Results for 'Guido Calenda'

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  1. Epistemologia Greca Del Vi E V Secolo A.C.: Eraclito E Gli Eleati.Guido Calenda - 2011 - Aracne Editrice s.r.l..
    Heraclitus and Parmenides, far from being polar opposites, convey the same message: all is one, objects and entities are man made distinctions. Only God knows the whole truth, says Heraclitus, and the most learned man can only guess. For Parmenides the knowledge of being identifies with being itself, and things that mortals posit are only names given by men. Zeno apparent paradoxes give us an insight about the topics discussed in Parmenides entourage, but it was Melisso’s absurd version of Eleatism (...)
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  2.  4
    Are Zeno’s Arguments Unsound Paradoxes?Guido Calenda - 2013 - Peitho 4 (1):125-140.
    Zeno’s arguments are generally regarded as ingenious but downright unsound paradoxes, worth of attention mainly to disclose why they go wrong or, alternatively, to recognise them as clever, even if crude, anticipations of modern views on the space, the infinite or the quantum view of matter. In either case, the arguments lose any connection with the scientific and philosophical problems of Zeno’s own time and environment. In the present paper, I argue that it is possible to make sense of Zeno’s (...)
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  3.  2
    Una nuova edizione eraclitea.Guido Calenda - 2013 - Peitho 4 (1):257-262.
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  4.  1
    S. Mouraviev, Heraclitea IV.A. Refectio: Liber vt a nobis restitvtvs.Guido Calenda - 2012 - Elenchos 33 (2):357-362.
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  5.  12
    Guido Calogero.Guido Calogero - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 3:489-490.
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  6. Dibattito: Interventi di: Guido Guglielmi, Guido Morpurgo-Tagliabue, Franco Rella, Claudio Vicentini, Luigi Russo.Guido Guglielmi, Guido Morpurgo-Tagliabue, Franco Rella, Claudio Vicentini & Luigi Russo - 1983 - Studi di Estetica 2:42-60.
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  7.  24
    In margine a tre lezioni di Guido Calabresi.Guido Melis - 2014 - Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 26 (51).
    Il saggio propone alcune osservazioni a margine delle tre lezioni tenute dal giudice federale statunitense Guido Calabresi a Macerata nel 2012. Le lezioni riguardano l'organizzazione delle corti di giustizia federale negli Stati Uniti, la forma e il ruolo delle sentenze giudiziarie all'interno di un sistema federale e il rapporto che intrattiene con la pena di morte un giudice a essa decisamente contrario. Secondo Melis queste lezioni restituiscono in maniera straordinariamente viva e precisa la struttura del sistema giudiziario e, al (...)
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  8.  2
    Sans Everything: Essays on English Literature, Philosophy, and Culture in Honour of Guido Kums and Hugo Roeffaers.Guido Kums, Hugo Roeffaers, Elisabeth Bekers & D. J. Conlon (eds.) - 2004 - Acco.
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  9. In Memoriam. Guido De Ruggiero.Guido Calogero - 1949 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 3 (8):151-157.
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  10. Lettres de Jules Lachelier À Guido De Ruggiero.Jules Lachelier & Guido De Ruggiero - 2006 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 3.
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  11.  87
    Trust: Reason, Routine, Reflexivity.Guido Möllering - 2006 - Elsevier.
    What makes trust such a powerful concept? Is it merely that in trust the whole range of social forces that we know play together? Or is it that trust involves a peculiar element beyond those we can account for? While trust is an attractive and evocative concept that has gained increasing popularity across the social sciences, it remains elusive, its many facets and applications obscuring a clear overall vision of its essence. In this book, Guido Möllering reviews a broad (...)
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  12. Corporate Legitimacy as Deliberation: A Communicative Framework.Guido Palazzo & Andreas Georg Scherer - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):71-88.
    Modern society is challenged by a loss of efficiency in national governance systems values, and lifestyles. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) discourse builds upon a conception of organizational legitimacy that does not appropriately reflect these changes. The problems arise from the a-political role of the corporation in the concepts of cognitive and pragmatic legitimacy, which are based on compliance to national law and on relatively homogeneous and stable societal expectations on the one hand and widely accepted rhetoric assuming that all members (...)
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  13.  69
    Concepts and categorization: do philosophers and psychologists theorize about different things?Guido Löhr - 2020 - Synthese 197 (5):2171-2191.
    I discuss Edouard Machery’s claim that philosophers and psychologists when using the term ‘concept’ are really theorizing about different things. This view is not new, but it has never been developed or defended in detail. Once spelled out, we can see that Machery is right that the psychological literature uses a different notion of concept. However, Machery fails to acknowledge that the two notions are not only compatible but complementary. This fits more with the traditional view according to which philosophers (...)
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  14. Sensitivity, Safety, and Impossible Worlds.Guido Melchior - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (3):713-729.
    Modal knowledge accounts that are based on standards possible-worlds semantics face well-known problems when it comes to knowledge of necessities. Beliefs in necessities are trivially sensitive and safe and, therefore, trivially constitute knowledge according to these accounts. In this paper, I will first argue that existing solutions to this necessity problem, which accept standard possible-worlds semantics, are unsatisfactory. In order to solve the necessity problem, I will utilize an unorthodox account of counterfactuals, as proposed by Nolan, on which we also (...)
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  15.  90
    The Experience Machine and the Expertise Defense.Guido Löhr - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (2):257-273.
    Recent evidence suggests that participants without extensive training in philosophy (so-called lay people) have difficulties responding consistently when confronted with Robert Nozick’s Experience Machine thought experiment. For example, some of the participants who reject the experience machine for themselves would still advise a stranger to enter the machine permanently. This and similar findings have been interpreted as evidence for implicit biases that prevent lay people from making rational decisions about whether the experience machine is preferable to real life, which might (...)
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  16.  49
    Quantum Theory at the Crossroads: Reconsidering the 1927 Solvay Conference.Guido Bacciagaluppi - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The 1927 Solvay conference was perhaps the most important meeting in the history of quantum theory. Contrary to popular belief, the interpretation of quantum theory was not settled at this conference, and no consensus was reached. Instead, a range of sharply conflicting views were presented and extensively discussed, including de Broglie's pilot-wave theory, Born and Heisenberg's quantum mechanics, and Schrödinger's wave mechanics. Today, there is no longer an established or dominant interpretation of quantum theory, so it is important to re-evaluate (...)
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  17. Ethical Blindness.Guido Palazzo, Franciska Krings & Ulrich Hoffrage - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):323-338.
    Many models of (un)ethical decision making assume that people decide rationally and are in principle able to evaluate their decisions from a moral point of view. However, people might behave unethically without being aware of it. They are ethically blind. Adopting a sensemaking approach, we argue that ethical blindness results from a complex interplay between individual sensemaking activities and context factors.
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  18. CSR Business as Usual? The Case of the Tobacco Industry.Guido Palazzo & Ulf Richter - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (4):387-401.
    Tobacco companies have started to position themselves as good corporate citizens. The effort towards CSR engagement in the tobacco industry is not only heavily criticized by anti-tobacco NGOs. Some opponents such as the the World Health Organization have even categorically questioned the possibility of social responsibility in the tobacco industry. The paper will demonstrate that the deep distrust towards tobacco companies is linked to the lethal character of their products and the dubious behavior of their representatives in recent decades. As (...)
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  19. Knowing and Checking: An Epistemological Investigation.Guido Melchior - 2019 - New York City, New York, USA: Routledge.
    This book is primarily about checking and only derivatively about knowing. Checking is a very common concept for describing a subject’s epistemic goals and actions. Surprisingly, there has been no philosophical attention paid to the notion of checking. In Part I, I develop a sensitivity account of checking. To be more explicit, I analyze the internalist and externalist components of the epistemic action of checking which include the intentions of the checking subject and the necessary externalist features of the method (...)
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  20.  20
    Upstream Corporate Social Responsibility: The Evolution From Contract Responsibility to Full Producer Responsibility.Guido Palazzo & Judith Schrempf-Stirling - 2016 - Business and Society 55 (4):491-527.
    The debate about the appropriate standards for upstream corporate social responsibility of multinational corporations has been on the public and academic agenda for some three decades. The debate originally focused narrowly on “contract responsibility” of MNCs for monitoring of upstream contractors for “sweatshop” working conditions violating employee rights. The authors argue that the MNC upstream responsibility debate has shifted qualitatively over time to “full producer responsibility” involving an expansion from “contract responsibility” in three distinct dimensions. First, there is an expansion (...)
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  21.  26
    Does Polysemy Support Radical Contextualism? On the Relation Between Minimalism, Contextualism and Polysemy.Guido Löhr - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1–25.
    Polysemy has only recently entered the debate on semantic minimalism and contextualism. This is surprising considering that the key linguistic examples discussed in the debate, such as ‘John cut the grass’ or ‘The leaf is green’ appear to be prime examples of polysemy. Moreover, François Recanati recently argued that the mere existence of polysemy falsi!es semantic minimalism and supports radical contextualism. The aim of this paper is to discuss how the minimalism-contextualism debate relates to polysemy. This connection turns out to (...)
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  22.  10
    Left/Right and Cortical/Subcortical Dichotomies in the Neuropsychological Study of Human Emotions.Guido Gainotti, Carlo Caltagirone & Pierluigi Zoccolotti - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (1):71-93.
  23.  31
    Embodied Cognition and Abstract Concepts: Do Concept Empiricists Leave Anything Out?Guido Löhr - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (2):161-185.
  24.  43
    Abstract Concepts, Compositionality, and the Contextualism-Invariantism Debate.Guido Löhr - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (6):689-710.
    Invariantists argue that the notion of concept in psychology should be reserved for knowledge that is retrieved in a context-insensitive manner. Contextualists argue that concepts are to be understood in terms of context-sensitive ad hoc constructions. I review the central empirical evidence for and against both views and show that their conclusions are based on a common mischaracterization of both theories. When the difference between contextualism and invariantism is properly understood, it becomes apparent that the way the question of stability (...)
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  25. The Heterogeneity Problem for Sensitivity Accounts.Guido Melchior - 2015 - Episteme 12 (4):479-496.
    Offering a solution to the skeptical puzzle is a central aim of Nozick's sensitivity account of knowledge. It is well-known that this account faces serious problems. However, because of its simplicity and its explanatory power, the sensitivity principle has remained attractive and has been subject to numerous modifications, leading to a of sensitivity accounts. I will object to these accounts, arguing that sensitivity accounts of knowledge face two problems. First, they deliver a far too heterogeneous picture of higher-level beliefs about (...)
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  26.  32
    Definitely Maybe: Can Unconscious Processes Perform the Same Functions as Conscious Processes?Guido Hesselmann & Pieter Moors - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  27.  37
    Social Constructionism, Concept Acquisition and the Mismatch Problem.Guido Löhr - 2019 - Synthese 198 (3):2659-2673.
    An explanation of how we acquire concepts of kinds if they are socially constructed is a desideratum both for a successful account of concept acquisition and a successful account of social constructionism. Both face the so-called “mismatch problem” that is based on the observation that that there is often a mismatch between the descriptions proficient speakers associate with a word and the properties that its referents have in common. I argue that externalist theories of reference provide a plausible and attractive (...)
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  28.  21
    Commitment Engineering: Conceptual Engineering Without Representations.Guido Löhr - 2021 - Synthese 199 (5-6):13035-13052.
    It is largely assumed that conceptual engineering is essentially about revising, introducing, or eliminating representational devices, in particular the intension and extension of words and concepts. However, tying conceptual engineering too closely to representations is risky. Not everyone endorses the notion of representation as theoretically helpful or even real. Not everyone thinks that concepts or meanings should be understood in terms of the notion of representation. Does this mean that conceptual engineering is not interesting or relevant for these skeptics? In (...)
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  29. Epistemic Luck and Logical Necessities: Armchair Luck Revisited.Guido Melchior - 2017 - In Smiljana Gartner Bojan Borstner (ed.), Thought Experiments between Nature and Society. A Festschrift for Nenad Miščević. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 137-150.
    Modal knowledge accounts like sensitivity or safety face a problem when it comes to knowing propositions that are necessarily true because the modal condition is always fulfilled no matter how random the belief forming method is. Pritchard models the anti-luck condition for knowledge in terms of the modal principle safety. Thus, his anti-luck epistemology faces the same problem when it comes to logical necessities. Any belief in a proposition that is necessarily true fulfills the anti-luck condition and, therefore, qualifies as (...)
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  30.  87
    The Role of Decoherence in Quantum Mechanics.Guido Bacciagaluppi - 2003 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Interference phenomena are a well-known and crucial feature of quantum mechanics, the two-slit experiment providing a standard example. There are situations, however, in which interference effects are (artificially or spontaneously) suppressed. We shall need to make precise what this means, but the theory of decoherence is the study of (spontaneous) interactions between a system and its environment that lead to such suppression of interference. This study includes detailed modelling of system-environment interactions, derivation of equations (‘master equations’) for the (reduced) state (...)
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  31.  18
    Priority Nominalism: Grounding Ostrich Nominalism as a Solution to the Problem of Universals.Guido Imaguire - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This monograph details a new solution to an old problem of metaphysics. It presents an improved version of Ostrich Nominalism to solve the Problem of Universals. This innovative approach allows one to resolve the different formulations of the Problem, which represents an important meta-metaphysical achievement. In order to accomplish this ambitious task, the author appeals to the notion and logic of ontological grounding. Instead of defending Quine’s original principle of ontological commitment, he proposes the principle of grounded ontological commitment. This (...)
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  32.  8
    Hobbes's Genealogy of Private Conscience.Guido Frilli - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (3):755-769.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  33.  3
    Review of Calenda, G. Un Universo Aperto. La cosmologia di Parmenide e la struttura della Terra. [REVIEW]Lucio Angelo Privitello - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02910.
    Review of Calenda, G. Un Universo Aperto. La cosmologia di Parmenide e la struttura della Terra.
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  34.  15
    What Are Abstract Concepts? On Lexical Ambiguity and Concreteness Ratings.Guido Löhr - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-18.
    In psycholinguistics, concepts are considered abstract if they do not apply to physical objects that we can touch, see, feel, hear, smell or taste. Psychologists usually distinguish concrete from abstract concepts by means of so-called concreteness ratings. In concreteness rating studies, laypeople are asked to rate the concreteness of words based on the above criterion. The wide use of concreteness ratings motivates an assessment of them. I point out two problems: First, most current concreteness ratings test the intuited concreteness of (...)
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  35.  54
    Logic in Analytic Philosophy: A Quantitative Analysis.Guido Bonino, Paolo Maffezioli & Paolo Tripodi - 2020 - Synthese 198 (11):10991-11028.
    Using quantitative methods, we investigate the role of logic in analytic philosophy from 1941 to 2010. In particular, a corpus of five journals publishing analytic philosophy is assessed and evaluated against three main criteria: the presence of logic, its role and level of technical sophistication. The analysis reveals that logic is not present at all in nearly three-quarters of the corpus, the instrumental role of logic prevails over the non-instrumental ones, and the level of technical sophistication increases in time, although (...)
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  36. Skepticism: The Hard Problem for Indirect Sensitivity Accounts.Guido Melchior - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (1):45-54.
    Keith DeRose’s solution to the skeptical problem is based on his indirect sensitivity account. Sensitivity is not a necessary condition for any kind of knowledge, as direct sensitivity accounts claim, but the insensitivity of our beliefs that the skeptical hypotheses are false explains why we tend to judge that we do not know them. The orthodox objection line against any kind of sensitivity account of knowledge is to present instances of insensitive beliefs that we still judge to constitute knowledge. This (...)
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  37.  73
    The Ethical Backlash of Corporate Branding.Guido Palazzo & Kunal Basu - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 73 (4):333-346.
    Past decades have witnessed the growing success of branding as a corporate activity as well as a rise in anti-brand activism. While appearing to be contradictory, both trends have emerged from common sources – the transition from industrial to post-industrial society, and the advent of globalization – the examination of which might lead to a socially grounded understanding of why brand success in the future is likely to demand more than superior product performance, placing increasing demand on corporations with regard (...)
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  38.  95
    A Modal Theory of Discrimination.Guido Melchior - 2021 - Synthese 198 (11):10661-10684.
    Discrimination is a central epistemic capacity but typically, theories of discrimination only use discrimination as a vehicle for analyzing knowledge. This paper aims at developing a self-contained theory of discrimination. Internalist theories of discrimination fail since there is no compelling correlation between discriminatory capacities and experiences. Moreover, statistical reliabilist theories are also flawed. Only a modal theory of discrimination is promising. Versions of sensitivity and adherence that take particular alternatives into account provide necessary and sufficient conditions on discrimination. Safety in (...)
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  39.  1
    Cassirer Und Die Formen des Geistes.Guido Kreis - 2010 - Suhrkamp.
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  40.  5
    Menschenrechte Und Menschenrechtsethos: Zur Debatte Um Eine Ergänzung der Menschenrechte Durch Menschenpflichten.Guido Brune - 2006 - Kohlhammer.
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  41. La società dell'informazione nelle regioni del Mezzogiorno: sfide, visioni e comportamenti.Davide Calenda - 2007 - Polis 21 (1):65-94.
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  42. La Storia Dell'ontologia.Guido Canziani & Erasmo Silvio Storace (eds.) - 2005 - Alboversorio.
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  43. Da Buddha a Einstein: La Struttura Del Pensiero Orientale Nella Fisica Moderna.Paolo Guido - 2004 - Il Punto D'Incontro.
  44. Hacia Una Nueva Ética.Rosario Herrera Guido & Eugenio Trías (eds.) - 2006 - Siglo Xxi Editores.
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  45. Chinas Experimente Mit Westlichen Staatsideen: Eine Rechtshistorische Und Zeitgeschichtliche Untersuchung Zur Chinesischen Rezeption Europäischer Staatsideen.Guido Mühlemann - 2006 - Schulthess.
  46. Il Testo E Il Mondo: Elementi di Teoria Della Letteratura.Guido Paduano - 2013 - Bollati Boringhieri.
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  47.  43
    The Truth of Scepticism: On the Varieties of Epistemological Doubt.Guido Tana - 2021 - Dissertation, University of Edinburgh
  48. Sensitivity has Multiple Heterogeneity Problems: A Reply to Wallbridge.Guido Melchior - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (4):1741-1747.
    In this paper, I defend the heterogeneity problem for sensitivity accounts of knowledge against an objection that has been recently proposed by Wallbridge in Philosophia. I argue in, 479–496, 2015) that sensitivity accounts of knowledge face a heterogeneity problem when it comes to higher-level knowledge about the truth of one’s own beliefs. Beliefs in weaker higher-level propositions are insensitive, but beliefs in stronger higher-level propositions are sensitive. The resulting picture that we can know the stronger propositions without being in a (...)
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  49.  10
    Husserl and Intentionality: A Study of Mind, Meaning and Language, by D.W. Smith and R. McIntyre. [REVIEW]Guido Kung - 1988 - Noûs 22 (1):158.
  50. A Generality Problem for Bootstrapping and Sensitivity.Guido Melchior - 2014 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):31-47.
    Vogel argues that sensitivity accounts of knowledge are implausible because they entail that we cannot have any higher-level knowledge that our beliefs are true, not false. Becker and Salerno object that Vogel is mistaken because he does not formalize higher-level beliefs adequately. They claim that if formalized correctly, higher-level beliefs are sensitive, and can therefore constitute knowledge. However, these accounts do not consider the belief-forming method as sensitivity accounts require. If we take bootstrapping as the belief-forming method, as the discussed (...)
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