Results for 'Stuart A. Eisenstadt'

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  1. A Chinese Room That Understands.Herbert A. Simon & Stuart A. Eisenstadt - 2003 - In John M. Preston & John Mark Bishop (eds.), Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford University Press.
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  2.  48
    Logic and Thought.Stuart A. Eisenstadt & Herbert A. Simon - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (3):365-385.
    Rips, in The Psychology of Proof, argues that, through the processes of evolution, logic (e.g., modus ponens) has become established in the human mind as the basis for thinking, and that production systems rest on this foundation. In this paper we defend the converse argument that, through evolution, a production system architecture has become the basis for human thinking, and that formal logics rest on this production system and the accompanying mechanisms for recognition and search. It is through the “automaticity” (...)
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  3.  58
    Human and Machine Interpretation of Expressions in Formal Systems.Herbert A. Simon & Stuart A. Eisenstadt - 1998 - Synthese 116 (3):439-461.
    This paper uses a proof of Gödels theorem, implemented on a computer, to explore how a person or a computer can examine such a proof, understand it, and evaluate its validity. It is argued that, in order to recognize it (1) as Gödel's theorem, and (2) as a proof that there is an undecidable statement in the language of PM, a person must possess a suitable semantics. As our analysis reveals no differences between the processes required by people and machines (...)
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  4.  22
    The Origins of Order: Self Organization and Selection in Evolution.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Stuart Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization: the spontaneous emergence of order that is widely observed throughout nature Kauffman argues that self-organization (...)
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  5.  4
    A World Beyond Physics: The Emergence and Evolution of Life.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Explores the possiblity and process of evolution beyond the standard and established scientific principles.
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  6.  4
    Humanity in a Creative Universe.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2016 - Oup Usa.
    In this fascinating read, Kauffman concludes that the development of life on earth is not entirely predictable, because no theory could ever fully account for the limitless variations of evolution. Sure to cause a stir, this book will be discussed for years to come and may even set the tone for the next "great thinker.".
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  7.  6
    Investigations.Stuart A. Kauffman - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    "It may be that I have stumbled upon an adequate description of life itself." These modest yet profound words trumpet an imminent paradigm shift in scientific, economic, and technological thinking. In the tradition of Schrödinger's classic What Is Life?, Kauffman's Investigations is a tour-de-force exploration of the very essence of life itself, with conclusions that radically undermine the scientific approaches on which modern science rests--the approaches of Newton, Boltzman, Bohr, and Einstein. Building on his pivotal ideas about order and evolution (...)
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  8.  62
    Articulation of Parts Explanation in Biology and the Rational Search for Them.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:257 - 272.
  9. Beyond Desartes and Newton: Recovering Life and Humanity.Stuart A. Kauffman & Arran Gare - 2015 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 119 (3):219-244.
    Attempts to ‘naturalize’ phenomenology challenge both traditional phenomenology and traditional approaches to cognitive science. They challenge Edmund Husserl’s rejection of naturalism and his attempt to establish phenomenology as a foundational transcendental discipline, and they challenge efforts to explain cognition through mainstream science. While appearing to be a retreat from the bold claims made for phenomenology, it is really its triumph. Naturalized phenomenology is spearheading a successful challenge to the heritage of Cartesian dualism. This converges with the reaction against Cartesian thought (...)
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  10.  9
    At Home in the Universe the Search for Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity.Stuart Kauffman & Stuart A. Kauffman - 1995 - Oxford University Press, Usa.
    The author examines the concept of self-organization, or as he calls it "order for free," discussing how it occurs more frequently in nature than originally believed.
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  11.  31
    Physical Determinants in the Emergence and Inheritance of Multicellular Form.Stuart A. Newman & Marta Linde-Medina - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (3):274-285.
    We argue that the physics of complex materials and self-organizing processes should be made central to the biology of form. Rather than being encoded in genes, form emerges when cells and certain of their molecules mobilize physical forces, effects, and processes in a multicellular context. What is inherited from one generation to the next are not genetic programs for constructing organisms, but generative mechanisms of morphogenesis and pattern formation and the initial and boundary conditions for reproducing the specific traits of (...)
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  12.  42
    A Computer Scientist's Perspective on Chaos and Mystery.Stuart A. Kurtz - 2002 - Zygon 37 (2):415-420.
  13. A Short Hystery of Conception.Stuart A. Copans - 1973 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 16 (2):232-239.
  14.  8
    A Framework to Think About Evolving Genetic Regulatory Systems.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1986 - In William Bechtel (ed.), Integrating Scientific Disciplines. pp. 165--184.
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  15.  17
    Notions of Weak Genericity.Stuart A. Kurtz - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (3):764-770.
  16.  15
    Dominance Relationships: The Cheshire Cat's Grin?Stuart A. Altmann - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):430-431.
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  17.  4
    The Dynamic Architecture of a Developing Organism.Stuart A. Newman - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (9):870-870.
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  18.  7
    Developmental Logic and its Evolution.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1987 - Bioessays 6 (2):82-87.
  19.  19
    Remembering Richard Lewontin.Stuart A. Newman, Peter Godfrey-Smith, Daniel L. Hartl, Philip Kitcher, Diane B. Paul, John Beatty, Sahotra Sarkar, Elliott Sober & William C. Wimsatt - 2021 - Biological Theory 16 (4):257-267.
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  20.  49
    The Niche Construction Perspective: A Critical Appraisal.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips, Kevin N. Laland, David M. Shuker, Thomas E. Dickins & Stuart A. West - unknown
    Niche construction refers to the activities of organisms that bring about changes in their environments, many of which are evolutionarily and ecologically consequential. Advocates of niche construction theory (NCT) believe that standard evolutionary theory fails to recognize the full importance of niche construction, and consequently propose a novel view of evolution, in which niche construction and its legacy over time (ecological inheritance) are described as evolutionary processes, equivalent in importance to natural selection. Here, we subject NCT to critical evaluation, in (...)
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  21.  6
    Introducing “Critical Concepts in Biological Theory”.Stuart A. Newman - 2022 - Biological Theory 17 (2):113-113.
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  22. The Developmental Specificity of Physical Mechanisms.Stuart A. Newman - 2011 - Ludus Vitalis 19 (36):343-351.
     
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  23. Head and Hand Movements in the Orchestration of Dialogue.Stuart A. Battersby & Patrick Gt Healey - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  24.  6
    Sticky Fingers:Hox Genes and Cell Adhesion in Vertebrate Limb Development.Stuart A. Newman - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (3):171-174.
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  25.  12
    Computational Limitations of Small-Depth Circuits.Stuart A. Kurtz & Johan Hastad - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (4):1259.
  26. Insights & Perspectives.Stuart A. Newman, Carlos Sonnenschein, Ana M. Soto, David L. Vaux, James P. Curley, Anja Pm Verhagen, Ger Jm Pruijn, Frederik Leliaert, Heroen Verbruggen & Frederick W. Zechman - unknown - Bioessays 33:653 - 656.
     
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  27.  34
    The Sciences of Complexity and "Origins of Order".Stuart A. Kauffman - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:299 - 322.
    This article discusses my book, Origins of Order: Self Organization and Selection in Evolution, in the context of the emerging sciences of complexity. Origins, due out of Oxford University Press in early 1992, attempts to lay out a broadened theory of evolution based on the marriage of unexpected and powerful properties of self organization which arises in complex systems, properties which may underlie the origin of life itself and the emergence of order in ontogeny, and the continuing action of natural (...)
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  28.  7
    Critical Thinking Vis-a-Vis General-Semantics.Stuart A. Mayper - 1993 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 11 (2):8-12.
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  29.  14
    Problems and Paradigms: Is Segmentation Generic?Stuart A. Newman - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (4):277-283.
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  30.  14
    Stuart A. Kauffman, "A World Beyond Physics: The Emergence and Evolution of Life.".Evan Clarke - 2020 - Philosophy in Review 40 (3):123-125.
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  31.  25
    The Developmental Genetic Toolkit and the Molecular Homology—Analogy Paradox.Stuart A. Newman - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):12-16.
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  32.  19
    Skinner's Circus.Stuart A. Altmann - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):678.
  33. Technological Evolution and Adaptive Organisations, Ideas From Biology May Find Applications in Economics.Stuart A. Kaufmann & William G. Macready - forthcoming - Complexity.
     
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  34.  19
    What's New.Stuart A. Newman - 2012 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 4 (20130604).
    This book is concerned with, and makes an important contribution to, answering the central question of evolutionary theory: By what mechanisms and processes do organisms undergo transformative change? Animals or plants may undergo alterations in morphology or activity during their lifetimes, but only if such alterations are conveyed to the next generation can they contribute to the establishment of new forms. Heritability by itself is not decisive: offspring can differ from their parents at a variety of genetic loci without this (...)
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  35.  17
    Book Review: Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth-Century America. [REVIEW]Stuart A. Capper - 2007 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 44 (1):128-129.
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  36.  7
    Introducing “Classics in Biological Theory”.Stuart A. Newman - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (4):213-213.
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  37.  11
    Håstad Johan. Computational Limitations of Small-Depth Circuits. ACM Doctoral Dissertation Awards. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1987, Xiii + 84 Pp. [REVIEW]Stuart A. Kurtz - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (4):1259-1260.
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  38.  14
    Idealist Biology.Stuart A. Newman - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (3):353-368.
  39.  13
    Thermogenesis, Muscle Hyperplasia, and the Origin of Birds.Stuart A. Newman - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (9):653-656.
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  40.  13
    Review of Jason Scott Robert, Embryology, Epigenesis, and Evolution: Taking Development Seriously[REVIEW]Stuart A. Newman - 2004 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (11).
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  41.  16
    Whispers From Carnot: The Origins of Order and Principles of Adaptation in Complex Nonequilibrium Systems.Stuart A. Kauffman - forthcoming - Complexity.
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  42.  10
    Signs and Meaning in the Cinema.Stuart A. Selby & Peter Wollen - 1971 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 5 (2):147.
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  43.  8
    Notes on Stepping In.Stuart A. Newman - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (2):101-102.
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  44.  8
    Filling Some Epistemological Gaps: New Patterns of Inference in Evolutionary Theory.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:292-313.
    Contemporary evolutionary theory, derived from the intellectual marriage of Darwin's and Mendel's discoveries, leads us to view organisms as successful, but essentially ad hoc, responses to chance and necessity. Biological universals, the code, the pentadactyl limb, are frozen accidents shared by descent. The source of biological order has come to be seen as selection itself. This paper argues that this view is fundamentally inadequate. It ignores those underlying sources of biological order which derive from the generic self-organizing properties of the (...)
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  45. HALL, Stuart. A identidade cultural na pós-modernidade.Julia Poletto & Kreutz - 2014 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 19 (2):199-203.
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  46.  6
    Dialectical EvoDevo.Stuart A. Newman - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):337.
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  47.  10
    Law, Politics, and Morality in Judaism - Edited by Michael Walzer.Stuart A. Cohen - 2007 - Ethics and International Affairs 21 (2):267–269.
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  48.  10
    Darwin, Deceit, and Metacommunication.Stuart A. Altmann - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):244-245.
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  49.  3
    The Verbal Conditioning of the Galvanic Skin Reflex.A. Cook Stuart & E. Harris Robert - 1937 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (2):202-210.
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  50. The Interactional Geometry of a Three-Way Conversation.Patrick Gt Healey & Stuart A. Battersby - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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