Results for 'Robert W. Sharples'

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  1. Alexander of Aphrodisias. Supplement to "on the Soul".Robert W. Sharples (ed.) - 2004 - Cornell University Press.
    The "Supplement" transmitted as the second book of "On the Soul" by Alexander of Aphrodisias is a collection of short texts on a wide range of topics from psychology, including the general hylomorphic account of soul and its faculties, and the theory of vision; questions in ethics ; and issues relating to responsibility, chance and fate. One of the texts in the collection, "On Intellect", had a major influence on medieval Arabic and Western thought, greater than that of Alexander's "On (...)
     
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  2.  24
    Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought, and Influence by William W. Fortenbaugh; Pamela M. Huby; Robert W. Sharples; Dimitri Gutas; Andrew D. Barker; John J. Keaney; David C. Mirhady; David Sedley; Michael G. Sollenberger. [REVIEW]G. Lloyd - 1995 - Isis 86:95-96.
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  3.  21
    L'accident du déterminisme.Robert W. Sharples - 2008 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 86 (3):285-303.
    Résumé — Alexandre d’Aphrodise a été étudié plus intensément en Europe continentale que dans le monde anglophone. Cet article s’interroge sur les raisons culturelles d’un tel fait. L’une des raisons de l’étude de la philosophie antique en général dans le monde anglophone est la volonté de montrer qu’elle est reliée, et peut rendre service, à des débats philosophiques contemporains. Un cas emblématique nous est fourni par le débat concernant le libre arbitre et le déterminisme. Susanne Bobzien a défendu la thèse (...)
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  4.  1
    Theophrastus of Eresus - Commentary Volume 3. 1: Sources on Physics.Robert W. Sharples (ed.) - 1995 - Brill.
    This volume relates to natural philosophy apart from the study of living things. Topics covered include the principles of scientific inquiry, place, time, motion, the heavens, the sublunary world, meteorology and the study of materials.
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  5.  5
    The Problem of Sources.Robert W. Sharples - 2009 - A Companion to Ancient Philosophy 31:430.
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  6.  13
    Theophrastus and Recent ScholarshipOn Stoic and Peripatetic Ethics: The Work of Arius Didymus.Theophrastus of Eresus on His Life and Work.Theophrastean Studies on Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric.Cicero's Knowledge of the Peripatos.Theopharastus His Psychological, Doxographical and Scientific Writings.Theophrastus of Eresus Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. [REVIEW]Deborah K. W. Modrak, William W. Fortenbaugh, Pamela M. Huby, Anthony A. Long, Robert W. Sharples, Peter Steinmetz & Dimitri Gutas - 1994 - Journal of the History of Ideas 55 (2):337.
  7.  46
    "Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation and Commentary", by R. W. Sharples[REVIEW]Robert B. Todd - 1985 - Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):341.
  8.  6
    Robert Muller, Introduction À la Pensèe des Mégariques. [REVIEW]R. W. Sharples - 1991 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 111:233-234.
  9. Theophrastus of Eresus, Commentary Volume 5: Sources on Biology. [REVIEW]Robert Sharples - 1994 - Brill.
    The first of the projected volumes of commentary to accompany the texts and translations in Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for his Life, Writings, Thought and Influence , edited by W.W. Fortenbaugh and others.
     
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  10.  27
    Robert W. Farquhar. Fifty Years on the Space Frontier: Halo Orbits, Comets, Asteroids, and More. V + 447 Pp., Tables, Illus., Bibl. Denver: Outskirts Press, 2011. $86.95. [REVIEW]Robert W. Smith - 2012 - Isis 103 (4):803-804.
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    Robert W. Duffner. The Adaptive Optics Revolution: A History. Foreword by Robert Q. Fugate. Xxviii + 457 Pp., Illus., Index. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2009. $45. [REVIEW]Robert W. Smith - 2010 - Isis 101 (3):673-674.
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  12. J. S. Mill's Language of Pleasures*: Robert W. Hoag.Robert W. Hoag - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (2):247-278.
    A significant feature of John Stuart Mill's moral theory is the introduction of qualitative differences as relevant to the comparative value of pleasures. Despite its significance, Mill presents his doctrine of qualities of pleasures in only a few paragraphs in the second chapter of Utilitarianism, where he begins the brief discussion by saying: utilitarian writers in general have placed the superiority of mental over bodily pleasures chiefly … in their circumstantial advantages rather than in their intrinsic nature.… [B]ut they might (...)
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  13.  10
    Alexander of Aphrodisias: Quaestiones 2.16-3.15. [REVIEW]Robert Gallagher - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):946-947.
    Richard Sorabji, in his introduction to the series, Ancient Commentators on Aristotle, of which this volume is a part, claims that these works "represent a missing link in the history of philosophy: the Latin-speaking Middle Ages obtained their knowledge of Aristotle at least partly through the medium of the commentaries. Without an appreciation of this, medieval interpretations of Aristotle will not be understood". If this remark is true of any volume in the series, it is certainly true of this one, (...)
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  14.  2
    Book Forum.Robert W. Batterman - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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  15. The Devil in the Details: Asymptotic Reasoning in Explanation, Reduction, and Emergence.Robert W. Batterman - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert Batterman examines a form of scientific reasoning called asymptotic reasoning, arguing that it has important consequences for our understanding of the scientific process as a whole. He maintains that asymptotic reasoning is essential for explaining what physicists call universal behavior. With clarity and rigor, he simplifies complex questions about universal behavior, demonstrating a profound understanding of the underlying structures that ground them. This book introduces a valuable new method that is certain to fill explanatory gaps across disciplines.
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  16. Hermeneutical Paths to the Sacred Worlds of India Essays in Honour of Robert W. Stevenson.Robert W. Stevenson & Katherine K. Young - 1994
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  17. Minimal Model Explanations.Robert W. Batterman & Collin C. Rice - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (3):349-376.
    This article discusses minimal model explanations, which we argue are distinct from various causal, mechanical, difference-making, and so on, strategies prominent in the philosophical literature. We contend that what accounts for the explanatory power of these models is not that they have certain features in common with real systems. Rather, the models are explanatory because of a story about why a class of systems will all display the same large-scale behavior because the details that distinguish them are irrelevant. This story (...)
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  18. R. W. Sharples, Ed., Perspectives On Greek Philosophy: S. V. Keeling Memorial Lectures In Ancient Philosophy 1992-2002. [REVIEW]James Butler - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (6):442-444.
  19.  45
    Mindreading Animals: The Debate Over What Animals Know About Other Minds.Robert W. Lurz - 2011 - Bradford.
    But do animals know that other creatures have minds? And how would we know if they do? In "Mindreading Animals," Robert Lurz offers a fresh approach to the hotly debated question of mental-state attribution in nonhuman animals.
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  20. On the Explanatory Role of Mathematics in Empirical Science.Robert W. Batterman - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (1):1-25.
    This paper examines contemporary attempts to explicate the explanatory role of mathematics in the physical sciences. Most such approaches involve developing so-called mapping accounts of the relationships between the physical world and mathematical structures. The paper argues that the use of idealizations in physical theorizing poses serious difficulties for such mapping accounts. A new approach to the applicability of mathematics is proposed.
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  21. Idealization and Modeling.Robert W. Batterman - 2009 - Synthese 169 (3):427-446.
    This paper examines the role of mathematical idealization in describing and explaining various features of the world. It examines two cases: first, briefly, the modeling of shock formation using the idealization of the continuum. Second, and in more detail, the breaking of droplets from the points of view of both analytic fluid mechanics and molecular dynamical simulations at the nano-level. It argues that the continuum idealizations are explanatorily ineliminable and that a full understanding of certain physical phenomena cannot be obtained (...)
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  22. R.W. Sharples, Trans., Alexander Aphrodisias' On Fate. [REVIEW]Joseph Novak - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5:316-318.
     
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  23.  68
    Autonomy of Theories: An Explanatory Problem.Robert W. Batterman - 2018 - Noûs:858-873.
    This paper aims to draw attention to an explanatory problem posed by the existence of multiply realized or universal behavior exhibited by certain physical systems. The problem is to explain how it is possible that systems radically distinct at lower-scales can nevertheless exhibit identical or nearly identical behavior at upper-scales. Theoretically this is reflected by the fact that continuum theories such as fluid mechanics are spectacularly successful at predicting, describing, and explaining fluid behaviors despite the fact that they do not (...)
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  24. Emergence, Singularities, and Symmetry Breaking.Robert W. Batterman - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (6):1031-1050.
    This paper looks at emergence in physical theories and argues that an appropriate way to understand socalled “emergent protectorates” is via the explanatory apparatus of the renormalization group. It is argued that mathematical singularities play a crucial role in our understanding of at least some well-defined emergent features of the world.
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  25.  11
    R. W. Sharples : Modern Thinkers and Ancient Thinkers: The Stanley Victor Keeling Memorial Lectures at University College London, 1981–1991. Pp. Vi+201. London: UCL Press Limited, 1993. [REVIEW]F. R. Pickering - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (2):410-410.
  26.  35
    R. W. Sharples (Ed.): Modern Thinkers and Ancient Thinkers: The Stanley Victor Keeling Memorial Lectures at University College London, 1981–1991. Pp. Vi+201. London: UCL Press Limited, 1993. [REVIEW]F. R. Pickering - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (02):410-.
  27.  31
    The Proximity of the Past: Eugenics in American Culture: Robert W. Rydell.Robert W. Rydell - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (3):667-678.
    In 1935, as the Nazis’ state-of-the art eugenics exhibition from the Deutsches Hygiene Museum was concluding its American tour, a decision had to be made about whether to return the displays to Germany or to house them in an American museum. After the American Academy of Medicine decided against the display because of its political implications, the director of the Buffalo Museum of Science, Carlos Cummings, himself a physician, offered his institution as the exhibition's permanent home. “What is the astounding (...)
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  28. Multiple Realizability and Universality.Robert W. Batterman - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):115-145.
    This paper concerns what Jerry Fodor calls a 'metaphysical mystery': How can there by macroregularities that are realized by wildly heterogeneous lower level mechanisms? But the answer to this question is not as mysterious as many, including Jaegwon Kim, Ned Block, and Jerry Fodor might think. The multiple realizability of the properties of the special sciences such as psychology is best understood as a kind of universality, where 'universality' is used in the technical sense one finds in the physics literature. (...)
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  29. Asymptotics and the Role of Minimal Models.Robert W. Batterman - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (1):21-38.
    A traditional view of mathematical modeling holds, roughly, that the more details of the phenomenon being modeled that are represented in the model, the better the model is. This paper argues that often times this ‘details is better’ approach is misguided. One ought, in certain circumstances, to search for an exactly solvable minimal model—one which is, essentially, a caricature of the physics of the phenomenon in question.
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  30. Motivation Reconsidered: The Concept of Competence.Robert W. White - 1959 - Psychological Review 66 (5):297-333.
  31.  89
    The Philosophy of Animal Minds.Robert W. Lurz (ed.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume is a collection of fourteen essays by leading philosophers on issues concerning the nature, existence, and our knowledge of animal minds. The nature of animal minds has been a topic of interest to philosophers since the origins of philosophy, and recent years have seen significant philosophical engagement with the subject. However, there is no volume that represents the current state of play in this important and growing field. The purpose of this volume is to highlight the state of (...)
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  32.  65
    The Tyranny of Scales.Robert W. Batterman - 2013 - In The Oxford handbook of philosophy of physics. Oxford University Press. pp. 255-286.
    This paper examines a fundamental problem in applied mathematics. How can one model the behavior of materials that display radically different, dominant behaviors at different length scales. Although we have good models for material behaviors at small and large scales, it is often hard to relate these scale-based models to one another. Macroscale models represent the integrated effects of very subtle factors that are practically invisible at the smallest, atomic, scales. For this reason it has been notoriously difficult to model (...)
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  33. Mental Models of Mirror Self-Recognition: Two Theories.Robert W. Mitchell - 1993 - New Ideas in Psychology 11 (3):295-325.
  34.  57
    Universality and RG Explanations.Robert W. Batterman - 2019 - Perspectives on Science 27 (1):26-47.
    In its broadest sense, "universality" is a technical term for something quite ordinary. It refers to the existence of patterns of behavior by physical systems that recur and repeat despite the fact that in some sense the situations in which these patterns recur and repeat are different. Rainbows, for example, always exhibit the same pattern of spacings and intensities of their bows despite the fact that the rain showers are different on each occasion. They are different because the shapes of (...)
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  35.  94
    The Cognitive Integration of E-Memory.Robert W. Clowes - 2013 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (1):107-133.
    If we are flexible, hybrid and unfinished creatures that tend to incorporate or at least employ technological artefacts in our cognitive lives, then the sort of technological regime we live under should shape the kinds of minds we possess and the sorts of beings we are. E-Memory consists in digital systems and services we use to record, store and access digital memory traces to augment, re-use or replace organismic systems of memory. I consider the various advantages of extended and embedded (...)
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  36. Basic Emotion Questions.Robert W. Levenson - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):379-386.
    Among discrete emotions, basic emotions are the most elemental; most distinct; most continuous across species, time, and place; and most intimately related to survival-critical functions. For an emotion to be afforded basic emotion status it must meet criteria of: (a) distinctness (primarily in behavioral and physiological characteristics), (b) hard-wiredness (circuitry built into the nervous system), and (c) functionality (provides a generalized solution to a particular survival-relevant challenge or opportunity). A set of six emotions that most clearly meet these criteria (enjoyment, (...)
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  37.  79
    Attention Without Awareness in Blindsight.Robert W. Kentridge, Charles A. Heywood & Lawrence Weiskrantz - 1999 - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 266:1805-11.
  38.  79
    Theories and Systems of Psychology.Robert W. Lundin - 1972 - Lexington, Mass., Heath.
    A revised edition of an undergraduate text for students in history of psychology courses. Designed for one semester, covers: the history of psychology in ancient philosophy, structuralism, neurophysiology, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and gestalt theories. The new edition has expanded.
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  39. The Relationship Between Culture and Perception of Ethical Problems in International Marketing.Robert W. Armstrong - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (11):1199 - 1208.
    This research study sought to identify whether there is a relationship between ethical perceptions and culture. An examination of the cultural variables suggests that there is a relationship between two of Hofstede's cultural dimensions (i.e., Uncertainty Avoidance and Individualism) and ethical perceptions. This finding supports the hypothetical linkage between the cultural environment and the perceived ethical problem variables posited in Hunt and Vitell's General Theory of Marketing Ethics (1986).
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  40.  50
    Attention Without Awareness.Robert W. Kentridge - 2011 - In Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies & Wayne Wu (eds.), Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 228.
  41. Falling Cats, Parallel Parking, and Polarized Light.Robert W. Batterman - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 34 (4):527-557.
    This paper addresses issues surrounding the concept of geometric phase or "anholonomy". Certain physical phenomena apparently require for their explanation and understanding, reference to toplogocial/geometric features of some abstract space of parameters. These issues are related to the question of how gauge structures are to be interpreted and whether or not the debate over their "reality" is really going to be fruitful.
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  42. The Intrapersonal Functions of Emotion.Robert W. Levenson - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (5):481-504.
  43.  46
    Spatial Attention Speeds Discrimination Without Awareness in Blindsight.Robert W. Kentridge, Charles A. Heywood & Lawrence Weiskrantz - 2004 - Neuropsychologia 42 (6):831-835.
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  44.  15
    Steel and Bone: Mesoscale Modeling and Middle-Out Strategies in Physics and Biology.Robert W. Batterman & Sara Green - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):1159-1184.
    Mesoscale modeling is often considered merely as a practical strategy used when information on lower-scale details is lacking, or when there is a need to make models cognitively or computationally tractable. Without dismissing the importance of practical constraints for modeling choices, we argue that mesoscale models should not just be considered as abbreviations or placeholders for more “complete” models. Because many systems exhibit different behaviors at various spatial and temporal scales, bottom-up approaches are almost always doomed to fail. Mesoscale models (...)
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  45.  81
    Toward an Integrated Theory of Insight in Problem Solving.Robert W. Weisberg - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):5-39.
    The study of insight in problem solving and creative thinking has seen an upsurge of interest in the last 30 years. Current theorising concerning insight has taken one of two tacks. The special-process view, which grew out of the Gestalt psychologists’ theorising about insight, proposes that insight is the result of a dedicated set of processes that is activated by the individual's reaching impasse while trying to deal with a problematic situation. In contrast, the business-as-usual view argues that insight is (...)
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  46. Theories Between Theories: Asymptotic Limiting Intertheoretic Relations.Robert W. Batterman - 1995 - Synthese 103 (2):171 - 201.
    This paper addresses a relatively common scientific (as opposed to philosophical) conception of intertheoretic reduction between physical theories. This is the sense of reduction in which one (typically newer and more refined) theory is said to reduce to another (typically older and coarser) theory in the limit as some small parameter tends to zero. Three examples of such reductions are discussed: First, the reduction of Special Relativity (SR) to Newtonian Mechanics (NM) as (v/c)20; second, the reduction of wave optics to (...)
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  47. Response to Belot’s “Whose Devil? Which Details?‘.Robert W. Batterman - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1):154-163.
    I respond to Belot's argument and defend the view that sometimes `fundamental theories' are explanatorily inadequate and need to be supplemented with certain aspects of less fundamental `theories emeritus'.
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  48. Workplace Values and Outcomes: Exploring Personal, Organizational, and Interactive Workplace Spirituality.Robert W. Kolodinsky, Robert A. Giacalone & Carole L. Jurkiewicz - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):465-480.
    Spiritual values in the workplace, increasingly discussed and applied in the business ethics literature, can be viewed from an individual, organizational, or interactive perspective. The following study examined previously unexplored workplace spirituality outcomes. Using data collected from five samples consisting of full-time workers taking graduate coursework, results indicated that perceptions of organizational-level spirituality (“organizational spirituality”) appear to matter most to attitudinal and attachment-related outcomes. Specifically, organizational spirituality was found to be positively related to job involvement, organizational identification, and work rewards (...)
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  49. Why Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics Works: Universality and the Renormalization Group.Robert W. Batterman - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):183-208.
    Discussions of the foundations of Classical Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics (SM) typically focus on the problem of justifying the use of a certain probability measure (the microcanonical measure) to compute average values of certain functions. One would like to be able to explain why the equilibrium behavior of a wide variety of distinct systems (different sorts of molecules interacting with different potentials) can be described by the same averaging procedure. A standard approach is to appeal to ergodic theory to justify this (...)
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  50. Defining Chaos.Robert W. Batterman - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):43-66.
    This paper considers definitions of classical dynamical chaos that focus primarily on notions of predictability and computability, sometimes called algorithmic complexity definitions of chaos. I argue that accounts of this type are seriously flawed. They focus on a likely consequence of chaos, namely, randomness in behavior which gets characterized in terms of the unpredictability or uncomputability of final given initial states. In doing so, however, they can overlook the definitive feature of dynamical chaos--the fact that the underlying motion generating the (...)
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