Results for 'Steven H. Clark'

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  1.  12
    CLARK, Steven H., Paul RicoeurCLARK, Steven H., Paul Ricoeur.Roy Martinez - 1994 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 50 (2):451-452.
  2.  49
    Paul Ricoeur.Steven H. Clark - 1990 - Routledge.
    No contemporary thinker has participated in more intellectual debates in the post-war period than Paul Ricoeur. His writings evolved from an initial concern with existentialism and phenomenology, through structuralism and psychoanalysis and the work he undertook within the hermenuetic tradition, to his recent studies in metaphor and narrative. This introduction is the first study to survey the entire range of Ricoeur's work and, exploiting the obvious thematic parallels, situates it within the context of post-structuralism. It includes the first discussion of (...)
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  3. Paul Ricoeur.Steven H. Clark - 1991 - Routledge.
    "First Published in 1990, Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.".
     
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  4.  1
    Paul Ricoeur.Steven H. Clark - 1990 - Routledge.
    First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  5. Clark, Gordon H. A Christian View of Men and Things. [REVIEW]Steven Yates - 1996 - Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 8 (1-2):178-180.
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  6.  34
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Steven I. Miller, Frank A. Stone, William K. Medlin, Clinton Collins, W. Robert Morford, Marc Belth, John T. Abrahamson, Albert W. Vogel, J. Don Reeves, Richard D. Heyman, K. Armitage, Stewart E. Fraser, Edward R. Beauchamp, Clark C. Gill, Edward J. Nemeth, Gordon C. Ruscoe, Charles H. Lyons, Douglas N. Jackson, Bemman N. Phillips, Melvin L. Silberman, Charles E. Pascal, Richard E. Ripple, Harold Cook, Morris L. Bigge, Irene Athey, Sandra Gadell, John Gadell, Daniel S. Parkinson, Nyal D. Royse & Isaac Brown - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (1):1-28.
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  7. Modularity in Cognition: Framing the Debate.H. Clark Barrett & Robert Kurzban - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):628-647.
    Modularity has been the subject of intense debate in the cognitive sciences for more than 2 decades. In some cases, misunderstandings have impeded conceptual progress. Here the authors identify arguments about modularity that either have been abandoned or were never held by proponents of modular views of the mind. The authors review arguments that purport to undermine modularity, with particular attention on cognitive architecture, development, genetics, and evolution. The authors propose that modularity, cleanly defined, provides a useful framework for directing (...)
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  8. Small-Scale Societies Exhibit Fundamental Variation in the Role of Intentions in Moral Judgment.H. Clark Barrett, Alexander Bolyanatz, Alyssa N. Crittenden, Daniel M. T. Fessler, Simon Fitzpatrick, Michael Gurven, Joseph Henrich, Martin Kanovsky, Geoff Kushnick, Anne Pisor, Brooke A. Scelza, Stephen Stich, Chris von Rueden, Wanying Zhao & Stephen Laurence - 2016 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (17):4688–4693.
    Intent and mitigating circumstances play a central role in moral and legal assessments in large-scale industrialized societies. Al- though these features of moral assessment are widely assumed to be universal, to date, they have only been studied in a narrow range of societies. We show that there is substantial cross-cultural variation among eight traditional small-scale societies (ranging from hunter-gatherer to pastoralist to horticulturalist) and two Western societies (one urban, one rural) in the extent to which intent and mitigating circumstances influence (...)
     
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  9.  23
    Towards a Cognitive Science of the Human: Cross-Cultural Approaches and Their Urgency.H. Clark Barrett - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (8):620-638.
  10. The Hippocratic Oath and the Ethics of Medicine.Steven H. Miles - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    This short work examines what the Hippocratic Oath said to Greek physicians 2400 years ago and reflects on its relevance to medical ethics today. Drawing on the writings of ancient physicians, Greek playwrights, and modern scholars, each chapter explores one passage of the Oath and concludes with a modern case discussion. This book is for anyone who loves medicine and is concerned about the ethics and history of the profession.
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  11.  1
    The Hippocratic Oath and the Ethics of Medicine.Steven H. Miles - 2005 - Oup Usa.
    This short work examines what the Hippocratic Oath said to Greek physicians 2400 years ago and reflects on its relevance to medical ethics today. Drawing on the writings of ancient physicians, Greek playwrights, and modern scholars, each chapter explores one passage of the Oath and concludes with a modern case discussion. This book is for anyone who loves medicine and is concerned about the ethics and history of the profession.
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  12. Wittgenstein: To Follow A Rule.Steven H. Holtzman & Christopher M. Leich (eds.) - 1981 - Routledge.
    INTRODUCTORY ESSAY: COMMUNAL AGREEMENT AND OBJECTIVITY Christopher M. Leich and Steven H. Holtzman In this essay we shall take up certain questions raised ...
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  13.  5
    Enzymatic Computation and Cognitive Modularity.H. Clark Barrett - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (3):259-287.
    : Currently, there is widespread skepticism that higher cognitive processes, given their apparent flexibility and globality, could be carried out by specialized computational devices, or modules. This skepticism is largely due to Fodor's influential definition of modularity. From the rather flexible catalogue of possible modular features that Fodor originally proposed has emerged a widely held notion of modules as rigid, informationally encapsulated devices that accept highly local inputs and whose operations are insensitive to context. It is a mistake, however, to (...)
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  14.  30
    Children's Understanding of Death as the Cessation of Agency: A Test Using Sleep Versus Death.H. Clark Barrett & Tanya Behne - 2005 - Cognition 96 (2):93-108.
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  15. On the Functional Origins of Essentialism.H. Clark Barrett - 2001 - [Journal (Paginated)] (in Press) 2 (1):1-30.
    This essay examines the proposal that psychological essentialism results from a history of natural selection acting on human representation and inference systems. It has been argued that the features that distinguish essentialist representational systems are especially well suited for representing natural kinds. If the evolved function of essentialism is to exploit the rich inductive potential of such kinds, then it must be subserved by cognitive mechanisms that carry out at least three distinct functions: identifying these kinds in the environment, constructing (...)
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  16. Modularity and Design Reincarnation.H. Clark Barrett - manuscript
     
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  17.  9
    Is There a Universal Need for Positive Self-Regard?Steven H. Heine, Darrin R. Lehman, Hazel Rose Markus & Shinobu Kitayama - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (4):766-794.
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  18.  11
    Naturalism and Rationality.Newton Garver & Peter H. Hare (eds.) - 1986 - Prometheus Books.
    How does our understanding of what it means to be rational affect our interpretation of the world around us? ... Essayists discuss the nature and extent of rationality - its content, focus, and the intrinsic guidelines for using the term "rational" when describing persons or actions. The distinguished contributors to this collection include Max Black, Steven J. Brams, James H. Bunn, Christopher Cherniak, Murray Clarke, Marjorie Clay, Paul Diesing, Antony Flew, John T. Kearns, D. Mark Kilgour, Hilary Kornblith, Charles (...)
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  19.  12
    Fasting, Justification, and Self-Righteousness in Luke 18:9–14: A Social-Scientific Interpretation as Response to Friedrichson. [REVIEW]Steven H. Mathews & Ernest Van Eck - 2013 - Hts Theological Studies 69 (1):1-9.
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  20.  25
    Kaci Hickox: Public Health and the Politics of Fear.Steven H. Miles - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):17-19.
    Kaci Hickox was a nurse who worked with persons who were infected with Ebola in West Africa. When she returned to the United States, the governors of New Jersey and Maine intervened to confine her to inpatient quarantine despite the fact that she was asymptomatic and had no serological evidence of infection. She defied the quarantine which resulted in enormous public attention and discussion of quarantine and public fear. This article summarizes the case discussing the history of the case, the (...)
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  21.  15
    ""17 Informed Demand for" Non—Beneficial" Medical Treatment.Steven H. Miles - forthcoming - Bioethics: Basic Writings on the Key Ethical Questions That Surround the Major, Modern Biological Possibilities and Problems.
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  22. Do Human Parents Face a Quantity-Quality Tradeoff? Evidence From a Shuar Community.H. Clark Barrett - manuscript
     
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  23.  18
    Descent Versus Design in Shuar Children's Reasoning About Animals.H. Clark Barrett - 2004 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 4 (1):25-50.
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  24.  14
    Artifacts and Original Intent: A Cross-Cultural Perspective on the Design Stance.H. Clark Barrett, Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence - 2008 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 8 (1-2):1-22.
    How do people decide what category an artifact belongs to? Previous studies have suggested that adults and, to some degree, children, categorize artifacts in accordance with the design stance, a categorization system which privileges the designer’s original intent in making categorization judgments. However, these studies have all been conducted in Western, technologically advanced societies, where artifacts are mass produced. In this study, we examined intuitions about artifact categorization among the Shuar, a hunter-horticulturalist society in the Amazon region of Ecuador. We (...)
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  25.  16
    On the Functional Orgins of Essentialism.H. Clark Barrett - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (1):1-30.
    This essay examines the proposal that psychological essentialism results from a history of natural selection acting on human representation and inference systems. It has been argued that the features that distinguish essentialist representational systems are especially well suited for representing natural kinds. If the evolved function, of essentialism is to exploit the rich inductive potential of such kinds, then it must be subserved by cognitive mechanisms that carry out at least three distinct functions: identifying these kinds in the environment, constructing (...)
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  26.  9
    Fluidität der Emotionen und Verletzlichkeit in der ­therapeutischen Situation.Steven H. Knoblauch - 2019 - Psyche 73 (4):235-263.
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  27.  25
    Courts, Gender and "The Right to Die".Steven H. Miles & Allison August - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (1-2):85-95.
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  28.  22
    Courts, Gender and "The Right to Die".Steven H. Miles & Allison August - 1990 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (1-2):85-95.
  29.  24
    Interpersonal Issues in the Wanglie Case.Steven H. Miles - 1992 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (1):61-72.
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  30. Debunking Adapting Minds[REVIEW]Edouard Machery & H. Clark Barrett - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (2):232-246.
    David Buller’s recent book, _Adapting Minds_, is a philosophical critique of the field of evolutionary psychology. Buller argues that evolutionary psychology is utterly bankrupt from both a theoretical and an empirical point of view. Although _Adapting Minds _has been well received in both the academic press and the popular media, we argue that Buller’s critique of evolutionary psychology fails.
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  31. Adaptive Specializations, Social Exchange, and the Evolution of Human Intelligence.Leda Cosmides, H. Clark Barrett & John Tooby - 2010 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (Supplement 2):9007--9014.
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  32. Enzymatic Computation and Cognitive Modularity.H. Clark Barrett - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (3):259-87.
    Currently, there is widespread skepticism that higher cognitive processes, given their apparent flexibility and globality, could be carried out by specialized computational devices, or modules. This skepticism is largely due to Fodor’s influential definition of modularity. From the rather flexible catalogue of possible modular features that Fodor originally proposed has emerged a widely held notion of modules as rigid, informationally encapsulated devices that accept highly local inputs and whose opera- tions are insensitive to context. It is a mistake, however, to (...)
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  33.  29
    Medical Ethics and the Interrogation of Guantanamo 063.Steven H. Miles - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):5 – 11.
    The controversy over abusive interrogations of prisoners during the war against terrorism spotlights the need for clear ethics norms requiring physicians and other clinicians to prevent the mistreatment of prisoners. Although policies and general descriptions pertaining to clinical oversight of interrogations in United States' war on terror prisons have come to light, there are few public records detailing the clinical oversight of an interrogation. A complaint by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) led to an Army investigation of an interrogation (...)
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  34. " Homeric Hymn to Apollo": Prototype and Paradigm of Choral Performance.Steven H. Lonsdale - forthcoming - Arion 3 (1).
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  35.  28
    Kinship Intensity and the Use of Mental States in Moral Judgment Across Societies.Cameron M. Curtin, H. Clark Barrett, Alexander Bolyanatz, Alyssa N. Crittenden, Daniel Fessler, Simon Fitzpatrick, Michael Gurven, Martin Kanovsky, Stephen Laurence, Anne Pisor, Brooke Scelza, Stephen Stich, Chris von Rueden & Joseph Henrich - forthcoming - Evolution and Human Behavior.
    Decades of research conducted in Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, & Democratic (WEIRD) societies have led many scholars to conclude that the use of mental states in moral judgment is a human cognitive universal, perhaps an adaptive strategy for selecting optimal social partners from a large pool of candidates. However, recent work from a more diverse array of societies suggests there may be important variation in how much people rely on mental states, with people in some societies judging accidental harms just (...)
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  36.  23
    Intuitive Dualism and Afterlife Beliefs: A Cross‐Cultural Study.H. Clark Barrett, Alexander Bolyanatz, Tanya Broesch, Emma Cohen, Peggy Froerer, Martin Kanovsky, Mariah G. Schug & Stephen Laurence - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (6):e12992.
  37. Perinatal Sadness Among Shuar Women: Support for an Evolutionary Theory of Psychic Pain.H. Clark Barrett & E. Hagen - manuscript
  38. Adaptation to Moving Targets: Culture/Gene Coevolution, Not Either/Or.H. Clark Barrett, Willem E. Frankenhuis & Andreas Wilke - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):511-512.
    We agree that much of language evolution is likely to be adaptation of languages to properties of the brain. However, the attempt to rule out the existence of language-specific adaptations a priori is misguided. In particular, the claim that adaptation to cannot occur is false. Instead, the details of gene-culture coevolution in language are an empirical matter.
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  39. Evolved Cognitive Mechanisms and Human Behavior.H. Clark Barrett - manuscript
    In Crawford, C. & Krebs, D. (eds.) Foundations of evolutionary psychology: Ideas, issues, applications and findings. (2nd Ed.) Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.
     
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  40.  21
    Medical Ethicists, Human Curiosities, and the New Media Midway.Steven H. Miles - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):39 – 43.
    Medical ethicists have assumed a role in justifying public voyeurism of human "curiosities." This role has precedent in how scientists and natural philosophers once legitimized the marketing of museums of "human curiosities." At the beginning of the twentieth century, physicians dissociated themselves from entrepreneurial displays of persons with anomalies, and such commercial exhibits went into decline. Today, news media, principally on television, promote news features about persons that closely resemble the nineteenth century exhibits of human curiosities. Reporters solicit medical ethicists (...)
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  41.  17
    The Diptych: Nazi and Japanese Bioscience War Crimes.Steven H. Miles - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (6):52-54.
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  42.  40
    Delatores and the Tradition of Violence in Roman Oratory.Steven H. Rutledge - 1999 - American Journal of Philology 120 (4):555-573.
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  43. End-of-Life Care in Turkey.Steven H. Miles, N. Yasemin Oguz, Nuket Buken, Amp & Others) - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):279-284.
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  44.  18
    Rise of the Humans.H. Clark Barrett - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (10):442-443.
  45. Wittgenstein: To Follow a Rule.Steven H. Holtzman & Christopher M. Leich (eds.) - 1981 - Routledge.
    First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  46.  21
    On a New Charter to Defend Medical Professionalism: Whose Profession is It Anyway?Steven H. Miles - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (3):46.
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  47.  30
    Medical Futility.Steven H. Miles - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):310-315.
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  48.  11
    Modularity And.H. Clark Barrett - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents. Oxford University Press. pp. 2--199.
  49.  18
    Is Category Specificity in the World or in the Mind?H. Clark Barrett - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):478-479.
    HIT produces category-specific deficits without category- specific mechanisms by assuming that differences in properties of objects are transparently converted into differences in representational format. A complete model would specify the mechanisms that accomplish this. Such category-specific mechanisms may have evolved because assumptions about the properties of some kinds of objects (e.g., living things) are invalid for others (e.g., artifacts).
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  50. S.H. Clark, Paul Ricoeur.The Editors - 1992 - Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 4 (1):78-79.
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