Results for 'Uri Wilensky'

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  1. Thinking Like a Wolf, a Sheep, or a Firefly: Learning Biology Through Constructing and Testing Computational Theories.Uri Wilensky & Kenneth Reisman - 2006 - Cognition & Instruction 24 (2):171-209.
    Biological phenomena can be investigated at multiple levels, from the molecular to the cellular to the organismic to the ecological. In typical biology instruction, these levels have been segregated. Yet, it is by examining the connections between such levels that many phenomena in biology, and complex systems in general, are best explained. We describe a computation-based approach that enables students to investigate the connections between different biological levels. Using agent-based, embodied modeling tools, students model the microrules underlying a biological phenomenon (...)
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  2.  54
    Reciprocity Between the Cerebellum and the Cerebral Cortex: Nonlinear Dynamics in Microscopic Modules for Generating Voluntary Motor Commands.Jun Wang, Gregory Dam, Sule Yildirim, William Rand, Uri Wilensky & James C. Houk - 2008 - Complexity 14 (2):29-45.
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  3. The Robust Volterra Principle.Michael Weisberg & Kenneth Reisman - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (1):106-131.
    Theorizing in ecology and evolution often proceeds via the construction of multiple idealized models. To determine whether a theoretical result actually depends on core features of the models and is not an artifact of simplifying assumptions, theorists have developed the technique of robustness analysis, the examination of multiple models looking for common predictions. A striking example of robustness analysis in ecology is the discovery of the Volterra Principle, which describes the effect of general biocides in predator-prey systems. This paper details (...)
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  4.  25
    Life as a Meshwork of Selves. Interview with Uri Hershberg.Uri Hershberg, Jacek Seweryn Podgórski & Witold Wachowski - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (1):26-36.
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  5. Foundations for Mathematical Structuralism.Uri Nodelman & Edward N. Zalta - 2014 - Mind 123 (489):39-78.
    We investigate the form of mathematical structuralism that acknowledges the existence of structures and their distinctive structural elements. This form of structuralism has been subject to criticisms recently, and our view is that the problems raised are resolved by proper, mathematics-free theoretical foundations. Starting with an axiomatic theory of abstract objects, we identify a mathematical structure as an abstract object encoding the truths of a mathematical theory. From such foundations, we derive consequences that address the main questions and issues that (...)
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  6.  28
    P-Curve: A Key to the File-Drawer.Uri Simonsohn, Leif D. Nelson & Joseph P. Simmons - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):534-547.
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  7.  15
    On the Consistency of Some Partition Theorems for Continuous Colorings, and the Structure of ℵ1-Dense Real Order Types.Uri Abraham, Matatyahu Rubin & Saharon Shelah - 1985 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 29 (2):123-206.
    We present some techniques in c.c.c. forcing, and apply them to prove consistency results concerning the isomorphism and embeddability relations on the family of ℵ 1 -dense sets of real numbers. In this direction we continue the work of Baumgartner [2] who proved the axiom BA stating that every two ℵ 1 -dense subsets of R are isomorphic, is consistent. We e.g. prove Con). Let K H, be the set of order types of ℵ 1 -dense homogeneous subsets of R (...)
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  8. Brain-to-Brain Coupling: A Mechanism for Creating and Sharing a Social World.Uri Hasson, Asif A. Ghazanfar, Bruno Galantucci, Simon Garrod & Christian Keysers - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):114-121.
  9. Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics: Debunking and Dispensability.Uri D. Leibowitz & Neil Sinclair (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press UK.
    How far should our realism extend? For many years philosophers of mathematics and philosophers of ethics have worked independently to address the question of how best to understand the entities apparently referred to by mathematical and ethical talk. But the similarities between their endeavours are not often emphasised. This book provides that emphasis. In particular, it focuses on two types of argumentative strategies that have been deployed in both areas. The first—debunking arguments—aims to put pressure on realism by emphasising the (...)
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  10.  45
    Nature-Nuture Reconceptualized in Developmental Perspective: A Bioecological Model.Urie Bronfenbrenner & Stephen J. Ceci - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (4):568-586.
  11. Scientific Explanation and Moral Explanation.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2011 - Noûs 45 (3):472-503.
    Moral philosophers are, among other things, in the business of constructing moral theories. And moral theories are, among other things, supposed to explain moral phenomena. Consequently, one’s views about the nature of moral explanation will influence the kinds of moral theories one is willing to countenance. Many moral philosophers are (explicitly or implicitly) committed to a deductive model of explanation. As I see it, this commitment lies at the heart of the current debate between moral particularists and moral generalists. In (...)
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  12. Particularism in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (2):121-147.
    In this essay I offer a new particularist reading of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. I argue that the interpretation I present not only helps us to resolve some puzzles about Aristotle’s goals and methods, but it also gives rise to a novel account of morality—an account that is both interesting and plausible in its own right. The goal of this paper is, in part, exegetical—that is, to figure out how to best understand the text of the Nicomachean Ethics. But this paper (...)
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  13.  19
    An Evaluation of Story Grammars.John B. Black & Robert Wilensky - 1979 - Cognitive Science 3 (3):213-229.
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  14.  36
    Hierarchical Process Memory: Memory as an Integral Component of Information Processing.Uri Hasson, Janice Chen & Christopher J. Honey - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (6):304-313.
  15. What is Friendship?Uri D. Leibowitz - 2018 - Disputatio 10 (49):97-117.
    The paper identifies a distinctive feature of friendship. Friendship, it is argued, is a relationship between two people in which each participant values the other and successfully communicates this fact to the other. This feature of friendship, it is claimed, explains why friendship plays a key role in human happiness, why it is praised by philosophers, poets, and novelists, and why we all seek friends. Although the characterization of friendship proposed here differs from other views in the literature, it is (...)
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  16. A Defense of a Particularist Research Program.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2009 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (2):181-199.
    What makes some acts morally right and others morally wrong? Traditionally, philosophers have thought that in order to answer this question we must find and formulate exceptionless moral principles—principles that capture all and only morally right actions. Utilitarianism and Kantianism are paradigmatic examples of such attempts. In recent years, however, there has been a growing interest in a novel approach—Particularism—although its precise content is still a matter of controversy. In this paper I develop and motivate a new formulation of particularism (...)
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  17.  42
    Computability, Consciousness, and Algorithms.Robert Wilensky - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):690-691.
  18. Adresy Wileñskie.Wlodzimierz Pazniewski - forthcoming - Res Publica.
     
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  19.  23
    Which Emotions Should Kantians Cultivate (and Which Ones Should They Discipline)?Uri Eran - 2020 - Kantian Review 25 (1):53-76.
    Commentators disagree about Kant’s view on the proper treatment of emotions. In contrast to a tendency in this literature to treat them uniformly, I argue that, according to Kant, feelings (but not affects) require cultivation, and inclinations – although they can and perhaps may be cultivated – generally require discipline. The appropriate treatment for emotions depends on their susceptibility to rational constraint and on the threat they pose to rational deliberation. Although I read Kant as recommending that we cultivate certain (...)
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  20.  19
    Response to Dresher and Hornstein.Roger C. Schank & Robert Wilensky - 1977 - Cognition 5 (2):133-145.
  21. Explaining Moral Knowledge.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (1):35-56.
    In this paper I assess the viability of a particularist explanation of moral knowledge. First, I consider two arguments by Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge that purport to show that a generalist, principle-based explanation of practical wisdom—understood as the ability to acquire moral knowledge in a wide range of situations—is superior to a particularist, non-principle-based account. I contend that both arguments are unsuccessful. Then, I propose a particularist-friendly explanation of knowledge of particular moral facts. I argue that when we are (...)
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  22.  16
    Better P-Curves: Making P-Curve Analysis More Robust to Errors, Fraud, and Ambitious P-Hacking, a Reply to Ulrich and Miller.Uri Simonsohn, Joseph P. Simmons & Leif D. Nelson - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):1146-1152.
  23.  6
    Reply to Schank and Wilensky.B. Elan Dresher & Norbert Hornstein - 1977 - Cognition 5 (2):147-149.
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  24.  39
    Reliability of Cortical Activity During Natural Stimulation.Uri Hasson, Rafael Malach & David J. Heeger - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):40-48.
  25.  7
    Are Kantian Emotions Feelings?Uri Eran - 2021 - Kantian Review:1-8.
    According to Alix Cohen, Kant defines emotions as ‘feelings’. Although I find her account of Kantian feelings compelling, I provide three reasons to doubt that it is an account of emotions: (1) it is unclear why Cohen identifies emotions with Kantian feelings; (2) some Kantian feelings are not emotions; (3) some Kantian desires may be emotions. I propose, however, that with some qualifications Cohen’s account may be upheld, provided its extra-textual assumptions about emotions are explicated. Against her claim that Kantian (...)
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  26. Moral Advice and Moral Theory.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (3):349 - 359.
    Monists, pluralists, and particularists disagree about the structure of the best explanation of the rightness (wrongness) of actions. In this paper I argue that the availability of good moral advice gives us reason to prefer particularist theories and pluralist theories to monist theories. First, I identify two distinct roles of moral theorizing—explaining the rightness (wrongness) of actions, and providing moral advice—and I explain how these two roles are related. Next, I explain what monists, pluralists, and particularists disagree about. Finally, I (...)
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  27. Evolution and the Missing Link (in Debunking Arguments).Uri D. Leibowitz & Neil Sinclair - 2017 - In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Evolutionary Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    What are the consequences, for human moral practice, of an evolutionary understanding of that practice? By ‘moral practice’ we mean the way in which human beings think, talk and debate in moral terms. We suggest that the proper upshot of such considerations is moderate support for anti-realism in ethics.
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  28. Moral Deliberation and Ad Hominem Fallacies.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (5):507-529.
    Many of us read Peter Singer ’ s work on our obligations to those in desperate need with our students. Famously, Singer argues that we have a moral obligation to give a significant portion of our assets to famine relief. If my own experience is not atypical, it is quite common for students, upon grasping the implications of Singer ’ s argument, to ask whether Singer gives to famine relief. In response it might be tempting to remind students of the (...)
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  29.  31
    Reliability of Cortical Activity During Natural Stimulation.David J. Heeger Uri Hasson, Rafael Malach - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):40.
  30.  16
    Grounding the Neurobiology of Language in First Principles: The Necessity of Non-Language-Centric Explanations for Language Comprehension.Uri Hasson, Giovanna Egidi, Marco Marelli & Roel M. Willems - 2018 - Cognition 180:135-157.
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  31.  46
    How to Solve The Euthyphro Problem.Uri D. Leibowitz - forthcoming - Sophia:1-12.
    If one answers the question ‘What is G-ness?’ with a biconditional of the form ‘x is G iff x is F,’ one can ask whether x is G because it is F, or whether x is F because it is G. This question, known as The Euthyphro Question, invites one to choose between one of two options which are presented as mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive: either x is G because it is F, or x is F because it is (...)
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  32.  6
    Kantian Desires: A Holistic Account.Uri Eran - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (3):429-451.
    Commentators provide two different accounts of desires in Kant: “feeling-based” accounts stress their connection with feelings, while “action-based” accounts view them as causes of action. I argue that “feeling-based” accounts blur the feeling-desire distinction, while the “action-based” accounts conflict with Kantian desires that do not cause action. On my alternative, Kantian desires are dispositions to action normally directed at producing future objects, and so they differ from the feelings they are connected to, which refer to the way we are affected (...)
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  33.  62
    Program Verification and Functioning of Operative Computing Revisited: How About Mathematics Engineering? [REVIEW]Uri Pincas - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (2):337-359.
    The issue of proper functioning of operative computing and the utility of program verification, both in general and of specific methods, has been discussed a lot. In many of those discussions, attempts have been made to take mathematics as a model of knowledge and certitude achieving, and accordingly infer about the suitable ways to handle computing. I shortly review three approaches to the subject, and then take a stance by considering social factors which affect the epistemic status of both mathematics (...)
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  34.  82
    The Immune System and Other Cognitive Systems.Uri Hershberg & Sol Efroni - 2001 - Complexity 6 (5):14-21.
    In the following pages we propose a theory on cognitive systems and the common strategies of perception, which are at the basis of their function. We demonstrate that these strategies are easily seen to be in place in known cognitive systems such as vision and language. Furthermore we show that taking these strategies into consideration implies a new outlook on immune function calling for a new appraisal of the immune system as a cognitive system.
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  35.  65
    Descartes’ Foundation and Borges’ Ruins: How to Doubt the Cogito.Uri D. Leibowitz - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Descartes claimed that the Cogito is ‘so firm and sure that all the most extravagant suppositions of the sceptics were incapable of shaking it’. This paper aims to demonstrate that this claim is false by presenting a sceptical scenario for the Cogito. It is argued that the story ‘The Circular Ruins’ by J. L. Borges illustrates that one can doubt one’s own existence and that pace Descartes (and many others) the claim ‘I am, I exist, is necessarily true whenever it (...)
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  36.  14
    On Isomorphism Classes of Computably Enumerable Equivalence Relations.Uri Andrews & Serikzhan A. Badaev - 2020 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 85 (1):61-86.
    We examine how degrees of computably enumerable equivalence relations under computable reduction break down into isomorphism classes. Two ceers are isomorphic if there is a computable permutation of ω which reduces one to the other. As a method of focusing on nontrivial differences in isomorphism classes, we give special attention to weakly precomplete ceers. For any degree, we consider the number of isomorphism types contained in the degree and the number of isomorphism types of weakly precomplete ceers contained in the (...)
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  37.  21
    Universal Computably Enumerable Equivalence Relations.Uri Andrews, Steffen Lempp, Joseph S. Miller, Keng Meng Ng, Luca San Mauro & Andrea Sorbi - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (1):60-88.
  38.  17
    Aronszajn Trees on ℵ2 and ℵ3.Uri Abraham - 1983 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 24 (3):213-230.
    Assuming the existence of a supercompact cardinal and a weakly compact cardinal above it, we provide a generic extension where there are no Aronszajn trees of height ω 2 or ω 3 . On the other hand we show that some large cardinal assumptions are necessary for such a consistency result.
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  39.  52
    Forcing Closed Unbounded Sets.Uri Abraham & Saharon Shelah - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (3):643-657.
    We discuss the problem of finding forcing posets which introduce closed unbounded subsets to a given stationary set.
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  40. A dilemma for evolutionary debunking arguments.Uri D. Leibowitz - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (1):45-69.
    Evolutionary debunkers claim that evolutionary explanations of moral phenomena lead to sceptical conclusions. The aim of this paper is to show that even if we grant debunkers the speculative claims that evolution provides the best explanation of moral phenomena and that there are no other moral phenomena for which moral facts/properties are indispensable, the sceptical conclusions debunkers seek to establish still do not follow. The problem for debunkers is to link the empirical explanatory claim to the normative conclusion that moral (...)
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  41.  23
    Iconic Gestures, Imagery, and Word Retrieval in Speech.Uri Hadar & Brian Butterworth - 1997 - Semiotica 115 (1-2):147-172.
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  42.  16
    UNESCO, URI, and Archaeology in the Deep Blue Sea: Archaeological Ethics and Archaeological Oceanography.William H. Krieger & B. Buxton - 2012 - Journal of Maritime Archaeology 7 (2).
    Multiple groups have interests that intersect within the new field of deep submergence archaeology. These groups‟ differing priorities present challenges for interdisciplinary collaboration, particularly as there are no established guidelines for best practices in such scenarios. Associating the term 'archaeology' with projects directed at underwater cultural heritage that are are not guided by archaeologists poses a real risk to that heritage. Recognizing that the relevant professional organizations, local laws, and conventions currently have little ability to protect pieces of cultural heritage (...)
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  43.  20
    On the Consistency of Some Partition Theorems for Continuous Colorings, and the Structure of ℵ 1 -Dense Real Order Types.J. Steprans, Uri Abraham, Matatyahu Rubin & Saharon Shelah - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):303.
    We present some techniques in c.c.c. forcing, and apply them to prove consistency results concerning the isomorphism and embeddability relations on the family of ℵ 1 -dense sets of real numbers. In this direction we continue the work of Baumgartner [2] who proved the axiom BA stating that every two ℵ 1 -dense subsets of R are isomorphic, is consistent. We e.g. prove Con). Let K H , be the set of order types of ℵ 1 -dense homogeneous subsets of (...)
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  44. Characters and Their Versions.Uri Margolin - 1996 - In Calin Andrei Mihailescu & Walid Hamarneh (eds.), Fiction Updated: Theories of Fictionality, Narratology, and Poetics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 112--32.
     
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  45.  27
    Story Grammars Versus Story Points.Robert Wilensky - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):579.
  46.  31
    Emotions and Perceived Risks After the 2006 Israel–Lebanon War.Uri Benzion, Shosh Shahrabani & Tal Shavit - 2008 - Mind and Society 8 (1):21-41.
    The current study aims to examine how the intense emotions experienced by different Israeli groups during the 2006 Second Lebanon War affected their perceptions of risk. Two weeks after the end of the war, a questionnaire was distributed among 205 people. Some were from the north and had been directly affected by the rocket attacks; others were from the center of Israel. The questionnaires, based on Lerner et al., measured emotions and perceived risk. The results show significant differences between those (...)
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  47.  13
    Wilensky's Recipe for Soap-Opera Scripts, or Marcel Proust is a Yenta.John C. Marshall - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):604.
  48.  1
    Expanding the Reals by Continuous Functions Adds No Computational Power.Uri Andrews, Julia F. Knight, Rutger Kuyper, Joseph S. Miller & Mariya I. Soskova - forthcoming - Journal of Symbolic Logic:1-19.
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  49.  2
    The CNR and Louis Allen.Uri Davis - 1975 - New Blackfriars 56 (659):158-164.
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  50.  13
    Meta‐Planning: Representing and Using Knowledge About Planning in Problem Solving and Natural Language Understanding.Robert Wilensky - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (3):197-233.
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