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  1. How an Addiction Ontology Can Unify Competing Conceptualizations of Addiction.Robert M. Kelly, Robert West & Janna Hastings - forthcoming - In Nick Heather, Matt Field, Anthony Moss & Sally Satel (eds.), Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction. New York, NY, USA:
    Disagreement about the nature of ‘addiction’, such as whether it is a brain disease, arises in part because the label is applied to a wide range of phenomena. This creates conceptual and definitional confusions and misunderstandings, often leading to researchers talking past one another. Ontologies have been successfully implemented in other fields to help solve these problems by creating unifying frameworks that can accommodate divergence while clarifying the basis for it. We argue that ontologies can help transform the way we (...)
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  2. Understanding Addiction.Robert M. Kelly - 2021 - Dissertation, University at Buffalo
    The addiction literature is fraught with conceptual confusions, stalled debates, and an unfortunate lack of clear and careful attempts to delineate the phenomenon of addiction in a way that might lead to consensus. My dissertation has two overarching aims, one metaphysical and one practical. -/- The first aim is to defend an account of addiction as the systematic disposition to fail to control one’s desires to engage in certain types of behaviors. I defend the inclusion of desires and impaired control (...)
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  3. The Social Epistemology of Clinical Placebos.Melissa Rees - forthcoming - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy.
    Many extant theories of placebo focus on their causal structure wherein placebo effects are those which originate from select features of the therapy (e.g. client expectations or ‘incidental’ features like size, and shape). Although such accounts can distinguish placebos from standard medical treatments, they cannot distinguish placebos from everyday occurrences e.g. when positive feedback improves our performance on a task. Providing a social epistemological account of a treatment context can rule out such occurrences, and furthermore reveal a new way to (...)
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  4. Microethics for Healthcare Data Science: Attention to Capabilities in Sociotechnical Systems.Mark Graves & Emanuele Ratti - 2021 - The Future of Science and Ethics 6:64-73.
    It has been argued that ethical frameworks for data science often fail to foster ethical behavior, and they can be difficult to implement due to their vague and ambiguous nature. In order to overcome these limitations of current ethical frameworks, we propose to integrate the analysis of the connections between technical choices and sociocultural factors into the data science process, and show how these connections have consequences for what data subjects can do, accomplish, and be. Using healthcare as an example, (...)
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  5. Introduction to the Special Issue on Philosophy of Medicine.Saana Jukola & Anke Bueter - 2021 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 17 (2):(SI1)5-8.
    This article is an introduction to the special issue on philosophy of medicine. Philosophy of medicine is a field that has flourished in the last couple of decades and has become increasingly institutionalized. The introduction begins with a brief overview of some of the most central recent developments in the field. It then describes the six articles that comprise this issue.
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  6. Cultivating Moral Attention: a Virtue-Oriented Approach to Responsible Data Science in Healthcare.Emanuele Ratti & Mark Graves - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1819-1846.
    In the past few years, the ethical ramifications of AI technologies have been at the center of intense debates. Considerable attention has been devoted to understanding how a morally responsible practice of data science can be promoted and which values have to shape it. In this context, ethics and moral responsibility have been mainly conceptualized as compliance to widely shared principles. However, several scholars have highlighted the limitations of such a principled approach. Drawing from microethics and the virtue theory tradition, (...)
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  7. Discourses on Im/Migrants, Ethnic Minorities, and Infectious Disease: Fifty Years of Tuberculosis Reporting in the United Kingdom.Hella von Unger & Penelope Scott - 2022 - History of the Human Sciences 35 (1):189-215.
    Ethnicity and im/migrant classification systems and their constituent categories have a long history in the construction of public health knowledge on tuberculosis in the United Kingdom. This article critically examines the categories employed and the epidemiological discourses on TB, im/migrants, and ethnic minorities in health reporting between 1965 and 2015. We employ a Sociology of Knowledge Approach to Discourse Analysis to trace the continuities and changes in the categories used and in the discursive construction of im/migrants, ethnic minorities, and TB. (...)
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  8. Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale, edited by Amos Bertolacci and Gabriele Galluzzo. [REVIEW]Tracy Wietecha - 2021 - Early Science and Medicine 26 (4):383-386.
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  9. Covid-19 and Ageing: Four Alternative Conceptual Frameworks.Davide Serpico & M. Cristina Amoretti - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (3):1-4.
    Ageing is one of the main risk factors for Covid-19. In this paper, we delineate four alternative conceptualisations of ageing, each of which determines different understandings of its causal role to the susceptibility to Covid-19 as well as to the severity of its symptoms and adverse health outcomes.
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  10. “The Sleeping Beauty of the Brain”: Memory, MIT, Montreal, and the Origins of Neuroscience.Yvan Prkachin - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):22-44.
  11. Introduction: Evidence, Expertise and Argumentation in Evidence-Based Medicine.Fabrizio Macagno & Carlo Martini - 2021 - Topoi 40 (2):295-298.
    [1st paragraph] A philosophical discussion on evidence-based medicine (EBM) can be probably perceived almost as an oxymoron. How can “the process of systematically finding, appraising, and using contemporaneous research findings as the basis for clinical decisions” (Jenicek 2012: 23) be compatible with the critical and systematic examination of fundamental problems such as the nature of being, reality, thinking, values and perception? How can a scientific field focused mainly on the search and evaluation of evidence and aimed at solid quantifications of (...)
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  12. Prevention of Disease and the Absent Body: A Phenomenological Approach to Periodontitis.Dylan Rakhra & Māra Grīnfelde - forthcoming - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy.
    A large part of contemporary phenomenology of medicine has been devoted to accounts of health and illness, arguing that they contribute to the improvement of healthcare. Less focus has been paid to the issue of prevention of disease and the associated difficulty of adhering to health-promoting behaviours, which is arguably of equal importance. This article offers a phenomenological account of this disease prevention, focusing on how we – as embodied beings – engage with health-promoting behaviours. It specifically considers how we (...)
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  13. The concept of disease in the time of COVID-19.Maria Cristina Amoretti & Elisabetta Lalumera - 2020 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 41 (5):203-221.
    Philosophers of medicine have formulated different accounts of the concept of disease. Which concept of disease one assumes has implications for what conditions count as diseases and, by extension, who may be regarded as having a disease and for who may be accorded the social privileges and personal responsibilities associated with being sick. In this article, we consider an ideal diagnostic test for coronavirus disease 2019 infection with respect to four groups of people—positive and asymptomatic; positive and symptomatic; negative; and (...)
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  14. Made to Measure: The Ethics of Routine Measurement for Healthcare Improvement.Polly Mitchell, Alan Cribb & Vikki Entwistle - 2021 - Health Care Analysis 29 (1):39-58.
    This paper analyses the ethics of routine measurement for healthcare improvement. Routine measurement is an increasingly central part of healthcare system design and is taken to be necessary for successful healthcare improvement efforts. It is widely recognised that the effectiveness of routine measurement in bringing about improvement is limited—it often produces only modest effects or fails to generate anticipated improvements at all. We seek to show that these concerns do not exhaust the ethics of routine measurement. Even if routine measurement (...)
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  15. Defining medical humanism beyond empathy.Juliette Ferry-Danini - 2020 - Archives de Philosophie 4 (84).
    Empathy is often described as a virtue which that could help in making medicine more humanistic. This paper argues that there are two limits to this thesis. First, it is unclear whether a lack of empathy can be attributed to the biomedical education. Second, empathy itself is not without issues, and another concept, compassion, can be put forward instead. Humanism based on compassion is more minimalist, but integrated with an approach focused on health systems, it makes humanism more tangible and (...)
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  16. Концепт практик єврейської та раньохристиянської медицини.Valentyna V. Kuryliak - 2020 - Вісник Харківського Національного Університету Імені В. Н. Каразіна. Серія «Філософія. Філософські Перипетії» 63:129-138.
    The article examines the theological and philosophical origins of Jewish and early Christian medicine. We have shown that the basis of the medical practice of the ancient Jews and early Christians were the books of the Old Testament. The principles of nutrition, sanitation and hygiene have been considered in detail in the context of the topic. We also have analyzed the rules of care for sick people and the means used by the Jewish people in the treatment of infectious diseases. (...)
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  17. Robin Wolfe Scheffler. A Contagious Cause: The American Hunt for Cancer Viruses and the Rise of Molecular Medicine. Ix + 379 Pp., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2019. $40 (Paper). Hardback and E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Cinzia Greco - 2020 - Isis 111 (3):690-691.
  18. The Astronomia Olympi Novi and the Theologia Cabalistica: Two Pseudo-Paracelsian Works of the Philosophia Mystica.Martin Žemla - 2020 - Early Science and Medicine 24 (5-6):527-548.
    The Astronomia Olympi novi and the Theologia Cabalistica were published as part of the Philosophia Mystica. This influential collection of Paracelsian and Weigelian texts was among the first to include a publication of the theologica of Paracelsus. Both of these short pseudo-Paracelsian works were written by Adam Haslmayr, the propagator of the “Theophrastia Sancta,” a philosophical theology of Paracelsus mixed with Weigelian and alchemical influences. These works, taken in the Philosophia Mystica, are among the very few of his texts that (...)
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  19. Numbers, Prognosis, and Healing: Galen on Medical Theory.Glen Cooper - 2004 - Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 90 (2):45-60.
  20. Maria Pia Donato (Editor). Medicine and the Inquisition in the Early Modern World. Viii + 210 Pp., Index. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2019. €95 (Cloth). ISBN 9789004386457. [REVIEW]Jonathan Seitz - 2020 - Isis 111 (2):404-405.
  21. Serious Mental Illness: Person-Centered Approaches.Abraham Rudnick & David Roe (eds.) - 2011 - Crc Press.
    Practical and evidence-based, this unique book is the first comprehensive text focused on person-centered approaches to people with serious mental illness such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. It reflects a range of views and findings regarding assessment, treatment, rehabilitation, self-help, policy-making, education and research. It is highly recommended for all healthcare professionals, students, researchers and educators involved in general practice, psychiatry, nursing, social work, clinical psychology and therapy. Healthcare service providers, and policy makers and shapers, will find the book's wide-ranging, (...)
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  22. What Is New About the Exposome? Exploring Scientific Change in Contemporary Epidemiology.Stefano Canali - 2020 - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2879 (17).
    In this commentary, I discuss the scientific changes brought by the exposome, asking what is new about this approach and line of research. I place the exposome in a historical perspective, by analyzing the conditions under which the exposome has been conceived, developed and established in the context of contemporary epidemiological research. I argue that the exposome has been developed by transferring approaches, methods and conceptualizations from other lines of research in the life and health sciences. I thus discuss the (...)
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  23. How to Understand Feelings of Vitality: An Approach to Their Nature, Varieties, and Functions.Ingrid Vendrell Ferran - 2021 - In Susi Ferrarello (ed.), Phenomenology of Bioethics: Technoethics and Lived Experience. Springer. pp. 115-130.
    A very basic form of experience consists in feeling energetic, vital, alive, tired, dispirited, vigorous and so on. These feelings – which I call feelings of vitality or vital feelings – constitute the main concern of this paper. My aim is to argue that these feelings exhibit a distinctive form of affectivity which cannot be explained in terms of emotions, moods, background feelings or existential feelings and to explore different paths for their conceptualization. The paper proceeds as follows. After introducing (...)
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  24. L’Homme Parfait: L’Anthropologie Médicale de Harvey, Riolan, Et Perrault (1628-1688), Written by Sarah Carvallo, 2017. [REVIEW]Anita Guerrini - 2020 - Early Science and Medicine 25 (1):85-87.
  25. How Did Regius Become Regius? The Early Doctrinal Evolution of a Heterodox Cartesian.Andrea Strazzoni - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (4):362-412.
    This article offers an assessment of Henricus Regius’s pre-Cartesian sources and their role in his appropriation of Descartes’s ideas, via two main questions: 1) Who was Regius, doctrinally speaking, before his exposure to Cartesianism? And 2) how did he use Descartes’s theories before his quarrel with Descartes himself in the mid-1640s? These questions are addressed by means of a textual analysis that concerns his theory of matter. In this article, I will show that 1) Regius started out with a scientific (...)
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  26. Nutzenbewertung Personalisierter Interventionen: Methodische Herausforderungen Und LösungsansätzeBenefit Assessment of Personalized Interventions: Methodological Challenges and Approaches to a Solution.Jürgen Windeler & Stefan Lange - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (3):173-182.
    Das Ziel einer so genannten Personalisierten Medizin ist es, verfügbare oder neue Interventionen zielgerichteter einzusetzen, um so ihren Nutzen zu optimieren. Mit dieser Zielsetzung sind an eine Prüfung der Zielerreichung die gleichen Anforderungen zu stellen wie an jede andere Intervention. Der Nutzen ist durch aussagefähige Studien, typischerweise also prospektive, kontrollierte Interventionsstudien, zu belegen. Dort, wo es um den Kern personalisierter Medizin, nämlich die Verbindung von Diagnostik und Behandlung geht, ist genau diese Verbindung in Form einer statistischen Wechselwirkung zu belegen. Enrichment-Designs (...)
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  27. Randomized Controlled Trials for Diagnostic Imaging: Conceptual and Pratical Problems.Elisabetta Lalumera & Stefano Fanti - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):395-400.
    We raise a problem of applicability of RCTs to validate nuclear diagnostic imaging tests. In spite of the wide application of PET and other similar techniques that use radiopharmaceuticals for diagnostic purposes, RCT-based evidence on their validity is sparse. We claim that this is due to a general conceptual problem that we call Prevalence of Treatment, which arises in connection with designing RCTs for testing any diagnostic procedure in the present context of medical research, and is particularly apparent in this (...)
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  28. Book Review: The Gold Standard: The Challenge of Evidence-Based Medicine and Standardization in Health Care.Martin D. Merry - 2004 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 41 (2):236-237.
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  29. Mimesis and Clinical Pictures: Thinking with Plato and Broekman Through the Production and Meaning of Images of Disease.Marjolein Oele - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (4):507-515.
    This paper contends, following Plato and Broekman, that seeing images as images is crucial to theorizing medicine and that considering clinical pictures as images of images is a much-needed epistemic complement to the domineering view that sees clinical pictures as mirrors of disease. This does not only offer epistemic, but also ethical benefits to individual patients, especially in those cases where patients suffer from chronic, debilitating, and terminal illnesses and where medicine provides no, or limited, answers in terms of treatment, (...)
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  30. Cancer Stem Cells: Philosophy and Therapies.Lucie Laplane - 2016 - Cambridge (Massachusetts): Harvard University Press.
    A new therapeutic strategy could break the stalemate in the war on cancer by targeting not all cancerous cells but the small fraction that lie at the root of cancers. Lucie Laplane offers a comprehensive analysis of cancer stem cell theory, based on an original interdisciplinary approach that combines biology, biomedical history, and philosophy.
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  31. Run the Experiment, Publish the Study, Close the Sale: Commercialized Biomedical Research.Aleta Quinn - 2016 - De Ethica 2 (3):5-21.
    Business models for biomedical research prescribe decentralization due to market selection pressures. I argue that decentralized biomedical research does not match four normative philosophical models of the role of values in science. Non-epistemic values affect the internal stages of for-profit biomedical science. Publication planning, effected by Contract Research Organizations, inhibits mechanisms for transformative criticism. The structure of contracted research precludes attribution of responsibility for foreseeable harm resulting from methodological choices. The effectiveness of business strategies leads to overrepresentation of profit values (...)
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  32. Should Phenomenological Approaches to Illness Be Wary of Naturalism?Juliette Ferry-Danini - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 73:10-18.
    In some quarters within philosophy of medicine, more particularly in the phenomenological approaches, naturalism is looked upon with suspicion. This paper argues, first, that it is necessary to distinguish between two expressions of this attitude towards naturalism: phenomenological approaches to illness disagree with naturalism regarding various theoretical claims and they disapprove of naturalism on an ethical level. Second, this paper argues that both the disagreement with and the disapproval of naturalism are to a large extent confused. It then offers some (...)
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  33. Healthcare Practice, Epistemic Injustice, and Naturalism.Ian James Kidd & Havi Carel - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 84:1-23.
    Ill persons suffer from a variety of epistemically-inflected harms and wrongs. Many of these are interpretable as specific forms of what we dub pathocentric epistemic injustices, these being ones that target and track ill persons. We sketch the general forms of pathocentric testimonial and hermeneutical injustice, each of which are pervasive within the experiences of ill persons during their encounters in healthcare contexts and the social world. What’s epistemically unjust might not be only agents, communities and institutions, but the theoretical (...)
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  34. Effects of Manual Therapy and Exercise Targeting the Hips in Patients with Low-Back Pain-A Randomized Controlled Trial.Michael Bade, Manuel Cobo-Estevez, Darren Neeley, Jeevan Pandya, Travis Gunderson & Chad Cook - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (4):734-740.
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  35. ‘One Mission Accomplished, More Important Ones Remain ’: Commentary on Every-Palmer, S., Howick, J. (2014) How Evidence-Based Medicine is Failing Due to Biased Trials and Selective Publication. J Ournal of E Valuation in C Linical P Ractice, 20 (6), 908-914. [REVIEW]Peter Wyer & Suzana Alves da Silva - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):518-528.
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  36. Do We Need Another Discipline in Medicine? From Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Medicine to Cognitive Medicine and Medical Thinking.Milos Jenicek - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1028-1034.
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  37. What Are the Primary Influences on Treatment Decisions? How Does This Reflect on Evidence-Based Practice? Indications From the Discipline of Speech and Language Therapy.Arlene McCurtin & Amanda M. Clifford - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1178-1189.
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  38. Evidence-Based Medicine and Acupuncture: Old Bias for New Perspectives in Clinical Context.Mariateresa Tassinari & Paolo Roberti di Sarsina - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1035-1037.
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  39. Evidence-Based Medicine Meets Person-Centred Care: A Collaborative Perspective on the Relationship.Amy I. Price, Ben Djulbegovic, Rakesh Biswas & Pranab Chatterjee - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1047-1051.
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  40. Reconciling Evidence‐Based Medicine and Patient‐Centred Care: Defining Evidence‐Based Inputs to Patient‐Centred Decisions.Robert R. Weaver - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1076-1080.
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  41. The ‘Adapted ADAPTE’: An Approach to Improve Utilization of the ADAPTE Guideline Adaptation Resource Toolkit in the Alexandria Center for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines.Yasser Sami Amer, Mahmoud Munir Elzalabany, Tarek Ismael Omar, Afaf Gaber Ibrahim & Nabil Lotfy Dowidar - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1095-1106.
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  42. A ‘Reluctant’ Critical Review: ‘Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice ’.Shashi S. Seshia - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):995-1005.
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  43. ‘All the King's Horses …’: The Problematical Fate of Born-Again Evidence-Based Medicine: Commentary on Greenhalgh, T., Snow, R., Ryan, S., Rees, S., and Salisbury, H. (2015) Six ‘Biases’ Against Patients and Carers in Evidence-Based Medicine. BioMed Centr. [REVIEW]Peter Wyer & Suzana Alves da Silva - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):E1-E10.
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  44. A Philosophical Argument Against Evidence-Based Policy.Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen D. Mumford - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):1045-1050.
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  45. Assigning Functions to Medical Technologies.Alexander Mebius - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (3):321-338.
    Modern health care relies extensively on the use of technologies for assessing and treating patients, so it is important to be certain that health care technologies perform their professed functions in an effective and safe manner. Philosophers of technology have developed methods to assign and evaluate the functions of technological products, the major elements of which are described in the ICE theory. This paper questions whether the standard of evidence advocated by the ICE theory is adequate for ascribing and assessing (...)
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  46. Metacognition, Selfexperience and the Prospect of Enhancing Selfmanagement in Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders.Paul H. Lysaker & John T. Lysaker - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (2):169-178.
    In general, current biomedical models of schizophrenia focus on distinguishing discrete elements that, on their own or in combination with others, might lead to some form of disability. These different and potentially autonomous aspects of the disorder that might disrupt daily activities include positive and negative symptoms as well as disturbances in neurocognitive and psychobiological processes. Such disturbances include genetic vulnerabilities that increase the risk of abnormalities in brain development, and resultant neurocognitive deficits which interfere with the ability to carry (...)
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  47. Aporia of Power: On the Crises, Science, and Internal Dynamics of the Mental Health Field.Sina Salessi - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (2):175-200.
    The myriad controversies embroiling the mental health field—heightened in the lead-up to the release of DSM-5 —merit a close analysis of the field and its epistemological underpinnings. By using DSM as a starting point, this paper develops to overview the entire mental health field. Beginning with a history of the field and its recent crises, the troubles of the past “external crisis” are compared to the contemporary “internal crisis.” In an effort to examine why crises have recurred, the internal dynamics (...)
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  48. Evidence, Discovery and Justification: The Case of Evidence-Based Medicine.Rodolfo Gaeta & Nelida Gentile - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):550-557.
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  49. K. Codell Carter * the Rise of Causal Concepts of Disease. Case Histories * Ashgate, 2003. * Isbn 0 7546 0678 3. [REVIEW]Donald Gillies - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (2):365-377.
    Causality in 19th and Early 20th Century Medicine 3 A Lakatosian Approach to the History of Medicine.
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  50. Darwin Lecture Development of Controlled Trials in Preventive and Therapeutic Medicine.Richard Doll - 1991 - Journal of Biosocial Science 23 (3):365-378.
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