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  1. Counting with Cilia: The Role of Morphological Computation in Basal Cognition Research.Wiktor Rorot - 2022 - Entropy 24 (11):1581.
    “Morphological computation” is an increasingly important concept in robotics, artificial intelligence, and philosophy of the mind. It is used to understand how the body contributes to cognition and control of behavior. Its understanding in terms of "offloading" computation from the brain to the body has been criticized as misleading, and it has been suggested that the use of the concept conflates three classes of distinct processes. In fact, these criticisms implicitly hang on accepting a semantic definition of what constitutes computation. (...)
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  2. Research Data Preservation Practices of Library and Information Science Faculties.A. Subaveerapandiyan & Anuradha Maurya - 2022 - Defence Journal of Library and Information Science Technology 42 (4):259-264.
    Digitisation of research data is widely increasing all around the world because it needs more and development of enormous digital technologies. Data curation services are starting to offer many libraries. Research data curation is the collective invaluable and reusable information of the researchers. Collected data preservation is more important. The majority of the higher education institutes preserved the research data for their students and researchers. It is stored for a long time using various formats. It is called research data preservation. (...)
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  3. Clinical Ethics – To Compute, or Not to Compute?Lukas J. Meier, Alice Hein, Klaus Diepold & Alena Buyx - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):W1-W4.
    Can machine intelligence do clinical ethics? And if so, would applying it to actual medical cases be desirable? In a recent target article (Meier et al. 2022), we described the piloting of our advi...
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  4. Can AI Help Us to Understand Belief? Sources, Advances, Limits, and Future Directions.Andrea Vestrucci, Sara Lumbreras & Lluis Oviedo - 2021 - International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence 7 (1):24-33.
    The study of belief is expanding and involves a growing set of disciplines and research areas. These research programs attempt to shed light on the process of believing, understood as a central human cognitive function. Computational systems and, in particular, what we commonly understand as Artificial Intelligence (AI), can provide some insights on how beliefs work as either a linear process or as a complex system. However, the computational approach has undergone some scrutiny, in particular about the differences between what (...)
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  5. Data Science and Molecular Biology: Prediction and Mechanistic Explanation.Ezequiel López-Rubio & Emanuele Ratti - 2021 - Synthese 198 (4):3131-3156.
    In the last few years, biologists and computer scientists have claimed that the introduction of data science techniques in molecular biology has changed the characteristics and the aims of typical outputs (i.e. models) of such a discipline. In this paper we will critically examine this claim. First, we identify the received view on models and their aims in molecular biology. Models in molecular biology are mechanistic and explanatory. Next, we identify the scope and aims of data science (machine learning in (...)
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  6. Bold Because Humble, Humble Because Bold. Yann LeCun's Path.Giovanni Landi - 2022 - Www.Intelligenzaartificialecomefilosofia.Com.
  7. From Explanation to Recommendation: Ethical Standards for Algorithmic Recourse.Emily Sullivan & Philippe Verreault-Julien - forthcoming - Proceedings of the 2022 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society (AIES’22).
    People are increasingly subject to algorithmic decisions, and it is generally agreed that end-users should be provided an explanation or rationale for these decisions. There are different purposes that explanations can have, such as increasing user trust in the system or allowing users to contest the decision. One specific purpose that is gaining more traction is algorithmic recourse. We first pro- pose that recourse should be viewed as a recommendation problem, not an explanation problem. Then, we argue that the capability (...)
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  8. For the Record: The Evolution of Acceptable Digital Technology.Simon Rogerson - 2021 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 19 (4):425-432.
    This is an analysis of JICES, a journal that, for 19 years, has captured, for the record, the broader issues surrounding digital technology and how these might be addressed; thus, resulting in acceptable digital technology. Established and up and coming scholars in the field need to be provided with supportive avenues to share their views and ideas of how to realise ethical digital technology. JICES continues to have a key role to play in this.
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  9. The Concept of Information for Functions.Yair Lapin - manuscript
    A Shannon's information for functions, an interpretation for equations with multiple solutions, and some reflections on recursion, recursive functions, and computational complexity.
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  10. Arithmetic Logical Irreversibility and the Turing's Halt Problem.Yair Lapin - manuscript
    A new approach to the halting problem of the Turing machine using different interpretations of the Shannon measure of the information on the computational process represented as a distribution of events (deleting, logical or arithmetic operations) and defining a new concept of arithmetic logical irreversibility and memory erasure that generate uncertainty and computational improbability due to loss of information during these events. Different computational steps (input) may give the same result (next step, output) introducing thus information entropy in the computing (...)
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  11. Techno-Telepathy & Silent Subvocal Speech-Recognition Robotics.Virgil W. Brower - 2021 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 10 (1):232-257.
    The primary focus of this project is the silent and subvocal speech-recognition interface unveiled in 2018 as an ambulatory device wearable on the neck that detects a myoelectrical signature by electrodes worn on the surface of the face, throat, and neck. These emerge from an alleged “intending to speak” by the wearer silently-saying-something-to-oneself. This inner voice is believed to occur while one reads in silence or mentally talks to oneself. The artifice does not require spoken sounds, opening the mouth, or (...)
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  12. Insights in How Computer Science Can Be a Science.Robert W. P. Luk - 2020 - Science and Philosophy 8 (2):17-46.
    Recently, information retrieval is shown to be a science by mapping information retrieval scientific study to scientific study abstracted from physics. The exercise was rather tedious and lengthy. Instead of dealing with the nitty gritty, this paper looks at the insights into how computer science can be made into a science by using that methodology. That is by mapping computer science scientific study to the scientific study abstracted from physics. To show the mapping between computer science and physics, we need (...)
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  13. Big Data in the Experimental Life Sciences: Bruno J. Strasser: Collecting Experiments: Making Big Data Biology. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2019, 392 Pp, $45.00. [REVIEW]Emanuele Ratti - 2020 - Metascience 29 (3):403-408.
  14. What Kind of Novelties Can Machine Learning Possibly Generate? The Case of Genomics.Emanuele Ratti - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 83:86-96.
    Machine learning (ML) has been praised as a tool that can advance science and knowledge in radical ways. However, it is not clear exactly how radical are the novelties that ML generates. In this article, I argue that this question can only be answered contextually, because outputs generated by ML have to be evaluated on the basis of the theory of the science to which ML is applied. In particular, I analyze the problem of novelty of ML outputs in the (...)
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  15. Unrealistic Models for Realistic Computations: How Idealisations Help Represent Mathematical Structures and Found Scientific Computing.Philippos Papayannopoulos - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):249-283.
    We examine two very different approaches to formalising real computation, commonly referred to as “Computable Analysis” and “the BSS approach”. The main models of computation underlying these approaches—bit computation and BSS, respectively—have also been put forward as appropriate foundations for scientific computing. The two frameworks offer useful computability and complexity results about problems whose underlying domain is an uncountable space. Since typically the problems dealt with in physical sciences, applied mathematics, economics, and engineering are also defined in uncountable domains, it (...)
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  16. Blockchain as a Medium for Transindividual Collective.Juho Rantala - 2019 - Culture, Theory, and Critique 60 (3–4):1–14.
    Today, digitalisation is penetrating every corner of our mundane life, thus affecting our being in manifold ways. In spite of this, digital technologies provide us with paths towards advancing humanity. One way to model the possibilities of the new technologies in a sustainable way is to frame them in light of Gilbert Simondon’s philosophy and especially his understanding of ‘transindividuality’, which is the foundation for a robust, evolving collective. The transindividual relation, mediated by technical objects, is the possibility of a (...)
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  17. On the Foundations of Computing.Giuseppe Primiero - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Computing, today more than ever before, is a multi-faceted discipline which collates several methodologies, areas of interest, and approaches: mathematics, engineering, programming, and applications. Given its enormous impact on everyday life, it is essential that its debated origins are understood, and that its different foundations are explained. On the Foundations of Computing offers a comprehensive and critical overview of the birth and evolution of computing, and it presents some of the most important technical results and philosophical problems of the discipline, (...)
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  18. Phronesis and Automated Science: The Case of Machine Learning and Biology.Emanuele Ratti - 2019 - In Fabio Sterpetti & M. Bertolaso (eds.), Will Science Remain Human? Springer.
    The applications of machine learning and deep learning to the natural sciences has fostered the idea that the automated nature of algorithmic analysis will gradually dispense human beings from scientific work. In this paper, I will show that this view is problematic, at least when ML is applied to biology. In particular, I will claim that ML is not independent of human beings and cannot form the basis of automated science. Computer scientists conceive their work as being a case of (...)
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  19. Cognitive Computation Sans Representation.Paul Schweizer - 2017 - In Thomas Powers (ed.), Philosophy and Computing: Essays in epistemology, philosophy of mind, logic, and ethics,. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 65-84.
    The Computational Theory of Mind (CTM) holds that cognitive processes are essentially computational, and hence computation provides the scientific key to explaining mentality. The Representational Theory of Mind (RTM) holds that representational content is the key feature in distinguishing mental from non-mental systems. I argue that there is a deep incompatibility between these two theoretical frameworks, and that the acceptance of CTM provides strong grounds for rejecting RTM. The focal point of the incompatibility is the fact that representational content is (...)
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  20. Remarks on Logic for Process Descriptions in Ontological Reasoning: A Drug Interaction Ontology Case Study.Mitsuhiro Okada, Barry Smith & Yutaro Sugimoto - 2008 - In InterOntology. Proceedings of the First Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, 26-27 February 2008. Tokyo: Keio University Press. pp. 127-138.
    We present some ideas on logical process descriptions, using relations from the DIO (Drug Interaction Ontology) as examples and explaining how these relations can be naturally decomposed in terms of more basic structured logical process descriptions using terms from linear logic. In our view, the process descriptions are able to clarify the usual relational descriptions of DIO. In particular, we discuss the use of logical process descriptions in proving linear logical theorems. Among the types of reasoning supported by DIO one (...)
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  21. The Theory of Chaos. [REVIEW]Steven James Bartlett - 1988 - Methodology and Science: Interdisciplinary Journal for the Empirical Study of the Foundations of Science and Their Methodology 21 (4):300-303.
    A review of James Glieck's _Chaos: Making a New Science_, noting how nonmonotonic functions self-referentially take on their own values and lead to complexity without randomness.
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  22. Building a Global Infrastructure.Michael Lynch - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (1):167-172.
  23. 1.1 Grundlagen Programmgesteuerter Maschinen.Klaus Mainzer - 1994 - In Computer - Neue Flügel des Geistes?: Die Evolution Computergestützter Technik, Wissenschaft, Kultur Und Philosophie. De Gruyter. pp. 27-102.
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  24. L'Internet et ses représentations.Daniel Parrochia - 2007 - Rue Descartes 55 (1):10.
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  25. Denial Jamming Attacks on Wireless Sensor Network Using Sensitive Agents.Camelia-M. Pintea, Petrică C. Pop & Ioana Zelina - 2016 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 24 (1).
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  26. Women and Computer Engineering: The Case of the School of Computer Science at the Technical University of Madrid.Verónica Sanz - 2008 - Arbor 184 (733).
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  27. The Open Knowledge Society: A Computer Science and Information Systems Manifesto.Lytras M. D. (ed.) - 2008 - Springer.
  28. Interaction and Resistance: The Recognition of Intentions in New Human-Computer Interaction.Vincent C. Müller - 2011 - In Anna Esposito, Antonietta M. Esposito, Raffaele Martone, Vincent C. Müller & Gaetano Scarpetta (eds.), Towards autonomous, adaptive, and context-aware multimodal interfaces: Theoretical and practical issues. Springer. pp. 1-7.
    Just as AI has moved away from classical AI, human-computer interaction (HCI) must move away from what I call ‘good old fashioned HCI’ to ‘new HCI’ – it must become a part of cognitive systems research where HCI is one case of the interaction of intelligent agents (we now know that interaction is essential for intelligent agents anyway). For such interaction, we cannot just ‘analyze the data’, but we must assume intentions in the other, and I suggest these are largely (...)
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  29. @Legion #WeAreMany: Sorcery on the Internet.Blanka Earhart - 2012 - Technoetic Arts 10 (1):87-92.
  30. Power Structures On The Internet.A. J. Pollard & Adam Vile - 1998 - Semiotics:198-212.
  31. Politics of Internet.Michael Roberts - 1993 - Semiotics:90-98.
  32. Demarcating Computer Science.Dana Burkart - unknown
    Despite its relative youth, computer science has become a well-established discipline, granting over 2% of the bachelors degrees in the United States (U.S. Department of Education, 2010). For this reason, it is important that we understand the nature of computer science and the likely direction for the development of inquiry in computer science in the future. This paper examines several perspectives on the nature of the methods of computer science inquiry. These are empiricist methods, rationalist methods, and an engineering stance. (...)
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  33. Beyond Positivism in Computer Science.Markus Luczak-Rösch - unknown
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  34. Power and the Internet.Vittorio Bertola - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (4):323-337.
    PurposeStarting from the end‐to‐end principle, a founding element of the internet's technical architecture, the paper aims to discuss its extension and effects at the social level. It shows how the internet moves power from governments and private entities to individual citizens, restructuring our societies and creating a new global stakeholder class – individual users of the internet. It connects the advent of this stakeholder class with a traditional principle of internet governance, “rough consensus”. It discusses advantages and risks of this (...)
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  35. Investigating Internet Usage as Innovation Adoption: A Quantitative Study.Prodromos D. Chatzoglou & Eftichia Vraimaki - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (4):338-363.
    PurposeThe purpose is to study Rogers' Diffusion of Innovations theory in a real‐life context, where it is exposed to the full range of complexities of people residing in a specific area and to briefly describe basically non‐work information needs and sources selected to access it.Design/methodology/approachThe relationships between personality and communication behaviour, socio‐economic characteristics and internet adoption, based on Rogers' theory are investigated.FindingsResults from 150 households suggest younger people and individuals with more formal education have increased information needs and are more (...)
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  36. Designing Trust with Software Agents: A Case Study.Stijn Bernaer, Martin Meganck, Greet Vanden Berghe & Patrick De Causmaecker - 2006 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 4 (1):37-48.
    In this paper, we will address anonymity, privacy and trust issues that arise during the research on a communication platform for multi-modal transport. Though most logistic information is currently available in electronic form, it is not widely accessible yet to all the parties concerned with transport. The major goal of a communication platform is to improve the conditions for exchanging information, which should lead to better organisation/collaboration within the transport sector. We need to merit credibility by faithfully modelling all the (...)
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  37. The Emancipatory Role of Information and Communication Technology.Farid Shirazi - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (1):57-84.
    PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of internet filtering, and its impact on marginalized groups including non‐governmental organizations, female activists, ethnic, and religious minorities, the younger generation and the increase of the digital divide in Iran.Design/methodology/approachThe paper raises two main questions: to what extent do information and communications technologies and in particular, the internet, promote freedom of speech, and gender equality in Iran? What is the impact of state censorship and ICT filtering on these activities? To (...)
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  38. E-Topia as Cosmopolis or Citadel: On the Democratizing and De-Democratizing Logics of the Internet, or, Toward a Critique of the New Technological Fetishism.Martin Hand & Barry Sandywell - 2002 - Theory, Culture and Society 19 (1):197-225.
    We present a critical appraisal of the impact of the Internet upon processes of democratization and de-democratization in contemporary society. We review accounts of `the information revolution' as these have become polarized into mutually exclusive rhetorics of future cosmopolitan or citadellian e-topias. We question the Manichean assumptions common to both rhetorics: particularly the fetishism of information technology as an intrinsically democratizing or de-democratizing force on societies. In opposition to this new technological fetishism we focus upon Internet historicity; the human/machine nexus; (...)
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  39. La Pêche aux Internautes.Josiane JouËt - 2003 - Hermes 37:203-211.
    Après avoir questionné l'application de la notion d'audience à Internet, l'article se livre à une analyse critique des dispositifs de mesures et d'études d'audience qui reposent sur un agencement d'outils informatiques, statistiques et marketing. Les mesures de trafic et les enquêtes en ligne ne sont pas tant conçues pour la connaissance des publics que comme outils stratégiques pour la conception de site, la publicité et le commerce électronique. Outre les enjeux déontologiques soulevés par l'exploitation des traces laissées par les internautes, (...)
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  40. A Reading on de-Territorialization's Works of Art for the Internet: Places, Localities and the Internet as a Territory.R. Claudia Sandoval - 2010 - Technoetic Arts 8 (2):237-242.
  41. User Submitted Poetry.Milton Wainwright - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (3):414.
  42. Translocal Art of the Internet (Or Where Does Art Happen?).Eva Wojtowicz - 2002 - Art Inquiry: Recherches Sur les Arts 4:299-307.
  43. Kamusal Alan Olarak Internet.Mick Underwood - 2002 - Cogito 30:137.
  44. Why Sally Tisdale is Really Upset About the State of Libraries: Socio-Political Implications of Internet Information Sources.Juris Dilevko - 1999 - Journal of Information Ethics 8 (1):37-62.
  45. Reason! Able: An Argument Diagramming Software Package.Bram van Heuveln - 2004 - Teaching Philosophy 27 (2):167-172.
  46. Een Bacterie Op Internet: Elektronische Openbaarheid En de Veteranenzïekte.Lynsey Dubbeld - 2000 - Krisis: Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 1:71-88.
  47. Dark Fiber: Tackling Critical Internet Culture.D. Wood - 2003 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 15 (4):94-97.
  48. Internet Telephony.K. David - 2003 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 16 (2):124-125.
  49. The Internet.R. Firmino - 2003 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 16 (2):110-112.
  50. Ethics and the Internet.Hrvoje Domitrović - forthcoming - Ethics.
1 — 50 / 1306