Results for 'Nathaniel Grow'

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  1. Against simplicity and cognitive individualism.Nathaniel T. Wilcox - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):523-532.
    Neuroeconomics illustrates our deepening descent into the details of individual cognition. This descent is guided by the implicit assumption that “individual human” is the important “agent” of neoclassical economics. I argue here that this assumption is neither obviously correct, nor of primary importance to human economies. In particular I suggest that the main genius of the human species lies with its ability to distribute cognition across individuals, and to incrementally accumulate physical and social cognitive artifacts that largely obviate the innate (...)
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  2.  6
    The Morality of Spin: Virtue and Vice in Political Rhetoric and the Christian Right.Nathaniel J. Klemp - 2012 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The Morality of Spin explores the ethics of political rhetoric crafted to persuade and possibly manipulate potential voters. Based on extensive insider interviews with leaders of Focus on the Family, one of the most powerful Christian right organizations in America, Nathaniel Klemp asks whether the tactic of tailoring a message to a particular audience is politically legitimate or amounts to democratic malpractice. Klemp’s nuanced assessment, highlighting both democratic vices and virtues of the political rhetoric, provides a welcome contribution to (...)
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  3. Predicting and Preferring.Nathaniel Sharadin - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    The use of machine learning, or “artificial intelligence” (AI) in medicine is widespread and growing. In this paper, I focus on a specific proposed clinical application of AI: using models to predict incapacitated patients’ treatment preferences. Drawing on results from machine learning, I argue this proposal faces a special moral problem. Machine learning researchers owe us assurance on this front before experimental research can proceed. In my conclusion I connect this concern to broader issues in AI safety.
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  4.  6
    Watchmen as Philosophy: Illustrating Time and Free Will.Nathaniel Goldberg & Chris Gavaler - 2022 - In David Kyle Johnson (ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Popular Culture as Philosophy. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 1969-1986.
    Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons’ Watchmen may be the most acclaimed graphic novel of the twentieth century. This chapter examines how it explores two metaphysical questions: What is the nature of time? Does free will exist? Moore and Gibbons explore these questions together, illuminating connections between time and free will through connections between the graphic novel’s form and content. The chapter introduces three views of the nature of time: presentism, the view that only the present exists; growing-universe theory, the view (...)
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  5.  29
    The Cambridge Companion to Quine. [REVIEW]Nathaniel Goldberg - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (3):660-662.
    W. V. Quine was arguably the most influential analytic philosopher of the twentieth century, and Roger Gibson is arguably Quine’s most accomplished commentator. These two volumes contribute to the growing work on Quine’s philosophy and its place in twentieth and now twenty-first century thought. Nonetheless, as this review makes clear, the first volume is more useful than the second.
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  6.  7
    The impact of experience on decisions based on pre-choice samples and the face-or-cue hypothesis.Ido Erev, Ofir Yakobi, Nathaniel J. S. Ashby & Nick Chater - 2022 - Theory and Decision 92 (3-4):583-598.
    The growing literature on how people learn to make decisions based on experience focuses on two types of paradigms. In one paradigm, people are faced with a choice, and must retrospectively consult past experience of similar choices to decide what to do. In the other paradigm, people are faced with a choice, and then have the opportunity prospectively to gather new experiences that might help them make that choice. The current paper examines the joint impact of both retrospective and prospective (...)
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  7.  10
    Resilience and the Narratives of Parents of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders.Nabil Hassan El-Ghoroury - 2012 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 2 (3):189-197.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Resilience and the Narratives of Parents of Adults with Autism Spectrum DisordersNabil Hassan El-GhorouryThe prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is on the rise; the most recent report from the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (2012) indicated a prevalence of ASDs of one in 88 children. This was a 78% increase from reported prevalence rates in 2002, when the rate was one in 150. Major health organizations have (...)
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  8. Kantian Views of Empirical Truth.Nathaniel Goldberg - 2023 - Studia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai Philosophia 68 (1):23-31.
    "Let a Kantian view of empirical truth be any view according to which the truth of empirical claim depends on the truth of non-empirical claims, because subjects (consciously or not) constitute the empirical when applying the non-empirical to experience. Historically the most important such view is Immanuel Kant’s. It is not the only. Rudolf Carnap, Thomas Kuhn, and Donald Davidson held such views. Conversely, Willard van Orman Quine’s view was contrastingly instructive. My aim is to briefly sort all this out (...)
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  9.  4
    Moderate and Radical Liberalism: The Enlightenment Sources of Liberal Thought.Nathaniel Wolloch - 2022 - BRILL.
    A new reading of a crucial chapter in the history of social and political thought – the transition from the late Enlightenment to early liberalism.
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  10. Wronging Oneself.Daniel Muñoz & Nathaniel Baron-Schmitt - 2024 - Journal of Philosophy 121 (4):181-207.
    When, if ever, do we wrong ourselves? The Self-Other Symmetric answer is: when we do to ourselves what would wrong a consenting other. The standard objection, which has gone unchallenged for decades, is that Symmetry seems to imply that we wrong ourselves in too many cases—where rights are unwaivable, or “self-consent” is lacking. I argue that Symmetry not only survives these would-be counterexamples; it explains and unifies them. The key to Symmetry is not, as critics have supposed, the bizarre claim (...)
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  11.  2
    Whitehead's philosophical development.Nathaniel Morris Lawrence - 1956 - New York,: Greenwood Press.
    This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1956.
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  12.  8
    Principles of government: a treatise on free institutions, including the Constitution of the United States.Nathaniel Chipman - 1833 - Union, N.J.: Lawbook Exchange.
    A revised version of Nathaniel Chipman's Sketches of the Principles of Government (1793), this early treatise on the underlying principles of American government addresses civil laws and obligations, the social state, rights of property, sovereignty and political power. An important early contribution to American constitutional law, it is also interesting for its Federalist perspective on the evolutions of political institutions from Washington to Jackson.Nathaniel Chipman [1752-1843] was a leading Vermont Federalist who was instrumental in that state's admission to (...)
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  13.  15
    Euclid and His Twentieth Century Rivals: Diagrams in the Logic of Euclidean Geometry.Nathaniel Miller - 2007 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    Twentieth-century developments in logic and mathematics have led many people to view Euclid’s proofs as inherently informal, especially due to the use of diagrams in proofs. In _Euclid and His Twentieth-Century Rivals_, Nathaniel Miller discusses the history of diagrams in Euclidean Geometry, develops a formal system for working with them, and concludes that they can indeed be used rigorously. Miller also introduces a diagrammatic computer proof system, based on this formal system. This volume will be of interest to mathematicians, (...)
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  14.  42
    On the Inconsistency of Mumma's Eu.Nathaniel Miller - 2012 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 53 (1):27-52.
    In several articles, Mumma has presented a formal diagrammatic system Eu meant to give an account of one way in which Euclid's use of diagrams in the Elements could be formalized. However, largely because of the way in which it tries to limit case analysis, this system ends up being inconsistent, as shown here. Eu also suffers from several other problems: it is unable to prove several wide classes of correct geometric claims and contains a construction rule that is probably (...)
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  15.  46
    Model-Based Influences on Humans' Choices and Striatal Prediction Errors.Nathaniel D. Daw, Samuel J. Gershman, Ben Seymour, Peter Dayan & Raymond J. Dolan - 2011 - Neuron 69 (6):1204-1215.
    The mesostriatal dopamine system is prominently implicated in model-free reinforcement learning, with fMRI BOLD signals in ventral striatum notably covarying with model-free prediction errors. However, latent learning and devaluation studies show that behavior also shows hallmarks of model-based planning, and the interaction between model-based and model-free values, prediction errors, and preferences is underexplored. We designed a multistep decision task in which model-based and model-free influences on human choice behavior could be distinguished. By showing that choices reflected both influences we could (...)
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  16.  27
    Conscious and unconscious thought in risky choice: testing the capacity principle and the appropriate weighting principle of unconscious thought theory.Nathaniel Ashby - 2011 - Frontiers in Psychology 2.
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  17.  91
    The Normative Turn in Enactive Theory: An Examination of Its Roots and Implications.Nathaniel F. Barrett - 2017 - Topoi 36 (3):431-443.
    This paper traces the development of enactive concepts of value and normativity from their roots in the canonical work of Varela et al. through more recent works of Ezequiel Di Paolo and others. It aims to show the central importance of these concepts for enactive theory while exposing a potentially troublesome ambiguity in their definition. Most definitions of enactive normativity are purely proscriptive, but it seems that enactive theories of cognitive agency and experience demand something more. On the other hand, (...)
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  18. Semi-rational models of conditioning: the case of trial order.Nathaniel D. Daw, Aaron C. Courville & Dayan & Peter - 2008 - In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press.
  19.  7
    Josef Pieper on the spiritual life: creation, contemplation, and human flourishing.Nathaniel A. Warne - 2023 - Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.
    Warne's original study provides an insightful analysis of the role of contemplation and creation in the thought of Josef Pieper, illustrating the importance of this practice to earthly happiness and human flourishing. What is the relationship between creation, contemplation, human flourishing, and moral development? Nathaniel Warne's Josef Pieper on the Spiritual Life offers a sophisticated answer to this question through a systematic analysis of philosopher Josef Pieper's (1904-1997) thought. Warne's examination centers on the role of contemplation and creation in (...)
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  20.  20
    Divine law divided: Francisco de Vitoria on civil and ecclesiastical powers.Nathaniel Mull - 2021 - Intellectual History Review 31 (2):201-223.
    Francisco de Vitoria (c. 1485-1546) is well-known for his philosophical contributions to natural rights and international law. However, his extensive work on the conflict between civil authority and the authority of the Catholic Church has been largely neglected by political theorists and intellectual historians. While scholars have recently recognized the significant role played by natural law in the history of political secularism, they have focused almost exclusively on the “modern” natural law theories of Hobbes, Pufendorf, and Thomasius, as opposed to (...)
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  21.  14
    Possibly v. actually the case: Davidson’s omniscient interpreter at twenty.Nathaniel Goldberg - 2003 - Acta Analytica 18 (1-2):143-160.
    Recent anthologizing of Davidson’s articles from the 1980s and 1990s encourages us to reconsider arguments contained in them. One such argument is Davidson’s omniscient-interpreter argument (“OIA”) in “A Coherence Theory of Truth and Knowledge,” first published 20 years ago. The OIA allegedly establishes that it is necessary that most beliefs are true. Thus the omniscient interpreter, now 20 years old, was born to answer the skeptic. In §1 of this paper, I consider charges that the OIA establishes only that it (...)
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  22.  7
    John Cage and the aesthetic pedagogy of chance & silence.Nathaniel Woodward - 2024 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 56 (6):547-556.
  23.  57
    Epistemic feelings, metacognition, and the Lima problem.Nathaniel Greely - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):6803-6825.
    Epistemic feelings like tip-of-the-tongue experiences, feelings of knowing, and feelings of confidence tell us when a memory can be recalled and when a judgment was correct. Thus, they appear to be a form of metacognition, but a curious one: they tell us about content we cannot access, and the information is supplied by a feeling. Evaluativism is the claim that epistemic feelings are components of a distinct, primitive metacognitive mechanism that operates on its own set of inputs. These inputs are (...)
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  24.  43
    The Status of Animals in Scottish Enlightenment Philosophy.Nathaniel Wolloch - 2006 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 4 (1):63-82.
    Abstract This article examines the consideration of animals by various eighteenth-century Scottish philosophers, with special attention given to the physician and philosopher John Gregory, who utilized the comparison of human beings with animals as a starting point for a discussion about human moral and social improvement. In so doing Gregory, like most of his contemporary fellow Scottish philosophers, exemplified the basic anthropocentrism of the common early modern consideration of animals.
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  25.  51
    Paths to positivity: the relationship of age differences in appraisals of control to emotional experience.Nathaniel A. Young & Joseph A. Mikels - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (5):1010-1019.
    ABSTRACTEvidence suggests that older adults experience greater emotional well-being compared to younger adults. Appraisal theories of emotion posit that differences in emotional experience are the...
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  26.  19
    Cumulative Index to Kierkegaard's Writings: The Works of Søren Kierkegaard.Nathaniel J. Hong (ed.) - 2000 - Woodstock: Princeton University Press.
    The final volume (XXVI) of Princeton's Kierkegaard's Writings series, the Cumulative Index provides wide-ranging navigation to the preceding twenty-five volumes in the series. Composed of over 90,000 entries, the Cumulative Index offers access to Kierkegaard's complex authorship and the extraordinary range of subjects he addressed in his writing. Covering the series' historical introductions, primary works, supplementary material (journal entries), and footnotes, the Cumulative Index provides a comprehensive entryway to the series' more than 11,000 pages of text. Readers are able to (...)
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  27.  26
    Gestures make memories, but what kind? Patients with impaired procedural memory display disruptions in gesture production and comprehension.Nathaniel B. Klooster, Susan W. Cook, Ergun Y. Uc & Melissa C. Duff - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  28. Brill Online Books and Journals.Nathaniel Deutsch, Joel Kraemer, Josef Stern, Hannah Kasher, David Barzilai, Irene Kajon, Carolina Armenteros & Ilan Gur-Ze'ev - 1999 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 8 (1).
  29.  18
    Christiaan Huygens's Attitude toward Animals.Nathaniel Wolloch - 2000 - Journal of the History of Ideas 61 (3):415-432.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Ideas 61.3 (2000) 415-432 [Access article in PDF] Christiaan Huygens's Attitude toward Animals Nathaniel Wolloch The debate on the status of animals has interested people since ancient times. In the early modern era this debate reached one of its most historically important and sedulous stages, drawing the attention of some of the most famous minds in Europe. Curiously enough, the historiography of this (...)
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  30.  16
    Helen De Cruz, Johan De Smedt, and Eric Schwitzgebel, (Eds.) "Philosophy through Science Fiction Stories: Exploring the Boundaries of the Possible.".Nathaniel Goldberg - 2022 - Philosophy in Review 42 (4):11-13.
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  31.  7
    Judgment Day: My Years with Ayn Rand.Nathaniel Branden - 1989 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    Memoirs of a twenty-year relationship between the author and Ayn Rand, who was his friend, mentor, lover, and enemy. No index. No bibliography. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  32.  11
    The nonviolent revolution: a comprehensive guide to ahimsa, the philosophy of dynamic harmlessness.Nathaniel Altman - 1988 - Shaftesbury, Dorset: Element Books.
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  33.  26
    Dangerous Ascents: Rabbi Akiba's Water Warning and Late Antique Cosmological Traditions.Nathaniel Deutsch - 1999 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 8 (1):1-12.
  34.  4
    The effect of context on mind-wandering in younger and older adults.Nathaniel T. Diede, Máté Gyurkovics, Jessica Nicosia, Alex Diede & Julie M. Bugg - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 97 (C):103256.
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  35.  28
    Lost in the City of Light: Dystopia and Utopia in the Wake of Haussmann's Paris.Nathaniel Robert Walker - 2014 - Utopian Studies 25 (1):24-51.
    By the start of the 1860s, architecture and the materials, processes, and cultures of emerging modernity were combining in Paris, above all other cities, with unprecedented consequences. Georges-Éugene Haussmann, Emperor Napoléon III’s Prefect of the Seine, had in 1853 been tasked with modernizing the city. His principle strategy was to demolish entire quarters of ramshackle medieval fabric for the creation of pristine, arrow-straight boulevards and sparkling squares, all of which were lined by luxurious standardized buildings, serviced by underground sewers, and (...)
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  36.  37
    Reforming the Way: The Palace and the Village in Daoist Paradise.Nathaniel Robert Walker - 2013 - Utopian Studies 24 (1):6-22.
    ABSTRACT Like any major religion, Daoism has a complex history and multiple branches, but among its most persistent elements are secluded mountain paradises populated both by divinities and by human beings. Ideas regarding the means of access to these transcendent abodes have been less consistent: Should Daoist adepts strive to be virtuous, or should they labor to “restore” themselves through esoteric, elite magic? A provocative answer to this question was given by the poet Tao Qian, who sided with Daoism's most (...)
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  37.  23
    Reforming the Way: The Palace and the Village in Daoist Paradise.Nathaniel Robert Walker - 2013 - Utopian Studies 24 (1):6-22.
    ABSTRACT Like any major religion, Daoism has a complex history and multiple branches, but among its most persistent elements are secluded mountain paradises populated both by divinities and by human beings. Ideas regarding the means of access to these transcendent abodes have been less consistent: Should Daoist adepts strive to be virtuous, or should they labor to “restore” themselves through esoteric, elite magic? A provocative answer to this question was given by the poet Tao Qian, who sided with Daoism's most (...)
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  38.  10
    Avashai Margalit and Theology of Institutions.Nathaniel Adam Warne - 2022 - Studies in Christian Ethics 35 (3):607-621.
    In this article, I compare recent literature on theology of institutions with the ethics of philosopher Avishai Margalit. This article has two tasks. First, it shows that Margalit's understanding of a decent society provides helpful categories for moral and political theology. The second task, by putting theology and Margalit in dialogue, and focusing on the topic of labor and economic institutions, highlights where moral and political theology exposes potential weaknesses within Margalit's thought. Though his account of humiliation and the ‘decent (...)
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  39.  13
    Recovering Aquinas's Common-Good-Oriented Right of Rebellion.Nathaniel A. Moats - 2023 - Nova et Vetera 21 (1):175-215.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Recovering Aquinas's Common-Good-Oriented Right of RebellionNathaniel A. MoatsIntroductionAs recent events have woefully displayed, armed rebellion is not a topic of merely theoretical interest.1 While theory seemingly has very little impact on the citizens participating in armed rebellions, theory still remains of paramount importance, providing crucial criteria to evaluate, restrain, apply, and respond to such force. Criteria such as legitimate authority, just cause, right intention, necessity, proportionality, and likelihood of (...)
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  40.  33
    Flaws in advance directives that request withdrawing assisted feeding in late-stage dementia may cause premature or prolonged dying.Nathaniel Hinerman, Karl E. Steinberg & Stanley A. Terman - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-26.
    BackgroundThe terminal illness of late-stage Alzheimer’s and related dementias is progressively cruel, burdensome, and can last years if caregivers assist oral feeding and hydrating. Options to avoid prolonged dying are limited since advanced dementia patients cannot qualify for Medical Aid in Dying. Physicians and judges can insist on clear and convincing evidence that the patient wants to die—which many advance directives cannot provide. Proxies/agents’ substituted judgment may not be concordant with patients’ requests. While advance directives can be patients’ last resort (...)
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  41. Optimal processing times in reading: a formal model and empirical investigation.Nathaniel J. Smith & Roger Levy - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  42.  6
    Painting, Ethics, and Aesthetics in Rome.Nathaniel B. Jones - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the first centuries BCE and CE, Roman wall painters frequently placed representations of works of art, especially panel paintings, within their own mural compositions. Nathaniel B. Jones argues that the depiction of panel painting within mural ensembles functioned as a meta-pictorial reflection on the practice and status of painting itself. This phenomenon provides crucial visual evidence for both the reception of Greek culture and the interconnected ethical and aesthetic values of art in the Roman world. Roman meta-pictures, this (...)
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  43.  54
    Anthropomorphizing AlphaGo: a content analysis of the framing of Google DeepMind’s AlphaGo in the Chinese and American press.Nathaniel Ming Curran, Jingyi Sun & Joo-Wha Hong - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (3):727-735.
    This article conducts a mixed-method content analysis of Chinese and American news media coverage of Google DeepMind’s Go playing computer program, AlphaGo. Drawing on humanistic approaches to artificial intelligence, combined with an empirically rigorous content analysis, it examines the differences and overlap in coverage by the Chinese and American press in their accounts of AlphaGo, and its historic match with Korea’s Lee Sedol in March, 2016. The event was not only followed intensely in China, but also made the front page (...)
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  44.  20
    Embracing sensorimotor history: Time-synchronous and time-unrolled Markov blankets in the free-energy principle.Nathaniel Virgo, Fernando E. Rosas & Martin Biehl - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e215.
    The free-energy principle (FEP) builds on an assumption that sensor–motor loops exhibit Markov blankets in stationary state. We argue that there is rarely reason to assume a system's internal and external states are conditionally independent given the sensorimotor states, and often reason to assume otherwise. However, under mild assumptions internal and external states are conditionally independent given the sensorimotor history.
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  45.  84
    Epistemic Instrumentalism Explained.Nathaniel P. Sharadin - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Do epistemic requirements vary along with facts about what promotes agents' well-being? Epistemic instrumentalists say 'yes', and thereby earn a lot of contempt. This contempt is a mistake on two counts. First, it is incorrectly based: the reasons typically given for it are misguided. Second, it fails to distinguish between first- and second-order epistemic instrumentalism; and, it happens, only the former is contemptible. -/- In this book, Nathaniel P. Sharadin argues for rejecting epistemic instrumentalism as a first-order view not (...)
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  46.  27
    Gratitude and depressive symptoms: The role of positive reframing and positive emotion.Nathaniel M. Lambert, Frank D. Fincham & Tyler F. Stillman - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):615-633.
  47.  3
    Language in Ernst Bloch's speculative materialism.Nathaniel Barron - 2023 - Boston: Brill.
    Nathaniel J.P. Barron offers the first book length account in English of Ernst Bloch's contribution to a Marxist philosophy of language. It is ambitious both in situating Bloch's ideas in the broader Marxist engagement with language as it currently exists, and in using Bloch's utopian categories to challenge that engagement. In particular, Barron reads Voloshinov's insights into language through Bloch's categories, and argues that Bloch advances on Voloshinov by offering an understanding of the social materiality of language which is (...)
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  48.  14
    Attentional mechanisms drive systematic exploration in young children.Nathaniel J. Blanco & Vladimir M. Sloutsky - 2020 - Cognition 202 (C):104327.
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  49.  53
    The prisoner as model organism: malaria research at Stateville Penitentiary.Nathaniel Comfort - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (3):190-203.
    In a military-sponsored research project begun during the Second World War, inmates of the Stateville Penitentiary in Illinois were infected with malaria and treated with experimental drugs that sometimes had vicious side effects. They were made into reservoirs for the disease and they provided a food supply for the mosquito cultures. They acted as secretaries and technicians, recording data on one another, administering malarious mosquito bites and experimental drugs to one another, and helping decide who was admitted to the project (...)
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  50. Constructivism in Metaethics.Nathaniel Jezzi - 2015 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Recent defenders of metaethical constructivism (like Christine Korsgaard, Sharon Street, Aaron James, and Carla Bagnoli) argue that this view can be shown to represent a new, free-standing alternative to familiar approaches in metaethics. If they are correct, traditional discussions in metaethics have overlooked an important position, one that is supposed to adequately explain the nature of our ethical thinking and practice while avoiding the kinds of objections that traditional views struggle with. However, what form constructivism should take and whether constructivists (...)
     
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