Results for 'Andrew D. M. Smith'

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  1.  8
    Word Learning Under Infinite Uncertainty.Richard A. Blythe, Andrew D. M. Smith & Kenny Smith - 2016 - Cognition 151:18-27.
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  2. Protolanguage Reconstructed.Andrew D. M. Smith - 2008 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 9 (1):100-116.
    One important difference between existing accounts of protolanguage lies in their assumptions on the semantic complexity of protolinguistic utterances. I bring evidence about the nature of linguistic communication to bear on the plausibility of these assumptions, and show that communication is fundamentally inferential and characterised by semantic uncertainty. This not only allows individuals to maintain variation in linguistic representation, but also imposes a selection pressure that meanings be reconstructible from context. I argue that protolanguage utterances had varying degrees of semantic (...)
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  3.  64
    Cross-Situational Learning: An Experimental Study of Word-Learning Mechanisms.Kenny Smith, Andrew D. M. Smith & Richard A. Blythe - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (3):480-498.
    Cross-situational learning is a mechanism for learning the meaning of words across multiple exposures, despite exposure-by-exposure uncertainty as to the word's true meaning. We present experimental evidence showing that humans learn words effectively using cross-situational learning, even at high levels of referential uncertainty. Both overall success rates and the time taken to learn words are affected by the degree of referential uncertainty, with greater referential uncertainty leading to less reliable, slower learning. Words are also learned less successfully and more slowly (...)
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  4.  29
    Learning Colour Words is Slow: A Cross-Situational Learning Account.Paul Vogt & Andrew D. M. Smith - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):509-510.
    Research into child language reveals that it takes a long time for children to learn the correct mapping of colour words. Steels & Belpaeme's (S&B's) guessing game, however, models fast learning of words. We discuss computational studies based on cross-situational learning, which yield results that are more consistent with the empirical child language data than those obtained by S&B.
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  5.  34
    Learning Times for Large Lexicons Through Cross‐Situational Learning.Richard A. Blythe, Kenny Smith & Andrew D. M. Smith - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (4):620-642.
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  6.  20
    The Brain Plus the Cultural Transmission Mechanism Determine the Nature of Language.Kenny Smith, Simon Kirby & Andrew D. M. Smith - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):533-534.
    We agree that language adapts to the brain, but we note that language also has to adapt to brain-external constraints, such as those arising from properties of the cultural transmission medium. The hypothesis that Christiansen & Chater (C&C) raise in the target article not only has profound consequences for our understanding of language, but also for our understanding of the biological evolution of the language faculty.
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  7.  25
    Hoping for More: The Influence of Outcome Desirability on Information Seeking and Predictions About Relative Quantities.Aaron M. Scherer, Paul D. Windschitl, Jillian O’Rourke & Andrew R. Smith - 2012 - Cognition 125 (1):113-117.
  8.  21
    A. M OTTE , J. D ENOOZ (edd.): Aristotelica Secunda: Mélanges offerts à Christian Rutten . Pp. xii + 382. Liège: C.I.P.L., 1996. [REVIEW]Andrew Smith - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (01):278-.
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  9.  6
    Sources of Bias in Peoples’ Social-Comparative Estimates of Food Consumption.Aaron M. Scherer, Kathryn Bruchmann, Paul D. Windschitl, Jason P. Rose, Andrew R. Smith, Bryan Koestner, Linda Snetselaar & Jerry Suls - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (2):173-183.
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  10.  14
    Risk It? Direct and Collateral Impacts of Peers' Verbal Expressions About Hazard Likelihoods.Paul D. Windschitl, Andrew R. Smith, Aaron M. Scherer & Jerry Suls - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (3):259-291.
    When people encounter potential hazards, their expectations and behaviours can be shaped by a variety of factors including other people's expressions of verbal likelihood. What is the impact of such expressions when a person also has numeric likelihood estimates from the same source? Two studies used a new task involving an abstract virtual environment in which people learned about and reacted to novel hazards. Verbal expressions attributed to peers influenced participants’ behaviour toward hazards even when numeric estimates were also available. (...)
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  11. Functions in Basic Formal Ontology.Andrew D. Spear, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith - 2016 - Applied ontology 11 (2):103-128.
    The notion of function is indispensable to our understanding of distinctions such as that between being broken and being in working order (for artifacts) and between being diseased and being healthy (for organisms). A clear account of the ontology of functions and functioning is thus an important desideratum for any top-level ontology intended for application to domains such as engineering or medicine. The benefit of using top-level ontologies in applied ontology can only be realized when each of the categories identified (...)
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  12.  32
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Brian J. Spittle, Samuel M. Vinocur, Virginia Underwood, Robert L. Leight, L. Glenn Smith, Harold M. Bergsma, Robert H. Graham, William M. Bart, George D. Dalin, Lyle S. Maynard, Fred Drewe, Theodore Hutchcroft, Francesco Cordasco, Frank Andrews Stone, Roy R. Nasstrom, Edward B. Goellner, Margaret Gillett, Robert E. Belding, Kenneth V. Lottich & Arden W. Holland - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (4):431-459.
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  13.  4
    Feedback Logical Computors.D. M. Mccallum & J. B. Smith - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):68-68.
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  14.  7
    Aceh: Art and Culture.D. M. Roskies & Holly S. Smith - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (4):722.
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  15.  3
    Theeffectof Added Titanium on the Magnetic Behaviour of Haematite.D. M. Finlayson & T. Smith - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (46):1160-1163.
  16.  8
    Mechanized Reasoning.W. Mays, D. M. Mccallum & J. B. Smith - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):68-69.
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  17. When is Informed Consent Required in Cluster Randomized Trials in Health Research?Andrew D. McRae, Ariella Binik, Charles Weijer, Angela White, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Robert Boruch, Jamie C. Brehaut, Allan Donner, Martin P. Eccles, Raphael Saginur, Merrick Zwarenstein & Monica Taljaard - 2011 - Trials 1 (12):202.
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  18.  7
    Magnetomechanical Damping Effects in Nickel.C. F. Burdett, D. M. Weight & J. D. Smith - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 22 (175):47-55.
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  19.  12
    Using Versus Excusing: The Hudson’s Bay Company’s Long-Term Engagement with Its (Problematic) Past.Wim Van Lent & Andrew D. Smith - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 166 (2):215-231.
    Increased scrutiny of corporate legitimacy has sparked an interest in “historic corporate social responsibility”, or the mechanism through which firms take responsibility for past misdeeds. Extant theory on historic CSR implicitly treats corporate engagement with historical criticism as intentional and dichotomous, with firms choosing either a limited or a high engagement strategy. However, this conceptualization is puzzling because a firm’s engagement with historic claims involves organizational practices that managers don’t necessarily control; hence, it might materialize differently than anticipated. Furthermore, multiple (...)
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  20. Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology.Robert Arp, Barry Smith & Andrew D. Spear - 2015 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    In the era of “big data,” science is increasingly information driven, and the potential for computers to store, manage, and integrate massive amounts of data has given rise to such new disciplinary fields as biomedical informatics. Applied ontology offers a strategy for the organization of scientific information in computer-tractable form, drawing on concepts not only from computer and information science but also from linguistics, logic, and philosophy. This book provides an introduction to the field of applied ontology that is of (...)
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  21. Who is the Research Subject in Cluster Randomized Trials in Health Research?Andrew D. McRae, Ariella Binik, Charles Weijer, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Monica Taljaard, Robert Boruch, Jamie C. Brehaut, Allan Donner, Martin P. Eccles, Antonio Gallo, Ray Saginur & Merrick Zwarenstein - 2011 - Trials 1 (12):118.
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  22.  12
    Towards a Behavioural Ecology of Obesity.Andrew D. Higginson, John M. McNamara & Sasha R. X. Dall - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  23.  19
    Steps to a Neurochemistry of Personality.Andrew D. Lawrence, Matthias J. Koepp, Roger N. Gunn, Vincent J. Cunningham & Paul M. Grasby - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):528-529.
    Depue & Collins's (D&C's) work relies on extrapolation from data obtained through studies in experimental animals, and needs support from studies of the role of dopamine (DA) neurotransmission in human behaviour. Here we review evidence from two sources: (1) studies of patients with Parkinson's disease and (2) positron emission tomography (PET) studies of DA neurotransmission, which we believe lend support to Depue & Collins's theory, and which can potentially form the basis for a true neurochemistry of personality.
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  24.  6
    Review: D. M. McCallum, J. B. Smith, Feedback Logical Computors. [REVIEW]George W. Patterson - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):68-68.
  25.  9
    Mitigating Risks to Pregnant Teens From Zika Virus.Andrew D. Maynard, Diana M. Bowman & James G. Hodge - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (4):657-659.
    Zika infection in pregnant women is associated with an elevated probability of giving birth to a child with microcephaly and multiple other disabilities. Public health messaging on Zika prevention has predominantly targeted women who know they are pregnant or intend to become pregnant, but not teenage females for whom unintended pregnancy is more likely. Vulnerabilities among this population to reproductive risks associated with Zika are further amplified by restrictive abortion laws in several Zika-impacted states. Key to prevention is enhanced, targeted (...)
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  26.  11
    Peter Meredith Hazzledine.D. M. Dimiduk, Y. -Q. Sun, P. B. Hirsch & G. D. W. Smith - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (24):2843-2846.
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  27. Andrew Light and Jonathan M. Smith, Eds., Philosophy and Geography I: Space, Place, and Environmental Ethics Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Arnold Berleant - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (5):342-345.
     
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  28.  2
    Plotinus Ennead V.5: That the Intelligibles Are Not External to the Intellect, and on the Good: Translation, with an Introduction, and Commentary.John M. Dillon & Andrew Smith (eds.) - 2013 - Parmenides Publishing.
    Platonists beginning in the Old Academy itself and up to and including Plotinus struggled to understand and articulate the relation between Plato’s Demiurge and the Living Animal which served as the model for creation. The central question is whether “contents” of the Living Animal, the Forms, are internal to the mind of the Demiurge or external and independent. For Plotinus, the solution depends heavily on how the Intellect that is the Demiurge and the Forms or intelligibles are to be understood (...)
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  29. Andrew Light and Jonathan M. Smith, Eds., The Aesthetics of Everyday Life Reviewed By.Theodore Gracyk - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (3):205-208.
     
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  30.  7
    Headteachers’ Allocation of Salary Points in English Secondary Schools.D. M. Smith - 1975 - Educational Studies 1 (2):113-119.
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  31. Points Allocation, Secondary Schools and Teachers.D. M. Smith - 1975 - Educational Studies 1 (3):163-170.
  32.  36
    Ethical Dilemmas in Protecting Susceptible Subpopulations From Environmental Health Risks: Liberty, Utility, Fairness, and Accountability for Reasonableness.David B. Resnik, D. Robert MacDougall & Elise M. Smith - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):29-41.
    Various U.S. laws, such as the Clean Air Act and the Food Quality Protection Act, require additional protections for susceptible subpopulations who face greater environmental health risks. The main ethical rationale for providing these protections is to ensure that environmental health risks are distributed fairly. In this article, we consider how several influential theories of justice deal with issues related to the distribution of environmental health risks; show that these theories often fail to provide specific guidance concerning policy choices; and (...)
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  33. Studies of Curricular Imbalances in Secondary Schools.D. M. Smith - 1978 - Educational Studies 4 (3):213-220.
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  34. The Composition and Order of the Fourth Gospel: Bultmann's Literary Theory.D. M. Smith - 1965
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  35. The Gospel of John and Judaism.C. K. Barrett & D. M. Smith - 1975
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  36. New Books. [REVIEW]T. D. Weldon, P. Nowell-Smith, A. H. Armstrong, B. A. Farrell, H. D. Lewis, P. L. Heath, Vincent Turner, Karl Britton & D. J. M.`Cracken - 1948 - Mind 57 (227):382-398.
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  37.  5
    Central Government Agencies and the Management of Vocational Educational and Training.D. M. Smith - 1986 - Educational Studies 12 (2):213-222.
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  38.  57
    Neurocognitive Endophenotypes of Impulsivity and Compulsivity: Towards Dimensional Psychiatry.Trevor W. Robbins, Claire M. Gillan, Dana G. Smith, Sanne de Wit & Karen D. Ersche - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):81-91.
  39.  17
    Do Patients' Treatment Decisions Match Advance Statements of Their Preferences?Melinda A. Lee, D. M. Smith, D. S. Fenn & L. Ganzini - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (3):258.
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  40.  21
    Istanbul. The Great Palace of the Byzantine Emperors. Second Report. Ed. D. Talbot Rice. [The Walker Trust, University of St. Andrews.] Edinburgh: The University Press. 1958. Pp. Xxiii + 203. 54 Plates . 45 Text Figures. 6 Folding Plans. £6 6s. 0d. [REVIEW]D. M. Nicol & D. Talbot Rice - 1961 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 81:230-231.
  41.  6
    The Philosophy of Edmund Husserl: In its Development From His Mathematical Interests to His First Conception of Phenomenology in "Logical Investigations.". [REVIEW]M. A. G. & Andrew D. Osborn - 1935 - Journal of Philosophy 32 (8):218.
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  42.  12
    Unjust Outcomes and Unfair Process?D. Robert MacDougall, Elise M. Smith & David B. Resnik - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):10-12.
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  43.  10
    Justifying the Initiation and Continued Provision of Public Health Interventions in Humanitarian Settings.A. M. Viens, M. J. Smith, C. M. Bensimon & D. S. Silva - 2014 - Public Health Ethics 7 (3):314-317.
    Médecins Sans Frontières is not morally required to continue providing the same therapeutic and preventative interventions for lead poisoning in Nigeria in the face of conditions that negatively impact on the achievement of their objectives. Nevertheless, Médecins Sans Frontières may have reasons to revise their objectives and adopt different interventions or methods.
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  44.  64
    The Aesthetics of Everyday Life, Edited by Andrew Light and Jonathan M. Smith[REVIEW]Sherri Irvin - 2006 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 64 (4):489–491.
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  45.  26
    The Evolution of Decision Rules in Complex Environments.Tim W. Fawcett, Benja Fallenstein, Andrew D. Higginson, Alasdair I. Houston, Dave E. W. Mallpress, Pete C. Trimmer & John M. McNamara - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (3):153-161.
  46.  5
    Improving Survey Completion Rates and Sample Representativeness Using Highly-Interesting Questions: A National Panel Experiment Comparing One and Two Stage Questions.Jared M. Hansen, Scott Smith & Michael D. Geurts - unknown
    In this article, the insertion of a two-staged highly interesting question in an online, survey-based field experiment is shown to produce better survey completion rate (i.e., decreases completion refusal by 8%) and sample representativeness (increases the number of moderate answer patterns by 12%) than a typical (same) highly interesting question at the beginning of a survey only. Using nonparametric tests and subgroup probability analysis, measured effects include survey completion rates, response bias and reported demographic differences. In regards to sample representativeness, (...)
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  47. Ethical Issues Posed by Cluster Randomized Trials in Health Research.Charles Weijer, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Monica Taljaard, Ariella Binik, Robert Boruch, Jamie C. Brehaut, Allan Donner, Martin P. Eccles, Antonio Gallo, Andrew D. McRae & Ray Saginur - 2011 - Trials 1 (12):100.
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  48.  77
    Recommendations for Nanomedicine Human Subjects Research Oversight: An Evolutionary Approach for an Emerging Field.Leili Fatehi, Susan M. Wolf, Jeffrey McCullough, Ralph Hall, Frances Lawrenz, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Cortney Jones, Stephen A. Campbell, Rebecca S. Dresser, Arthur G. Erdman, Christy L. Haynes, Robert A. Hoerr, Linda F. Hogle, Moira A. Keane, George Khushf, Nancy M. P. King, Efrosini Kokkoli, Gary Marchant, Andrew D. Maynard, Martin Philbert, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Ronald A. Siegel & Samuel Wickline - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):716-750.
    Nanomedicine is yielding new and improved treatments and diagnostics for a range of diseases and disorders. Nanomedicine applications incorporate materials and components with nanoscale dimensions where novel physiochemical properties emerge as a result of size-dependent phenomena and high surface-to-mass ratio. Nanotherapeutics and in vivo nanodiagnostics are a subset of nanomedicine products that enter the human body. These include drugs, biological products, implantable medical devices, and combination products that are designed to function in the body in ways unachievable at larger scales. (...)
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  49.  3
    A New Perspective on the Role of Activity in the Development of Eye-Specific Retinogeniculate Projections.L. M. Chalupa & Andrew D. Huberman - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. MIT Press. pp. 85--92.
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  50.  55
    K. J. M. Smith, James Fitzjames Stephen, Portrait of a Victorian Rationalist, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988, Pp. 338. [REVIEW]Andrew Lewis - 1990 - Utilitas 2 (1):159.
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