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  1. Bridging the Is/Ought Gap with Evolutionary Biology: Is This a Bridge Too Far?John Lemos - 1999 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):559-577.
  • Dworkin and His Critics: The Relevance of Ethical Theory in Philosophy of Law.Stephen W. Ball - 1990 - Ratio Juris 3 (3):340-384.
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  • Semantic and Structural Problems in Evolutionary Ethics.K. G. Ferguson - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):69-84.
    In ''''A Defense of Evolutionary Ethics'''' (1986), Robert J. Richardsendeavors to explain how moral ''oughts'' can be derived from thescience of evolutionary biology without committing the dreadednaturalistic fallacy. First, Richards assumes that ''ought'' as usedin ethical discourse bears the same meaning as ''ought'' used anywherein science, indicating merely that certain results or behaviors arepredicted based on prior structured contexts. To this extent, themoral behavior of animals, what they ''ought'' to do, could arguablybe predicted by evolutionary biology as effectively as, say,molecular (...)
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  • Gibbard's Evolutionary Theory of Rationality and its Ethical Implications.Stephen W. Ball - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (2):129-180.
    Gibbard''s theory of rationality is evolutionary in terms of its result as well as its underpinning argument. The result is that judgments about what is rational are analyzed as being similar to judgments of morality — in view of what Darwin suggests concerning the latter. According to the Darwinian theory, moral judgments are based on sentiments which evolve to promote the survival and welfare of human societies. On Gibbard''s theory, rationality judgments should be similarly regarded as expressing emotional attachments to (...)
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  • Morality Among Nations: An Evolutionary View. [REVIEW]Stephen W. Ball - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):361-377.
  • Dutch Objections to Evolutionary Ethics.Robert J. Richards - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):331-343.
    While strolling the streets of Amsterdam, Sidney Smith, the renowned editor of the Edinburgh Review, called the attention of his companion to two Dutch housewives who were leaning out of their windows and arguing with one another across the narrow alley that separated their houses. Smith remarked to his companion that the two women would never agree. His friend thought the seasoned editor had in mind the stubborn Dutch character. No, said Smith. Rather it was because they were arguing from (...)
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  • Uncertainty in Moral Theory: An Epistemic Defense of Rule-Utilitarian Liberties.Stephen W. Ball - 1990 - Theory and Decision 29 (2):133-160.
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