Results for 'Eyal Kalanthroff'

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  1.  9
    Task Conflict and Proactive Control: A Computational Theory of the Stroop Task.Eyal Kalanthroff, Eddy J. Davelaar, Avishai Henik, Liat Goldfarb & Marius Usher - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (1):59-82.
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  2.  10
    Washing Away Your Sins Will Set Your Mind Free: Physical Cleansing Modulates the Effect of Threatened Morality on Executive Control.Eyal Kalanthroff, Chen Aslan & Reuven Dar - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (1):185-192.
  3.  4
    Task Conflict and Task Control: A Mini-Review.Ran Littman, Eldad Keha & Eyal Kalanthroff - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  4. Neutral Affordances: Task Conflict in the Affordances Task.Ran Littman & Eyal Kalanthroff - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 97:103262.
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  5. Is the Body Special? Review of Cécile Fabre, Whose Body is It Anyway? Justice and the Integrity of the Person: Nir Eyal.Nir Eyal - 2009 - Utilitas 21 (2):233-245.
    Both left libertarians, who support the redistribution of income and wealth through taxation, and right libertarians, who oppose redistributive taxation, share an important view: that, looming catastrophes aside, the state must never redistribute any part of our body or our person without our consent. Cécile Fabre rejects that view. For her, just as the undeservedly poor have a just claim to money from their fellow citizens in order to lead a minimally flourishing life, the undeservedly ‘medically poor’ have a just (...)
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  6.  16
    Law, Economics, and Morality.Eyal Zamir & Barak Medina - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    Law, Economics, and Morality examines the possibility of combining economic methodology and deontological morality through explicit and direct incorporation of moral constraints into economic models. Economic analysis of law is a powerful analytical methodology. However, as a purely consequentialist approach, which determines the desirability of acts and rules solely by assessing the goodness of their outcomes, standard cost-benefit analysis is normatively objectionable. Moderate deontology prioritizes such values as autonomy, basic liberties, truth-telling, and promise-keeping over the promotion of good outcomes. It (...)
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  7. Is Evidence of Evidence Evidence?Eyal Tal & Juan Comesaña - 2017 - Noûs 51 (1):95-112.
    We examine whether the "evidence of evidence is evidence" principle is true. We distinguish several different versions of the principle and evaluate recent attacks on some of those versions. We argue that, whatever the merits of those attacks, they leave the more important rendition of the principle untouched. That version is, however, also subject to new kinds of counterexamples. We end by suggesting how to formulate a better version of the principle that takes into account those new counterexamples.
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  8. Is higher-order evidence evidence?Eyal Tal - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (10):3157-3175.
    Suppose we learn that we have a poor track record in forming beliefs rationally, or that a brilliant colleague thinks that we believe P irrationally. Does such input require us to revise those beliefs whose rationality is in question? When we gain information suggesting that our beliefs are irrational, we are in one of two general cases. In the first case we made no error, and our beliefs are rational. In that case the input to the contrary is misleading. In (...)
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  9.  74
    Self-Intimation, Infallibility, and Higher-Order Evidence.Eyal Tal - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (3):665-672.
    The Self-Intimation thesis has it that whatever justificatory status a proposition has, i.e., whether or not we are justified in believing it, we are justified in believing that it has that status. The Infallibility thesis has it that whatever justificatory status we are justified in believing that a proposition has, the proposition in fact has that status. Jointly, Self-Intimation and Infallibility imply that the justificatory status of a proposition closely aligns with the justification we have about that justificatory status. Self-Intimation (...)
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  10. Disagreement and Easy Bootstrapping.Eyal Tal - 2021 - Episteme 18 (1):46-65.
    ABSTRACTShould conciliating with disagreeing peers be considered sufficient for reaching rational beliefs? Thomas Kelly argues that when taken this way, Conciliationism lets those who enter into a disagreement with an irrational belief reach a rational belief all too easily. Three kinds of responses defending Conciliationism are found in the literature. One response has it that conciliation is required only of agents who have a rational belief as they enter into a disagreement. This response yields a requirement that no one should (...)
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  11.  30
    Using Direct and Indirect Measures to Study Perception Without Awareness.Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle - 1988 - Perception and Psychophysics 44:563-575.
  12. What Difference Reveals About Similarity.Eyal Sagi, Dedre Gentner & Andrew Lovett - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (6):1019-1050.
    Detecting that two images are different is faster for highly dissimilar images than for highly similar images. Paradoxically, we showed that the reverse occurs when people are asked to describe how two images differ—that is, to state a difference between two images. Following structure-mapping theory, we propose that this disassociation arises from the multistage nature of the comparison process. Detecting that two images are different can be done in the initial (local-matching) stage, but only for pairs with low overlap; thus, (...)
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  13.  16
    Individual but Not Fragile: Individual Differences in Task Control Predict Stroop Facilitation.E. Kalanthroff & A. Henik - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):413-419.
    The Stroop effect is composed of interference and facilitation effects. The facilitation is less stable and thus many times is referred to as a “fragile effect”. Here we suggest the facilitation effect is highly vulnerable to individual differences in control over the task conflict . We replicated previous findings of a significant correlation between stop-signal reaction time and Stroop interference, and also found a significant correlation between SSRT and the Stroop facilitation effect—participants with low inhibitory control had no facilitation effect (...)
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  14.  18
    Toward a Thermo-Hydrodynamic Like Description of Schrödinger Equation Via the Madelung Formulation and Fisher Information.Eyal Heifetz & Eliahu Cohen - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (11):1514-1525.
    We revisit the analogy suggested by Madelung between a non-relativistic time-dependent quantum particle, to a fluid system which is pseudo-barotropic, irrotational and inviscid. We first discuss the hydrodynamical properties of the Madelung description in general, and extract a pressure like term from the Bohm potential. We show that the existence of a pressure gradient force in the fluid description, does not violate Ehrenfest’s theorem since its expectation value is zero. We also point out that incompressibility of the fluid implies conservation (...)
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  15.  88
    Beyond Condorcet: Optimal Aggregation Rules Using Voting Records. [REVIEW]Eyal Baharad, Jacob Goldberger, Moshe Koppel & Shmuel Nitzan - 2012 - Theory and Decision 72 (1):113-130.
    In certain judgmental situations where a “correct” decision is presumed to exist, optimal decision making requires evaluation of the decision-makers’ capabilities and the selection of the appropriate aggregation rule. The major and so far unresolved difficulty is the former necessity. This article presents the optimal aggregation rule that simultaneously satisfies these two interdependent necessary requirements. In our setting, some record of the voters’ past decisions is available, but the correct decisions are not known. We observe that any arbitrary evaluation of (...)
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  16.  42
    On the Inter-Relatedness of Theory and Measurement in the Study of Unconscious Processes.Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (1):9-28.
  17.  67
    Why Continuing Uncertainties Are No Reason to Postpone Challenge Trials for Coronavirus Vaccines.Robert Steel, Lara Buchak & Nir Eyal - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):808-812.
    To counter the pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, some have proposed accelerating SARS-CoV-2 vaccine development through controlled human infection trials. These trials would involve the deliberate exposure of relatively few young, healthy volunteers to SARS-CoV-2. We defend this proposal against the charge that there is still too much uncertainty surrounding the risks of COVID-19 to responsibly run such a trial.
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  18.  77
    Identity, Causality, and Pronoun Ambiguity.Eyal Sagi & Lance J. Rips - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4):663-680.
    This article looks at the way people determine the antecedent of a pronoun in sentence pairs, such as: Albert invited Ron to dinner. He spent hours cleaning the house. The experiment reported here is motivated by the idea that such judgments depend on reasoning about identity . Because the identity of an individual over time depends on the causal-historical path connecting the stages of the individual, the correct antecedent will also depend on causal connections. The experiment varied how likely it (...)
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  19. The Ethics of Human Challenge Trials Using Emerging SARS-CoV-2 Virus Variants.Abie Rohrig & Nir Eyal - manuscript
    The world’s first COVID-19 human challenge trial using the D614G strain of SARS-CoV-2 is underway in the United Kingdom. The Wellcome Trust is funding challenge stock preparation of the Beta variant (B.1.351) for a follow-up human challenge trial, and researchers at Imperial College London are considering conducting that trial. However, little has been written thus far about the ethical justifiability of human challenge trials with SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern. While vaccine resistance as such does not increase risks for volunteers in (...)
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  20. Cruel Intentions and Evil Deeds.Eyal Tal & Hannah Tierney - forthcoming - Ergo.
    What it means for an action to have moral worth, and what is required for this to be the case, is the subject of continued controversy. Some argue that an agent performs a morally worthy action if and only if they do it because the action is morally right. Others argue that a morally worthy action is that which an agent performs because of features that make the action right. These theorists, though they oppose one another, share something important in (...)
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  21.  14
    On Entropy Production in the Madelung Fluid and the Role of Bohm’s Potential in Classical Diffusion.Eyal Heifetz, Roumen Tsekov, Eliahu Cohen & Zohar Nussinov - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (7):815-824.
    The Madelung equations map the non-relativistic time-dependent Schrödinger equation into hydrodynamic equations of a virtual fluid. While the von Neumann entropy remains constant, we demonstrate that an increase of the Shannon entropy, associated with this Madelung fluid, is proportional to the expectation value of its velocity divergence. Hence, the Shannon entropy may grow due to an expansion of the Madelung fluid. These effects result from the interference between solutions of the Schrödinger equation. Growth of the Shannon entropy due to expansion (...)
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  22.  9
    Evidence‐Based Medicine: A New Paradigm or the Emperor's New Clothes?Eyal Shahar Md Mph - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):277-282.
  23. Comparing Direct (Explicit) to Indirect (Implicit) Measures to Study Unconscious Memory.Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold - 1991 - Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory And Cognition 17 (2):224-233.
  24. Differentiating the Pearl From the Fish-Eye: Ouyang Jingwu and the Revival of Scholastic Buddhism.Eyal Aviv - 2020 - Brill.
    In _Differentiating the Pearl from the Fish-Eye_, Eyal Aviv offers an account of Ouyang Jingwu, a revolutionary Buddhist thinker and educator. The book surveys the life and career of Ouyang and his influence on modern Chinese intellectual history.
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  25.  38
    The Rise of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) in International Development in Historical Perspective.Luciana de Souza Leão & Gil Eyal - 2019 - Theory and Society 48 (3):383-418.
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  26.  3
    Epilogue: Theory, Momentarily.Eyal Weizman & Daniela Gandorfer - 2021 - Theory and Event 24 (1):399-410.
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  27. A Dilemma for Higher-Level Suspension.Eyal Tal - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association:1-15.
    Is it ever rational to suspend judgment about whether a particular doxastic attitude of ours is rational? An agent who suspends about whether her attitude is rational has serious doubts that it is. These doubts place a special burden on the agent, namely, to justify maintaining her chosen attitude over others. A dilemma arises. Providing justification for maintaining the chosen attitude would commit the agent to considering the attitude rational—contrary to her suspension on the matter. Alternatively, in the absence of (...)
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  28.  67
    Using Informed Consent to Save Trust.Nir Eyal - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (7):437-444.
    Increasingly, bioethicists defend informed consent as a safeguard for trust in caretakers and medical institutions. This paper discusses an ‘ideal type’ of that move. What I call the trust-promotion argument for informed consent states:1. Social trust, especially trust in caretakers and medical institutions, is necessary so that, for example, people seek medical advice, comply with it, and participate in medical research.2. Therefore, it is usually wrong to jeopardise that trust.3. Coercion, deception, manipulation and other violations of standard informed consent requirements (...)
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  29.  42
    A Popperian Perspective of the Term 'Evidence‐Based Medicine'.Eyal Shahar - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):109-116.
  30. Dramatic Experiments: Life According to Diderot.Eyal Peretz - 2013 - State University of New York Press.
    _A major new interpretation of the philosophical significance of the oeuvre of Denis Diderot._.
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  31. Dramatic Experiments: Life According to Diderot.Eyal Peretz - 2014 - State University of New York Press.
    _A major new interpretation of the philosophical significance of the oeuvre of Denis Diderot._.
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  32. ‘Perhaps the Most Important Primary Good’: Self-Respect and Rawls’s Principles of Justice.Nir Eyal - 2005 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (2):195-219.
    The article begins by reconstructing the just distribution of the social bases of self-respect, a principle of justice that is covert in Rawls’s writing. I argue that, for Rawls, justice mandates that each social basis for self-respect be equalized. Curiously, for Rawls, that principle ranks higher than Rawls’s two more famous principles of justice - equal liberty and the difference principle. I then recall Rawls’s well-known confusion between self-respect and another form of self-appraisal, namely, confidence in one’s determinate plans and (...)
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  33.  1
    Inhabiting the Hyper-Aesthetic Image.Eyal Weizman Lund) - 2021 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 30 (61-62):230-243.
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  34.  7
    Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics.Nir Eyal, Samia A. Hurst, Ole F. Norheim & Dan Wikler (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Which inequalities in longevity and health among individuals, groups, and nations are unfair? And what priority should health policy attach to narrowing them? These essays by philosophers, economists, epidemiologists, and physicians attempt to determine how health inequalities should be conceptualized, measured, ranked, and evaluated.
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  35.  25
    How to Keep High-Risk Studies Ethical: Classifying Candidate Solutions.Nir Eyal - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (2):74-77.
  36. Condorcet Vs. Borda in Light of a Dual Majoritarian Approach.Eyal Baharad & Shmuel Nitzan - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):151-162.
    Many voting rules and, in particular, the plurality rule and Condorcet-consistent voting rules satisfy the simple-majority decisiveness property. The problem implied by such decisiveness, namely, the universal disregard of the preferences of the minority, can be ameliorated by applying unbiased scoring rules such as the classical Borda rule, but such amelioration has a price; it implies erosion in the implementation of the widely accepted majority principle . Furthermore, the problems of majority decisiveness and of the erosion in the majority principle (...)
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  37.  89
    Egalitarian Justice and Innocent Choice.Nir Eyal - 2006 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 2 (1):1-19.
    This article argues that, in its standard formulation, luck-egalitarianism is false. In particular, I show that disadvantages that result from perfectly free choice can constitute egalitarian injustice. I also propose a modified formulation of luck-egalitarianism that would withstand my criticism. One merit of the modification is that it helps us to reconcile widespread intuitions about distributive justice with equally widespread intuitions about punitive justice.
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  38.  28
    Forensic Architecture: Only the Criminal Can Solve the Crime.Eyal Weizman - 2010 - Radical Philosophy 164.
  39.  8
    Species‐Specific microRNA Regulation Influences Phenotypic Variability.Eyal Mor & Noam Shomron - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (10):881-888.
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  40.  13
    From Perceived Control to Self-Control, the Importance of Cognitive and Emotional Resources.Eyal Carmel & David Leiser - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  41.  53
    Market Failure in Light of Non-Expected Utility.Eyal Baharad & Doron Kliger - 2013 - Theory and Decision 75 (4):599-619.
    This paper merges the non-expected utility approach (Tversky and Kahneman, J Risk Uncertain 5:297–323, 1992 and Quiggin, J Econ Behav Organ 3:323–343, 1982) into Akerlof’s (Quart J Econ 84:488–500, 1970) model of Market for Lemons. We derive the results for different probability weighting functions and analyze the phenomenon of market failure in light of non-expected utility maximization. Our main finding suggests that when the proportion of traded lemons is high (low), the problem of market failure is mitigated (enhanced). In addition, (...)
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  42.  18
    From Readiness to Action: How Motivation Works.Noa Schori-Eyal, Marina Chernikova & Arie W. Kruglanski - 2014 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 45 (3):259-267.
    We present a new theoretical construct labeled motivational readiness. It is defined as the inclination, whether or not ultimately implemented, to satisfy a desire. A general model of readiness is described which builds on the work of prior theories, including animal learning models and personality approaches, and which aims to integrate a variety of research findings across different domains of motivational research. Components of this model include the Want state, and the Expectancy of being able to satisfy that Want. We (...)
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  43.  4
    Not Sensitive, yet Less Biased: A Signal Detection Theory Perspective on Mindfulness, Attention, and Recognition Memory.Eyal Rosenstreich & Lital Ruderman - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 43:48-56.
  44.  22
    Can Rationing Through Inconvenience Be Ethical?Nir Eyal, Paul L. Romain & Christopher Robertson - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (1):10-22.
    In this article, we provide a comprehensive analysis and a normative assessment of rationing through inconvenience as a form of rationing. By “rationing through inconvenience” in the health sphere, we refer to a nonfinancial burden that is either intended to cause or has the effect of causing patients or clinicians to choose an option for health-related consumption that is preferred by the health system for its fairness, efficiency, or other distributive desiderata beyond assisting the immediate patient. We argue that under (...)
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  45.  3
    Days of Awe: The Praxis of News Coverage During National Crisis.Eyal Zandberg & Motti Neiger - 2004 - Communications 29 (4):429-446.
    The case study aims to reveal the praxis that serves the media during ethnic-violence conflicts. The article closely reads reports of the Israeli media covering the clashes between Israeli Arabs and the police, in the first days of the second Intifada. We analyze how mainstream Hebrew media covered the unfolding events, and also refer to reports in Arab-language newspapers. Two prominent trends shaped the frame through which events were reported: Inclusion and exclusion. Israel's Hebrew-language media excluded the Arab citizens from (...)
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  46. Process Dissociations Versus Task Dissociations: A Controversy in Progress.Eyal M. Reingold & Jeffrey Toth - 1996 - In G. Underwood (ed.), Implicit Cognition. Oxford University Press. pp. 159-202.
  47.  12
    Eyal Ginio, Elie Podeh, Eds., The Ottoman Middle East, Studies in Honor of Amnon Cohen, Leiden: Brill 2013, I–Xv + 265 Pp., ISBN: 978-90-04-24613-3. [REVIEW]Tobias Völker - 2018 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 95 (2):607-612.
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  48.  3
    The Benefit/Risk Ratio Challenge in Clinical Research, and the Case of HIV Cure: An Introduction.Nir Eyal - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (2):65-66.
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  49.  39
    Tracing Semantic Change with Latent Semantic Analysis.Eyal Sagi, Stefan Kaufmann & Brady Clark - 2011 - In Kathryn Allan & Justyna A. Robinson (eds.), Current Methods in Historical Semantics. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 73--161.
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  50.  1
    Partition-Based Logical Reasoning for First-Order and Propositional Theories.Eyal Amir & Sheila McIlraith - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence 162 (1-2):49-88.
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