Feminist Philosophy

Edited by Ásta . (Duke University, San Francisco State University)
Assistant editors: Rachel Katherine Cooper, Anna Klieber
About this topic
Summary

Feminist philosophy both critiques and contributes to all fields of philosophy. It has moved beyond its original insight that gendered power deeply colors the methods and substance of philosophy.  Today feminist philosophers construct work that builds on an understanding of power, privilege and oppression in the complex relationships among gender, race, sexuality, class/caste, ability, nation, age, and coloniality.  Thus, the field is in a good position to assist any philosopher in understanding that power, privilege, and social identities are philosophically important and impact the ways we do ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, politics, or any other field of philosophy.

Key works

Key work in feminist philosophy has been done in virtually all areas of philosophy. Please see individual subcategory entries  under "Feminist Philosophy" for key works by area and topic.

Introductions

The following collections offer concise overviews of different subfields and topics in feminist philosophy: Alcoff 2006 (The Blackwell Guide to Feminist Philosophy); Fricker & Hornsby 2000 (The Cambridge Companion to Feminism and Philosophy); Jaggar & Young 1998 (A Companion to Feminist Philosophy);  and Stone 2007 (An Introduction to Feminist Philosophy).

Additional anthologies and collections of key readings include: Cudd & Andreasen 2005 (Feminist Theory: A Philosophical Anthology); Hackett & Haslanger 2006 (Theorizing Feminisms); Bailey & Cuomo 2008 (The Feminist Philosophy Reader); and Guy-Sheftal 1995 (Words of Fire: An Anthology of African American Feminist Thought).

Related categories
Subcategories:
History/traditions: Feminist Philosophy

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  1. Women's Enlightenment: Pedagogical Reforms and Arguments against the Gendered Conception of Human Progress in 18th-Century Europe.Olga Lenczewska -
    This book project reshapes the way we think about Enlightenment: rather than viewing it primarily as the era of the emancipation of human reason, it emphasizes the gendered nature of the Enlightenment ideal of human progress and investigates how this ideal oppressed women. I take a critical look at this ideal from within intellectual debates of the time, examining how the restrictive view of women’s socio-political and educational opportunities was challenged by progressive female German and Polish thinkers of the late (...)
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  2. Towards an Aristotelian Theory of Care.Steven Steyl - 2019 - Dissertation, University of Notre Dame Australia
    The intersection between virtue and care ethics is underexplored in contemporary moral philosophy. This thesis approaches care ethics from a neo-Aristotelian virtue ethical perspective, comparing the two frameworks and drawing on recent work on care to develop a theory thereof. It is split into seven substantive chapters serving three major argumentative purposes, namely the establishment of significant intertheoretical agreement, the compilation and analysis of extant and new distinctions between the two theories, and the synthesis of care ethical insights with neo-Aristotelianism (...)
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  3. Objectification, Inferiorization and Projection in Phenomenological Research on Dehumanization.Sara Heinämaa & James Jardine - 2021 - In Maria Kronfeldner (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization. London, New York: Routledge. pp. 309-325.
    Sara Heinämaa and James Jardine demonstrate that both classical and existential phenomenology offer analytical concepts that are of crucial pertinence and value to contemporary dehumanization research. They begin by outlining an account of dehumanization that distinguishes this phenomenon both from the general operation of objectification and from the violation of autonomy. What is essential to dehumanizing acts and practices they argue, is not objectification or the violation of autonomy per se, but rather a disregard for, and undermining of, the unique (...)
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  4. Fashioning Affordances: A Critical Approach to Clothing as an Affordance Transforming Technology.David Spurrett & Nick Brancazio - manuscript
    Affordances are perceived possibilities for interaction. What is afforded is usually understood as dependent on the properties of a body and its environment. But human bodies are nearly ubiquitously clothed, and clothing can change the capabilities of bodies. We argue that when clothing does this, it should be regarded as an affordance transforming technology. Although this idea receives passing attention in remarks by Gibson and empirical work in ecological psychology, we argue that it should be a central topic of investigation. (...)
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  5. Fashioning Affordances: A Critical Approach to Clothing as an Affordance Transforming Technology.David Spurrett & Nick Brancazio - manuscript
    Affordances are perceived possibilities for interaction. What is afforded is usually understood as dependent on the properties of a body and its environment. But human bodies are nearly ubiquitously clothed, and clothing can change the capabilities of bodies. We argue that when clothing does this, it should be regarded as an affordance transforming technology. Although this idea receives passing attention in remarks by Gibson and empirical work in ecological psychology, we argue that it should be a central topic of investigation. (...)
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  6. Gender Identity and Gender.R. A. Rowland - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Our gender identity is our sense of ourselves as a woman, a man, as genderqueer, or as another gender. Our gender is the property we have of being a woman, being a man, being non-binary, or being another gender. What is the relationship between our gender identity and our gender? Recently, much work has been done on ameliorative accounts of the gender concepts that we should accept and on the metaphysics of gender properties. From this work 4 views of the (...)
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  7. Ameliorating Algorithmic Bias, or Why Explainable AI Needs Feminist Philosophy.Linus Ta-Lun Huang, Hsiang-Yun Chen, Ying-Tung Lin, Tsung-Ren Huang & Tzu-Wei Hung - 2022 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 8 (3).
    Artificial intelligence (AI) systems are increasingly adopted to make decisions in domains such as business, education, health care, and criminal justice. However, such algorithmic decision systems can have prevalent biases against marginalized social groups and undermine social justice. Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) is a recent development aiming to make an AI system’s decision processes less opaque and to expose its problematic biases. This paper argues against technical XAI, according to which the detection and interpretation of algorithmic bias can be handled (...)
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  8. “Gandhi’s Encounter with the British Suffrage Movement: Lessons Learned".Gail M. Presbey - 2023 - In Veena Howard & Falon Kartch (eds.), Gandhi's Global Legacy: Moral Methods and Modern Challenges. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books / Rowman and Littlefield. pp. 87-106.
    Most accounts of the influences on Gandhi's philosophy and tactics of nonviolent action do not give enough credit to the role that women in the British suffrage movement played in inspiring and guiding him. The article explains how, despite his specifically mentioning on occasion that he is NOT copying their tactics, he actually does repeat many of them in his 1913 satyagraha campaign in South Africa. And on many occasions he does credit them with inspiring him and his movement. In (...)
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  9. Est-ce que Vous Compute? Code-Switching, Cultural Identity, and AI.Arianna Falbo & Travis LaCroix - 2022 - Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 3 (8).
    Cultural code-switching concerns how we adjust our overall behaviours, manners of speaking, and appearance in response to a perceived change in our social environment. We defend the need to investigate cultural code-switching capacities in artificial intelligence systems. We explore a series of ethical and epistemic issues that arise when bringing cultural code-switching to bear on artificial intelligence. Building upon Dotson’s (2014) analysis of testimonial smothering, we discuss how emerging technologies in AI can give rise to epistemic oppression, and specifically, a (...)
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  10. "That's Above My Paygrade": Woke Excuses for Ignorance.Emily C. R. Tilton - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    Standpoint theorists have long been clear that marginalization does not make better understanding a given. They have been less clear, though, that social dominance does not make ignorance a given. Indeed, many standpoint theorists have implicitly committed themselves to what I call the strong epistemic disadvantage thesis. According to this thesis, there are strong, substantive limits on what the socially dominant can know about oppression that they do not personally experience. I argue that this thesis is not just implausible but (...)
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  11. When Ideology Trumps Science: A response to the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport’s Review on Transwomen Athletes in the Female Category.Miroslav Imbrisevic, Cathy Devine, Leslie A. Howe, Jon Pike, Emma Hilton & Tommy Lundberg - 2022 - Idrottsforum - Nordic Sports Science Forum 11:1-18.
    The recently published ‘Scientific Review’ by the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport about transwomen’s participation in female sport doesn’t deserve its name; it is wholly unscientific. This publication follows a familiar pattern. The body is not important anymore when it comes to categorisation and eligibility in sport; instead, it’s all about a psychological phenomenon: gender identity. This side-lining of the body (which makes the side-lining of female athletes and the inclusion of male-born athletes possible) is now reinforced by an (...)
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  12. Reply to Imbrišević: Moving Outside the Bubble of Gender Critical Feminism.Michael Burke - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-17.
    ABSTRACT Despite the claim in Miroslav Imbrišević’s paper about differences between the positions of Jon Pike and myself, there are also significant overlaps. I endorsed the WR consultative process that Jon was part of, agreed that Jon had produced a compelling argument, and agreed with the lexical framework of the argument. Miroslav’s major contentions with my argument appears to be that it dresses up patriarchal outcomes in feminist clothes, and that it ignores the voices of women [athletes] in coming to (...)
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  13. Feminism and Pornography: Discussion Review.Robert K. Fullinwider - 1983 - Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly 3 (4):12.
  14. Feminism and Agency.Tracy Isaacs - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 28:129-154.
    Given conditions of oppression presupposed by a feminist understanding of social structures, feminist agency is paradoxical. I am going to understand feminist agency as women's ability to be effective agents against their own oppression. The paradox of feminist agency arises because feminist assumptions about women's socialization seem to entail that women's agency is compromised by sexist oppression. In particular, women's agency appears to be diminished in ways that interfere with their capacity for feminist action, that is, action against sexist oppression.Feminist (...)
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  15. Feminism, Friendship, and Philosophy.Diane Jeske - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 28:63-82.
    In recent years, more and more philosophical work has come to be done under the rubric of ‘feminist philosophy.’ In particular, more and more work in philosophical ethics has come to be identified by both those who produce it and those who read it as within the domain of ‘feminist ethics.’ As a philosophical ethicist and a feminist, the question naturally arises as to whether I do feminist ethics. The question seems particularly natural in my case, because a great deal (...)
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  16. Feminism, Speaking for Others, and the Role of the Philosopher.Linda Martin Alcoff - 2020 - Stance 9 (1):85-105.
    Article published in Stance by Linda Martin Alcoff.
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  17. Gina Schouten, Liberalism, Neutrality, and the Gendered Division of Labor. [REVIEW]David O’Brien - 2021 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 18 (5):542-545.
  18. Positive liberty, feminism and disability.Nancy Hirschmann - 2021 - In John Philip Christman (ed.), Positive Freedom: Past, Present, and Future. Cambridge University Press.
  19. Taking feminism seriously in political science : a cross-disciplinary dialog.Laci Hubbard-Mattix Season Hoard, G. Mazur Amy & Samantha Noll - 2022 - In Harold Kincaid & Jeroen van Bouwel (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Political Science. Oxford University Press.
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  20. Feel-Bad Postfeminism: Impasse, Resilience and Female Subjectivity in Popular Culture.Catherine McDermott - 2022 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    In Feel-Bad Postfeminism, Catherine McDermott provides crucial insight into what growing up during empowerment postfeminism feels like, and outlines the continuing postfeminist legacy of resilience in girlhood coming-of-age narratives. McDermott's analysis of Gone Girl, Girls and Appropriate Behaviour illuminates a major cultural turn in which the pleasures of postfeminist empowerment curdle into a profound sense of rage and resentment. By contrast, close examination of The Hunger Games, Girlhood and Catch Me Daddy reveals that contemporary genres are increasingly constructing girls as (...)
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  21. Mi Herida Existi?A Antes Que Yo: Feminismo y Cri?Tica de la Diferencia Sexual.Laura Llevadot - 2022 - Barcelona: Tusquets Editores.
    Este ensayo analiza los riesgos y encrucijadas a que se enfrentan los distintos discursos feministas de un tiempo a esta parte. Es difícil sustraerse tanto a la tentación del victimismo como a la de una historia monumentalista de grandes heroínas, y también resulta complicado evitar pensar en una esencia femenina constituida y atravesada por unos «patrones de dominación», en palabras de Simone de Beauvoir. Más allá de códigos, prejuicios y dogmas, el libro de Laura Llevadot establece un ilustrador mapa del (...)
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  22. From the Will to Race to Hygienic Feminism: Race, State, Habit.Tamsin Kimoto - 2022 - In Rick Elmore & Ege Selin Islekel (eds.), The Biopolitics of Punishment: Derrida and Foucault. Northwestern University Press.
  23. When reason does not see you: feminism at the intersection of history and philosophy.Hannah Dawson - 2023 - In Richard Bourke & Quentin Skinner (eds.), History in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press.
  24. The Ethic(s) of Caring in the recent Philosophy of Feminism. 이정은 - 2009 - Korean Feminist Philosophy 11 (null):143-171.
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  25. From the Other to the Subject : Simone de Beauvoir's Feminist Thought and Contemporary Feminism. 신옥희 - 2009 - Korean Feminist Philosophy 11 (null):105-142.
  26. Feminism, new Encounter with Nietzsche and Foucault -Feministic Implication of genealogical Transformation and artistic Transformation-.Sun-Hye Kim - 2007 - Korean Feminist Philosophy 7:31-58.
  27. The encounter of feminist philosophy and law. 오정진 - 2007 - Korean Feminist Philosophy 7:139-161.
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  28. Redefining feminism in relation to the concept of Difference in Deleuze.Jiyoung Shin - 2007 - Korean Feminist Philosophy 7:115-137.
  29. The Suspicion of Anti-feminism on Michel Foucault's ethical Problematization and the argument as its Defense. 도승연 - 2007 - Korean Feminist Philosophy 8:55-90.
  30. Conjure Feminism: Toward a Genealogy.Kinitra Brooks, Kameelah L. Martin & LaKisha Simmons - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (3):452-461.
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  31. Mary Hays's “Female Biography”: Collective Biography as Enlightenment Feminism Mary Spongberg and Gina Luria Walker (editors). Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2019.Sarah Hutton - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (4).
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  32. Deconstruction, Feminism, Film Sarah Dillon. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2018.Lori J. Marso - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (4).
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  33. Women's Liberation and the Sublime: Feminism, Postmodernism Environment by Bonnie Mann.Christine Battersby - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (3):227-230.
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  34. Feminism Is Back in France—Or Is It?Michèle le Dœuff - 2000 - Hypatia 15 (4):243-255.
    Michèle Le Dœuff discusses the revival of feminism in France, including the phenomenon of state-sponsored feminism, such as government support for “parity”: equal numbers of women and men in government. Le Dœuff analyzes the strategically patchy application of this revival and remains wary about it. Turning to the work of seventeenth-century philosopher Gabrielle Suchon, Le Dœuff considers her concepts of freedom, servitude, and active citizenship, which may well, she argues, have influenced Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Le Dœuff favorably juxtaposes the active citizenship (...)
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  35. Defensiveness and Identity.Audrey Yap & Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association.
    Criticism can sometimes provoke defensive reactions, particularly when it implicates identities people hold dear. For instance, feminists told they are upholding rape culture might become angry or upset, since the criticism conflicts with an identity that is important to them. These kinds of defensive reactions are a primary focus of this paper. What is it to be defensive in this way, and why do some kinds of criticism, or implied criticism, tend to provoke this kind of response? What are the (...)
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  36. Justice for Millionaires?James Christensen, Tom Parr & David V. Axelsen - 2022 - Economics and Philosophy 38 (3):333-353.
    In recent years, much public attention has been devoted to the existence of pay discrepancies between men and women at the upper end of the income scale. For example, there has been considerable discussion of the ‘Hollywood gender pay gap’. We can refer to such discrepancies as cases of millionaire inequality. These cases generate conflicting intuitions. On the one hand, the unequal remuneration involved looks like a troubling case of gender injustice. On the other, it’s natural to feel uneasy when (...)
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  37. Feminism as an antiwar strategy and practice: the case of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine.Veronika L. Sharova - 2022 - Studies in East European Thought 74 (4):521-534.
    The dynamics of political processes in the postcommunist states of Eastern Europe in the 2000s to early 2020s demonstrated a significant number of new challenges and caused many issues, including those related to the transformation of the ways and models of political behavior, civic participation, protest actions, and so on. All these elements of social and political life, in my opinion, have a gender dimension deserving a detailed analysis. In this article, based on Belarusian, Russian, and Ukrainian cases, I consider (...)
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  38. Not just “bodies with vaginas”: A Kantian defense of pelvic exam consent laws.Samantha L. Seybold - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (9):940-947.
    Medical students commonly learn how to administer pelvic exams by practicing on unconscious patients, often without first obtaining explicit consent from patients to do so. While twenty-one states currently have laws that require teaching hospitals to obtain consent from patients to participate in this educational experience, opposition from the medical community has stymied legislative progress. In this paper, I respond to the two most common reasons offered to oppose legislation, which appeal to (1) the educational benefits of these exams, or (...)
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  39. La ressemblance des humains: l'oeuvre d'Élisabeth Badinter.Paul Munier - 2013 - [Meaux]: Germina.
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  40. Strīvādi parikalpanegaḷu.Ke Kēśava Śarma - 2013 - Beṅgaḷūru: Dēsi Pustaka.
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  41. Transformation now!AnaLouise Keating - 2013 - Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
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  42. Gender work: feminism after neoliberalism.Robin Truth Goodman - 2013 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
  43. Feminism and power: the need for critical theory.Mary Caputi - 2013 - Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books.
  44. Penser les métamorphoses de la politique, de la violence, de la guerre: avec Colette Guillaumin, Nicole-Claude Mathieu, Paola Tabet, féministes matérialistes.Marie-Claire Caloz-Tschopp & Teresa Veloso Bermedo (eds.) - 2013 - [Concepción, Chile]: Ediciones Escaparate.
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  45. Indigenous Feminist Philosophy in Idle No More: Theorizing the Space-Time of Canada’s Settler Colonial Politics and Alternative Decolonial Imaginaries.Cara Melodie Peacock - 2022 - Dissertation, University of Calgary
    In this thesis, I explore Indigenous feminist philosophy from the ground up through a case study of Indigenous women’s political organizing through Idle No More. Specifically, I examine the ways in which Indigenous feminist resistance in INM identifies a spatiotemporal configuration of both Canadian settler state politics and decolonial alternatives. To do so, I use state, media, and public responses, rhetoric, and actions that emerged in response to the Idle No More movement, as well as the actions, rhetoric, written works, (...)
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  46. The feminism question in the philosophy of science".Ronald Giere - 2013 - In Jeffrey E. Foss (ed.), Science and the World: Philosophical Approaches. Broadview Press.
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  47. The feminism question in the philosophy of science".Ronald Giere - 2013 - In Jeffrey E. Foss (ed.), Science and the World: Philosophical Approaches. Broadview Press.
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  48. Fei wang zi you de xin ling: xing bie yu zhe xue de nü xing zhu yi tan suo.Wei Xiao - 2014 - Beijing: Beijing da xue chu ban she.
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  49. Ausgewählte Schriften.Gerburg Treusch-Dieter - 2014 - Wien: Verlag Turia + Kant.
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  50. Feminism i rörliga bilder.Katharina Tollin - 2014 - Stockholm: Liber.
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