Results for 'Neil E. Williams'

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  1.  49
    A Dispositional Theory of Possibility.Neil E. Williams Andrea Borghini - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):21-41.
    The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world – this one – and that all genuine possibilities are grounded in the dispositions exemplified in it. This is the case whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine possibility. (...)
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  2.  44
    The Powers Metaphysic.Neil E. Williams - 2019 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Neil E. Williams develops a systematic metaphysics centred on the idea of powers, as a rival to neo-Humeanism, the dominant systematic metaphysics in philosophy today. Williams takes powers to be inherently causal properties and uses them as the foundation of his explanations of causation, persistence, laws, and modality.
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  3. Arthritis and Nature's Joints.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - In Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & Matthew H. Slater (eds.), Carving nature at its joints: natural kinds in metaphysics and science. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
    This chapter focuses on the view that diseases comprise natural kinds and how this view is in conflict with the essentialist picture of natural kinds as championed by Kripke and Putnam. This essentialist depiction of natural kinds contends that in order for a class of entities to be a natural kind, it is required that all and only members of the class instantiate very specific properties that explain the presence of any other properties typically associated with being a member of (...)
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  4. Dispositions and the Argument from Science.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):71 - 90.
    Central to the debate between Humean and anti-Humean metaphysics is the question of whether dispositions can exist in the absence of categorical properties that ground them (that is, where the causal burden is shifted on to categorical properties on which the dispositions would therefore supervene). Dispositional essentialists claim that they can; categoricalists reject the possibility of such ?baseless? dispositions, requiring that all dispositions must ultimately have categorical bases. One popular argument, recently dubbed the ?Argument from Science?, has appeared in one (...)
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  5. Putting Powers Back on Multi-Track.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (3):581-595.
    Power theorists are divided on the question of whether individual powers are single-track (for a single manifestation type) or are multi-track (capable of producing distinct manifestation types for distinct stimuli). EJ Lowe has recently defended single-tracking, arguing that the multi-tracker can provide no adequate reason for treating powers as capable of having multiple manifestation types, and claiming that putative instances of multi-track powers are either single-track powers in need of unifying descriptions or are merely several single-track powers. I respond to (...)
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  6. Putnam's traditional neo-essentialism.Neil E. Williams - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):151 - 170.
    Recently, several philosophers have defended what might be called `neo-essentialism' about natural kinds. Their views purport to improve upon the traditional essentialism of Kripke and Putnam by rejecting the claim that essences must be comprised of intrinsic properties. I argue that this so-called break from traditional essentialism is not a break at all, because the widespread interpretation of Putnam according to which he takes essences to be intrinsic is mistaken. Putnam makes no claim to the effect that essences of natural (...)
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  7. The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
    The aim of the paper is to give an ontologically informed account of disease that can aid in the construction of disease ontologies. The paper begins by distinguishing cases of diseases from what are purely structural abnormalities, referred to as ‘disorders’. The paper then presents a causal model apt for the understanding of disease that distinguishes diseases from both their causes and their potential effects. The analysis of disease defended treats disease in terms of distortions of standard cellular network processes, (...)
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  8. A dispositional theory of possibility.Andrea Borghini & Neil E. Williams - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):21–41.
    – The paper defends a naturalistic version of modal actualism according to which what is metaphysically possible is determined by dispositions found in the actual world. We argue that there is just one world—this one—and that all genuine possibilities are anchored by the dispositions exemplified in this world. This is the case regardless of whether or not those dispositions are manifested. As long as the possibility is one that would obtain were the relevant disposition manifested, it is a genuine possibility. (...)
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  9.  3
    The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
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  10.  20
    Power and activity: a dynamic do-over.Neil E. Williams - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-19.
    Powers theorists frequently assert that their neo-Aristotelian frameworks are dynamic, and that this gives them a theoretical advantage over their neo-Humean rivals. But recently it’s been claimed that activity can also be used to divide powers theories themselves. Dynamism is here understood primarily in terms of activity: a metaphysic counts as dynamic according to the place activity is given within the system. Activists treat activity as fundamental or irreducible, and claim to have the philosophical high ground over those ‘passivist’ powers (...)
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  11.  30
    Amorphic kinds: Cluster’s last stand?Neil E. Williams - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1 - 2):1-19.
    I raise a puzzle case for “cluster” accounts of natural kinds—the homeostatic property cluster and stable property cluster accounts, especially—on the basis of their expected treatment of the metaphysics of certain disease kinds. Some kinds, I argue, fail to exhibit the co-instantiated property clusters these cluster views take to be constitutive of natural kinds. Some genetic diseases, for example, have archetypical instances with few or none of the pathological processes or symptoms associated with the kind: their instances are typified by (...)
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  12.  88
    Do zombies Hunger for Humean brains?Neil E. Williams - 2007 - SWIF Philosophy of Mind Review 6 (2):62-72.
    John Heil’s From an Ontological Point of View (Heil 2003) is a tremendous philosophical work. The neo-Lockean ontology the reader finds within its 267 pages is a sensible and refreshing alternative to the neo-Humean ontologies which presently occupy the vast majority of the metaphysical literature. What Heil offers is a much needed change in perspective. Nor are the strengths of the book limited to Heil’s willingness to approach central metaphysical problems in largely untried and unpopular way; the book is very (...)
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  13.  29
    Amorphic kinds: Cluster’s last stand?Neil E. Williams - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1-2):14.
    I raise a puzzle case for “cluster” accounts of natural kinds—the homeostatic property cluster and stable property cluster accounts, especially—on the basis of their expected treatment of the metaphysics of certain disease kinds. Some kinds, I argue, fail to exhibit the co-instantiated property clusters these cluster views take to be constitutive of natural kinds. Some genetic diseases, for example, have archetypical instances with few or none of the pathological processes or symptoms associated with the kind: their instances are typified by (...)
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  14.  33
    (A new paradigm for) the problem of the many.Neil E. Williams - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):5533-5550.
    This paper offers an original solution to the problem of the many, built on a foundation of powers-based causation. At its most basic, the solution should be understood as a type of maximality response, and on those grounds its originality might be questioned. However, it is argued that novelty of the solution owes as much to the meta-metaphysical context in which the solution is framed as it does the model of causal powers. A discussion of paradigms in metaphysics is included.
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  15.  26
    Review of Peter Unger, Philosophical Papers: Volumes 1 & 2[REVIEW]Neil E. Williams - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (2).
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  16.  16
    The identification of 100 ecological questions of high policy relevance in the UK.William J. Sutherland, Susan Armstrong-Brown, Paul R. Armsworth, Brereton Tom, Jonathan Brickland, Colin D. Campbell, Daniel E. Chamberlain, Andrew I. Cooke, Nicholas K. Dulvy, Nicholas R. Dusic, Martin Fitton, Robert P. Freckleton, H. Charles J. Godfray, Nick Grout, H. John Harvey, Colin Hedley, John J. Hopkins, Neil B. Kift, Jeff Kirby, William E. Kunin, David W. Macdonald, Brian Marker, Marc Naura, Andrew R. Neale, Tom Oliver, Dan Osborn, Andrew S. Pullin, Matthew E. A. Shardlow, David A. Showler, Paul L. Smith, Richard J. Smithers, Jean-Luc Solandt, Jonathan Spencer, Chris J. Spray, Chris D. Thomas, Jim Thompson, Sarah E. Webb, Derek W. Yalden & Andrew R. Watkinson - 2006 - Journal of Applied Ecology 43 (4):617-627.
    1 Evidence-based policy requires researchers to provide the answers to ecological questions that are of interest to policy makers. To find out what those questions are in the UK, representatives from 28 organizations involved in policy, together with scientists from 10 academic institutions, were asked to generate a list of questions from their organizations. 2 During a 2-day workshop the initial list of 1003 questions generated from consulting at least 654 policy makers and academics was used as a basis for (...)
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  17.  25
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]William Cornegay, Paul T. Rosewell, Charles A. Tesconi, Charles Kniker, William W. Brickman, Donald E. Gerlock, Donald R. Warren, Robert Moon, Neil R. Phinney, Michael L. Mazzarese, Milton K. Reimer, Seymouor W. Itzkoff, Marcella R. Lawler, A. Bruce Mckay & Glenn Smith - unknown
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  18.  32
    ‘Take my kidneys but not my corneas’—Selective preferences as a hidden problem for ‘opt‐out’ organ donation policy.Nicola Jane Williams & Neil C. Manson - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (8):829-839.
    With aims to both increase organ supply and better reflect individual donation preferences, many nations worldwide have shifted from ‘opt‐in’ to ‘opt‐out’ systems for post‐mortem organ donation (PMOD). In such countries, while a prospective donor's willingness to donate their organs/tissues for PMOD was previously ascertained—at least partially—by their having recorded positive donation preferences on an official register prior to death, this willingness is now presumed or inferred—at least partially—from their not having recorded an objection to PMOD—on an official organ donation (...)
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  19.  28
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Jerry Miner, George A. Male, George W. Bright, Cole S. Brembeck, Ronald E. Hull, Roger R. Woock, Ralph J. Erickson, Oliver S. Ikenberry, William F. O'neill, William H. Hay, David Neil Silk, Gail Zivin & David Conrad - unknown
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  20.  9
    Approximate Optimal Control as a Model for Motor Learning.Neil E. Berthier, Michael T. Rosenstein & Andrew G. Barto - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):329-346.
  21.  6
    Using Social Psychology Principles to Develop Emotionally Intelligent Healthcare Leaders.Neil E. Grunberg, John E. McManigle & Erin S. Barry - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  22.  76
    Physics and finance.Neil E. Johnson - 1997 - Complexity 2 (4):3-6.
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  23.  4
    Biological factors in eating and its disorders.Neil E. Rowland - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (3):244-249.
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  24.  15
    Biological factors in eating and its disorders.Neil E. Rowland - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):244-249.
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  25. Thirst and Water‐Salt Appetite.Neil E. Rowland - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
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  26.  5
    Plant Pathology in the Penultimate Century.Neil E. Stevens - 1934 - Isis 21 (1):98-122.
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  27.  7
    The Mycological Work of Henry W. Ravenel.Neil E. Stevens - 1932 - Isis 18 (1):133-149.
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  28.  28
    Why and how do journals retract articles? An analysis of Medline retractions 1988-2008.E. Wager & P. Williams - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):567-570.
    Background Journal editors are responsible for what they publish and therefore have a duty to correct the record if published work is found to be unreliable. One method for such correction is retraction of an article. Anecdotal evidence suggested a lack of consistency in journal policies and practices regarding retraction. In order to develop guidelines, we reviewed retractions in Medline to discover how and why articles were retracted. Methods We retrieved all available Medline retractions from 2005 to 2008 and a (...)
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  29.  12
    Genevan libraries of the early 1600's: Magistrate and refugee.E. William Monter - forthcoming - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance.
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  30. Genevan libraries of the early 1600s.E. William Monter - 1965 - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance 27:521-531.
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  31. Jus post bellum : justice in the aftermath of war.Robert E. Williams Jr - 2014 - In Caron E. Gentry & Amy Eckert (eds.), The future of just war: new critical essays. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press.
     
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  32.  20
    The strong decidability of cut-logics. I. Partial propositional calculi.E. William Chapin - 1971 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 12 (3):322-328.
  33.  14
    Positive information facilitates response inhibition in older adults only when emotion is task-relevant.Samantha E. Williams, Eric J. Lenze & Jill D. Waring - 2020 - Tandf: Cognition and Emotion 34 (8):1632-1645.
    Volume 34, Issue 8, December 2020, Page 1632-1645.
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  34.  24
    Translations and structure for partial propositional calculi.E. William Chapin - 1974 - Studia Logica 33 (1):35-57.
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  35.  30
    Sufficient proof in the scientific justification of environmental actions.Douglas Crawford-Brown & Neil E. Pearce - 1989 - Environmental Ethics 11 (2):153-167.
    Environmental actions require a willingness to act, which, in turn, is stimulated partially by the belief that an action will yield the desired consequences. In determining whether an actor was justified in exerting the will to act, therefore, it is essential to examine the nature of evidence offered by the actor in support of any beliefs about the environment. In this paper we explore the points in environmental risk analyses at which evidence is brought to bear in support of inferences (...)
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  36.  6
    Gabriel Marcel's Notion of Value.Martha E. William - 1959 - Modern Schoolman 37 (1):29-38.
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  37.  3
    Gabriel Marcel's Notion of Value.Martha E. Williams - 1959 - Modern Schoolman 37 (1):29-38.
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  38.  19
    Gentzen-like systems for partial propositional calculi. I.E. William Chapin - 1971 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 12 (1):75-80.
  39.  13
    Gentzen-like systems for partial propositional calculi. II.E. William Chapin - 1971 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 12 (2):179-182.
  40.  3
    How Impaired Is Too Impaired? Ratings of Psychologist Impairment by Psychologists in Independent Practice.Bailey E. Williams - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):149-160.
    Although psychologist impairment has received attention from researchers, there is a paucity of empirical data aimed at determining the point at which such impairment necessitates action. The purpose of this study was to provide such empirical data. Members of Division 42 (n = 285) responded to vignettes describing a psychologist whose symptoms of either depression or substance abuse varied across five levels of severity. Results identified specific levels of impairment at which psychologists were deemed too impaired to practice psychotherapy, as (...)
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  41.  11
    Meaning, reference and tense.Clifford E. Williams & Alonso Church - 1976 - Analysis 36 (3):132.
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  42.  20
    The strong decidability of cut logics. II. Generalizations.E. William Chapin - 1971 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 12 (4):429-434.
  43. The "No Interest" Argument Against the Rights of Nature.Neil W. Williams - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    Awarding rights to rivers, forests, and other environmental entities (EEs) is a new and increasingly popular approach to environmental protection. The distinctive feature of such rights of nature (RoN) legislation is that direct duties are owed to the EEs. This paper presents a novel rebuttal of the strongest argument against RoN: the no interest argument. The crux of this argument is that because EEs are not sentient, they cannot possess the kinds of interests necessary to ground direct duties. Therefore, they (...)
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  44.  4
    Reconsidering Psychology.James E. Faulconer & R. Williams (eds.) - 1990 - Duquesne University Press.
  45.  33
    Is attentional selection to different levels of hierarchical structure based on spatial frequency?Marvin R. Lamb, E. William Yund & Heather M. Pond - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (1):88.
  46.  26
    Measuring executive function in control subjects and TBI patients with question completion time.David L. Woods, E. William Yund, John M. Wyma, Ron Ruff & Timothy J. Herron - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  47. Radical Empiricism, British Idealism, and the Reality of Relations.Neil W. Williams - 2021 - In Sarin Marchetti (ed.), The Jamesian Mind. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 398-411.
  48. The Affective Preconditions of Inquiry: Hookway on Doubt, Sentiment, and Ethics.Neil W. Williams - 2023 - In Robert B. Talisse, Paniel Reyes Cárdenas & Daniel Herbert (eds.), Pragmatic Reason: Christopher Hookway and the American Philosophical Tradition. London: Routledge. pp. 162-181.
    One of the major contributions which Christopher Hookway has made to pragmatist epistemology is a critical exploration of the role that affective dispositions play in inquiry. According to Hookway, a well-functioning rational inquirer must rely upon a set of pre-reflective and affective dispositions which are not themselves fully available to rational evaluation. Despite their pre-reflective nature, on the pragmatist account these affective dispositions provide us with judgments and evaluations which are in many cases more reliable than those provided by explicit (...)
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  49.  13
    Playing the interdisciplinary game across education-medical education boundaries:sites of knowledge, collaborative identities and methodological innovations.Sue E. Timmis & Jane Williams - unknown
    This paper aims to interrogate the potential and challenges in interdisciplinary working across disciplinary boundaries by examining a longitudinal partnership designed to research student experiences of digital technologies in undergraduate medicine established by the two authors. The paper is situated in current methodological trends including the changing value of replicability and evidence based methods and increases in qualitative and mixed methods studies in Medical Education, whilst education research has seen growing encouragement for randomised controlled trials and large-scale quantitative studies. A (...)
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  50.  10
    A physical basis for primary recovery creep.H. E. Evans & K. R. Williams - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 25 (6):1399-1408.
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