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  1. Morality and Relations before Hume.Stewart Duncan - manuscript
    In his Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals David Hume said that a group of earlier modern philosophers, beginning with Malebranche, held that morality was founded on relations. In this paper I follow up on that suggestion by investigating pre-Humean views in moral philosophy according to which morality is founded on relations. I do that by looking at the work of Nicolas Malebranche, John Locke, and Samuel Clarke. Each of them talked prominently about relations in their accounts of basic aspects (...)
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  2. Locke on Relations, Identity, Persons, and Personal Identity.Ruth Boeker - forthcoming - In Patrick J. Connolly (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of John Locke. New York: Oxford University Press.
    This essay examines Locke’s chapter “Of Identity and Diversity” (Essay 2.27) in the context of the series of chapters on ideas of relations (Essay 2.25–28) that precede and follow it. I begin by introducing Locke’s account of how we acquire ideas of relations. Next, I consider Locke’s general approach to individuation and identity over time before I show how he applies his general account of identity over time to persons and personal identity. I draw attention to Locke’s claim that “person” (...)
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  3. Anecdotes of Enlightenment: human nature from Locke to Wordsworth Anecdotes of Enlightenment: human nature from Locke to Wordsworth, by James Robert Wood, Charlottesville, VA, and London, University of Virginia Press, 2019, xv + 241pp., $49.00(hb), ISBN 978-0-8139-4220-9. [REVIEW]R. J. W. Mills - forthcoming - Intellectual History Review.
  4. Locke on Education, Persons, and Moral Agency.Ruth Boeker - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 31 (2):1-9.
    In her book Experience Embodied Anik Waldow devotes a chapter to “Locke’s Experimental Persons.” Her chapter aims to show how Locke’s views on persons, personal identity, and moral agency in his Essay concerning Human Understanding build on his esteem-based approach to education that he develops in Some Thoughts concerning Education. After outlining main contributions that Waldow makes in her chapter, I turn to three issues that in my view deserve further consideration. First, I draw attention to the question of how (...)
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  5. Locke, Morality, and the Pragmatic Ground of Politics.María José Gómez Ruiz - 2023 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 24 (2).
  6. "Marrying Her Husband's Son": Locke, the Politics of Sexual Morality, and the Case of Incest at the Church at Corinth.Brian Smith - 2023 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 61 (3):425-449.
    Abstractabstract:This paper explores the tension between the role the magistrate plays in Locke's letters on toleration and the theory of sexual morality he develops in his analysis of the case of incest at the church at Corinth in his "Paraphrases" on Paul's Epistles. A son had married his father's ex-wife, a practice decried as "heinous" by seventeenth-century commentators. Contrary to the political uses of this case by members of the Anglican Church, Locke argues that moral communities should police themselves through (...)
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  7. Catharine Trotter Cockburn on Moral Knowledge.James O. Young - 2023 - Journal of the History of Women Philosophers and Scientists 2 (1–2):46–67.
    In the wake of Locke’s Essay, empiricists faced the challenge of giving an empiricist account of the origins of moral knowledge. Locke did not rise to this challenge and relied on revelation as the source of moral knowledge. Other empiricists, including Hume and Hutcheson, opted for either emotivism or subjectivism. Clarke and others opted for rationalism and non-naturalism. In contrast, Catharine Cockburn’s meta-ethics combined Locke’s empiricism with naturalism. She held that moral good is natural good and that natural good is (...)
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  8. Rousseau et Locke. Dialogues critiques.Johanna Lenne-Cornuez & Céline Spector - 2022 - Liverpool, Royaume-Uni: Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, Liverpool University Press.
    Transcending an often outraged opposition between the two authors, this volume reassesses the legacy of Locke's thought in that of Rousseau, in all the areas of his philosophy (personal identity, epistemology, medicine, morality, pedagogy, economics, politics). Beyond an intellectual history, this collected volume highlights the fruitful critical dialogue that Rousseau maintains with Locke, while identifying the ways in which the Citizen of Geneva distorted his predecessor’s thought. While establishing the author of Emile’s debt to the ‘sage Locke’, the volume also (...)
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  9. De la famille naturelle à la famille sociale: l'usage d'arguments naturalistes chez Locke et Rousseau.Anne Morvan - 2022 - In Johanna Lenne-Cornuez & Céline Spector (eds.), Rousseau Et Locke. Dialogues Critiques. Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, Liverpool University Press.
  10. Locke's Ethics of Virtuous Thinking.Angélique Thébert - 2022 - Locke Studies 22:1-22.
    Locke is generally taken as promoting an ethics of belief. For him, we must apply a doxastic norm so that we properly conduct our understanding. Thus, he forcefully highlights one key epistemic norm, the norm of evidence, that prescribes that we adjust the strength of our assent to the available evidence. I shall argue that Of the Conduct of the Understanding constitutes the framework within which Locke’s remarks in the Essay must be inserted. Far from promoting a mere ethics of (...)
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  11. Locke on Persons and Personal Identity.Ruth Boeker - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Ruth Boeker offers a new perspective on Locke’s account of persons and personal identity by considering it within the context of his broader philosophical project and the philosophical debates of his day. Her interpretation emphasizes the importance of the moral and religious dimensions of his view. By taking seriously Locke’s general approach to questions of identity, Boeker shows that we should consider his account of personhood separately from his account of personal identity over time. On this basis, she argues that (...)
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  12. Locke on Being Self to My Self.Ruth Boeker - 2021 - In Patricia Kitcher (ed.), The Self: A History. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 118–144.
    John Locke accepts that every perception gives me immediate and intuitive knowledge of my own existence. However, this knowledge is limited to the present moment when I have the perception. If I want to understand the necessary and sufficient conditions of my continued existence over time, Locke argues that it is important to clarify what ‘I’ refers to. While we often do not distinguish the concept of a person from that of a human being in ordinary language, Locke emphasizes that (...)
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  13. John Locke als Ethiker.Francesca Nobili - 2021 - Basel: Schwabe Verlag.
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  14. John Locke’s Philosophy as a Teaching about Human and their Behavior.M. B. Shvetsova - 2021 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 20:134-141.
    Purpose. The article is aimed to outline Locke’s position on the basic principles of proper human behavior. Its implementation involves: a) review of the research literature concerning the place of anthropological motive in philosophizing and b) research of his interpretation of human nature and the role of the rational component. Theoretical basis. The author’s approach is based on the conceptual provisions of phenomenology and existentialism. Originality. The work considers the teaching of Locke as the author of the original concept of (...)
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  15. De la filosofía natural a la psicología de la moral en el Ensayo sobre el entendimiento humano de John Locke.Carmen Silva - 2021 - Aguascalientes, Ags.: Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes.
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  16. Where is modern man’s place? Rousseau’s critique of Locke’s gentleman.Johanna Lenne-Cornuez - 2020 - In Miroslav Vacura (ed.), Prague University of Economics and Business/Oeconomica Publishing House. Prague, Tchéquie: pp. 79-109.
    While scholars have analysed Rousseau’s critique of Locke on the one hand and the controversial place of the woman in Emile on the other, this essay argues that Emile’s Book V must be enlightened by Rousseau’s critical dialogue with Lockean philosophy. Notwithstanding the fact that Rousseau's Emile owes a great deal to Locke's Thoughts on Education, there is an irreducible distance between each of the two authors’ art of ‘forming a man’. According to Rousseau, Locke fails in making the child (...)
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  17. John Locke e le inquietudini del presente.Luisa Simonutti - 2020 - Laboratorio Dell'ispf 17.
    Uneasiness is an issue of our time that has strongly resurfaced under the pressure of the pandemic. It is a kind of anxiety which is not caused only by the lack of something: it rather contains a push for change, releasing the power to choose and to act.
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  18. Hunger, Need, and the Boundaries of Lockean Property.David G. Dick - 2019 - Dialogue 58 (3):527-552.
    Locke’s property rights are now usually understood to be both fundamental and strictly negative. Fundamental because they are thought to be basic constraints on what we may do, unconstrained by anything deeper. Negative because they are thought to only protect a property holder against the claims of others. Here, I argue that this widespread interpretation is mistaken. For Locke, property rights are constrained by the deeper ‘fundamental law of nature,’ which involves positive obligations to those in need and confines the (...)
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  19. The Problem of Partiality in 18th century British Moral Philosophy.Getty L. Lustila - 2019 - Dissertation, Boston University
    The dissertation traces the development of what I call “the problem of partiality” through the work of certain key figures in the British Moralist tradition: John Locke, Catharine Trotter Cockburn, Anthony Ashley Cooper (the Third Earl of Shaftesbury), Francis Hutcheson, John Gay, David Hume, Joseph Butler, and Adam Smith. On the one hand, we are committed to impartiality as a constitutive norm of moral judgment and conduct. On the other hand, we are committed to the idea that it is permissible, (...)
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  20. Locke's Theory of Demonstration and Demonstrative Morality.Patrick J. Connolly - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (2):435-451.
    Locke famously claimed that morality was capable of demonstration. But he also refused to provide a system of demonstrative morality. This paper addresses the mismatch between Locke’s stated views and his actual philosophical practice. While Locke’s claims about demonstrative morality have received a lot of attention it is rare to see them discussed in the context of his general theory of demonstration and his specific discussions of particular demonstrations. This paper explores Locke’s general remarks about demonstration as well as his (...)
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  21. A Holistic Understanding of Death: Ontological and Medical Considerations.Doyen Nguyen - 2018 - Diametros 55:44-62.
    In the ongoing ‘brain death’ controversy, there has been a constant push for the use of the ‘higher brain’ formulation as the criterion for the determination of death on the grounds that brain-dead individuals are no longer human beings because of their irreversible loss of consciousness and mental functions. This essay demonstrates that such a position flows from a Lockean view of human persons. Compared to the ‘consciousness-related definition of death,’ the substance view is superior, especially because it provides a (...)
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  22. Apel on Locke on our duty to future generations.Abe Hiroshi - 2017 - Metodo. International Studies in Phenomenology and Philosophy 5 (2):47-56.
    Why do we, today’s people, owe a duty to future generations with whom we will not overlap? In my paper, I aim at answering this question step by step. The first step is to respond to the question why human beings should continue to exist. I try this by critically considering Karl-Otto Apel’s argument for the survival of human beings from the viewpoint of his own discourse ethics. This consideration, however, leads us to the second step where we are faced (...)
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  23. John Locke: legge di natura, diritti, rivelazione.Alessia Affinito - 2016 - [Padua]: CEDAM.
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  24. Lockean Empathy.Colin Marshall - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):87-106.
    This paper offers an epistemic defense of empathy, drawing on John Locke's theory of ideas. Locke held that ideas of shape, unlike ideas of color, had a distinctive value: resembling qualities in their objects. I argue that the same is true of empathy, as when someone is pained by someone's pain. This means that empathy has the same epistemic value or objectivity that Locke and other early modern philosophers assigned to veridical perceptions of shape. For this to hold, pain and (...)
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  25. Locke, the Law of Nature, and Polygamy.Susanne Sreedhar & Julie Walsh - 2016 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (1):91-110.
    When Locke mentions polygamy in his writings, he does not condemn the practice and, even seems to endorse it under certain conditions. This attitude is out of step with many of his contemporaries. Identifying the philosophical reasons that lead Locke to have this attitude about polygamy motivates our project. Because Locke never wrote a treatise on ethics, we look to number of different texts, but focus on An Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Essays on the Law of Nature, in order (...)
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  26. Managing Expectations: Locke on the Material Mind and Moral Mediocrity.Catherine Wilson - 2016 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 78:127-146.
    Locke's insistence on the limits of knowledge and the ‘mediocrity’ of our epistemological equipment is well understood; it is rightly seen as integrated with his causal theory of ideas and his theory of judgment. Less attention has been paid to the mediocrity theme as it arises in his theory of moral agency. Locke sees definite limits to human willpower. This is in keeping with post-Puritan theology with its new emphasis on divine mercy as opposed to divine justice and recrimination. It (...)
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  27. Locke and Hume on Personal Identity: Moral and Religious Differences.Ruth Boeker - 2015 - Hume Studies 41 (2):105-135.
    Hume’s theory of personal identity is developed in response to Locke’s account of personal identity. Yet it is striking that Hume does not emphasize Locke’s distinction between persons and human beings. It seems even more striking that Hume’s account of the self in Books 2 and 3 of the Treatise has less scope for distinguishing persons from human beings than his account in Book 1. This is puzzling, because Locke originally introduced the distinction in order to answer questions of moral (...)
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  28. The Moral Dimension in Locke's Account of Persons and Personal Identity.Ruth Boeker - 2014 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 31 (3):229-247.
    I offer an interpretation of John Locke’s account of persons and personal identity that gives full credit to Locke’s claim that “person” is a forensic term, sheds new light on the relation between Locke’s characterizations of a person in sections 9 and 26, and explains how Locke links his moral and legal account of personhood to his account of personal identity in terms of sameness of consciousness. I show that Locke’s claim that sameness of consciousness is necessary for personal identity (...)
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  29. Locke’s Ethics.Julie Walsh - 2014 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Locke: Ethics The major writings of John Locke are among the most important texts for understanding some of the central currents in epistemology, metaphysics, politics, religion, and pedagogy in the late 17th and early 18th century in Western Europe. His magnum opus, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding is the undeniable starting point for … Continue reading Locke’s Ethics →.
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  30. Locke on the Power to Suspend.Julie Walsh - 2014 - Locke Studies 14:121-157.
    My aim in this paper is to determine how Locke understands suspension and the role it plays in his view of human liberty. To this end I, 1) discuss the deficiencies of the first edition version of ‘Of Power’ and why Locke needed to include the ability to suspend in the second edition, then 2) analyze Locke’s definitions of the power to suspend with a focus on his use of the terms ‘source’, ‘hinge’, and ‘inlet’ to describe the power. I (...)
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  31. Am I My Brother's Keeper? On Personal Identity and Responsibility.Simon Beck - 2013 - South African Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):1-9.
    The psychological continuity theory of personal identity has recently been accused of not meeting what is claimed to be a fundamental requirement on theories of identity - to explain personal moral responsibility. Although they often have much to say about responsibility, the charge is that they cannot say enough. I set out the background to the charge with a short discussion of Locke and the requirement to explain responsibility, then illustrate the accusation facing the theory with details from Marya Schechtman. (...)
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  32. 8. Descartes, Locke, and the Virtue of the Individual.Marc D. Guerra - 2013 - In Peter Lawler & Marc Guerra (eds.), The Science of Modern Virtue: On Descartes, Darwin, and Locke. Northern Illinois University Press. pp. 143-159.
  33. 7. Locke, Darwin, and the Social Individualism of Virtue.Lauren K. Hall - 2013 - In Peter Lawler & Marc Guerra (eds.), The Science of Modern Virtue: On Descartes, Darwin, and Locke. Northern Illinois University Press. pp. 128-142.
  34. 1. Locke, Darwin, and the Science of Modern Virtue.Peter Augustine Lawler - 2013 - In Peter Lawler & Marc Guerra (eds.), The Science of Modern Virtue: On Descartes, Darwin, and Locke. Northern Illinois University Press. pp. 1-23.
  35. Reply to Rickless.Antonia LoLordo - 2013 - Locke Studies 13:53-62.
  36. Looking for Locke? Rawl's Early Humeanism, Selective Kantianism and Roundabout Lockianism.S. Adam Seagrave - 2013 - Locke Studies 13:113-138.
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  37. 5. Locke's Explanation of How the Science of Civil Society Corrects the Natural Authority of Virtue.James R. Stoner - 2013 - In Peter Lawler & Marc Guerra (eds.), The Science of Modern Virtue: On Descartes, Darwin, and Locke. Northern Illinois University Press. pp. 81-91.
  38. Fractured foundations: The contradiction between Locke's ontology and his moral philosophy.Paul R. Dehart - 2012 - Locke Studies 12:111-148.
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  39. La morale di Locke: fra prudenza e mediocritas.Giuliana Di Biase - 2012 - Roma: Carocci.
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  40. Locke's moral man.Antonia LoLordo - 2012 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Antonia Lolordo presents an original interpretation of John Locke's metaphysics of moral agency, in which to be a moral agent is simply to be free, rational, and a person.
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  41. John Locke: Economist and Social Scientist.Karen Iversen Vaughn - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    In John Locke: Economist and Social Scientist Karen Iversen Vaughn presents a comprehensive treatment of Locke's important position in the development of eighteenth century economic thought.
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  42. Aspects of Stoicism in Locke's Philosophy.Victor Nuovo - 2011 - In V. Nuovo (ed.), Christianity, Antiquity, and Enlightenment: Interpretations of Locke. Springer.
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  43. Lazy lethargy and fullness of joy: Locke on desire and happiness.Hans Lottenbach - 2009 - Locke Studies 9:97-122.
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  44. Locke on Punishment, Property and Moral Knowledge.Lee Ward - 2009 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (2):218-244.
    Locke's admittedly 'very strange' sounding doctrine of natural executive power, according to which the individual has the right to execute the law of nature, has long been one of the most controversial features of his moral philosophy. In contrast to the many commentators who deny its theoretical innovation and challenge its individualist premises, this study proposes that the philosophical significance of Locke's natural right to punish derives from its critical departure from earlier moral and political theory. It also argues that (...)
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  45. Reflection, nature, and moral law: The extent of Catharine Cockburn's lockeanism in her.Patricia Sheridan - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):133-151.
    : This essay examines Catharine Cockburn's moral philosophy as it is developed in her Defence of Mr. Locke's Essay on Human Understanding. In this work, Cockburn argues that Locke's epistemological principles provide a foundation for the knowledge of natural law. Sheridan suggests that Cockburn's objective in defending Locke's moral epistemology was conditioned by her own prior commitment to a significantly un-Lockean theory of morality. In exploring Cockburn's views on morality in terms of their divergence from Locke's, the author hopes to (...)
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  46. The moral epistemology of Locke's Essay.Catherine Wilson - 2007 - In Lex Newman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding". Cambridge University Press.
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  47. A Woman's Influence? John Locke and Damaris Masham on Moral Accountability.Jacqueline Broad - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (3):489-510.
    Some scholars suggest that John Locke’s revisions to the chapter “Of Power” for the 1694 second edition of his Essay concerning Human Understanding may be indebted to the Cambridge Platonist, Ralph Cudworth. Their claims rest on evidence that Locke may have had access to Cudworth’s unpublished manuscript treatises on free will. In this paper, I examine an alternative suggestion – the claim that Cudworth’s daughter, Damaris Cudworth Masham, and not Cudworth himself, may have exerted an influence on Locke’s revisions. I (...)
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  48. John Locke’s Theory of Moral Consensus. [REVIEW]Robert Ehman - 2006 - International Philosophical Quarterly 46 (1):131-132.
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  49. John Locke and the problems of moral knowledge.Mark D. Mathewson - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):509–526.
    In this paper, I argue that John Locke's account of knowledge coupled with his commitments to moral ideas being voluntary constructions of our own minds and to divine voluntarism (moral rules are given by God according to his will) leads to a seriously flawed view of moral knowledge. After explicating Locke's view of moral knowledge, highlighting the specific problems that seem to arise from it, and suggesting some possible Lockean responses, I conclude that the best Locke can do is give (...)
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  50. Waldron's Locke and Locke's Waldron: A review of Jeremy Waldron's God, Locke, and equality. [REVIEW]Nomi M. Stolzenberg & Gideon Yaffe - 2006 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (2):186 – 216.
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