Epistemic Relativism

Edited by Markus Seidel (University of Münster)
Assistant editor: Charlott Becker (University of Münster)
About this topic
Summary Epistemic relativism is the position that knowledge is valid only relatively to a specific context, society, culture or individual. The discussion about epistemic relativism is one of the most fundamental discussions in epistemology concerning our understanding of notions such as 'justification' and 'good reason'.
Key works In Barnes & Bloor 1982, two sociologists of knowledge explicitly endorse a relativist position.   Boghossian 2006 attacks several forms of epistemic relativism. Kuhn 1962 gave rise to epistemic relativist interpretations.  Feyerabend 1999 argues for epistemic relativism in the philosophy of science.  Nagel 1997 gives a Last Word on relativism endorsing an absolutist position.  Rorty 1991 defends a position taken by many to be relativistic.
Introductions Laudan 1990 provides an introduction about the controversy in dialogue-form, For a general introduction, see Swoyer 2008, 2.4 in the Stanford encyclopedia
Related

Contents
594 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 594
Material to categorize
  1. Essays on relativism: 2001-2021.Crispin Wright - 2023 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The classical Protagorean idea that the idea of absolute truth is an illusion -- that there is only 'your truth' and 'my truth', or perhaps 'our truth' and 'their truth' -- was until quite recently widely regarded as thoroughly and deservedly discredited. However there has recently been a sea change among professional philosophers in the analytical tradition, with a number of distinguished specialists arguing that, when suitably disciplined and refined, relative truth can play a central and illuminating role in the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Pour un nouveau relativisme.Alain Séguy-Duclot - 2023 - Limoges: Lambert-Lucas.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Mā arwaʻak fī al-madīnah al-jāhilah: manshūrāt.ʻAzīz Ḥaddādī - 2023 - ʻAmmān: Khuṭūṭ wa-Ẓilāl lil-Nashr wa-al-Tawzīʻ.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Forma i otnoshenie: prinosʺ kŭmʺ uchenieto za poznanieto.Dimitŭr Georgiev Mikhalchev - 1914 - Sofii︠a︡: Sofiĭski universitet.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Thomas Kuhn and the Strong Programme. An Appropriate Appropriation?Markus Seidel - 2024 - In K. Brad Wray (ed.), Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions at 60. Cambridge University Press. pp. 235-253.
    This chapter discusses whether the appropriation of Kuhnian thoughts by the so-called Strong Programme in the sociology of scientific knowledge is appropriate. In order to answer the question of appropriate appropriation, Kuhn’s and the Strong Programme’s stances on two “isms” are compared: relativism and naturalism. It is shown that the Strong Programme clearly goes beyond Kuhn and breaks more radically with philosophical tradition. Nevertheless, there are also philosophical continuities and similarities.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Scientific perspectivism: realism, antirealism, or a new paradigm? / Научный перспективизм: реализм, антиреализм или новая парадигма?Vadim Chaly - 2022 - Tomsk State University Journal of Philosophy, Sociology and Political Science 70 (4):80-90.
    The current state of philosophy of science is characterized by stasis in the struggle between realism and antirealism. In recent years, a number of authors have come out with a program of scientific perspectivism that claims to sublate this great collision and gain the status of a new epistemological paradigm: “perspectivism, or, better, perspectival realism, is one of the newest attempts to find a middle ground between scientific realism and antirealism” [1. P. 2]. Important milestones of the perspective movement were (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Diktatur des Relativismus?: fundamentaltheologische Auseinandersetzung mit einem kulturpessimistischen Deutungsschema.Daniel Bugiel - 2021 - Berlin: Lit.
    Joseph Ratzinger warnte am Vorabend seiner Wahl zum Papst vor einer "Diktatur des Relativismus", die sich in der westlichen Gegenwartskultur zunehmend verbreite. Häufig wird der Begriff Relativismus ohne semantische Klärung als pejoratives Fremdetikett genutzt, um abweichende Positionen zu diskreditieren. Die vorliegende Studie zeichnet den lehramtlichen Anti-Relativismusdiskurs nach, setzt sich kritisch mit Ratzingers Relativismus-Diagnose auseinander und stellt Theoriekontexte dar, die es erlauben, der einseitigen Zuspitzung (Glaubens-)Wahrheit oder Relativismus zu entgehen.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Feminist Standpoint Theory vs. the Identitarian Ideology of the New Right.Johannes Steizinger & Natalie Alana Ashton - 2024 - Social Theory and Practice 50 (1):127-155.
    The term ‘identity politics’ is used to refer to a wide range of political movements. In this paper, we look at the theoretical ideas underpinning two strongly, mutually opposed forms of identity politics, and identify some crucial differences between them. We critically compare the identitarian ideology of the New Right with feminist standpoint theory, focusing on two issues: relativism and essentialism. In carrying out this critical comparison we illuminate under-theorized aspects of both new right identitarianism and standpoint theory; demonstrate how (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Turnirul khazar: împotriva relativismului contemporan.Andrei Cornea - 2003 - București: Polirom.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Review of Mourad Wahba's "Fundamentalism and Secularization". Translated by Robert Beshara. [REVIEW]Zeyad El Nabolsy - 2022 - Marx and Philosophy Review of Books.
    Mourad Wahba’s Fundamentalism and Secularization was first published in Arabic in Egypt in 1995. By the 1990s, Islamist thought had become hegemonic in Egypt, and it is this cultural context that informs Wahba’s concern with philosophy of culture as applied to the question of fundamentalism and its antagonistic relationship to secularization. As Robert Beshara notes in his interview with Wahba, which serves as a foreword to this new translation, the book was ahead of its time insofar as it was published (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Geste, figures et écritures de maîtres ignorants: Platon, Montaigne, Rancière.Stéphanie Péraud-Puigségur - 2022 - Limoges: Lambert-Lucas.
    Que serait la philosophie de Platon sans Socrate ou l'écriture des dialogues? Que resterait-il du travail de Montaigne sans le 'maistre des maistres' socratique ou la 'manière' des Essais? Enfin, l'œuvre de Rancière aurait-elle la même teneur sans Joseph Jacotot, figure incontournable de 'maître ignorant'? La pensée de ces trois auteurs n'existe pas indépendamment de ces figures et de ces écritures si particulières. On ne saurait résumer leurs philosophies, par ailleurs très singulières et différentes, à quelques questions, thèses ou concepts, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Relativism and realism.Madhuchhanda Bhattacharyya - 2022 - New Delhi: Abhijeet Publications.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Der Relationsbegriff.Harald Høffding - 1922 - Leipzig,: O.R. Reisland.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Consciousness, life and the fourth dimension.Richard Eriksen - 1923 - New York,: A. A. Knopf.
    This is a new release of the original 1923 edition.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. La relativité philosophique.Harald Høffding - 1924 - Paris,: Librairie Félix Alcan. Edited by Barbe Calemard du Genestoux de Quirielle.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Opacidad y relativismo.Claudio Cormick - 2019 - Buenos Aires: Prometeo.
  17. Am abgrund des relativismus.Eduard May - 1943 - Berlin,: G. Lüttke.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Du relativisme à la métaphysique.Pierre Thévenaz - 1948 - Zürich,: Éditions polygraphiques.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Il relativismo, l'idealismo.Antonio Aliotta - 1948 - Roma,: Perrella.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Wahrheit, relativ oder absolut?Philipp Frank - 1952 - Zürich,: Pan-Verlag.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Ideyishe shleymus'n un halbe emes'n.David Flakser - 1960 - Tel-Aviv,: Y. L. Perets Bibliotek.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. ha-Ideʻah ṿeha-emet.David Flakser - 1961 - [Tel Aviv]: Hotsaʼat Y. L. Perets.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Relativitet i filosofisk belysning.Bent Schultzer - 1957 - København,: Gad.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. K voprosu o sushchnosti kategorii otnositelʹnosti.Naum Grigorʹevich It︠s︡kovich - 1968
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Substanzbegriff und Funktionsbegriff.Ernst Cassirer - 1910 - Darmstadt,: Wissenschaftliche Buchges..
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26. De gevaren van het relativisme.J. Van Gennep - 1970 - Kampen,: Kok.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Die Welt des Relativen und des Absoluten.Wilhelm Moriz Bauer - 1970 - [Aufgestempelt:]: 9082 Maria Wörth 26, Eigenverl..
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. [Kritika dogmatizma, skeptit︠s︡izma i reli︠a︡tivizma.Nikita Zotovich Paramonov - 1973 - Moscow: Vyss. shkola.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Tre uppsatser om Hägerström, Zenon från Elea och relativitetsteorien.Mac Leod & H. D. Andries - 1973 - Uppsala: Filosofiska föreningen och Filosofiska institutionen vid Uppsala universitet.
    Om ett värdeobjektivistiskt inslag i Hägerströms moralfilosofiska teorier.--Till försvar för Zenon från Elea.--Den speciella relativitetsteoriens förhållande til de newtonianska föreställningarna om rum och tid.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Filosofskie problemy teorii otnositelʹnosti.K. Kh Delokarov - 1973 - Moskva,: "Nauka,".
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Teorii︠a︡ otnositelʹnosti i filosofii︠a︡.Ėngelʹs Matveevich Chudinov - 1974 - Moskva: Politizdat.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Absolutism, Relativism, and Pragmatic Fallibilism: A Reply to Stump.Shahram Shahryari - 2023 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 54 (2):331-338.
    In a recent article in this journal, Stump argues that pragmatism distances itself from absolutism due to its assent to fallibilism while it rejects relativism at the same time because of its insistence on experience. Therefore, pragmatism can provide a third position between relativism and absolutism. I argue in this note that his argument is profoundly inadequate for both claims. Fallibilism is compatible with both relativism and absolutism, and accordingly cannot be considered as the middle ground. Furthermore, the experience itself (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. Relativitätstheorie und Materialismus: philos. Fragen d. speziellen Relativitätstheorie in d. sowjet. Diskussionen d. 20er u. 30er Jahre.Kadyrbech Khadzhumarovich Delokarov - 1977 - Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Das Problem des Relativismus: Philosophie im Übergang zur Anthropologie.Hermann Wein - 1950 - Berlin,: De Gruyter.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Relatividade dos modelos: ensaios filosóficos.Olinto Antonio Pegoraro - 1979 - Petrópolis, Brasil: Editora Vozes.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Lun jue dui yu xiang dui.Fengqi Zhao - 1982 - [Nanjing shi]: Jiangsu sheng xin hua shu dian fa xing. Edited by Anmiao.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Moderner Relativismus: zur Kritik antirealistischer Sichtweisen des Erkenntnisproblems.Hans Jürgen Wendel - 1990 - Tübingen: Mohr (Paul Siebeck).
    Nähere Informationen zu diesem Buch erhalten Sie direkt vom Verlag / For further information about this title please contact Mohr Siebeck.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Svetŭt na relativiziranoto sŭznanie.Marii︠a︡ Dimitrova - 1990 - Sofii︠a︡: Univ. izd-vo Kliment Okhridski.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Lun wu zhi: yi ge xin di ren shi yu.Zonghao Bao - 1991 - Shanghai: Xin hua shu dian Shanghai fa xing suo jing xiao.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Essais sur le relativisme et la tolérance.Fernand Ouellet - 2000 - [Sainte-Foy, Québec]: Presses de l'Université Laval. Edited by Susan Khin Zaw.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Obʺektivnostʹ nauki i chelovecheskai︠a︡ subʺektivnostʹ, ili v chem sostoit chelovecheskoe izmerenie nauki.T. B. Romanovskai︠a︡ - 2001 - Moskva: Ėditorial URSS.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Xiang dui xing zhi shi: Li xing chen si lu.Zhihong Chen - 2002 - [Guangzhou]: Guangdong ren min chu ban she.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Kitāb-i tardīd.Bābak Aḥmadī - 2002 - Tihrān: Nashr-i Markaz.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Are knowledge ascriptions sensitive to social context?Alexander Jackson - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3):8579-8610.
    Plausibly, how much is at stake in some salient practical task can affect how generously people ascribe knowledge of task-relevant facts. There is a metaphysical puzzle about this phenomenon, and an empirical puzzle. Metaphysically: there are competing theories about when and how practical stakes affect whether it is correct to ascribe knowledge. Which of these theories is the right one? Empirically: experimental philosophy has struggled to find a stakes-effect on people’s knowledge ascriptions. Is the alleged phenomenon just a philosopher’s fantasy? (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Reli︠a︡tivizm, pli︠u︡ralizm, kritit︠s︡izm: ėpistemologicheskiĭ analiz.V. A. Lektorskiĭ (ed.) - 2012 - Moskva: Institut Filosofii RAN.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Epistemic relativism.Jonathan Matheson - 2012 - In Andrew Cullison (ed.), The Continuum Companion to Epistemology. Continuum.
    This paper examines an argument for epistemic relativism explored in Boghossian's Fear of Knowledge as well as Boghossian's response. I argue that both the argument and Boghossian's response fail, and that embracing epistemic circularity provides the most promising way out of the problem.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Deep Disagreement (Part 2): Epistemology of Deep Disagreement.Chris Ranalli & Thirza Lagewaard - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (12):e12887.
    What is the epistemological significance of deep disagreement? Part I explored the nature of deep disagreement, while Part II considers its epistemological significance. It focuses on two core problems: the incommensurability and the rational resolvability problems. We critically survey key responses to these challenges, before raising worries for a variety of responses to them, including skeptical, relativist, and absolutist responses to the incommensurability problem, and to certain steadfast and conciliatory responses to the rational resolvability problem. We then pivot to the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  48. O Que o Embuste de Sokal Nos Deve Ensinar. As Consequências Perniciosas e as Contradições Internas do Relativismo «Pós-Moderno».Paul Boghossian - 1997 - Disputatio 1 (2):21-35.
    This is the Portuguese translation of "What the Sokal Hoax Ought to Teach Us". -/- .
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. The metaphysics and ethics of relativism.Carol A. Rovane - 2013 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
    How to formulate the doctrine of relativism -- Evaluating the doctrine of relativism.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  50. Niewspółmierność, nieprzekładalność, konflikt: relatywizm we współczesnej filozofii analitycznej = Incommensurability, untranslatability, conflict: relativism in contemporary analytical philosophy.Adam Chmielewski - 2014 - Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 594