Results for 'Ian Thomson'

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  1.  15
    Justice in Human Research Ethics. A Conceptual and Practical Guide.Ian Pieper & C. J. Thomson - 2013 - Monash Bioethics Review 31 (1):99-116.
    One of the core values to be applied by a body reviewing the ethics of human research is justice. The inclusion of justice as a requirement in the ethical review of human research is relatively recent and its utility had been largely unexamined until debates arose about the conduct of international biomedical research in the late 1990s. The subsequent amendment of authoritative documents in ways that appeared to shift the meaning of conceptions of justice generated a great deal of controversy. (...)
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  2.  13
    Beneficence as a Principle in Human Research.Ian Pieper & Colin J. H. Thomson - 2016 - Monash Bioethics Review 34 (2):117-135.
    Beneficence is one of the four principles that form the basis of the Australian National Statement. The aim of this paper is to explore the philosophical development of this principle and to clarify the role that beneficence plays in contemporary discussions about human research ethics. By examining the way that guidance documents, particularly the National Statement, treats beneficence we offer guidance to researchers and human research ethics committee members on the practical application of what can be a conceptually difficult principle.
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  3.  9
    Humanist Pietas: The Panegyric of Ianus Pannonius on Guarinus Veronensis,. Ianus Pannonius, Ian Thomson.Benjamin G. Kohl - 1990 - Speculum 65 (4):1034-1034.
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  4.  7
    Dante’s Divine Comedy: A Journey Without End. By Ian Thomson. Pp. 288, London, Head of Zeus, 2018, £18.99.Patrick Madigan - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (3):525-525.
  5.  46
    Resonance Tropes in Corporate Philanthropy Discourse.Crawford Spence & Ian Thomson - 2009 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 18 (4):372-388.
    This paper explores corporate charitable giving disclosures in order to question the extent to which corporations can claim that their philanthropy activities are charitable at all. Exploration of these issues is carried out by means of a tropological analysis that focuses on the different linguistic tropes within the philanthropy disclosures of 52 companies, namely metaphor and synecdoche. The results reveal a number of complex and contradictory things. Primarily, the master metaphor of 'altruism' projected by the corporate disclosures is ideologically at (...)
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  6.  10
    Resonance Tropes in Corporate Philanthropy Discourse.Crawford Spence & Ian Thomson - 2009 - Business Ethics: A European Review 18 (4):372-388.
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  7.  15
    Developing a Normatively Grounded Research Agenda for Fair Trade: Examining the Case of Canada.Darryl Reed, Bob Thomson, Ian Hussey & Jean-Frédéric LeMay - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (S2):151-179.
    This paper examines two issues related to research of certified fair trade goods. The first is the question of how agendas for fair trade research should be developed. The second issue is the existence of major gaps in the fair trade literature, including the study of the particular features of fair trade practice in individual northern countries. In taking up the first of these issues, the paper proposes that normative analysis should provide the basis for developing research agendas. Such an (...)
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  8.  18
    Dveloping a Nomatively Grounded Research Agenda for Fair Trade Examining the Case of Canada. [REVIEW]Darryl Reed, Bob Thomson, Ian Hussey & Jean-Frédéric LeMay - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (2):151 - 179.
    This paper examines two issues related to research of certified fair trade goods. The first is the question of how agendas for fair trade research should be developed. The second issue is the existence of major gaps in the fair trade literature, including the study of the particular features of fair trade practice in individual northern countries. In taking up the first of these issues, the paper proposes that normative analysis should provide the basis for developing research agendas. Such an (...)
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  9.  5
    Vulnerability in Human Research.Ian J. Pieper & Colin J. H. Thomson - 2020 - Monash Bioethics Review 38 (1):68-82.
    The conduct of prior ethics review of human research projects helps to protect vulnerable groups or populations from potential negative impacts of research. Contemporary considerations in human research considers the concept of vulnerability in terms of access to research opportunities, impacts on the consenting process, selection bias, and the generalisability of results. Recent work questions the validity of using enumerated lists as a check box approach to protect research participants from exploitation. Through the use of broad categories to treat cohorts (...)
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  10.  9
    A New Lease of Life for Thomson’s Bonds Model of Intelligence.David J. Bartholomew, Ian J. Deary & Martin Lawn - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):567-579.
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  11. The Responsibility Objection to Abortion: Rejecting the Notion That the Responsibility Objection Successfully Refutes a Woman's Right to Choose.Ian McDaniel - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (4):291-299.
    This article considers the objection to abortion that a woman who voluntarily engages in sexual activity is responsible for her fetus and so cannot have an abortion. The conclusion argued for is that the conceptions of responsibility that can ground the objection that are considered do not necessitate a requirement on the part of a pregnant woman to carry her pregnancy to term. Thus, the iterations of the responsibility objection presented cannot be used to curtail reproductive choice.
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  12.  14
    Rights, Restitution, and Risk: Essays In Moral Theory. [REVIEW]Ian Tipton - 1992 - Idealistic Studies 22 (3):293-294.
    In addition to the classic “A Defense of Abortion”, this volume contains twelve later papers by Mrs. Thomson, covering topics such as the right to life and the right to privacy, the redistribution of wealth through taxation, and the case for preferential hiring. For the most part, however, the issues raised are not ones that worry the layman. As a typical example, we agree that a surgeon may not kill a patient to obtain transplants to save five, and the (...)
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  13. Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science.Ian Hacking - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    This 1983 book is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction to debates about (...)
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  14. Natural Kinds: Rosy Dawn, Scholastic Twilight: Ian Hacking.Ian Hacking - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 61:203-239.
    The rosy dawn of my title refers to that optimistic time when the logical concept of a natural kind originated in Victorian England. The scholastic twilight refers to the present state of affairs. I devote more space to dawn than twilight, because one basic problem was there from the start, and by now those origins have been forgotten. Philosophers have learned many things about classification from the tradition of natural kinds. But now it is in disarray and is unlikely to (...)
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  15. Response: Ian Barbour on Typologies.”.Ian G. Barbour - 2002 - Zygon 37:345-359.
  16. Ian Parker’s Preface to the Slovenian Edition of Slavoj Žižek: A Critical Introduction.Ian Parker - 2009 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 3 (2).
     
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  17.  25
    The Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas About Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference.Ian Hacking - 1975 - Cambridge University Press.
    Historical records show that there was no real concept of probability in Europe before the mid-seventeenth century, although the use of dice and other randomizing objects was commonplace. Ian Hacking presents a philosophical critique of early ideas about probability, induction, and statistical inference and the growth of this new family of ideas in the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries. Hacking invokes a wide intellectual framework involving the growth of science, economics, and the theology of the period. He argues that the (...)
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  18.  3
    Deleuzism: A Metacommentary / Ian Buchanan.Ian Buchanan - 2000 - Duke University Press.
    Answers the questions “How should we read Deleuze?” and “How should we read with Deleuze?” by showing us how his philosophy works.
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  19.  27
    Thomson Against Moral ExplanationsMoral Relativism and Moral Objectivity.Nicholas L. Sturgeon, Gilbert Harman & Judith Jarvis Thomson - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (1):199.
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  20.  52
    Sir Ian McKellen's Film Diary.Ian McKellen - 2002 - The Chesterton Review 28 (1/2):207-210.
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  21. How Changes in One's Preferences Can Affect One's Freedom : A Reply to Dowding and Van Hees: Ian Carter and Matthew H. Kramer.Ian Carter - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (1):81-96.
    How is a person's freedom related to his or her preferences? Liberal theorists of negative freedom have generally taken the view that the desire of a person to do or not do something is irrelevant to the question of whether he is free to do it. Supporters of the “pure negative” conception of freedom have advocated this view in its starkest form: they maintain that a person is unfree to Φ if and only if he is prevented from Φ-ing by (...)
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  22.  23
    The Oresteia of Aeschylus. Vol. I: Introduction, Text, Translation. Vol. II: Commentary, Metrical Appendix, Supplement, Index. By George Thomson. Pp. 353 and 404. Cambridge: University Press. 25s. Each Vol. [REVIEW]H. D. F. Kitto & George Thomson - 1940 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 60:110-112.
  23.  36
    Interview with Fr. Ian Boyd.Ian Boyd - 2013 - The Chesterton Review 39 (3/4):240-244.
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  24.  18
    Condorget: Politics and Reason: Ian White.Ian White - 1978 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 12:110-139.
    From the time of its clearest origins with Pascal, the theory of probabilities seemed to offer means by which the study of human affairs might be reduced to the same kind of mathematical discipline that was already being achieved in the study of nature. Condorcet is to a great extent merely representative of the philosophers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries who were led on by the prospect of developing moral and political sciences on the pattern of the natural sciences, (...)
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  25. ‘Preface To Slovene Edition’ Of Ian Parker's Slavoj Žižek: A Critical Introduction.Ian Parker - 2008 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 2 (3).
     
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  26.  21
    Studies in Ancient Greek Society: The Prehistoric Aegean. By George Thomson. Pp. 622; 85 Text Figs. And 12 Maps. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1949. 42s. [REVIEW]W. F. J. Knight & George Thomson - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72 (2):138-139.
  27. Let’s Not Talk About Objectivity.Ian Hacking - 2015 - In Jonathan Y. Tsou, Alan Richardson & Flavia Padovani (eds.), Objectivity in Science. Springer Verlag.
     
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  28.  14
    History of Ancient Geography. By J. O. Thomson. Pp. 427; Pl. 2 + 66 Text Figs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1948. 42s. [REVIEW]A. W. Gomme & J. O. Thomson - 1951 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 71:261-262.
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  29.  91
    Physics and Astronomy: Aristotle's Physics II.2.193b22–194a12this Paper Was Prepared as the Basis of a Presentation at a Conference Entitled “Writing and Rewriting the History of Science, 1900–2000,” Les treilLes, France, September, 2003, Organized by Karine Chemla and Roshdi Rashed. I Have Compared Aristotle's and Ptolemy's Views of the Relationship Between Astronomy and Physics in a Paper Called “Astrologogeômetria and Astrophysikê in Aristotle and Ptolemy,” Presented at a Conference Entitled “Physics and Mathematics in Antiquity,” Leiden, the Netherlands, June, 2004, Organized by Keimpe Algra and Frans de Haas. For a Discussion of Hellenistic Views of This Relationship See Ian Mueller, “Remarks on Physics and Mathematical Astronomy and Optics in Epicurus, Sextus Empiricus, and Some Stoics,” in Philippa Lang , Re-Inventions: Essays on Hellenistic and Early Roman Science, Apeiron 37, 4 : 57–87. I Would Like to Thank Two Anonymous Readers of This Essay for Meticulous Corrections and Th. [REVIEW]Ian Mueller - 2006 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2):175-206.
    In the first part of chapter 2 of book II of the Physics Aristotle addresses the issue of the difference between mathematics and physics. In the course of his discussion he says some things about astronomy and the ‘ ‘ more physical branches of mathematics”. In this paper I discuss historical issues concerning the text, translation, and interpretation of the passage, focusing on two cruxes, the first reference to astronomy at 193b25–26 and the reference to the more physical branches at 194a7–8. In (...)
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  30.  27
    Decidable Fragments of First-Order Temporal Logics.Ian Hodkinson, Frank Wolter & Michael Zakharyaschev - 2000 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 106 (1-3):85-134.
    In this paper, we introduce a new fragment of the first-order temporal language, called the monodic fragment, in which all formulas beginning with a temporal operator have at most one free variable. We show that the satisfiability problem for monodic formulas in various linear time structures can be reduced to the satisfiability problem for a certain fragment of classical first-order logic. This reduction is then used to single out a number of decidable fragments of first-order temporal logics and of two-sorted (...)
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  31.  7
    Book Review of Educational Publishing in Global Perspective: Capacity Building and Trends by Ian Montagnes. [REVIEW]Ian Montagnes - 2000 - Logos 11 (2):106-107.
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  32.  9
    Thomson Ἡ Ἑλληνικὴ Γλῶσσα, Ἀρχαΐα Καὶ Νέα. Athens: Athens Publishing Institute. 1964. Pp. 123. Price Not Stated.Hector Thomson - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86:212-213.
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  33. A Bibliography of the Published Works [of] Ian Thomas Ramsey.Jonathan H. Pye & Ian T. Ramsey - 1979
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  34.  7
    The Boundary Stones of Thought: An Essay in the Philosophy of Logic.Ian Rumfitt - 2015 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Classical logic has been attacked by adherents of rival, anti-realist logical systems: Ian Rumfitt comes to its defence. He considers the nature of logic, and how to arbitrate between different logics. He argues that classical logic may dispense with the principle of bivalence, and may thus be liberated from the dead hand of classical semantics.
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  35. The Case for Conserving Disability.Rosemarie Garland-Thomson - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (3):339-355.
    It is commonly believed that disability disqualifies people from full participation in or recognition by society. This view is rooted in eugenic logic, which tells us that our world would be a better place if disability could be eliminated. In opposition to this position, I argue that that disability is inherent in the human condition and consider the bioethical question of why we might want to conserve rather than eliminate disability from our shared world. To do so, I draw together (...)
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  36. Thomson on Privacy.Thomas Scanlon - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (4):315-322.
  37.  43
    Staring: How We Look.Rosemarie Garland-Thomson - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    In the first book of its kind, Garland-Thomson defines staring, explores the factors that motivate it, and considers the targets and the effects of the stare.
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  38. Misfits: A Feminist Materialist Disability Concept.Rosemarie Garland-Thomson - 2011 - Hypatia 26 (3):591-609.
    This article offers the critical concept misfit in an effort to further think through the lived identity and experience of disability as it is situated in place and time. The idea of a misfit and the situation of misfitting that I offer here elaborate a materialist feminist understanding of disability by extending a consideration of how the particularities of embodiment interact with the environment in its broadest sense, to include both its spatial and temporal aspects. The interrelated dynamics of fitting (...)
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  39. Which Moral Exemplars Inspire Prosociality?Hyemin han, Clifford Ian Workman, Joshua May, Payton Scholtens, Kelsie J. Dawson, Andrea L. Glenn & Peter Meindl - 2022 - Philosophical Psychology 35 (7):943-970.
    Some stories of moral exemplars motivate us to emulate their admirable attitudes and behaviors, but why do some exemplars motivate us more than others? We systematically studied how motivation to emulate is influenced by the similarity between a reader and an exemplar in social or cultural background (Relatability) and how personally costly or demanding the exemplar’s actions are (Attainability). Study 1 found that university students reported more inspiration and related feelings after reading true stories about the good deeds of a (...)
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  40.  27
    Psycho-Analysis, Human Nature and Human Conduct: Ian Gregory.Ian Gregory - 1974 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 8:99-120.
    There is, I gloomily suspect, little which is significantly new that remain to be said about psycho-analysis by philosophers. The almost profligate theorising that goes on within the psycho-analytic journals will, no doubt, continue unabated. It simply strikes me as unlikely that such theorising will generate further issues of the kind that excite the philosophical mind. Though in making such an observation, I recognise that I lay claim upon the future in a manner that many might believe to be unwise. (...)
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  41. 19 Language, Truth and Reason Ian Hacking.Ian Hacking - 1998 - In Alcoff Linda (ed.), Epistemology: The Big Questions. Blackwell. pp. 322.
     
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  42. The Problem of the Basing Relation.Ian Evans - 2013 - Synthese 190 (14):2943-2957.
    In days past, epistemologists expended a good deal of effort trying to analyze the basing relation—the relation between a belief and its basis. No satisfying account was offered, and the project was largely abandoned. Younger epistemologists, however, have begun to yearn for an adequate theory of basing. I aim to deliver one. After establishing some data and arguing that traditional accounts of basing are unsatisfying, I introduce a novel theory of the basing relation: the dispositional theory. It begins with the (...)
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  43. Models and the Semantic View.Martin Thomson-Jones - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):524-535.
    I begin by distinguishing two notions of model, the notion of a truth-making structure and the notion of a mathematical model (in one specific sense). I then argue that although the models of the semantic view have often been taken to be both truth-making structures and mathematical models, this is in part due to a failure to distinguish between two ways of truth-making; in fact, the talk of truth-making is best excised from the view altogether. The result is a version (...)
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  44.  7
    Loosely Guarded Fragment of First-Order Logic has the Finite Model Property.Ian Hodkinson - 2002 - Studia Logica 70 (2):205-240.
    We show that the loosely guarded and packed fragments of first-order logic have the finite model property. We use a construction of Herwig and Hrushovski. We point out some consequences in temporal predicate logic and algebraic logic.
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  45. On Ian Hacking’s Notion of Style of Reasoning.Luca Sciortino - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (2):243-264.
    The analytical notion of ‘scientific style of reasoning’, introduced by Ian Hacking in the middle of the 1980s, has become widespread in the literature of the history and philosophy of science. However, scholars have rarely made explicit the philosophical assumptions and the research objectives underlying the notion of style: what are its philosophical roots? How does the notion of style fit into the area of research of historical epistemology? What does a comparison between Hacking’s project on styles of thinking and (...)
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  46. Thomson's Turnabout on the Trolley.William J. FitzPatrick - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):636-643.
    The famous ‘trolley problem’ began as a simple variation on an example given in passing by Philippa Foot , involving a runaway trolley that cannot be stopped but can be steered to a path of lesser harm. By switching from the perspective of the driver to that of a bystander, Judith Jarvis Thomson showed how the case raises difficulties for the normative theory Foot meant to be defending, and Thomson compounded the challenge with further variations that created still (...)
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  47.  23
    Asymmetrical Competence.Ian Wilks - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (2):154–159.
  48. Evaluating the Lives of Others.Rosemarie Garland-Thomson - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):30-33.
    Commentary on Rob Sparrow’s target article, “Human Germline Genome Editing: On the Nature of Our Reasons to Genome Edit,” should consider the collection of articles Sparrow has authored on g...
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  49.  16
    Review of Professor Thomson's Oresteia. [REVIEW]George Thomson - 1941 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 61:40-40.
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  50. Morality and Bad Luck.Judith Jarvis Thomson - 1989 - Metaphilosophy 20 (3-4):203-221.
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