Results for 'David B. Kopel'

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  1.  22
    Tench coxe and the right to keep and bear arms, 1787-1823.David B. Kopel & Stephen P. Halbrook - unknown
    Tench Coxe, a member of the second rank of this nation's Founders and a leading proponent of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, wrote prolifically about the right to keep and bear arms. In this Article, the authors trace Coxe's story, from his early writings in support of the Constitution, through his years of public service, to his political writings in opposition to the presidential campaigns of John Adams and John Quincy Adams. The authors note that Coxe described the (...)
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  2. Soulless Organisms?David B. Hershenov - 2011 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3):465-482.
    It is worthwhile comparing Hylomorphic and Animalistic accounts of personal identity since they both identify the human animal and the human person.The topics of comparison will be three: The first is accounting for our intuitions in cerebrum transplant and irreversible coma cases. Hylomorphism, unlike animalism, appears to capture “commonsense” beliefs here, preserves the maxim that identity matters, and does not run afoul of the Only x and y rule. The next topic of comparison reveals how the rival explanations of transplants (...)
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  3.  10
    Illness and Culture in the Postmodern Age.David B. Morris - 1998 - Univ of California Press.
    We become ill in ways our parents and grandparents did not, with diseases unheard of and treatments undreamed of generations ago. This text tells the story of the modern experience of illness, linking ideas of illness, health, and postmodernism.
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  4.  10
    Speech and Phenomena: And Other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs.David B. Allison (ed.) - 1973 - Northwestern University Press.
    In _Speech and Phenomena,_ Jacques Derrida situates the philosophy of language in relation to logic and rhetoric, which have often been seen as irreconcilable criteria for the use and interpretations of signs. His critique of Husserl attacks the position that language is founded on logic rather than on rhetoric; instead, he claims, meaningful language is limited to expression because expression alone conveys sense. Derrida's larger project is to confront phenomenology with the tradition it has so often renounced--the tradition of Western (...)
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  5.  2
    Ethics in mental-health substance use.David B. Cooper (ed.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    Ethics in Mental Health-Substance Use aims to explore the comprehensive concerns and dilemmas occurring from mental health and substance use problems, and to inform, develop, and educate by sharing and pooling knowledge, and enhancing expertise, in this fast developing region of ethics and ethical care and practice. This volume concentrates on ethical concerns, dilemmas, and concepts specifically interrelated, as a collation of problem(s) that directly or indirectly affect the life of the individual and family. Whilst presenting a balanced view of (...)
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  6.  5
    Eros and illness.David B. Morris - 2017 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
    Eros and Illness explores the place of desire in illness. We urgently need such an exploration because illness is no longer simply a natural feature of the human condition. Most people fall ill, but illness now falls under the supervision of biomedicine, a science-based, state-regulated system dominated by the new molecular gaze. The use of a person's distinctive genetic data to guide treatment and to forestall disease--called "personalized medicine"-- reflects how the molecular gaze can produce valuable advances in biomedical healthcare. (...)
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  7.  53
    A Late Medieval Dispute about the Conditions for Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2011 - Philosophical Papers 40 (3):421-438.
    Philosophical Papers, Volume 40, Issue 3, Page 421-438, November 2011.
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  8. The Thesis of Vague Objects and Unger's Problem of the Many.David B. Hershenov - 2001 - Philosophical Papers 30 (1):57-67.
    Although the predominant view is that vagueness is due to our language being imprecise, the alternative idea that objects themselves do not have determinate borders has received an occasional hearing. But what has failed to be appreciated is how this idea can avoid a puzzle Peter Unger named “The Problem of the Many.”[i].
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  9. Perspectives on human personhood and the self from the Zhuangzi.David B. Wong - 2021 - In Peter D. Hershock & Roger T. Ames (eds.), Human beings or human becomings?: a conversation with Confucianism on the concept of person. Albany: State University of New York Press.
     
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  10.  71
    William Heytesbury and the Conditions for Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2010 - Theoria 76 (4):355-374.
    Ivan Boh affirms and Robert Pasnau denies that William Heytesbury holds merely true belief to be sufficient for knowledge in the broad sense. I argue that Boh is correct and Pasnau is mistaken, and that there is a long-running orthodox medieval tradition agreeing with Heytesbury about the conditions for knowledge. I offer a hypothesis about the origins, continuance and demise of that medieval tradition, and some remarks about the tradition's significance.
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  11.  6
    Stations on the journey of inquiry: formative writings of David B. Burrell, 1962-72.David B. Burrell - 2017 - Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books. Edited by Mary Budde Ragan, John Milbank, Stanley Hauerwas & Stephen Mulhall.
    In this collection, Stations on the Journey of Inquiry, David Burrell launches a revolutionary reinterpretation of how any inquiry proceeds, boldly critiquing presumptuous theories of knowledge, language, and ethics. While his later publications, Analogy and Philosophical Language (1973) and Aquinas: God and Action (1979), elucidate Aquinas's linguistic theology, these early writings show what often escapes articulation: how one comes to understanding and "takes" a judgment. Although Aquinas serves as an axial figure for Burrell's expansive corpus of scholarship spanning more (...)
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  12. Moral relativity and tolerance.David B. Wong - 2000 - In Christopher W. Gowans (ed.), Moral Disagreements: Classic and Contemporary Readings. New York: Routledge. pp. 141.
  13. Technology in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy.David B. Peterson & R. Rocco Cottone - 2016 - In R. Rocco Cottone, Vilia M. Tarvydas & Michael T. Hartley (eds.), Ethics and decision making in counseling and psychotherapy. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, LLC.
     
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  14.  6
    Essays in the philosophy and history of science.David B. Levy - 2020 - [New York?]: [David B. Levy].
    Essays on the History and Philosophy of Science by David B. Levy.
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  15. The psychology of philosophy: Associating philosophical views with psychological traits in professional philosophers.David B. Yaden & Derek E. Anderson - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (5):721-755.
    Do psychological traits predict philosophical views? We administered the PhilPapers Survey, created by David Bourget and David Chalmers, which consists of 30 views on central philosophical topics (e.g., epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of language) to a sample of professional philosophers (N = 314). We extended the PhilPapers survey to measure a number of psychological traits, such as personality, numeracy, well-being, lifestyle, and life experiences. We also included non-technical ‘translations’ of these views for eventual use (...)
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  16.  5
    Just theory: an alternative history of the western tradition.David B. Downing - 2019 - Urbana, Illinois: National Council of Teachers of English.
    Preface: what is just theory? -- Introduction: framing the common good -- Cultural turn 1. Inventing western metaphysics -- Why is Plato so upset at the poets, and what is western metaphysics? -- Reframing the republic : from the homeric to the platonic paideia -- Finding love (and writing) in all the wrong places : Plato's pharmacy and the double-edged sword of literacy in the Phaedrus -- Aristotle's natural classification of things : when dialectic trumps rhetoric and poetry gets rescued (...)
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  17.  17
    Conceptual implications of kinship terminological systems: Special problems and multiple analytic approaches.David B. Kronenfeld - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (5):390-390.
    I raise issues concerning Jones' Seneca analysis, its relationship to analyses of Dravidian-, Crow-, and Omaha-type systems. These affect the convincingness of his kinship study, and thus the wider conclusions that he wants to draw regarding human cognition and language.
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  18.  85
    Ethical Issues Regarding Nonsubjective Psychedelics as Standard of Care.David B. Yaden, Brian D. Earp & Roland R. Griffiths - 2022 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 31 (4):464-471.
    Evidence suggests that psychedelics bring about their therapeutic outcomes in part through the subjective or qualitative effects they engender and how the individual interprets the resulting experiences. However, psychedelics are contraindicated for individuals who have been diagnosed with certain mental illnesses, on the grounds that these subjective effects may be disturbing or otherwise counter-therapeutic. Substantial resources are therefore currently being devoted to creating psychedelic substances that produce many of the same biological changes as psychedelics, but without their characteristic subjective effects. (...)
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  19.  7
    Lesser ethics: morality as goodness-in-relationship.David B. Couturier - 2023 - St. Bonaventure: Franciscan Institute Publications.
    In the Summer of 2020, a couple of months after the start of the Covid-19 crisis, the Franciscan Study Center at Tilburg University and the Franciscan Institute at St. Bonaventure University started a new partnership called Franciscan Connections. The aim of this new international Franciscan blog was to connect, communicate, and convey the best of Franciscan learning in the twenty-first century. We decided that we wanted to make contemporary and applied Franciscan scholarship available to a wider world of scholars, educated (...)
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  20.  10
    The philosophy and practice of science.David B. Teplow - 2023 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a novel synthesis of the philosophy and practice of science, covering its diverse theoretical, metaphysical, logical, philosophical, sociological, and practical elements. Students, philosophers and practicing scientists will learn how to think more deeply and holistically about their work, i.e., how to know how to know.
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  21. Small changes.David B. Cooper - 2017 - In Ethics in mental-health substance use. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  22. Setting the scene.David B. Cooper - 2017 - In Ethics in mental-health substance use. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  23. TANTRA: 5. Tsongkhapa's Masterful Exegesis of Cakrasaṃvara Tantra.David B. Gray - 2024 - In David Gray (ed.), Tsongkhapa: the legacy of Tibet's great philosopher-saint. New York: Wisdom Publications.
     
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  24. Moral relativism and pluralism.David B. Wong - 2023 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    The argument for metaethical relativism, the view that there is no single true or most justified morality, is that it is part of the best explanation of the most difficult moral disagreements. This Element discusses the latest arguments in ethical theory in an accessible manner, with many examples and cases.
     
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  25.  2
    Stories in Stone vol. 1.David B. Williams - 2019 - University of Washington Press.
    Most people do not think to observe geology from the sidewalks of a major city, but all David B. Williams has to do is look at building stone in any urban center to find a range of rocks equal to any assembled by plate tectonics. In Stories in Stone, he takes you on explorations to find 3.5-billion-year-old rock that looks like swirled pink-and-black taffy, a gas station made of petrified wood, and a Florida fort that has withstood three hundred (...)
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  26.  14
    Hermeneutic Reflections on Descartes’ Introduction to His Meditations on First Philosophy.David B. Allison - 2017 - In Babette E. Babich (ed.), Hermeneutic Philosophies of Social Science. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 387-426.
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  27.  3
    Hermeneutic Reflections on Descartes’ Introduction to His Meditations on First Philosophy.David B. Allison - 2017 - In Babette Babich (ed.), Hermeneutic Philosophies of Social Science: Introduction. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 387-426.
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  28. Developing times.David B. Cooper & Jo Cooper - 2018 - In David B. Cooper & Jo Cooper (eds.), Palliative care within mental health. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  29. Palliative care within mental health.David B. Cooper & Jo Cooper (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
     
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  30.  29
    Brain mechanisms for offense, defense, and submission.David B. Adams - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):201-213.
  31. Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory.David B. Malament - 2012 - Chicago: Chicago University Press.
    1.1 Manifolds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Tangent Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (...)
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  32.  3
    David B. Zilberman: Selected Essays.David B. Zilberman - 2023 - Springer Verlag.
    This book is a selection of articles by David Zilberman, a prolific author, whose tragic untimely death did not allow to finish many of his undertakings. Zilberman’s work represents a fresh word in the way of philosophizing or philosophy-building and the technique of modal methodology. This book comprises of thirteen independent articles that are not related by content. The point of thematic convergence of these articles is the way they reflect the new way of methodological thinking through the application (...)
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  33. Natural moralities: a defense of pluralistic relativism.David B. Wong - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    David B. Wong proposes that there can be a plurality of true moralities, moralities that exist across different traditions and cultures, all of which address facets of the same problem: how we are to live well together. Wong examines a wide array of positions and texts within the Western canon as well as in Chinese philosophy, and draws on philosophy, psychology, evolutionary theory, history, and literature, to make a case for the importance of pluralism in moral life, and to (...)
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  34. The ethics of science: an introduction.David B. Resnik - 1998 - New York: Routledge.
    During the past decade scientists, public policy analysts, politicians, and laypeople, have become increasingly aware of the importance of ethical conduct in scientific research. In this timely book, David B. Resnik introduces the reader to the ethical dilemmas and questions that arise in scientific research. Some of the issues addressed in the book include ethical decision-making, the goals and methods of science, and misconduct in science. The Ethics of Science also discusses significant case studies such as human and animal (...)
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  35. The New Nietzsche: contemporary styles of interpretation.David B. Allison (ed.) - 1977 - Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
    The fifteen essays, written by such eminent scholars as Derrida, Heidegger, Deleuze, Klossowski, and Blanchot, focus on the Nietzschean concepts of the Will to ...
  36.  94
    The Price of Truth: How Money Affects the Norms of Science.David B. Resnik - 2007 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    Modern science is big business. Governments, universities, and corporations have invested billions of dollars in scientific and technological research in the hope of obtaining power and profit. For the most part, this investment has benefited science and society, leading to new discoveries, inventions, disciplines, specialties, jobs, and career opportunities. However, there is a dark side to the influx of money into science. Unbridled pursuit of financial gain in science can undermine scientific norms, such as objectivity, honesty, openness, respect for research (...)
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  37. A Contextualist Theory of Epistemic Justification.David B. Annis - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (3):213 - 219.
    David Annis is professor of philosophy at Ball State University. In this essay, Annis offers an alternative to the foundationalist-coherent controversy: "contextualism." This theory rejects both the idea of intrinsically basic beliefs in the foundational sense and the thesis that coherence is sufficient for justification. he argues that justification is relative to the varying norms of social practices.
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  38. The Ethics of Research with Human Subjects: Protecting People, Advancing Science, Promoting Trust.David B. Resnik - 2018 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This book provides a framework for approaching ethical and policy dilemmas in research with human subjects from the perspective of trust. It explains how trust is important not only between investigators and subjects but also between and among other stakeholders involved in the research enterprise, including research staff, sponsors, institutions, communities, oversight committees, government agencies, and the general public. The book argues that trust should be viewed as a distinct ethical principle for research with human subjects that complements other principles, (...)
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  39.  8
    Benevolence and Negative Deviant Behavior in Africa: The Moderating Role of Centralization.David B. Zoogah & Richard Bawulenbeug Zoogah - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 161 (4):783-813.
    The growing interest in Africa as well as concerns about negative deviant behaviors and ethnic structures necessitates examination of the effect of ethnic expectations on behavior of employees. In this study we leverage insight from ethnos oblige theory to propose that centralization of ethnic norms moderates the relationship between benevolence expectations and negative deviant behavior. Using a cross-sectional design and data from two countries as well as moderation and cross-cultural analytic techniques, we find support for three-way interactions where the relationship (...)
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  40. Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race.David B. Wilkins, Kwame Anthony Appiah & Amy Gutmann - 1996 - Princeton University Press.
    In America today, the problem of achieving racial justice--whether through "color-blind" policies or through affirmative action--provokes more noisy name-calling than fruitful deliberation. In Color Conscious, K. Anthony Appiah and Amy Gutmann, two eminent moral and political philosophers, seek to clear the ground for a discussion of the place of race in politics and in our moral lives. Provocative and insightful, their essays tackle different aspects of the question of racial justice; together they provide a compelling response to our nation's most (...)
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  41.  29
    Moral Relativity.David B. Wong - 1984 - University of California Press.
    This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1984.
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  42.  22
    Environmental Health Ethics.David B. Resnik - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Environmental Health Ethics illuminates the conflicts between protecting the environment and promoting human health. In this study, David B. Resnik develops a method for making ethical decisions on environmental health issues. He applies this method to various issues, including pesticide use, antibiotic resistance, nutrition policy, vegetarianism, urban development, occupational safety, disaster preparedness and global climate change. Resnik provides readers with the scientific and technical background necessary to understand these issues. He explains that environmental health controversies cannot simply be reduced (...)
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  43.  14
    Precautionary Reasoning in Environmental and Public Health Policy.David B. Resnik - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This book fills a gap in the literature on the Precautionary Principle by placing the principle within the wider context of precautionary reasoning and uses philosophical arguments and case studies to demonstrate when it does—and does not—apply. The book invites the reader to take a step back from the controversy surrounding the Precautionary Principle and consider the overarching rationales for responding to threats to the environment or public health. It provides practical guidance and probing insight for the intended audience, including (...)
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  44.  25
    The Future of Technology in Positive Psychology: Methodological Advances in the Science of Well-Being.David B. Yaden, Johannes C. Eichstaedt & John D. Medaglia - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  45. Biological species as natural kinds.David B. Kitts & David J. Kitts - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (4):613-622.
    The fact that the names of biological species refer independently of identifying descriptions does not support the view of Ghiselin and Hull that species are individuals. Species may be regarded as natural kinds whose members share an essence which distinguishes them from the members of other species and accounts for the fact that they are reproductively isolated from the members of other species. Because evolutionary theory requires that species be spatiotemporally localized their names cannot occur in scientific laws. If natural (...)
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  46.  57
    Review Essay: Ethics and the Limits of PhilosophyEthics and the Limits of Philosophy.David B. Wong & Bernard Williams - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):721.
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  47. Do dead bodies pose a problem for biological approaches to personal identity?David B. Hershenov - 2005 - Mind 114 (453):31-59.
    One reason why the Biological Approach to personal identity is attractive is that it doesn’t make its advocates deny that they were each once a mindless fetus.[i] According to the Biological Approach, we are essentially organisms and exist as long as certain life processes continue. Since the Psychological Account of personal identity posits some mental traits as essential to our persistence, not only does it follow that we could not survive in a permanently vegetative state or irreversible coma, but it (...)
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  48. Why Gibbs Phase Averages Work—The Role of Ergodic Theory.David B. Malament & Sandy L. Zabell - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (3):339-349.
    We propose an "explanation scheme" for why the Gibbs phase average technique in classical equilibrium statistical mechanics works. Our account emphasizes the importance of the Khinchin-Lanford dispersion theorems. We suggest that ergodicity does play a role, but not the one usually assigned to it.
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  49. Is the precautionary principle unscientific?David B. Resnik - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):329-344.
    The precautionary principle holds that we should not allow scientific uncertainty to prevent us from taking precautionary measures in response to potential threats that are irreversible and potentially disastrous. Critics of the principle claim that it deters progress and development, is excessively risk-aversive and is unscientific. This paper argues that the principle can be scientific provided that the threats addressed by the principle are plausible threats, and the precautionary measures adopted are reasonable. The paper also argues that one may use (...)
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  50. On the time reversal invariance of classical electromagnetic theory.David B. Malament - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35 (2):295-315.
    David Albert claims that classical electromagnetic theory is not time reversal invariant. He acknowledges that all physics books say that it is, but claims they are ``simply wrong" because they rely on an incorrect account of how the time reversal operator acts on magnetic fields. On that account, electric fields are left intact by the operator, but magnetic fields are inverted. Albert sees no reason for the asymmetric treatment, and insists that neither field should be inverted. I argue, to (...)
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