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  1. A generic model of consciousness.Mark J. Hadley - 2023 - Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Consciousness 10 (2):291--308.
    This is a model of consciousness. The hard problem of consciousness, what it feels like, is answered. The work builds on medical research analyzing the source and mechanisms associated with our feelings. It goes further by describing a generic model with wide applicability. The model is fully consistent with medical pathways in humans, but easily extends to animals and AI. The essence of the model is the interplay between associative memory and physiology. The model is a clear and concrete counterexample (...)
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  2. Towards a Neutral-Structuralist Theory of Consciousness and Selfhood.Janko Nešić - 2022 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 35 (3):243-259.
    Recently, an information-theoretic structural realist theory of the self and consciousness has been put forward (Beni, M. D. 2019. Structuring the Self, Series New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Palgrave Macmillan). The theory is presented as a form of panpsychism. I argue against this interpretation and show that Beni’s structuralist theory runs into the hard problem of consciousness, in a similar way as the Integrated Information theory of consciousness. Since both of these theories are structuralist and based on the (...)
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  3. Consciousness as a Memory System.Andrew E. Budson, Kenneth A. Richman & Elizabeth A. Kensinger - forthcoming - Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology.
    We suggest that there is confusion between why consciousness developed and what additional functions, through continued evolution, it has co-opted. Consider episodic memory. If we believe that episodic memory evolved solely to accurately represent past events, it seems like a terrible system—prone to forgetting and false memories. However, if we believe that episodic memory developed to flexibly and creatively combine and rearrange memories of prior events in order to plan for the future, then it is quite a good system. We (...)
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  4. Panpsychism and AI consciousness.Marcus Arvan & Corey J. Maley - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-22.
    This article argues that if panpsychism is true, then there are grounds for thinking that digitally-based artificial intelligence may be incapable of having coherent macrophenomenal conscious experiences. Section 1 briefly surveys research indicating that neural function and phenomenal consciousness may be both analog in nature. We show that physical and phenomenal magnitudes—such as rates of neural firing and the phenomenally experienced loudness of sounds—appear to covary monotonically with the physical stimuli they represent, forming the basis for an analog relationship between (...)
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  5. Is There Something it’s Like to be a Garden Snail.Eric Schwitzgebel - 2020 - Philosophical Topics 48 (1):39-63.
    The question “are garden snails conscious?” or equivalently “is there something it’s like to be a garden snail?” admits of three possible answers: yes, no, and denial that the question admits of a yes-or-no answer. All three answers have some antecedent plausibility, prior to the application of theories of consciousness. All three answers retain their plausibility after the application of theories of consciousness. This is because theories of consciousness, when applied to such a different species, are inevitably question-begging and rely (...)
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  6. On the dangers of conflating strong and weak versions of a theory of consciousness.Matthias Michel & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - Philosophy and the Mind Sciences 1 (II).
    Some proponents of the Integrated Information Theory of consciousness profess strong views on the Neural Correlates of Consciousness, namely that large swathes of the neocortex, the cerebellum, at least some sensory cortices, and the so-called limbic system are all not essential for any form of conscious experiences. We argue that this connection is not incidental. Conflation between strong and weak versions of the theory has led these researchers to adopt definitions of NCC that are inconsistent with their own previous definitions, (...)
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  7. Sensorimotor theory and the problems of consciousness.David Silverman - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (7-8):189-216.
    The sensorimotor theory is an influential account of perception and phenomenal qualities that builds, in an empirically supported way, on the basic claim that conscious experience is best construed as an attribute of the whole embodied agent's skill-driven interactions with the environment. This paper, in addition to situating the theory as a response to certain well-known problems of consciousness, develops a sensorimotor account of why we are perceptually conscious rather than not.
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  8. John T. Blackmore, Ryoichi Itagaki and Setsuko Tanaka : Ernst Mach’s Philosophy Pro and Con. [REVIEW]John Michael & Friedrich Stadler - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (1):137-140.
  9. Ernst Mach: His life, work, and influence.Wolfram Swoboda - 1974 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 5 (2):187-201.
  10. Beyond Marx and Mach. [REVIEW]S. F. L. - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 33 (4):783-785.
    Aleksandr Bogdanov is probably the most original philosopher to have arisen thus far among Marxists. Most scholars know of him only as the man who provoked Lenin into writing the book of polemical epistemology, Materialism and Empiriocriticism. Jensen’s work, the first full-length study to deal with Bogdanov’s thought in its own right, is a careful analytical account; it sets forth the novel theses, chapter by chapter, in Bogdanov’s later book Philosophy of Living Experience.
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  11. Computers and the Mind-Body Problem.Adam Drozdek - 1993 - Idealistic Studies 23 (1):39-48.
    There seems to exist an indirect link between computer science and theology via psychology, which is founded on dualism. First, these theories from psychology, computer science and theology are considered that acknowledge the existence of (at least) two different kinds of reality, or, possibly, two different realms of the same reality. In order to express a root of incompatibility of science and theology, a distinction is drawn between ontological and epistemological dualism. It seems that computer science combines ontological monism with (...)
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  12. Russellian Monism: The Heritage of Russell’s Construction of Matter from Experience – Review of Consciousness in the Physical World: Perspectives on Russellian Monism.L. Hengwei & D. Da - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (1):126-129.
    Upshot: The central issue of Consciousness in the Physical World is Russellian monism, which claims that consciousness could be ontologically reduced to intrinsic properties of physical objects. In contemporary discussions, Russellian monism is more broadly defined than Russell’s original version of neutral monism, and it even becomes a family of views. In this review, based on two major distinctions between Russellian monism and Russell’s neutral monism, we point out that these current re-interpretations not only extend Russell’s theory; some may also (...)
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  13. Consciousness and the Mind of God.Charles Taliaferro - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work addresses the challenge of contemporary materialism for thinking about God. The book examines contemporary theories of consciousness and defends a non-materialist theory of persons, subjectivity and God. A version of dualism is articulated that seeks to avoid the fragmented outlook of most dualist theories. Dualism is often considered to be inadequate both philosophically and ethically, and is seen as a chief cause of denigrating the body and of promoting individualism and scepticism. Charles Taliaferro defends a holistic understanding of (...)
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  14. Ambivalence: A Philosophical Exploration.Hili Razinsky - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    Ambivalence (as in practical conflicts, moral dilemmas, conflicting beliefs, and mixed feelings) is a central phenomenon of human life. Yet ambivalence is incompatible with entrenched philosophical conceptions of personhood, judgement, and action, and is denied or marginalised by thinkers of diverse concerns. This book takes a radical new stance, bringing the study of core philosophical issues together with that of ambivalence. The book proposes new accounts in several areas – including subjectivity, consciousness, rationality, and value – while elucidating a wide (...)
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  15. Consciousness.Rocco J. Gennaro - 2016 - New York: Routledge.
    Consciousness is arguably the most important interdisciplinary area in contemporary philosophy of mind, with an explosion of research over the past thirty years from philosophers, psychologists, and scientists. It is also perhaps the most puzzling aspect of the world despite the fact that it is familiar to each of us. Consciousness also seems resistant to any straightforward physical explanation. This book introduces readers to the contemporary problem of consciousness, providing a clear introduction to the overall landscape and a fair-minded critical (...)
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  16. Leaving the Soul Apart. An Introductory Study.Pietro Gori - 2015 - Philosophical Readings 7 (2):3-13.
    In The Analysis of Mind (1921), Bertrand Russell stresses the importance of William James’ late neutral monist view of consciousness for the studies in psychology. In so doing, he focuses on a topic whose roots can be traced back to the nineteenth-century European debate on physiology and scientific psychology. In this introductory paper I shall briefly outline the path that, starting from the revival of Kant in the German scientific debate, leads to both Ernst Mach’s and William James’ questioning the (...)
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  17. Bertrand Russell's Theory of Neutral Monism.Robert Wallace Murungi - 1967 - Dissertation, Columbia University
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  18. Review of Bertrand Russell: Essays in Analysis[REVIEW]I. G. Mcfetridge - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):83-85.
  19. A Critical Discussion of Russell's Neutral Monism.William Eastman - 1956 - Dissertation, Brown University
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  20. Neutral Monism in Mach.Peter Joannides - 1955 - Dissertation, Cornell University
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  21. A Study of Russell's Theory of Desire in Connection with His Doctrine of Neutral Monism in "the Analysis of Mind".Ibrahim Yusuf Najjar - 1986 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    In The Analysis of Mind , Russell criticizes a theory that considers desire a conscious mental phenomenon directed towards an imagined object and offers instead an account of desire in terms of behaviour-cycles. ;This theory has been criticized on various grounds: that it is circular and incoherent, that it applies only to needs, and that it is too behaviouristic. I argue that these criticisms are incorrect and that Russell's critics have ignored his doctrine of neutral monism. I study Russell's modified (...)
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  22. Phenomenalism, Idealism and Mentalism. A Historical Note.R. K. Gupta - 1984 - Philosophia Naturalis 21 (1):157.
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  23. On the Nature of Aquaintance II. Neutral Monism.Bertrand Russell - 1914 - The Monist 24:161-187.
  24. Themes Spinozistic, Leibnizian and Russellian. [REVIEW]William Everdell - 2006 - The Bertrand Russell Society Quarterly 132.
  25. John T. Blackmore: Two Recent Trilogies on Ernst Mach.Hayo Siemsen - 2011 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 15:311-321.
    What would Mach think of about six volumes written on him, his ideas and his life? John T. Blackmore has in his life-work undertaken this scientifi c effort . Before Blackmore’s life-work and especially his most recently published work will be reviewed in detail, a brief overview of the perspective of Mach from which the review approaches this question will be given in the following.
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  26. A Critique Of "absolute Phenomenalism.".Royall Tyler - 1982 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 9 (4):261-283.
  27. Consciousness and Energy Monism.M. Woodhouse - 2001 - In David Lorimer (ed.), Thinking Beyond the Brain: A Wider Science of Consciousness. Floris Books.
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  28. Ernst to Amherst, Massachusetts.J. Lochhead - 2007 - Constructivist Foundations 2 (2-3):39-40.
    Excerpt: In 1987 Ernst retired from the University of Georgia and moved to Amherst, Massachusetts... Ernst was a welcome addition to my research team at UMass; especially since I had a grant from NSF to develop an interdisciplinary science course based on an explicitly constructivist perspective. After three years and hundreds of hours of discussion a team of faculty from physics, chemistry, biology and science education discovered that while we all used the term "energy" in a mathematically common manner we (...)
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  29. Can Dichotomies Be Tamed?Glasersfeld E. Von - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):123-126.
    Purpose: The notion of dichotomy is central to Josef Mitterer's work and he uses the term as a portmanteau. My paper characterizes the specific dichotomies he describes, uses C. K. Ogden's work on "Opposition" to classify them, and reviews attempts to overcome incompatible oppositions in other disciplines. Approach: Conceptual analysis in an attempt to show some of the conceptual differences in the various types of opposition. A "sampler" indicates possible divisions. Findings: From the constructivist point of view, the notion of (...)
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  30. The discomforts of dualism.Bruce MacLennan - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):673-674.
  31. Pardon, your dualism is showing.Charles C. Wood - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):557-558.
  32. Localizationism and dualism: a second look at the paradox.Roland Puccetti & Robert W. Dykes - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):369-376.
  33. Inexplicit dualism.J. L. Mackie - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):357-358.
  34. The inevitability of dualism.John Beloff - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (3):347-347.
  35. Erkenntnistheoretischer Dualismus.Tobias Schlicht - 2007 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 10:113-136.
    The dominant position in current debates on the mind-body problem is some version of physicalism, according to which the mind is reducible to the brain and mental phenomena are ultimately explainable in physical terms. But there seems to be an explanatory gap between physicalistic descriptions of neuronal processes and the subjectivity of conscious experience. Some dualists conclude that, therefore, consciousness must be ontologically distinct from any physical properties or entities. This article introduces and argues for a different perspective on these (...)
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  36. Consciousness and the Prospects for Substance Dualism.John Spackman - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (11):1054-1065.
    There has in recent years been a significant surge of interest in non-materialist accounts of the mind. Property dualists hold that all substances (concrete particulars that persist over time) are material, but mental properties are distinct from physical properties. Substance dualists maintain that the mind or person is a non-material substance. This article considers the prospects for substance dualism given the current state of the debate. The best known type of substance dualism, Cartesian dualism, has traditionally faced a number of (...)
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  37. Whats Missing in Episodic Self-Experience? A Kierkegaardian Response to Galen Strawson.Patrick Stokes - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):1-2.
    In a series of important papers, Galen Strawson has articulated a spectrum of “temporal temperaments,” populated at one end by “Diachronics”, who experience their selves (understood as the “mental entity” they are at this moment) as something that existed in the past and will exist in the future, and at the other end by “Episodics”, who lack any such sense of temporal extension. As a self-declared Episodic, Strawson provides lucid descriptions of what episodicity is like, but cannot furnish a corresponding (...)
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  38. Integrated Information Theory A Promising but Ultimately Incomplete Theory of Consciousness.Michael Cerullo - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (11-12):11-12.
    Tononi has proposed a fundamental theory of consciousness he terms Integrated Information Theory (IIT). IIT purports to explain the quantity of conscious experience by linking it with integrated information: information shared by the system as a whole and quantified by adopting a modified version of Shannon's definition of information. Since the fundamental aspect of IIT is information the theory allows for the multiple realizability of consciousness. While there are several concepts within IIT that need further theoretical development, the main failings (...)
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  39. Complementarity of Advaita Non-dualism and Yoga Dualism in Indian Psychology.K. Ramakrishna Rao - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (9-10):9-10.
  40. On Taking Monism Seriously.Chris Nunn - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (9-10):9-10.
    Analogy with the monisms of fundamental physics suggests that a concept of symmetry breaking is likely to help towards developing an understanding of mind/matter monism. I explore some possible consequences of this concept, arguing that a broken symmetry, involving energy and 'what-it-is-like-to-be-ness'along with time, may occur and may manifest in the course of energy measurements. The resultant proto-panpsychist picture has the advantage of indicating how our complex, human consciousness could emerge from proto-conscious elements. It's an account that has empirical, refutable (...)
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  41. Josef Mitterer's Non-dualistic Philosophy in the Light of Judith Butler's (De) Constructivist Feminism.Martin G. Weiss - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (2).
  42. George Spencer Brown's Calculus of Indications as a Basis for Mitterer's Non-dualistic Descriptions.Patricia Ene - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (2).
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  43. The Immaterial Self: A Defence of the Cartesian Dualist Conception of the Mind.Stanley Bates - 1994 - Philosophical Books 35 (1):54-56.
  44. It, the Nameless God of Dualism. Some Remarks on St. John, the First Non-dualist, and His Renowned Follower, Josef Mitterer.P. Strasser - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):269-271.
    Excerpt: Can you imagine a non-observable, un-describable state?... There are trivialities that hide abysses... To solve the paradox of the very beginning of the world one has to reject dualistic ontology... From now on, all of the perceptions and ideas embedded in God's mind have never been anything other than descriptions so far and from now on.
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  45. A Colorful Theory in a Black/White World. Mitterer and the Media: Parallels, Overlaps, Deviations.R. Graf - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):254-259.
    Purpose: To show that the idea of non-dualistic thinking is of great value for some of the core problems of media philosophy (which often lacks the radical approach of Josef Mitterer's concept). Method: Non-dualistic philosophy, introduced by Mitterer, has a lot in common with other thinkers' discontent with the traditional way of describing the subject-object relation. Their differences and the impasses of phenomenological, structuralist and psychoanalytic media theory shall be examined to show whether and to what extent non-dualism could do (...)
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  46. Education towards Truth. Reflecting on a Sentence of Josef Mitterer.T. Hug - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):249-253.
    Purpose: So far, the work of Josef Mitterer has not been widely recognized in philosophy of education, even though it offers many points of contact not only for epistemological and methodological questions but also for empirical and educational issues. Among these points of contact there is an outstanding sentence (see motto), which can be taken as a starting point for conceptual considerations in philosophy of education. The article takes this sentence as a hub for some corresponding investigations. Method: The article (...)
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  47. Meaning and Description in Non-dualism: A Formalization and Extension.M. Staude - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):231-248.
    Problem: The article seeks to tackle three problems of Mitterer's non-dualistic philosophy. Firstly, the key term description remains not only rather unclear and rudimentary but also isolated from relevant neighboring terms and theories of other disciplines. Secondly, a logical reconstruction and formal model of non-dualism is still lacking. Thirdly, there are hardly any extensions of philosophical non-dualism to non-philosophical disciplines and fields. Findings: The three main findings of the article are based on the abovementioned problems. Firstly, the non-dualistic term description (...)
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  48. Does Non-dualism Imply an Approach to Power? Non-dualizing Epistemology and the Political.M. Danelzik - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):214-220.
    Problem: The question of the moral and social effects of non-dualism has not yet been clarified to the necessary extent. The relation of truth claims, power and violence has been simplified; critical questions of non-dualist practises have not yet been addressed. Approach: By discussing relevant philosophy and political theory, this paper draws the attention of non-realists towards the issues of power, conflict and discourse rules and asks to rethink the issue of the pragmatic justification of non-realist epistemology. Findings: (1) Constructivists, (...)
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  49. Dualism Still at Work. On Wittgenstein's Certainty.S. Grampp - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):221-225.
    Problem: A dualistic position faces considerable problems as Mitterer, inter alia, clearly pointed out. Mitterer not only wants to name these problems, but to provide a genuine alternative with his non-dualism. However, this non-dualistic alternative also contains severe problems. Thus this text suggests preferring Wittgenstein's concept of a pragmatic investigation of language-games to Mitterer's non-dualism in order to tackle the problems of dualism. Solution: With recourse to Wittgenstein's pragmatic investigation of language-games, a fundamental problem of dualism can be solved. With (...)
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  50. Non-dualizing from Now On?A. Riegler & S. Weber - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):120-122.
    Excerpt: Is Josef Mitterer's non-dualizing philosophy yet another philosophical flavor, of which there are so many in the academic world? Yet another philosophical trinket that arouses the short-lived attention of some people and disappears quickly thereafter? Yet another dalliance without implications either for philosophy or for science? We are convinced of the contrary. For many years Mitterer has steadily built up a reputation as an innovative but at the same time also very careful thinker. His claims have been discussed in (...)
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