Miracles

Edited by Daniel von Wachter (International Academy of Philosophy In The Principality of Liechtenstein)
About this topic
Summary The term ‘miracle‘ is taken from ordinary discourse and from religious texts such as the Bible. The most typical examples are cases like God healing a blind man or raising a man from the dead, where God visibly intervenes in the ordinary course of things. Philosophers tend to not consider cases of men, for example the apostles, performing miracles or assume that in these God is the main agent too. However, there are controversial debates about how and how wide the concept of a miracle should be defined. Some define a miracle as not involving a divine intervention, others accept that the concept of a miracle implies a divine intervention and therefore claim that miracles are impossible. Much discussed is the relationship between miracles and the laws of nature.
Key works Larmer 1998 contains articles by various authors with various views.
Introductions Larmer 1988 introduces the debate about miracles, criticising David Hume and defending the possibility of miracles.
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  1. Hristiyan Eskatolojsindeki Diriliş İnancının Din Felsefesi Açısından Değerlendirilmesi.Musa Yanık - 2020 - Din Ve Felsefe Araştırmaları Dergisi 3 (5):64-94.
    Hristiyan inancı içerisinde merkezi konuma sahip olan mevzulardan birisi de, İsa’nın ölümünden üç gün sonra diriltildiğine yönelik olan inançtır. Hristiyan eskatolojisinin de dayanak noktasını oluşturan bu mevzu, dinler tarihi ya da teoloji gibi disiplinlerin içerisinde tartışıldığı gibi, çeşitli Hristiyan düşünürlerce, din felsefesi disiplini içerisinde de tartışılmıştır. Din felsefesi açısından bakıldığında, konunun merkezi konumda olması, bu mevzunun rasyonel bir zeminde tartışılıp tartışılamayacağını da beraberinde getirmektedir. Bu bağlamda, özellikle din felsefesi içerisinde birçok Hristiyan düşünür tarafından konu ele alınmış ve farklı çevrelerce de (...)
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  2. Religious Miracles versus Magic Tricks.Theodor Nenu - 2024 - Think 23 (67):39-46.
    This short article aims to strengthen Hume's case against the rationality of believing in religious miracles by incorporating certain lessons borrowed from the growing literature on the history and psychology of magic tricks.
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  3. Metaphysics of Extraordinary Events.Yasi̇n Ramazan Başaran - 2023 - Hitit Theology Journal 22 (Special Issue):966 - 981.
    How can an event be extraordinary? What is the metaphysical background necessary to believe that extraordinary events are possible? The possibility of extraordinary events can be approached from metaphysical, epistemic, and scientific perspectives. Metaphysical explanations are extraordinary events that transcend nature or violate the regular structure in nature. Epistemological explanations, on the other hand, are explanations of extraordinary events by referring either to our lack of knowledge about nature or to our inadequacy of knowledge about events. Scientific explanations recognize phenomena (...)
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  4. Methodological Naturalism, Analyzed.Miles K. Donahue - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-22.
    I present and evaluate three interpretations of methodological naturalism (MN), the principle that scientific explanations may only appeal to natural phenomena: as an essential feature of science, as a provisional guideline grounded in the historical failure of supernatural hypotheses, and as a synthesis of these two approaches. In doing so, I provide both a synoptic overview of current scholarship on MN, as well a contribution to that discussion by arguing in favor of a restricted version of MN, placing it on (...)
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  5. The Struggle of Traditionalist Catholics in 1970s Northern England.[author unknown] - 2023 - North West Catholic History 50 (1):45-65.
    In the 1960s, the Catholic Church made changes to its liturgy and ecumenical outlook during the Second Vatican Council. These changes sparked a small counter-revolution called the Traditionalists led by rebel Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre to keep the Latin Mass. My grandparents Derrick and Irene Taylor opened their home to the movement during the 1970s, offering their time, money and land for SSPX masses. They received backlash from modernist Catholics and Church leaders but held to their belief that the Traditionalists were (...)
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  6. Hume on Miracles and UFOs.Tiddy Smith & Samuel Vincenzo Jonathan - 2023 - Prolegomena: Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):67-87.
    A miracle is defined as a violation of or intercession in the laws of nature. Some recent reports of UFO phenomena are such that UFOs may satisfy that definition. In this paper, we ask how Hume’s famous argument in “Of Miracles” relates to UFOs. We argue that his critique fails and that some well corroborated UFO reports are such that they justify a belief in miracles (qua violations of laws of nature).
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  7. Providence and Mystery: From Open Theism to New Approaches.Damiano Migliorini - 2022 - Segni E Comprensione 36 (103):134-158.
    In the recent debate on Christian theism, the position called Open Theism (OT) tries to solve the dilemma of omniscience and human freedom. In OT, the key word of the human-divine relationship is “risk”: in his relationship with us, God is a risk-taker in that he adapts his plan to human decisions and to the situations that arise from them. “Risk” is the fundamental characteristic of any true love relationship. According to OT, God has no exhaustive knowledge of how humans (...)
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  8. Christianity & Science in Harmony?Robert W. P. Luk - 2021 - Science and Philosophy 9 (2):61-82.
    A worldview that does not involve religion or science seems to be incomplete. However, a worldview that includes both religion and science may arouse concern of incompatibility. This paper looks at the particular religion, Christianity, and proceeds to develop a worldview in which Christianity and Science are compatible with each other. The worldview may make use of some ideas of Christianity and may involve some author’s own ideas on Christianity. It is thought that Christianity and Science are in harmony in (...)
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  9. The Metaphysics of Creation: Secondary Causality, Modern Science.James Dominic Rooney - 2022 - In Eleonore Stump & Thomas Joseph White (eds.), The New Cambridge Companion to Aquinas. [New York]: Cambridge University Press. pp. 107-125.
    This chapter moves from the most fundamental parts of Aquinas’s metaphysics to Aquinas’s thought about the created world, and especially the way in which things in the created world are able to act as beings in their own right, without altering their dependence on the creator. The result is an account of the causality of creatures that does not impugn their connection to the more basic causality of the Deity and that allows this part of Aquinas’s account to be compatible (...)
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  10. Durand and Suárez on Divine Causation.Jacob Tuttle - 2022 - In Greg Ganssle (ed.), Philosophical Essays on Divine Causation. pp. 82-101.
  11. The Ongoing Historical Debate About the Shroud of Turin: The Case of the Pray Codex.Tristan Casabianca - 2021 - Heythrop Journal 62 (5):789-802.
    The Shroud of Turin is one of the most studied and controversial artifacts. To better understand the reasons for this impossible consensus, we focus on a specific point in the ongoing historical debate: the alleged relationship between the Shroud of Turin and the Pray Codex, the first illuminated manuscript in Hungarian named after the eighteenth-century Jesuit György Pray (1723–1801). Scholars have often compared the characteristics of a miniature in the Pray Codex, commonly dated circa 1192–1195, with the features of the (...)
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  12. Eloquium prophetarum. Prophecies and Future Contingents in William of Ockham, Walter Chatton and Richard Kilvington.Roberto Limonta & Riccardo Fedriga - 2020 - In Alessandro Palazzo & Anna Rodolfi (eds.), Micrologus Library. pp. 235-255.
    In the historiographical tradition on the medieval theories of future contingents, William of Ockham’s position is considered as the standard view in the fourteenth century debates on prophecies. If it is indisputable that the theory exposed in the Tractatus de predestinatione et de praescientia Dei respectu futurorum contingentium had a pivotal role in the discussions about divine foreknowledge and its relation to human will, the analysis of some positions of the Oxonian context, such as those of Walter Chatton and Richard (...)
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  13. Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne, and Dani Rabinowitz, eds., Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology.Thomas W. Duttweiler - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (2):449-453.
  14. Зеркало Клио: Метафизическое Постижение Истории.Алексей Владиславович Халапсис - 2017 - Днипро, Днепропетровская область, Украина, 49000:
    В монографии представлены несколько смысловых блоков, связанных с восприятием и интерпретацией человеком исторического бытия. Ранние греческие мыслители пытались получить доступ к исходникам (началам) бытия, и эти интенции легли в основу научного знания, а также привели к появлению метафизики. В классической (и в неклассической) метафизике за основу была принята догма Пифагора и Платона о неизменности подлинной реальности, из чего следовало отрицание бытийного характера времени. Автор монографии отказывается от этой догмы и предлагает стратегию обновления метафизики и перехода ее к новому — постнеклассическому (...)
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  15. The miracle of love: A guide for catholic pastoral care [Book Review].Jenny Washington - 2019 - The Australasian Catholic Record 96 (4):501.
  16. Friedrich Schleiermachers Theologie ist nicht rational.Daniel von Wachter - 2019 - In Sven Grosse (ed.), Schleiermacher kontrovers. pp. 159-181.
    Friedrich Schleiermacher suggested that his project was to make Christianity compatible with reason and with the natural sciences. This article argues that Schleiermacher re- jected Christian doctrine und developed a religion which he called ‘Christian’ but which does not contain the Chris- tian doctrine and which is not rational. The article sketches Schleiermachers rejection of Christian doctrine, examines his claim that the natural sciences exclude miracles, criti- cises Schleiermachers non-cognitivism, and sketches the role of doctrine in Christianity.
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  17. Editorial preface.R. L. Hall - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 86 (1):1-2.
  18. The Extraordinary in the Ordinary: Seven Types of Everyday Miracle by Donald A. Crosby.Jennifer G. Jesse - 2019 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 40 (1):63-67.
    Two prominent questions come to mind when I think of readers likely to pick up a book with this title. Those attracted to a study of miracles will probably ask, "How can miracles be 'everyday'?" And those who eagerly anticipate Donald Crosby unfolding another dimension of his religious naturalism might well ask, "Why do we still need to be talking about 'miracles'?" In The Extraordinary in the Ordinary, Crosby weaves a gracious and expansive argument that brings both kinds of readers (...)
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  19. Wilhelm Bousset: Hauptprobleme der Gnosis, Verlag Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht Göttingen (Neudruck) 1973, 398 pp. [REVIEW]Hans-Joachim Schoeps - 1975 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 27 (2):173.
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  20. Gnosis und Altes Testament. - Überlegungen zur Frage nach dem jüdischen Ursprung der Gnosis.Walter Beltz - 1976 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 28 (4):353-357.
  21. A Science Of Signs. Aristotelian Meteorology In Reformation Germany.Rienk Vermij - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (6):648-674.
    Luther, directly opposing the naturalism of Aristotelian natural philosophy, held that unusual events were often worked directly by either God or the devil, not by natural forces. His ideas were taken up and defended in a more philosophical way by authors like Joachim Camerarius and Caspar Peucer. At the university of Wittenberg, they deeply influenced the teaching of natural philosophy. The field most affected was meteorology, which obtained a prominent place. Meteorological text-books emphasised the final causes of the phenomena they (...)
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  22. La portée révélatrice des miracles de Jésus.Mgr Joseph Doré - 2010 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 98 (4):559-580.
    Une première partie se donne pour tâche de faire apparaître que, loin de tout miser sur le caractère extra-ordinaire et merveilleux des « miracles » de Jésus, les récits évangéliques frappent plutôt par la « réserve » et la « discrétion » avec lesquelles ils rapportent ces actions étonnantes.Il est alors en un second temps possible, en référence à la Résurrection du même Jésus, de préciser non seulement en quoi lesdits miracles peuvent être tenus pour révélateurs de Dieu, mais plus (...)
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  23. Une christologie de la Gestalt eschatologique.Vincent Holzer - 2010 - Recherches de Science Religieuse 98 (4):543-558.
    Ainsi que le soulignait H. Duméry, le miracle ne doit pas lâcher la « topique théologique»s’il ne veut pas«s’égarer sur un terrain de fausse science ». Le genre « évangile » intègre certes la thaumaturgie, mais il intègre aussi son motif correcteur et son « thème compensateur », dont le « croire sans voir » « agit comme réducteur de toute adhésion sur preuves, de toute foi sur constats ». Meier semble négliger cette contre-épreuve, pourtant instructive et probablement décisive quant (...)
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  24. Philosophy and Miracle. [REVIEW]Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1987 - International Philosophical Quarterly 27 (4):454-456.
    Review of David and Randall Basinger's "Philosophy and Miracle," in which they discuss the definition of miracle, the possibility of miracles, recognition of miracles, and the role of miracles in the problem of evil.
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  25. Hume and Newton.Jaime de Salas - 1991 - Philosophy and Theology 6 (1):21-38.
    I argue that, while Hume’s approach to Newton is sometimes critical and sometimes not, Hume’s position with regard to newtonian method is coherent overall. Rather than speaking of two Humes (one a newtonian, the other not), from an humean perspective we should rather speak of two Newtons: the positivist and the theologian.
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  26. Testimony and Intersubjectivity.Joseph A. Bracken - 1987 - Philosophy and Theology 2 (1):35-43.
    Following a brief examination of some remarks by Paul Ricoeur on the notion of testimony. I provide the outline or an analysis of revelation based upon certain key concepts of process philosophy. This is followed by a more specific interpretation within the context of Whitehead’s philosophy of process.
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  27. Miracles at the Jesus Oak: Histories of the Supernatural in Reformation Europe. By Craig Harline. Pp. vii, 324, New Haven/London, Yale University Press, 2011, $22.00. [REVIEW]Douglas McDermid - 2013 - Heythrop Journal 54 (6):1061-1062.
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  28. Miracles, Experiments, and the Ordinary Course of Nature.Peter Dear - 1990 - Isis 81 (4):663-683.
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  29. Craig S. Keener: Miracles: The Credibility of the New Testament Account, Volumes 1 and 2.Johannes Grössl - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (1):118-124.
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  30. Is Hume's Critique of Induction Self‐Defeating?Charles Cassini - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 63 (4):547-552.
  31. The Curious Case of Mr. Locke’s Miracles.T. Brian Mooney & Anthony Imbrosciano - 2004 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 57 (3):147-168.
    Locke considers miracles to be crucial in establishing the credibility and reasonableness of Christian faith and revelation. The performance of miracles, he argues, is vital in establishing the "credit of the proposer" who makes any claim to providing a divine revelation. He accords reason a pivotal role in distinguishing spurious from genuine claims to divine revelation, including miracles. According to Locke, genuine miracles contain the hallmark of the divine such that pretend revelations become intuitively obvious. This paper argues that serious (...)
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  32. Miracles as Evidence for the Existence of God: A Response to Frank Jankunis.Robert Larmer - 2014 - Dialogue 53 (4):611-622.
    Dans cet article, je réponds aux critiques formulées par Frank Jankunis à l'endroit de mes arguments concernant la force probante fournie au théisme par les événements perçus avantageusement comme des miracles.
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  33. Supernatural and Philosophy: Metaphysics and Monsters... For Idjits.Galen A. Foresman & William Irwin (eds.) - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    No doubt the years hunting monsters and saving the universe have had their toll on the Winchesters, but their toughest and most gruesome battles are contained in this book. Think Lucifer was diabolically clever? Think again. No son is more wayward than the one who squanders his intellect and academic career pursuing questions as poignant as “Half-awesome? That’s full-on good, right?” Gathered here for the first time since the formation of Purgatory, a collection of research so arcane and horrific that (...)
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  34. Evan Fales on the Possibility of Divine Causation.Gregory E. Ganssle - 2015 - Sophia 54 (1):25-34.
    Evan Fales has argued that divine causation is not possible. His central argument involves an analysis of causation that requires that there has to be a mapping feature to guarantee that the particular effect follows the particular cause. He suggests that being related in space and time will provide the means to map the right effects onto their causes. In this paper, I argue that the spatial relation between cause and effect is not necessary to the causal relation. In cases (...)
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  35. The dispositionalist deity: How God creates laws and why theists should care.Ben Page - 2015 - Zygon 50 (1):113-137.
    How does God govern the world? For many theists “laws of nature” play a vital role. But what are these laws, metaphysically speaking? I shall argue that laws of nature are not external to the objects they govern, but instead should be thought of as reducible to internal features of properties. Recent work in metaphysics and philosophy of science has revived a dispositionalist conception of nature, according to which nature is not passive, but active and dynamic. Disposition theorists see particulars (...)
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  36. 18. Kierkegaard and the Problem of Miracles.Heiko Schulz - 2014 - In Studien Zur Philosophie Und Theologie Søren Kierkegaards. De Gruyter. pp. 452-490.
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  37. Two. Miracles and Martyrs, Ethics and Hermeneutics: Idolatry from Mendelssohn to Rosenzweig.Leora Batnitzky - 2009 - In Idolatry and Representation: The Philosophy of Franz Rosenzweig Reconsidered. Princeton University Press. pp. 32-61.
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  38. The Mystery of Miracles, by the Author of 'the Supernatural in Nature'.Joseph William Reynolds - 1879
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  39. The Characterization of the Virgin Mary in Four Thirteenth-Century Narrative Collections of Miracles Jacobus de Voragine's Legenda Aurea, Gonzalo de Berceo's Milagros de Nuestra Senora, Gautier de Coinci's Miracle de Nostre Dame, and Alfonso El Sabio's Cantigas de Santa Maria.Sondra Roslyn Heller - 1975
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  40. Supernatural Phenomena. Tests Adapted to Determine the Truth of Supernatural Phenomena.George Harris - 1874
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  41. Revised Miracles and Modern Spiritualism. With Chapters on Apparitions and Phantasms.Alfred Russel Wallace - 1896
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  42. On Miracles and Modern Spiritualism, 3 Essays.Alfred Russel Wallace - 1875
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  43. Du Merveilleux, du Miracles au Point de Vue Médical.Lucien Grellety - 1876
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  44. The Concept of a Miracle.Roger Warren Mcwaters - 1974 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
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  45. An Examination of the Literary Miracle of the Qur’an as Evidence that a Science of Qur’anic Exegesis is Possible.Fathullah Najarzadegan - 2011 - Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 4:199-217.
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  46. Robert D. Smith, "Comparative Miracles". [REVIEW]Anselm Thomasma - 1966 - The Thomist 30 (1):102.
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  47. Evan Fales, A Defense of the Given. [REVIEW]Charles Ripley - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17:320-324.
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  48. The Natural and the Supernatural.Edward Quinn - 1943 - Hibbert Journal 42:213.
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  49. A. C. Headlam, The Miracles of the New Testament. [REVIEW]J. M. Thompson - 1914 - Hibbert Journal 13:691.
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  50. Story: The miracle.Robert Morgan - 1965 - Hibbert Journal 64 (53):68.
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