustrative Evidence.Piotr Rycielski, Radoslaw Kaczan, Klara Rydzewska, Izabela Krejtz & Grzegorz Sedek - 2016 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 47 (1):103-111.
    The paper presents an overview of research on working memory as a predictor of early school achievements. We contrast two main areas of research on the role of working memory in school achievements: the first concerns the structural model of working memory and the second focuses on executive functions. Then, we discuss the facet model of working memory as a promising approach merging the two research branches on working memory tasks as predictors of early school achievements. At the end we (...)
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  • FAST: A Novel, Executive Function-Based Approach to Cognitive Enhancement.Jessamy Norton-Ford Almquist, Santosh Mathan, Anna-Katharine Brem, Franziska Plessow, James McKanna, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Roi Cohen Kadosh, Misha Pavel & Nick Yeung - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  • Executive Control in Analogical Mapping: Two Facets.Anna Chuderska - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2749--2754.
     
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  • Dubbing Versus Subtitling in Young and Older Adults: Cognitive and Evaluative Aspects.Elisa Perego, Fabio Del Missier & Sara Bottiroli - 2015 - Perspectives 23 (1):1-21.
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  • Overlapping Mechanisms of Attention and Spatial Working Memory.Edward Awh & John Jonides - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (3):119-126.
  • Thinking in Working Memory.Robert G. Morrison & Editors - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 457--473.