Results for 'Earl D. McCoy'

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  1.  32
    Using an Ecological Ethics Framework to Make Decisions About the Relocation of Wildlife.Earl D. McCoy & Kristin Berry - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):505-521.
    Relocation is an increasingly prominent conservation tool for a variety of wildlife, but the technique also is controversial, even among conservation practitioners. An organized framework for addressing the moral dilemmas often accompanying conservation actions such as relocation has been lacking. Ecological ethics may provide such a framework and appears to be an important step forward in aiding ecological researchers and biodiversity managers to make difficult moral choices. A specific application of this framework can make the reasoning process more transparent and (...)
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  2. Applied Ecology and the Logic of Case Studies.Kristin Shrader-Frechette & Earl D. McCoy - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (2):228-249.
    Because of the problems associated with ecological concepts, generalizations, and proposed general theories, applied ecology may require a new "logic" of explanation characterized neither by the traditional accounts of confirmation nor by the logic of discovery. Building on the works of Grunbaum, Kuhn, and Wittgenstein, we use detailed descriptions from research on conserving the Northern Spotted Owl, a case typical of problem solving in applied ecology, to (1) characterize the method of case studies; (2) survey its strengths; (3) summarize and (...)
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  3.  21
    The Community Concept in Community Ecology.Earl D. McCoy & K. S. Shrader-Frechette - 1994 - Perspectives on Science 2 (4):455.
    We argue that ecologists have conceived of the community concept in at least three ways, and that ecologists have used “community,” as indicated by ecological terminology, in two main ways. The typological conception emphasizes phenomenological descriptions of co-occurring species, the functional conception emphasizes mathematical relationships among co-occurring species, and the statistical conception emphasizes the frequency of species’ co-occurrence. The type usage emphasizes idealized “types,” and the group usage emphasizes quantitative boundaries and/or mathematically precise interactions. We further argue that all of (...)
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  4.  33
    How the Tail Wags the Dog: How Value Judgments Determine Ecological Science.K. S. Shrader-Frechette & Earl D. McCoy - 1994 - Environmental Values 3 (2):107-120.
    Philosophers, policymakers, and scientists have long asserted that ecological science – and especially notions of homeostasis, balance, or stability – help to determine environmental values and to supply imperatives for environmental ethics and policy. We argue that this assertion is questionable. There are no well developed general ecological theories having predictive power, and fundamental ecological concepts, such as 'community' and 'stability', are used in inconsistent and ambiguous ways. As a consequence, the contribution of ecology to environmental ethics and values lies (...)
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  5.  1
    Planning in a Hierarchy of Abstraction Spaces.Earl D. Sacerdoti - 1974 - Artificial Intelligence 5 (2):115-135.
  6.  36
    Determinants of Ethical Behavior: A Study of Autosalespeople. [REVIEW]Earl D. Honeycutt, Myron Glassman, Michael T. Zugelder & Kiran Karande - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):69 - 79.
    This study proposes a model that explains the ethical behavior of automobile salespeople in terms of their ethical perception, legal perception, method of compensation (commission-based or salary-based), age, and education. The model is estimated by using five scenarios that involve ethical issues commonly found in the automobile industry and responses from 184 automobile salespeople in a mid-Atlantic metropolitan area. The findings suggest that ethical perception is the most important determinant of ethical behavior. Also, method of compensation is a major determinant (...)
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  7.  46
    Business Ethics and Job-Related Constructs: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Automotive Salespeople.Earl D. Honeycutt, Judy A. Siguaw & Tammy G. Hunt - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (3):235 - 248.
    Although a number of articles have addressed ethical perceptions and behaviors, few studies have examined ethics across cultures. This research focuses on measuring the job satisfaction, customer orientation, ethics, and ethical training of automotive salespersons in the U.S. and Taiwan. The relationships of these variables to salesperson performance were also investigated. Ethics training was found to be negatively related to perceived levels of ethicalness and performance. High performance U.S. salespeople reported high ethical behavior, while the opposite was true in Taiwan. (...)
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  8. Transcendence & Mystery in Modern Life.Earl D. C. [from old catalog] Brewer - 1972 - Big Sur Recordings.
     
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  9.  19
    Reflections on the Success of Hospital Ethics Committees in My Health System.Earl D. White - 2006 - HEC Forum 18 (4):349-356.
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  10.  31
    Not an Alternative Model for Intentionality in Vision.R. Brown, D. C. Earle & S. E. G. Lea - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):138-139.
  11.  41
    Pseudo-Sallust Pseudo-Salluste: Lettres à César, Invectives. Texte établi, traduit et commenté par A. Ernout. Pp. 86 (26–70 double). Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1962. Paper, 9 fr. [REVIEW]D. C. Earl - 1963 - The Classical Review 13 (02):172-173.
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  12.  37
    Pseudo-Sallust.D. C. Earl - 1963 - The Classical Review 13 (02):172-.
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  13.  8
    On the Testability of ECHO.D. C. Earle - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):474-474.
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  14.  11
    On the Differences Between Cognitive and Noncognitive Systems.D. C. Earle - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (2):177-178.
  15.  29
    Special Issue on Marketing Ethics Editor Dited By: Scott J. Vitell Scott J. Vitell/Introduction to Special Issue on Marketing Ethics N. Craig Smith/Ethical Guidelines for Marketing Practice: A Reply to Gaski and Some Observations on the Role of Normative Marketing Ethics. [REVIEW]Anusorn Singhapakdi, Janet Km Marta, Cp Rao, Muris Cicic, Earl D. Honeycutt Jr, Myron Glassman & Michael T. Zugelder - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):363-365.
    This study compares Australian marketers with those in the United States along lines that are particular to the study of ethics. The test measured two different moral philosophies, idealism and relativism, and compared perceptions of ethical problems, ethical intentions, and corporate ethical values. According to Hofstede's cultural typologies, there should be little difference between American and Australian marketers, but the study did find significant differences. Australians tended to be more idealistic and more relativistic than Americans and the other results were (...)
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  16.  38
    An Integrative Theory of Prefrontal Cortex Function.Earl K. Miller & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2001 - Annual Review of Neuroscience 24 (1):167-202.
    The prefrontal cortex has long been suspected to play an important role in cognitive control, in the ability to orchestrate thought and action in accordance with internal goals. Its neural basis, however, has remained a mystery. Here, we propose that cognitive control stems from the active maintenance of patterns of activity in the prefrontal cortex that represent goals and the means to achieve them. They provide bias signals to other brain structures whose net effect is to guide the flow of (...)
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  17.  13
    Some perspective on perspectivism: Michela Massimi and Casey D. McCoy (eds): Understanding perspectivism. Scientific challenges and methodological prospects. New York: Routledge, 2020, 200pp.Alexander Rueger - 2020 - Metascience 29 (2):193-196.
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  18.  55
    Understanding Perspectivism (Open Access): Scientific Challenges and Methodological Prospects.Michela Massimi & Casey D. Mccoy - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    This edited collection is the first of its kind to explore the view called perspectivism in philosophy of science. The book brings together an array of essays that reflect on the methodological promises and scientific challenges of perspectivism in a variety of fields such as physics, biology, cognitive neuroscience, and cancer research, just as a few examples. What are the advantages of using a plurality of perspectives in a given scientific field and for interdisciplinary research? Can different perspectives be integrated? (...)
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  19. An Alternative Interpretation of Statistical Mechanics.C. D. McCoy - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (1):1-21.
    In this paper I propose an interpretation of classical statistical mechanics that centers on taking seriously the idea that probability measures represent complete states of statistical mechanical systems. I show how this leads naturally to the idea that the stochasticity of statistical mechanics is associated directly with the observables of the theory rather than with the microstates (as traditional accounts would have it). The usual assumption that microstates are representationally significant in the theory is therefore dispensable, a consequence which suggests (...)
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  20.  2
    Retrospective on “The Organization of Expert Systems, a Tutorial”.Mark Stefik, Jan S. Aikins, Robert Balzer, John Benoit, Lawrence Birnbaum, Frederick Hayes-Roth & Earl D. Sacerdoti - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 59 (1-2):221-224.
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  21. Time in Cosmology.C. D. McCoy & Craig Callender - 2021 - In Eleanor Knox & Alistair Wilson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 707–718.
    Readers familiar with the workhorse of cosmology, the hot big bang model, may think that cosmology raises little of interest about time. As cosmological models are just relativistic spacetimes, time is understood just as it is in relativity theory, and all cosmology adds is a few bells and whistles such as inflation and the big bang and no more. The aim of this chapter is to show that this opinion is not completely right...and may well be dead wrong. In our (...)
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  22. Interpretive Analogies Between Quantum and Statistical Mechanics.C. D. McCoy - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (1):9.
    The conspicuous similarities between interpretive strategies in classical statistical mechanics and in quantum mechanics may be grounded on their employment of common implementations of probability. The objective probabilities which represent the underlying stochasticity of these theories can be naturally associated with three of their common formal features: initial conditions, dynamics, and observables. Various well-known interpretations of the two theories line up with particular choices among these three ways of implementing probability. This perspective has significant application to debates on primitive ontology (...)
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  23. The Implementation, Interpretation, and Justification of Likelihoods in Cosmology.C. D. McCoy - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 62:19-35.
    I discuss the formal implementation, interpretation, and justification of likelihood attributions in cosmology. I show that likelihood arguments in cosmology suffer from significant conceptual and formal problems that undermine their applicability in this context.
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  24. Simplified Models: A Different Perspective on Models as Mediators.C. D. McCoy & Michela Massimi - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (1):99-123.
    We introduce a novel point of view on the “models as mediators” framework in order to emphasize certain important epistemological questions about models in science which have so far been little investigated. To illustrate how this perspective can help answer these kinds of questions, we explore the use of simplified models in high energy physics research beyond the Standard Model. We show in detail how the construction of simplified models is grounded in the need to mitigate pressing epistemic problems concerning (...)
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  25.  88
    Meta-Empirical Support for Eliminative Reasoning.C. D. McCoy - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 90:15-29.
    Eliminative reasoning is a method that has been employed in many significant episodes in the history of science. It has also been advocated by some philosophers as an important means for justifying well-established scientific theories. Arguments for how eliminative reasoning is able to do so, however, have generally relied on a too narrow conception of evidence, and have therefore tended to lapse into merely heuristic or pragmatic justifications for their conclusions. This paper shows how a broader conception of evidence not (...)
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  26. Stability in Cosmology, From Einstein to Inflation.C. D. McCoy - 2020 - In Claus Beisbart, Tilman Sauer & Christian Wüthrich (eds.), Thinking About Space and Time. Cham: Birkhäuser. pp. 71-89.
    I investigate the role of stability in cosmology through two episodes from the recent history of cosmology: Einstein’s static universe and Eddington’s demonstration of its instability, and the flatness problem of the hot big bang model and its claimed solution by inflationary theory. These episodes illustrate differing reactions to instability in cosmological models, both positive ones and negative ones. To provide some context to these reactions, I also situate them in relation to perspectives on stability from dynamical systems theory and (...)
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  27. On Classical Motion.C. D. McCoy - 2018 - Philosophers' Imprint 18.
    The impetus theory of motion states that to be in motion is to have a non-zero velocity. The at-at theory of motion states that to be in motion is to be at different places at different times, which in classical physics is naturally understood as the reduction of velocities to position developments. I first defend the at-at theory against the criticism raised by Arntzenius that it renders determinism impossible. I then develop a novel impetus theory of motion that reduces positions (...)
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  28. Epistemic Justification and Methodological Luck in Inflationary Cosmology.C. D. McCoy - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (4):1003-1028.
    I present a recent historical case from cosmology—the story of inflationary cosmology—and on its basis argue that solving explanatory problems is a reliable method for making progress in science. In particular, I claim that the success of inflationary theory at solving its predecessor’s explanatory problems justified the theory epistemically, even in advance of the development of novel predictions from the theory and the later confirmation of those predictions.
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  29.  22
    No Chances in a Deterministic World.C. D. McCoy - manuscript
    Several philosophers have developed accounts to dissolve the apparent conflict between deterministic laws of nature and objective chances. These philosophers advocate the compatibility of determinism and chance. I argue that determinism and chance are incompatible and criticize the various notions of “deterministic chance” supplied by the compatibilists. Many of the compatibilists are strongly motivated by scientific theories where objective probabilities are combined with deterministic laws, the most salient of which is classical statistical mechanics. I show that, properly interpreted, statistical mechanics (...)
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  30.  88
    Can Typicality Arguments Dissolve Cosmology’s Flatness Problem?C. D. McCoy - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (5):1239-1252.
    Several physicists, among them Hawking, Page, Coule, and Carroll, have argued against the probabilistic intuitions underlying fine-tuning arguments in cosmology and instead propose that the canonical measure on the phase space of Friedman-Robertson-Walker space-times should be used to evaluate fine-tuning. They claim that flat space-times in this set are actually typical on this natural measure and that therefore the flatness problem is illusory. I argue that they misinterpret typicality in this phase space and, moreover, that no conclusion can be drawn (...)
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  31.  13
    Δ20-Categoricity in Boolean Algebras and Linear Orderings.Charles F. D. McCoy - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 119 (1-3):85-120.
    We characterize Δ20-categoricity in Boolean algebras and linear orderings under some extra effectiveness conditions. We begin with a study of the relativized notion in these structures.
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  32. The Constitution of Weyl’s Pure Infinitesimal World Geometry.C. D. McCoy - 2022 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 12 (1):189–208.
    Hermann Weyl was one of the most important figures involved in the early elaboration of the general theory of relativity and its fundamentally geometrical spacetime picture of the world. Weyl’s development of “pure infinitesimal geometry” out of relativity theory was the basis of his remarkable attempt at unifying gravitation and electromagnetism. Many interpreters have focused primarily on Weyl’s philosophical influences, especially the influence of Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology, as the motivation for these efforts. In this article, I argue both that these (...)
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  33.  12
    < I> Δ_< Sub> 2< Sup> 0-Categoricity in Boolean Algebras and Linear Orderings.Charles F. D. McCoy - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 119 (1-3):85-120.
  34.  89
    Testability and Viability: Is Inflationary Cosmology “Scientific”?Richard Dawid & C. D. McCoy - manuscript
    We provide a philosophical reconstruction and analysis of the debate on the scientific status of cosmic inflation that has played out in recent years. In a series of critical papers, Ijjas et al. have questioned the scientificality of the current views on cosmic inflation. Proponents of cosmic inflation have in turn defended the scientific credentials of their approach. We argue that, while this defense, narrowly construed, is successful against Ijjas et al., the latter's reasoning does point to a significant epistemic (...)
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  35.  19
    Japanese Poetic Diaries.D. E. Mills & Earl Miner - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (2):351.
  36.  8
    Brill Online Books and Journals.John D. Caputo, Miguel De Beistegui, Charles M. Sherover, Adriaan Peperzak, Jacob Rogozinski, Kevin McCoy, Leonard Lawlor, Calvin O. Schrag, Rudi Visker & David Farrell Krell - 1991 - Research in Phenomenology 21 (1):62-80.
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  37. Did the Universe Have a Chance?C. D. McCoy - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (5):1262-1272.
    In a world awash in statistical patterns, should we conclude that the universe’s evolution or genesis is somehow subject to chance? I draw attention to alternatives that must be acknowledged if we are to have an adequate assessment of what chance the universe might have had.
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  38. Understanding the Progress of Science.C. D. McCoy - forthcoming - In Kareem Khalifa, Insa Lawler & Elay Shech (eds.), Scientific Understanding and Representation: Modeling in the Physical Sciences. Routledge.
    A problem-solving-based account of scientific progress that takes understanding as the principal epistemic aim of science is developed and defended against knowledge reductionism.
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  39.  6
    Finite Computable Dimension Does Not Relativize.Charles F. D. McCoy - 2002 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 41 (4):309-320.
    In many classes of structures, each computable structure has computable dimension 1 or $\omega$. Nevertheless, Goncharov showed that for each $n < \omega$, there exists a computable structure with computable dimension $n$. In this paper we show that, under one natural definition of relativized computable dimension, no computable structure has finite relativized computable dimension greater than 1.
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  40.  8
    Recollection and Unitization in Associating Actors with Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motions.Alan W. Kersten, Julie L. Earles & Johanna D. Berger - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (2):274-298.
  41.  23
    Community Ecology, Scale, and the Instability of the Stability Concept.E. D. McCoy & Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:184 - 199.
    We examine the evolution of the concept of stability in community ecology, arguing that biologists have moved from an emphasis on biotic communities characterized by static balance, to one of dynamic balance (returning to equilibrium after perturbation), to the current concept of stability as persistence. Using Wimsatt's (1987) analysis of how false models can often lead to better ones, we argue that failed attempts to link complexity with stability have significant heuristic value for community ecologists. Nevertheless, we argue that, (A) (...)
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  42.  13
    Les Proverbez d'Alain, . Thomas Maillet, Tony Hunt Les Paraboles Maistre Alain En Françoys. . Tony Hunt.Earl Jeffrey Richards - 2009 - Speculum 84 (4):1082-1084.
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  43.  70
    Biodiversity, Biological Uncertainty, and Setting Conservation Priorities.K. S. Shrader-Frechette & E. D. Mccoy - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (2):167-195.
    In a world of massive extinctions where not all taxa can be saved, how ought biologists to decide their preservation priorities? When biologists make recommendations regarding conservation, should their analyses be based on scientific criteria, on public or lay criteria, on economic or some other criteria? As a first step in answering this question, we examine the issue of whether biologists ought to try to save the endangered Florida panther, a well known glamour taxon. To evaluate the merits of panther (...)
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  44.  10
    D. M. Armstrong's "The Nature of Mind and Other Essays". [REVIEW]Earl Conee - 1982 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (4):622.
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  45. Earl Conee and Theodore Sider, Riddles of Existence: A Guided Tour of Metaphysics Reviewed By.Debby D. Hutchins - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (6):399-400.
     
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  46.  5
    De lapidibusTheophrastus D. E. Eichholz.Earle R. Caley - 1966 - Isis 57 (2):281-282.
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  47.  16
    Some Effects of Rotation and Centrifugally Produced High Gravity on Taste Aversion in Rats.D. F. McCoy, Gary B. Nallan & Gary M. Pace - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (4):255-257.
  48.  10
    Epicurus: ‘Live Hidden!’: William James Earle.William James Earle - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):93-104.
    Epicurus, though popularly and indeed nominally associated with a doctrine advocating the procurement of rather expensive pleasure, lived very simply in his garden with a circle of friends. The 14th of his Sovran Maxims or Cardinal Tenets , as collected by Diogenes Laertius, reads: ‘When tolerable security against our fellowmen is attained, then on a basis of power sufficient to afford support and of material prosperity arises in most genuine form the security of a quiet private life withdrawn from the (...)
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  49.  24
    Negative Contrast as a Function of the Location of Small Reinforced Placements.Richard S. Calef, Earl McHewitt, Donald W. Murray, James R. Brogan, Richard D. Cameron & E. Scott Geller - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (3):185-187.
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  50.  7
    A History of Japanese Literature, Vol. 3: The High Middle Ages.Steven D. Carter, Konishi Jin'ichi, Aileen Gatten, Mark Harbison & Earl Miner - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (4):610.
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