Results for 'Due, Reidar'

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  1.  39
    Deleuze.Reidar Andreas Due - 2007 - Polity.
    This book provides a clear and concise introduction to the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze. It analyses his key theoretical concepts, such as difference and the body without organs, and covers all the different areas of his thought, including metaphysics, the history of philosophy, psychoanalysis, political theory, the philosophy of the social sciences and aesthetics. As the first book to offer a comprehensive analysis of Deleuze's writings, it reveals both the internal coherence of his philosophy and its development through a series (...)
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  2.  83
    Freedom, Nothingness, Consciousness Some Remarks on the Structure of Being and Nothingness.Reidar Due - 2005 - Sartre Studies International 11 (s 1-2):31-42.
    This essay raises some questions concerning the method and conceptual structure of Sartre's Being and Nothingness. Three substantially different types of interpretation of this text have been put forward. One of the main issues separating the three interpretative strategies is the relationship that they each establish between Sartre's three fundamental concepts: consciousness, nothingness and freedom—each of which can be seen to play the fundamental role in the argument. It therefore seems crucial for any interpretation of Being and Nothingness to determine (...)
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  3. Semiotic Naturalism in Architecture Theory.Reidar Due - 2017 - Architecture Philosophy 2 (2).
    This paper seeks to present a kind of skeptical, and, in an indirect way, Wittgensteinian perspective upon purpose and meaning in architecture. The argument presented here revolves around the two notions that, first, there are different categories, which we have available for making architecture seem intelligible to us, and, second, that there are distinct historical discourses in which architecture has been made intelligible in specific ways.
     
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  4.  33
    Self-Knowledge and Moral Properties in Sartre's Being and Nothingness.Reidar Due - 2000 - Sartre Studies International 6 (1):61-94.
  5.  4
    At the Margins of Sense: The Function of Paradox in Deleuze and Wittgenstein.Reidar A. Due - 2011 - Paragraph 34 (3):358-370.
    Gilles Deleuze famously expressed distaste for the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein and his followers. The two thinkers are here seen as irreconcilable. The critique of false problems and the refutation of scepticism found in Wittgenstein have no resonance in Deleuze, who was a systematic metaphysical philosopher in the tradition of pre-Kantian rationalism. Pragmatic-sceptical self-limitation of thought's capabilities on the grounds of existing practice flies in the face of aesthetic experience. Moreover Deleuze explicitly upholds modern literature as a locus of philosophical (...)
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  6.  28
    Reidar Due (2007) Deleuze, Cambridge: Polity.Aidan Tynan - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (3):431-437.
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  7.  17
    Reidar Due (2007) Deleuze, Cambridge: Polity. A Missed Encounter?Aidan Tynan - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (3):431-437.
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  8.  23
    Involvement in Decisions About Intravenous Treatment for Nursing Home Patients: Nursing Homes Versus Hospital Wards.Kristin Klomstad, Reidar Pedersen, Reidun Førde & Maria Romøren - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):34.
    Many of the elderly in nursing homes are very ill and have a reduced quality of life. Life expectancy is often hard to predict. Decisions about life-prolonging treatment should be based on a professional assessment of the patient’s best interest, assessment of capacity to consent, and on the patient’s own wishes. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare how these types of decisions were made in nursing homes and in hospital wards. Using a questionnaire, we studied the (...)
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  9.  50
    Barriers and Challenges in Clinical Ethics Consultations: The Experiences of Nine Clinical Ethics Committees: Country Reports.Reidar Pedersen - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (8):460-469.
    Clinical ethics committees have recently been established in nearly all Norwegian hospital trusts. One important task for these committees is clinical ethics consultations. This qualitative study explores significant barriers confronting the ethics committees in providing such consultation services. The interviews with the committees indicate that there is a substantial need for clinical ethics support services and, in general, the committee members expressed a great deal of enthusiasm for the committee work. They also reported, however, that tendencies to evade moral disagreement, (...)
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  10.  30
    Empathy: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing? [REVIEW]Reidar Pedersen - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):325-335.
    Empathy is generally regarded as important and positive. However, descriptions of empathy are often inadequate and deceptive. Furthermore, there is a widespread lack of critical attention to such deficiencies. This critical review of the medical discourse of empathy shows that tendencies to evade and misrepresent the understanding subject are common. The understanding subject’s contributions to the empathic process are often neglected or described as something that can and should be avoided or controlled. Furthermore, the intrinsic and closely interwoven relationship between (...)
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  11. Kierkegaard's Writings, Viii: Concept of Anxiety: A Simple Psychologically Orienting Deliberation on the Dogmatic Issue of Hereditary Sin.Reidar Thomte (ed.) - 1981 - Princeton University Press.
  12.  3
    Kant and the French Revolution.Reidar Maliks - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    To Kant, the French revolution's central events were the transfer of sovereignty to the people in 1789 and the trial and execution of the monarch in 1792-1793. Through a contextual study, this Element argues that while both events manifested the principle of popular sovereignty, the first did so in lawful ways, whereas the latter was a perversion of the principle. Kant was convinced that historical examples can help us understand political philosophy, and this Element seeks to show this in practice.
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  13.  24
    Priority Setting in Health Care: Lessons From the Experiences of Eight Countries.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - unknown
    All health care systems face problems of justice and efficiency related to setting priorities for allocating a limited pool of resources to a population. Because many of the central issues are the same in all systems, the United States and other countries can learn from the successes and failures of countries that have explicitly addressed the question of health care priorities. We review explicit priority setting efforts in Norway, Sweden, Israel, the Netherlands, Denmark, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the (...)
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  14.  28
    Kant's Politics in Context.Reidar Maliks - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    An introduction to the political philosophy of Kant, exploring how he developed his views in a context shaped by controversies following the French revolution. It provides new information on his followers and critics as they engaged in high stakes political debates on freedom's relation to the state at this key turning point in history.
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  15.  25
    Clinicians' Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Consultations in Norway: A Qualitative Study. [REVIEW]Reidun Førde, Reidar Pedersen & Victoria Akre - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):17-25.
    Clinical ethics committees have existed in Norway since 1996. By now all hospital trusts have one. An evaluation of these committees’ work was started in 2004. This paper presents results from an interview study of eight clinicians who evaluated six committees’ deliberations on 10 clinical cases. The study indicates that the clinicians found the clinical ethics consultations useful and worth while doing. However, a systematic approach to case consultations is vital. Procedures and mandate of the committees should be known to (...)
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  16.  35
    Clinical Ethics Committees in Norway: What Do They Do, and Does It Make a Difference?Reidun Førde & Reidar Pedersen - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (3):389-395.
    The first clinical ethics committees in Norway were established in 1996. This started as an initiative from hospital clinicians, the Norwegian Medical Association, and health authorities and politicians. Norwegian hospitals are, by and large, publicly funded through taxation, and all inpatient treatment is free of charge. Today, all the 23 hospital trusts have established at least one committee. Center for Medical Ethics , University of Oslo, receives an annual amount of US$335,000 from the Ministry of Health and Care Services to (...)
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  17.  36
    Reidar Maliks, Kant’s Politics in Context Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014 Pp. 195 ISBN 9780199645152 $85.00. [REVIEW]Jeppe von Platz - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (3):492-497.
  18.  9
    Implementing Ethics Reflection Groups in Hospitals: An Action Research Study Evaluating Barriers and Promotors.Henriette Bruun, Reidar Pedersen, Elsebeth Stenager, Christian Backer Mogensen & Lotte Huniche - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):49.
    An ethics reflection group is one of a range of ethics support services developed to better handle ethical challenges in healthcare. The aim of this article is to evaluate the implementation process of interdisciplinary ERGs in psychiatric and general hospital departments in Denmark. To our knowledge, this is the first study of ERG implementation to include both psychiatric and general hospital departments. The implementation and evaluation strategies are inspired by action research, using a qualitative approach and systematic text condensation of (...)
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  19.  18
    Reidar Dale: ‘People’s Development Through People’s Institutions: The Social Mobilisation Programme Hambantota, Sri Lanka’. [REVIEW]Naresh Singh - 2007 - AI and Society 21 (3):383-385.
  20.  17
    European Restructuring and Changing Agricultural Policies. Rural Self-Identity and Modes of Life in Late Modernity.Reidar Almås - 1993 - Agriculture and Human Values 10 (4):2-12.
    The main idea of this article is to present various perspectives in order to analyze the recent crisis concerning the agriculture-based rural societies in the developed capitalist communities. In all of these countries there is a production crisis, resulting in too much food. But this is also an ideological crisis, because the consumer thinks that the food is produced at too high a price. And it is a political crisis as well because a major part of the voters think subsidies (...)
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  21.  15
    Giving Desert its Due: Social Justice and Legal Theory.Wojciech Sadurski - 1985 - D. Reidel Publishing Company.
    During the last half of the twentieth century, legal philosophy has grown significantly. It is no longer the domain of a few isolated scholars in law and philosophy. Hundreds of scholars from diverse fields attend international meetings on the subject. In some universities, large lecture courses of five hundred students or more study it. The primary aim of the Law and Philosophy Library is to present some of the best original work on legal philosophy from both the Anglo-American and European (...)
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  22. Evaluation of Case Consultations in Clinical Ethics Committees.Reidun Førde & Reidar Pedersen - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (1):45-50.
    If ethics consultation services influence medical decisions it is important to evaluate how ethical dilemmas are dealt with by clinical ethics committees (CECs). Such evaluation is rare. This study presents a feasible and practical method of evaluating case discussions in CECs and the results emerging from the use of this method. A written presentation of an end-of-life dilemma was sent to all Norwegian ethics committees. The committees were asked to deal with the case as they would do if it was (...)
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  23.  5
    Hospital Ethics Reflection Groups: A Learning and Development Resource for Clinical Practice.Henriette Bruun, Reidar Pedersen, Elsebeth Stenager, Christian Backer Mogensen & Lotte Huniche - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-16.
    Background An ethics reflection group is one of a number of ethics support services developed to better handle ethical challenges in healthcare. The aim of this article is to evaluate the significance of ERGs in psychiatric and general hospital departments in Denmark. Methods This is a qualitative action research study, including systematic text condensation of 28 individual interviews and 4 focus groups with clinicians, ethics facilitators and ward managers. Short written descriptions of the ethical challenges presented in the ERGs also (...)
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  24.  7
    Hospital Ethics Reflection Groups: A Learning and Development Resource for Clinical Practice.Henriette Bruun, Reidar Pedersen, Elsebeth Stenager, Christian Backer Mogensen & Lotte Huniche - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-16.
    An ethics reflection group is one of a number of ethics support services developed to better handle ethical challenges in healthcare. The aim of this article is to evaluate the significance of ERGs in psychiatric and general hospital departments in Denmark. This is a qualitative action research study, including systematic text condensation of 28 individual interviews and 4 focus groups with clinicians, ethics facilitators and ward managers. Short written descriptions of the ethical challenges presented in the ERGs also informed the (...)
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  25.  18
    Characteristics and Conflicts in Norwegian Agriculture.Reidar Almås - 1989 - Agriculture and Human Values 6 (1-2):127-136.
    This article raises the issue of the extent to which a single nation can develop a “national agricultural policy,” pursuing internal goals in agrarian development, goals that vary significantly from those of other industrialized countries. What are the conflicts arising from such a policy and how do these conflicts interfere with the general agricultural crisis of these countries? The Norwegian case is explored as an example of a blend of social-democratic and center-populist agricultural policies. The decision in 1975 by the (...)
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  26.  33
    How Do Nursing Home Doctors Involve Patients and Next of Kin in End-of-Life Decisions? A Qualitative Study From Norway.Maria Romøren, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-8.
    BackgroundEthically challenging critical events and decisions are common in nursing homes. This paper presents nursing home doctors’ descriptions of how they include the patient and next of kin in end-of-life decisions.MethodsWe performed ten focus groups with 30 nursing home doctors. Advance care planning; aspects of decisions on life-prolonging treatment, and conflict with next of kin were subject to in-depth analysis and condensation.ResultsThe doctors described large variations in attitudes and practices in all aspects of end-of-life decisions. In conflict situations, many doctors (...)
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  27.  79
    Kant, the State, and Revolution.Reidar Maliks - 2013 - Kantian Review 18 (1):29-47.
    This paper argues that, although no resistance or revolution is permitted in the Kantian state, very tyrannical regimes must not be obeyed because they do not qualify as states. The essay shows how a state ceases to be a state, argues that persons have a moral responsibility to judge about it and defends the compatibility of this with Kantian authority. The reconstructed Kantian view has implications for how we conceive authority and obligation. It calls for a morally demanding definition of (...)
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  28. Review: Reidar Maliks, Kant’s Politics in Context. [REVIEW]Jonathan Peterson - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):513-517.
     
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  29.  1
    Due libri su eudaimonia in Aristotele. [REVIEW]Pierluigi Donini - 1994 - Phronesis 39 (1):98-110.
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  30.  15
    Obligations of Poor Countries in Ensuring Global Justice: The Case of Uganda.John Barugahare & Reidar K. Lie - unknown
    Obligations of global justice rest mainly on the global rich but also to a lesser extent on the global poor. The governments of poor countries are obliged to fulfill requirements of non-aggression, good governance and decency, along with all other requirements which facilitate the achievement of global justice. So far, obligations of poor countries seem to be taken as given yet the behavior of governments in poor countries and occurrences therein attest to the contrary;this suggests a need to mainstream these (...)
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  31. Obligations of Poor Countries in Ensuring Global Justice: The Case of Uganda.John Barugahare & Reidar K. Lie - 2014 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2:82-96.
    Obligations of global justice rest mainly on the global rich but also to a lesser extent on the global poor. The governments of poor countries are obliged to fulfill requirements of non-aggression, good governance and decency, along with all other requirements which facilitate the achievement of global justice. So far, obligations of poor countries seem to be taken as given yet the behavior of governments in poor countries and occurrences therein attest to the contrary;this suggests a need to mainstream these (...)
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  32.  14
    Revolutionary Epigones: Kant and His Radical Followers.Reidar Maliks - 2012 - History of Political Thought 33 (4):647-671.
    When Kant in 1793 rejected a right of revolution, he was immediately criticized by a group of radical followers who argued that he had betrayed his own principles of justice. Jakob, Erhard, Fichte, Bergk and Schlegel proceeded to defend a right of resistance and revolution based on what they took to be his true principles. I argue that we must understand Kant's Metaphysics of Morals, which came in 1797, partly as a response to these radical democratic writings. Exploring this forgotten (...)
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  33.  17
    Ethics of Placebo Controlled Trials in Developing Countries.Reidar K. Lie - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (4):307–311.
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  34. Review: Reidar Maliks, Kant’s Politics in Context. [REVIEW]Review by: Jonathan Peterson - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):513-517.
     
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  35.  8
    Importance of Systematic Deliberation and Stakeholder Presence: A National Study of Clinical Ethics Committees.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen, Ingrid Miljeteig, Håvard Ervik & Reidun Førde - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):66-70.
    BackgroundCase consultation performed by clinical ethics committees is a complex activity which should be evaluated. Several evaluation studies have reported stakeholder satisfaction in single institutions. The present study was conducted nationwide and compares clinicians’ evaluations on a range of aspects with the CEC’s own evaluation.MethodsProspective questionnaire study involving case consultations at 19 Norwegian CECs for 1 year, where consultations were evaluated by CECs and clinicians who had participated.ResultsEvaluations of 64 case consultations were received. Cases were complex with multiple ethical problems (...)
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  36.  13
    Maliks, Reidar. Kant’s Politics in Context.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. 208. $85.00.Jonathan Peterson - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):513-517.
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  37.  8
    Marketing in Heterozygous Advantage.Gregory Todd Jones & Reidar Hagtvedt - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (1):85-97.
    As the rapidly advancing possibilities of biotechnology have outstripped the adaptive capacity of current legal and ethical institutions, a vigorous debate has arisen that considers the boundaries of appropriate use of this technology, particularly when applied to humans. This article examines ethical concerns surrounding the development of markets in a particular form of human genetic engineering in which heterozygotes are fitter than both homozygotes, a condition known as heterozygous advantage. To begin, we present a generalized model of the condition, illuminated (...)
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  38.  37
    The Fair Benefits Approach Revisited.Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (4):3-3.
    In this issue, Alex London and Kevin Zollman provide an analysis of an influential approach to the ethics of international research, known as the “fair benefits” approach. According to them, the fair benefits approach suffers from a fatal flaw: it is either too vague to be useful, or worse, is internally inconsistent. The fair benefits approach was developed based on a presentation I gave at a workshop organized in Malawi in March 2001 by the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center’s (...)
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  39.  23
    Marketing in Heterozygous Advantage.Gregory Todd Jones & Reidar Hagtvedt - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (1):85 - 97.
    As the rapidly advancing possibilities of biotechnology have outstripped the adaptive capacity of current legal and ethical institutions, a vigorous debate has arisen that considers the boundaries of appropriate use of this technology, particularly when applied to humans. This article examines ethical concerns surrounding the development of markets in a particular form of human genetic engineering in which heterozygotes are fitter than both homozygotes, a condition known as heterozygous advantage. To begin, we present a generalized model of the condition, illuminated (...)
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  40.  11
    Medical Ethics in China: A Transcultural Interpretation (Review).Reidar Lie - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (3):240-246.
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  41.  3
    THOMTE, REIDAR. "Kierkegaard's Philosophy of Religion". [REVIEW]Leonard J. Eslick - 1950 - Modern Schoolman 28:305.
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  42.  25
    Comparative Effectiveness Research: What to Do When Experts Disagree About Risks.Reidar K. Lie, Francis K. L. Chan, Christine Grady, Vincent H. Ng & David Wendler - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):42.
    Ethical issues related to comparative effectiveness research, or research that compares existing standards of care, have recently received considerable attention. In this paper we focus on how Ethics Review Committees should evaluate the risks of comparative effectiveness research. We discuss what has been a prominent focus in the debate about comparative effectiveness research, namely that it is justified when “nothing is known” about the comparative effectiveness of the available alternatives. We argue that this focus may be misleading. Rather, we should (...)
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  43.  46
    Ethical Challenges and How to Develop Ethics Support in Primary Health Care.Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (1):96-108.
    Ethics support in primary health care has been sparser than in hospitals, the need for ethics support is probably no less. We have, however, limited knowledge about how to develop ethics support that responds to primary health-care workers’ needs. In this article, we present a survey with a mixture of closed- and open-ended questions concerning: How frequent and how distressed various types of ethical challenges make the primary health-care workers feel, how important they think it is to deal with these (...)
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  44.  26
    Ethics Reflection Groups in Community Health Services: An Evaluation Study.Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):25.
    Systematic ethics support in community health services in Norway is in the initial phase. There are few evaluation studies about the significance of ethics reflection on care. The aim of this study was to evaluate systematic ethics reflection in groups in community health , - from the perspectives of employees participating in the groups, the group facilitators and the service managers. The reflection groups were implemented as part of a research and development project.
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  45.  32
    Four Roles of Ethical Theory in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):26-33.
    When clinical ethics committee members discuss a complex ethical dilemma, what use do they have for normative ethical theories? Members without training in ethical theory may still contribute to a pointed and nuanced analysis. Nonetheless, the knowledge and use of ethical theories can play four important roles: aiding in the initial awareness and identification of the moral challenges, assisting in the analysis and argumentation, contributing to a sound process and dialogue, and inspiring an attitude of reflexivity. These four roles of (...)
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  46.  22
    Due opere a confronto sulla creazione dell’uomo: I De Genesi ad litteram libri XII di Agostino e i Libri IV in principium Genesis di Beda.Paolo Siniscalco - 1985 - Augustinianum 25 (1/2):435-452.
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  47.  5
    Clinical Ethics Consultation: Theories and Methods, Implementation, Evaluation – Edited by Jan Schildman, John-Steward Gordon and Jochen Vollmann.Reidar Pedersen - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (7):425-426.
  48.  63
    Principles Versus Procedures in Making Health Care Coverage Decisions: Addressing Inevitable Conflicts.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):73-85.
    It has been suggested that focusing on procedures when setting priorities for health care avoids the conflicts that arise when attempting to agree on principles. A prominent example of this approach is “accountability for reasonableness.” We will argue that the same problem arises with procedural accounts; reasonable people will disagree about central elements in the process. We consider the procedural condition of appeal process and three examples of conflicts over coverage decisions: a patients’ rights law in Norway, health technologies coverage (...)
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  49.  56
    Outcomes of Moral Case Deliberation - the Development of an Evaluation Instrument for Clinical Ethics Support (the Euro-MCD).Mia Svantesson, Jan Karlsson, Pierre Boitte, Jan Schildman, Linda Dauwerse, Guy Widdershoven, Reidar Pedersen, Martijn Huisman & Bert Molewijk - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):30.
    Clinical ethics support, in particular Moral Case Deliberation, aims to support health care providers to manage ethically difficult situations. However, there is a lack of evaluation instruments regarding outcomes of clinical ethics support in general and regarding Moral Case Deliberation (MCD) in particular. There also is a lack of clarity and consensuses regarding which MCD outcomes are beneficial. In addition, MCD outcomes might be context-sensitive. Against this background, there is a need for a standardised but flexible outcome evaluation instrument. The (...)
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  50. The Importance of Epistemology for Clinical Practice.Paola Cuzzani & Reidar K. Lie - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (1):87-90.
     
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