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  1. Diderot et Voltaire lecteurs de Montaigne : du jugement suspendu à la raison libre.Éliane Martin Haag - forthcoming - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale.
    Il s'agit d'ajouter un chapitre à l'histoire du pyrrhonisme. Au xviiie siècle, et sous la pression des critiques de Diderot qui tente de fonder la métaphysique matérialiste sur les « preuves expérimentales », Voltaire est obligé de trancher entre les deux définitions de l'épochè qui sont énoncées par Sextus Empiricus et conservées par Montaigne : le sage sceptique ne peut plus affirmer sa liberté par une suspension passive du jugement, mais il se livre à une enquête active, afin de démontrer (...)
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  2. “In Nature as in Geometry”: Du Châtelet and the Post-Newtonian Debate on the Physical Significance of Mathematical Objects.Aaron Wells - 2023 - In Wolfgang Lefèvre (ed.), Between Leibniz, Newton, and Kant: Philosophy and Science in the Eighteenth Century. Springer Verlag. pp. 69-98.
    Du Châtelet holds that mathematical representations play an explanatory role in natural science. Moreover, she writes that things proceed in nature as they do in geometry. How should we square these assertions with Du Châtelet’s idealism about mathematical objects, on which they are ‘fictions’ dependent on acts of abstraction? The question is especially pressing because some of her important interlocutors (Wolff, Maupertuis, and Voltaire) denied that mathematics informs us about the properties of material things. After situating Du Châtelet in this (...)
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  3. Racial Capitalism in Voltaire's Enlightenment.Gianamar Giovannetti-Singh - 2022 - History Workshop Journal 94.
    This essay argues that the concept of ‘racial capitalism’ can help us understand the connections between seemingly disparate parts of Voltaire’s extensive corpus of work. It contends that even though the Enlightenment’s racial politics abounded with contradictions and ambivalences, Voltaire stood out from his contemporaries. While the connections between his polygenism – the theory that humans of different races were created separately – and material investments in colonial commerce have long been debated by radical historians, this essay suggests that Voltaire’s (...)
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  4. Du Châtelet’s Libertarianism.Aaron Wells - 2022 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 38 (3):219-241.
    There is a growing consensus that Emilie Du Châtelet’s challenging essay “On Freedom” defends compatibilism. I offer an alternative, libertarian reading of the essay. I lay out the prima facie textual evidence for such a reading. I also explain how apparently compatibilist remarks in “On Freedom” can be read as aspects of a sophisticated type of libertarianism that rejects blind or arbitrary choice. To this end, I consider the historical context of Du Châtelet’s essay, and especially the dialectic between various (...)
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  5. Voltaire on Liberty.David Wootton - 2022 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 28 (1):59-90.
    This article sets forth Voltaire’s philosophy of liberty. Contrary to generally accepted readings, which take Voltaire at face value rather than considering the environment in which he wrote, Voltaire had a clear normative political thought. He was an early proponent of rule of law, ordered liberty, freedom of conscience and expression, and the right to prudent rebellion against tyranny. At the root of his political theory lay a rejection of slavery, and hence of all forms of subjugation.
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  6. Gerhardt Stenger . Les singularités de la nature. xxi + 383 pp., figs., index. Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, 2017. £105 . ISBN 9780729411523. [REVIEW]Mitia Rioux-Beaulne - 2019 - Isis 110 (4):832-833.
  7. Voltaire, Rousseau e o Cristianismo: História e poder.Otacílio Gomes da Silva Neto - 2019 - Revista Dialectus 15:232-252.
    The history of Christianity was a prevalent subject among 18th century philosophers. This article presents a historical perspective of the relationship between Christianity and power based on a comparative analysis of the ideas of Voltaire and Rousseau. Bibliographic research was undertaken using a philosophical approach to their works. This study examines Voltaire’s inquiry into Jesus Christ as a historical figure and a“genealogy” of Christianity in three of his works: Tumbeau du fanatisme(1736), Traité sur la tolérance(1763), and Catéchisme de l'honnête homme (...)
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  8. White Supremacy in Eurowestern Epistemologies. On the West’s responsibility for its philosophical heritage.Björn Freter - 2018 - Synthesis Philosophica 33 (1):237-249.
    There is a fundamental flaw in the Eurocentric epistemological foundation. Counter to the overwhelming ethos of the Enlightenment this epistemological bedrock shockingly does not seem to be an epistemology of the human being, but only of the white human being. I, as Western scholar, have to relativize my epistemological heritage, because it does not take into account the diversity of the human being. I will briefly explore the racist views of Voltaire, Hume and Kant and I will argue that Western (...)
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  9. Less Radical Enlightenment: A Christian wing of the French Enlightenment.Eric Palmer - 2017 - In Steffen Ducheyne (ed.), The Ashgate Research Companion to the Radical Enlightenment. Ashgate.
    Jonathan I. Israel claims that Christian ‘controversialists’ endeavoured first to obscure or efface Spinozism, materialism, and non-authoritarian free thought, and then, in the early eighteenth century, to fight these openly, and desperately. Israel appears to have adopted the view of enlightenment as a battle against what Voltaire has called ‘l’infâme’, and David Hume has labelled ‘stupidity, Christianity, and ignorance’. These authors’ barbs were launched later in the century, however, in the period of the high Enlightenment, following polarizing controversies of mid-century. (...)
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  10. Jak „Chiny” stworzyły Europę: narodziny oświeceniowego sekularyzmu z ducha konfucjanizmu.Dawid Rogacz - 2017 - Diametros 54:138-160.
    The aim of the article is to demonstrate that the contact between European philosophy and Chinese culture in the 17 th and 18 th centuries had an influence on the emergence and development of secularism, which became a distinctive feature of the Western Enlightenment. In the first part, I examine in what way knowledge of the history of China and the Confucian ethics contested the Biblical chronology and undermined faith as a prerequisite for morality. Subsequently, I analyze the attempts to (...)
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  11. Voltaire's Radicalism.Zbigniew Drozdowicz - 2014 - Diametros 40:5-21.
    This article reminds the reader of the views of Voltaire, one of the most prominent and influential philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment. Voltaire’s radicalism manifested itself mainly in anticlericalism which was consistent, uncompromising and voiced without mincing words. A general aim of this article is to demonstrate to his contemporary imitators, who can be found in different countries including Poland, that they are in fact more or less accurate copies of him and they are not always aware of whom (...)
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  12. Voltaire e o projeto de uma metafísica newtoniana.Eduardo Salles de Oliveira Barra - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    Voltaire teve um importante papel na disseminação do newtonianismo no continente europeu. Mas também ele foi responsável pela tentativa mais direta de estender a autoridade de Newton a outros temas filosóficos, além daqueles relativos à matemática e à física. O livro La Métahysique de Newton , publicado em 1740, é uma prova disso. Neste artigo, o livro de Voltaire é analisado a partir do contexto das polêmicas entre partidários de Newton e de Leibniz. Procura-se identificar nexos entre o projeto esboçado (...)
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  13. Voltaire, Genebra e as Ideias republicanas.Lorenzo Bianchi - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    O presente artigo visa explorar as ricas relações entre Voltaire e Genebra, destacando as questões e o contexto que formam a obra Ideias republicanas e seu combate pela tolerância.
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  14. Como levar Cândido a sério ou caricatura literária e crítica da teodiceia em Voltaire.Rodrigo Brandão - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    The present article intends at shedding some light on how Voltaire's Candide enacts its criticism of the Leibnizian system. In order to do that, we shall follow different paths. Firstly, we will consider a brief history of the problem of evil, especially the Bayle and Leibniz debate on it. Secondly, we shall briefly refer to Voltaire's metaphysics of evil. The almost forty years he dedicated to the question are not monotonous, they are constituted of variations, approximations and criticisms on both (...)
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  15. A negação do vazio por parte de Descartes: as críticas de Newton e Voltaire.Verônica Calazans - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    As críticas de Newton e Voltaire endereçadas à negação do vazio por parte de Descartes compartilham uma estrutura básica: ambos parecem concordar que tal tese cartesiana conduz a implicações indesejáveis tanto no campo da mecânica, quanto no que diz respeito à teologia. Entretanto, embora Newton admita as implicações teológicas da negação do vazio, elas não constituem o fim último de sua crítica, o que parece ocorrer na crítica de Voltaire. Ao contrário, os argumentos newtonianos para assumir o vazioencontram na mecânica (...)
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  16. Voltaire pensador da tolerância: do combate ao fanatismo à luta contra o ateísmo.Sébastien Charles - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    Voltaire's militancy in favor of religious toleration is well-known. But he seems to be concerned by its practical results, the rehabilitation of those religiously persecuted, rather than by the theorectical reasonings to convince his opponents. That can be seen in the few importance given to argumentation in the Traité sur la tolerance , mostly composed by historical examples of violence caused by religious fanaticism. However, in Voltaire we find real philosophical reflection on tolerance, but the author finds it inneficient to (...)
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  17. Du Châtelet, Voltaire, and the Transformation of Mandeville's Fable.Felicia Gottmann - 2012 - History of European Ideas 38 (2):218-232.
    Summary In about 1735, Emilie Du Châtelet began to translate Mandeville's Fable of the Bees. Her work, which is largely ignored by scholars, did, as this article demonstrates, turn out to be one of transformation rather than of translation and came at a crucial moment in the emerging French luxury debate. So far commercial society and luxury had been defended in purely economic terms, for instance in Melon's Essai politique, or as an aspect of divine providence for fallen man, by (...)
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  18. A modernidade de Voltaire: pensar o presente.Eliane Martin-Haag - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    A ideia que avançamos aqui é que Voltaire é de pleno direito o inventor ou um dos inventores privilegiados do conceito de "tempos modernos" ou de uma nova atitude do filósofo face ao presente, compreendido como acontecimento no sentido de ruptura com "a craca e a ferrugem dos séculos" que ainda continuam a pesar sobre os espíritos. Segue-se este paradoxo: o acontecimento da modernidade é ao mesmo tempo um presente efetivo e um simples "crepúsculo" para o advento das Luzes.
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  19. Voltaire et l'économie politique.Patrick Neiertz - 2012 - Oxford: Voltaire Foundation.
    L'économie politique, qui ose se constituer en science vers le milieu du XVIIIe siècle, n'a cessé de passionner Voltaire. S'il n'est pas un théoricien de l'économie, il en est un observateur attentif et critique, et un acteur même de l'économie pratique: financier avisé, il construit, au fil de sa longue vie, l'une des grandes fortunes du royaume. Patrick Neiertz présente ici la première étude d'ensemble des idées économiques de Voltaire en analysant l'application expérimentale qu'il fait des théories de son temps (...)
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  20. O jogo do erro e da verdade nos diálogos filosóficos de Voltaire.Stéphane Pujol - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    Tudo se passa como se a escrita filosófica de Voltaire se desenvolvesse em uma dupla oposição: de um lado, ela visa denunciar o palavrório dos fazedores de sistemas e a cacofonia a que ele conduz, opondo-lhes a prudência e a modéstia; de outro, ela pretende restaurar, contra a tentação cética, o direito à busca da verdade. Em Voltaire, o discurso filosófico nasce desta tensão, do desejo de dizer o mundo e da vontade de se calar, tensão que a escolha do (...)
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  21. Por que Voltaire se tornou newtoniano? Por que refletir sobre as ciências.Véronique Le Ru - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    Meu intuito é tecer algumas considerações sobre a descoberta e relação de Voltaire com o newtonianismo, e a partir daí refletir de maneira mais geral sobre as possibilidades da aproximação entre filosofia e ciência.
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  22. O Cândido de Voltaire: militância e melancolia.Maria Das Graças de Souza - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (3).
    Trata-se aqui de interpretar algumas passagens do Cândido no quadro das linhas de força do iluminismo francês, que dizem respeito ao modo de conceber a atividade do filósofo, orientado pela oposição entre as figuras do "filósofo de gabinete" e o "filósofo mundano." Do meu ponto de vista, esta oposição não encerra tão somente uma tomada de posição sobre a natureza da ação do filósofo, mas diz respeito mesmo a uma concepção do que é a "boa filosofia." Ao mesmo tempo, permitirá (...)
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  23. A Pocket Philosophical Dictionary.Voltaire . (ed.) - 2011 - New York: Oxford University Press UK.
    'What can you say to a man who tells you he prefers obeying God rather than men, and that as a result he's certain he'll go to heaven if he cuts your throat?'Voltaire's Pocket Philosophical Dictionary, first published in 1764, is a major work of the European Enlightenment. It is also a highly entertaining book: this is no 'dictionary' in the ordinary sense, nor does it treat 'philosophy' in the modern meaning of the term. It consists of a sequence of (...)
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  24. O que move a história? – Voltaire, Bodin e o interesse pelas revoluções.Douglas Ferreira Barros - 2011 - Doispontos 8 (1).
    O presente texto visa avaliar o estatuto da revolução a partir da obra de dois filósofos franceses, por assim dizer, que empenharam parte considerável de seu trabalho na investigação sobre a história: Voltaire e Jean Bodin. Nossa intenção é entender a relação entre as noções de transformações, revolução e guerra, conflitos, tumultos. Não pretendemos estabelecer uma comparação rígida, porque anacrônica, entre as obras desses filósofos que trabalharam sobre a história. O que intentamos aqui é investigar algumas linhas de força de (...)
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  25. Der Kampf Um Kronprinz Friedrich: Wolff Gegen Voltaire.Johannes Bronisch - 2011 - Landt.
  26. Candide, Theodicy and the «Philosophie de l'Histoire».Paolo Casini - 2011 - Rivista di Filosofia 102 (3):381-404.
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  27. A figura de Voltaire – Hugh Blair e a arte de escrever história.Luís F. S. Nascimento - 2011 - Doispontos 8 (1).
    O presente texto procura entender as razões que levaram o filósofo e crítico escocês Hugh Blair a tomar Voltaire como um modelo para o historiador moderno. Inicia-se o estudo com uma breve exposição de alguns elementos da concepção de história no pensamento voltairiano e então se passa à consideração que o autor britânico faz deles. The present text aims to understand the reasons that took the Scottish philosopher and critic Hugh Blair to take Voltaire as a model to the modern (...)
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  28. Erasmus and Voltaire: Why They Still Matter. By Ricardo J. Quinones.Patrick Madigan - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (1):147-148.
  29. Voltaire: la tolérance et la justice.John Renwick (ed.) - 2011 - Louvain: Éditions Peeters.
    Pourquoi a-t-on souvent eu tendance a etudier chez Voltaire les notions de tolerance et de justice comme si c'etaient des entites distanciees ou parfois meme separables? Pourquoi n'a-t-on pas juge bon d'etudier le cheminement de sa pensee simultanement dans ces deux domaines qui etaient non seulement conjugues dans son esprit, mais aussi et surtout dont le contenu etait en perpetuel devenir? Pourquoi a-t-on privilegie l'etude de son action en faveur de certaines causes celebres au detriment, parfois total, de celles - (...)
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  30. Arte, sociedade e luxo: sobre o gosto e o refinamento nas cartas filosóficas de Voltaire / Art, Society and Luxury. Taste and Refinement On Voltaire´s Philosophical Letters.Luis F. Roselino - 2011 - Argumentos 3 (5):51-62.
    Voltaire has presented in his Letters on the English different themes, from religious ethics, literacy, politics, to dramas and science. The letters present us a comparison between England and France. In this parallel we shall present how Voltaire was concerned in evaluate a high standard of taste and refinements. This paper will review some of the last letters of those, which testify about this criterion of taste as a modern point of view. We shall present in Voltaire the eminence of (...)
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  31. The Poetics of Evil and its Imagery in Voltaire’s Works.Joanna Ziobrowska - 2011 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 56.
    In his descriptions of this “world going round”, Voltaire touches upon the problem of evil, using mimesis and his trademark irony as tools. Scream, anxiety, and confusion over this “scandal for philosophers” are refl ected in his polemics with Leibniz. Th e spectacle of evil presents itself in Voltaire’s symbolic caricature of marionettes – in order to confront the ontological onus of evil with philosophical speculation. Th e mechanical descriptions, deformed characters, and grotesque juxtaposition of lucky and unlucky situations found (...)
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  32. Wyobrażeniowa poetyka zła w utworach Voltaire’a.Joanna Ziobrowska - 2011 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 56.
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  33. Candide et la « conspiration de Portugal ».Édouard Langille - 2010 - Lumen: Selected Proceedings From the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 29:59.
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  34. Lettres philosophiques.Gustave Voltaire - 2010 - Classiques Garnier. Edited by Olivier Ferret & Antony McKenna.
    Selon l'expression de Lanson, les Lettres philosophiques sont «la première bombe lancée contre l'Ancien Régime». L'ouvrage connaît deux éditions: une édition anglaise et une édition française, qui comporte une vingt-cinquième lettre «Sur les Pensées de M. Pascal». Les Lettres anglaises sont devenues philosophiques: elle sont aussi immédiatement condamnées.On trouvera ici le texte de cette édition, accompagné d'un choix de variantes et d'un ensemble d'esquisses et d'avant-textes. Surtout, la présente édition fait le pari de montrer la cohérence de l'ouvrage à la (...)
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  35. Sociologia dell'ironia: comunicazione e rappresentazione della complessità moderna nei romanzi filosofici di Voltaire e nel cinema di Woody Allen.Ludovico Ferro - 2009 - Padova: CLEUP.
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  36. Candide.Eric Palmer & François-Marie Arouet Voltaire (eds.) - 2009 - Broadview.
    Voltaire’s classic novel Candide relates the misadventures of a young optimist who leaves his sheltered childhood to find his way in a cruel and irrational world. Fast-paced and full of dark humor, the novel mocks the suggestion that “all is well” and challenges us to create a better world. This Broadview Edition follows the text of a 1759 English translation that was released concurrently with Voltaire's first French edition. Candide is supplemented by Voltaire's most important poetic and humanistic writings on (...)
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  37. Candide and Other Stories. Voltaire & Roger Pearson - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Candide is the most famous of Voltaire's 'philosophical tales', in which he combined witty improbabilities with the sanest of good sense. This edition includes four other prose tales - Micromegas, Zadig, The Ingnu, and The White Bull - and a verse tale based on Chaucer's The Wife of Bath's Tale,: What Pleases the Ladies.
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  38. Moral and political philosophy : reading of Lucretius from Virgil to Voltaire.Reid Barbour - 2007 - In Stuart Gillespie & Philip R. Hardie (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Lucretius. Cambridge University Press. pp. 149--66.
  39. Voltaire: lo scandalo dell'intelligenza.Riccardo Campi - 2007 - Napoli: Liguori.
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  40. Voltaire's Candide, medical students, and mentoring.Thomas J. Papadimos - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:13-.
    In Voltaire's work, Candide, a young, naïve man, who has been taught that humans live in the best of all possible worlds, is thrust into the world only to find that this may not be so. He learns over time to balance his optimism with the skepticism he acquires through experience. While today's medical students are not naïve like the character Candide, they, nonetheless, carry an impression of the ideal medical practice, along with the expectation of a successful medical practice. (...)
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  41. Des sens au sens: littérature & morale de Molière à Voltaire.Jacques Wagner (ed.) - 2007 - Dudley, MA: Éditions Peeters.
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  42. Candide Shoots the Monkey Lovers: Representing Black Men in Eighteenth-Century French Visual Culture.Mary L. Bellhouse - 2006 - Political Theory 34 (6):741-784.
    This essay analyzes a shift in racialized regimes of visual signification in French metropolitan culture during the long eighteenth century. The author explores two symbolically central figures—the dismembered black slave and the black rapist/lover who is “duly punished”—by undertaking an intertextual reading of two sets of illustrations of Voltaire's Candide (1759) designed by Moreau le Jeune. Separated by the French and Haitian Revolutions, Moreau's two sets of Candide illustrations (1787 and 1803) register an important shift in the French cultural imaginary. (...)
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  43. Voltaire: champion of the French enlightenment.Jason Porterfield - 2006 - New York, N.Y.: Rosen Pub. Group.
    The world of Voltaire -- A life of wit and drama -- The wandering exile -- Voltaire's drama and poetry -- Interpreting history, understanding science -- The crusading philosopher -- The impact of Voltaire's work.
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  44. Candide. Voltaire - 2006 - In Thomas L. Cooksey (ed.), Masterpieces of Philosophical Literature. Greenwood Press.
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  45. La Ilustración ante el Sufrimiento y las Catástrofes: El terramoto de Lisboa de 1755 en la polémica entre Jean-Jacques Rousseau y Voltaire.Alicia Villar Ezcurra - 2005 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 61 (1):281 - 306.
    As imagens do maremoto do dia 26 de Dezembro de 2004 fazem-nos necessariamente perguntar: que podemos nós fazer perante catástrofes de tais dimensões? Como é possível tanto sofrimento? Para os filósofos do Iluminismo, o terramoto que assolou a cidade de Lisboa há 250 anos, no dia 1 de Novembro de 1755, foi também ocasião para reflectir sobre a condição humana e aprofundar a crença num Deus Omnipotente e Providente. Cassirer assinalou que a polémica mantida entre Rousseau e Voltaire contribuiu de (...)
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  46. A Revolution for Science and the Humanities: From Knowledge to Wisdom.Nicholas Maxwell - 2004 - Dialogue and Universalism 15 (1-2):29-57.
    At present the basic intellectual aim of academic inquiry is to improve knowledge. Much of the structure, the whole character, of academic inquiry, in universities all over the world, is shaped by the adoption of this as the basic intellectual aim. But, judged from the standpoint of making a contribution to human welfare, academic inquiry of this type is damagingly irrational. Three of four of the most elementary rules of rational problem-solving are violated. A revolution in the aims and methods (...)
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  47. Voltaire. Du cartésianisme aux Lumières. [REVIEW]Mitia Rioux-Beaune - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (4):808-811.
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  48. Pangloss Identified.Eric Palmer - 2002 - French Studies Bulletin 84 (Autumn):7-10.
    Scholars have associated the character of Pangloss in Voltaire’s Candide variously with the ideas of Gottfried Leibniz, Alexander Pope, and Christian Wolff. With them he is associated, but on whom is he modeled? Pangloss is the image of a French popularizer of science celebrated in his day but little noticed in ours: Noël Antoine Pluche (1688-1761), the author of a highly popular work, Le Spectacle de la Nature.
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  49. Voltaire and the Triumph of the Enlightenment.Alan Charles Kors - 2001 - The Teaching Co..
    lecture 1. The patriarch, an overview -- lecture 2. The education of a philosophe -- lecture 3. Philosophical letters, part I -- lecture 4. Philosophical letters, part II -- lecture 5. The years at Cirey -- lecture 6. From optimism to humanism -- lecture 7. Voltaire and the "philosophical tale" -- lecture 8. Voltaire at Ferney -- lecture 9. Voltaire and God -- lecture 10. Voltaire and history -- lecture 11. Voltaire and toleration -- lecture 12. Apotheosis.
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  50. 13 The Motto Vitam impendere vero and the Question of Lying.Jean Starobinski - 2001 - In Patrick Riley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rousseau. Cambridge University Press. pp. 365.
1 — 50 / 155