Results for 'S. I. Melnyk'

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  1. Fundamental Measurements in Economics and in the Theory of Consciousness.S. I. Melnyk & I. G. Tuluzov - manuscript
    A new constructivist approach to modeling in economics and theory of consciousness is proposed. The state of elementary object is defined as a set of its measurable consumer properties. A proprietor's refusal or consent for the offered transaction is considered as a result of elementary economic measurement. Elementary (indivisible) technology, in which the object's consumer values are variable, in this case can be formalized as a generalized economic measurement. The algebra of such measurements has been constructed. It has been shown (...)
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  2.  10
    Revising Anthropocentrism of Technics in the Light of the 21st Century New Anthropological Models.V. P. Melnyk & U. I. Lushch-Purii - 2022 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 21:72-83.
    _Purpose._ To substantiate the definition of technics as the attributive characteristics of a human being and the necessity of its orientation towards human flourishing in the context of new anthropological models of the 21st century. _Theoretical basis._ Correlation between technics, technology and the human essence is examined. The role of technics is traced at different historical stages of human development. Negative and positive effects of digital technology development upon a contemporary human being is analysed in the light of new anthropological (...)
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  3.  20
    Beyond Adaptation and Anthropomorphism.Danika Drury-Melnyk - 2017 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 21 (2/3):363-385.
    This paper attempts to bring the work of Gilbert Simondon into conversation with contemporary discourse on climate change and the Anthropocene. Though his work pre-dates the coining of the term, Simondon, with his non-anthropomorphic view of technology, is in many ways a philosopher of the Anthropocene. In this paper I contrast Simondon’s philosophy to the popular idea that technology is something we can use to adapt to the practical problems of the Anthropocene. I will begin by looking briefly at the (...)
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  4. Searle's abstract argument against strong AI.Andrew Melnyk - 1996 - Synthese 108 (3):391-419.
    Discussion of Searle's case against strong AI has usually focused upon his Chinese Room thought-experiment. In this paper, however, I expound and then try to refute what I call his abstract argument against strong AI, an argument which turns upon quite general considerations concerning programs, syntax, and semantics, and which seems not to depend on intuitions about the Chinese Room. I claim that this argument fails, since it assumes one particular account of what a program is. I suggest an alternative (...)
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  5.  52
    Physicalism, ordinary objects, and identity.Andrew Melnyk - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:221-235.
    Any philosopher sympathetic to physicaIism (or materiaIism) will allow that there is some sense in which ordinary objects---tables and chairs, etc.---are physicaI. But what sense, exactly? John Post holds a view implying that every ordinary object is identical with some or other spatio-temporal sum of fundamental entities. I begin by deploying a modal argument intended to show that ordinary objects, for example elephants, are not identical with spatio-temporal sums of such entities. Then I claim that appeal to David Lewis’s counterpart (...)
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  6.  17
    Physicalism, Ordinary Objects, and Identity.Andrew Melnyk - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:221-235.
    Any philosopher sympathetic to physicaIism (or materiaIism) will allow that there is some sense in which ordinary objects---tables and chairs, etc.---are physicaI. But what sense, exactly? John Post holds a view implying that every ordinary object is identical with some or other spatio-temporal sum of fundamental entities. I begin by deploying a modal argument intended to show that ordinary objects, for example elephants, are not identical with spatio-temporal sums of such entities. Then I claim that appeal to David Lewis’s counterpart (...)
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  7. Inference to the best explanation and other minds.Andrew Melnyk - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (4):482-91.
    Robert Pargetter has argued that we know other minds through an inference to the best explanation. My aim is to show, by criticising Pargetter's account, that this approach to the problem of other minds cannot, as it stands, deliver the goods; it might be part of the right response to the problem, but it cannot be the whole story. More precisely, I will claim that Pargetter does not successfully reconstruct how ordinary people in everyday life come reasonably to believe in (...)
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  8.  57
    The prospects for Dretske's account of the explanatory role of belief.Andrew Melnyk - 1996 - Mind and Language 11 (2):203-15.
    When a belief is cited as part of the explanation of an agent’s behaviour, it seems that the belief is explanatorily relevant in virtue of its content. In his Explaining Behavior, Dretske presents an account of belief, content, and explanation according to which this can be so. I supply some examples of beliefs whose explanatory relevance in virtue of content apparently cannot be accounted for in the Dretskean way. After considering some possible responses to this challenge, I end by discussing (...)
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  9.  77
    The prospects for Kirk's non-reductive physicalism.Andrew Melnyk - 1998 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (2):323-32.
    Using the notion of strict implication, Robert Kirk claims to have formulated a version of physicalism which is nonreductive. I argue that, depending on how his notion of strict implication is interpreted, Kirk's formulation either fails to be physicalist or else commits him to reductionism. Either way we do not have nonreductive physicalism. I also suggest that the reductionism to which Kirk is committed, though unfashionable, is unobjectionable.
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  10.  18
    An Interpretation of Value Change: A Philosophical Disquisition of Climate Change and Energy Transition Debate.Anna Melnyk - 2022 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 47 (3):404-428.
    Changing values may give rise to intergenerational conflicts, like in the ongoing climate change and energy transition debate. This essay focuses on the interpretative question of how this value change can best be understood. To elucidate the interpretation of value change, two philosophical perspectives on value are introduced: Berlin’s value pluralism and Dworkin’s interpretivism. While both authors do not explicitly discuss value change, I argue that their perspectives can be used for interpreting value change in the case of climate change (...)
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  11. Testament of a recovering eliminativist.Andrew Melnyk - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):S185-S193.
    If physicalism is true (e.g., if every event is a fundamental-physical event), then it looks as if there is a fundamental-physical explanation of everything. If so, then what is to become of special scientific explanations? They seem to be excluded by the fundamental-physical ones, and indeed to be excellent candidates for elimination. I argue that, if physicalism is true, there probably is a fundamental-physical explanation of everything, but that nevertheless there can perfectly well be special scientific explanations as well, notwithstanding (...)
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  12. Naturalism as a Philosophical Paradigm.Andrew Melnyk - 2009 - Philo 12 (2):188-199.
    I develop the conjecture that “naturalism” in philosophy names not a thesis but a paradigm in something like Thomas Kuhn’s sense, i.e., a set of commitments, shared by a group of investigators, whose acceptance by the members of the group powerfully influences their day-to-day investigative practice. I take a stab at spelling out the shared commitments that make up naturalism, and the logical and evidential relations among them.
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  13. Philosophy and the study of its history.Andrew Melnyk - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (2):203–219.
    This paper is guided by, and begins to make plausible, the idea that there can be a naturalistic metaphilosophy, i.e., an inquiry that takes philosophy as an object of study in something like the way that contemporary (naturalistic) philosophy of science takes science as an object of study. The paper’s more specific goal is to ventilate certain provocative speculations concerning the character of philosophy’s cognitive achievement, especially over time. But this more specific goal will be approached indirectly, through addressing in (...)
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  14.  53
    One World and the Many Sciences: A Defence of Physicalism.A. Melnyk & Andrew Melnyk - 1991 - Dissertation, Oxford University
    The subject of this thesis is physicalism, understood not as some particular doctrine pertaining narrowly to the philosophy of mind, but rather as a quite general metaphysical claim to the effect that everything is, or is fundamentally, physical. Thus physicalism explicates the thought that in some sense physics is the basic science. The aim of the thesis is to defend a particular brand of physicalism, which I call eliminative type physicalism. It claims, roughly, that every property is a physical property, (...)
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  15. Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious. A Critical Study of Elias E. Savellos and Umit D. Yalçin (eds.) Supervenience: New Essays. [REVIEW]Andrew Melnyk - 1999 - Noûs 33 (1):144–154.
    This critical study aims mainly to do two things: (i) throw some cold water on the claim that supervenience can be used to formulate a doctrine of non-reductive physicalism, and (ii) rebut an argument for physicalism offered (separately) by David Papineau and Barry Loewer. -/- The title alludes to the following lyric from "Mary Poppins", and was intended to hint that there is less to supervenience than meets the eye: -/- It's supercalifragilisticexpialidocious Even though the sound of it is something (...)
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  16. Realization Realized. [REVIEW]Andrew Melnyk - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (3):185-195.
    This is a critical study of Sydney Shoemaker's, Physical Realization (Oxford University Press, 2007). It focuses on (i) the relationship between his subset theory of realization and the higher-order property theory of realization, and (ii) his attempt to solve the problem of mental causation.
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  17.  91
    Review of Jaegwon Kim, Physicalism, or Something Near Enough[REVIEW]Andrew Melnyk - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (7-17).
    This is a review of Jaegwon Kim's Physicalism, Or Something Near Enough. It focuses (i) on his claim that mental properties can be causally efficacious only if they are, in a certain sense, functionally reducible to the physical, and (ii) on his criticisms of best-explanation arguments for physicalism as advocated by, e.g., Christopher Hill and Brian McLaughlin.
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  18. Semantika i proizvodstvo lingvisticheskikh edinit︠s︡: problemy derivat︠s︡ii: mezhvuzovskiĭ sbornik nauchnykh trudov.S. I︠U︡ Adlivankin & L. N. Murzin (eds.) - 1979 - Permʹ: Permskiĭ gos. universitet.
     
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  19. Semanticheskie aspekty slova i predlozhenii︠a︡: problemy derivat︠s︡ii: mezhvuzovskiĭ sbornik nauchnykh trudov.S. I︠U︡ Adlivankin & L. N. Murzin (eds.) - 1980 - Permʹ: Permskiĭ gos. universitet im. A.M. Gorʹkogo.
     
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  20.  5
    Kommunikat︠s︡ii︠a︡ i obrazovanie.S. I. Dudnik (ed.) - 2004 - Sankt-Peterburg: Sankt-Peterburgskoe filosofskoe ob-vo.
  21.  1
    Problemy filosofii, istorii, kulʹtury: mezhvuzovskiĭ nuchnyĭ sbornik.S. I. Zamagilʹnyĭ (ed.) - 1993 - Saratov: Saratovskiĭ gos. tekhn. universitet.
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  22.  5
    Monisticheskai︠a︡ paradigma filosofskogo ponimanii︠a︡ mira i cheloveka.M. G. Zelent︠s︡ova - 2001 - Ivanovo: Ivanovskiĭ gos. universitet.
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  23. Sharḥ al-Khabīṣī.ʻUbayd Allāh ibn Faḍl Allāh Khabīṣī - 1965
     
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  24. Prospects for a more cognitive ethology.S. I. Yoerg & A. C. Kamil - 1991 - In Carolyn A. Ristau (ed.), Cognitive Ethology: The Minds of Other Animals. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 273--289.
     
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  25. Aristotelʹ i srednevekovai︠a︡ metafizika.S. I. Dudnik (ed.) - 2002 - Sankt-Peterburg: Peterburgskoe filosofskoe o-vo.
     
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  26. O skeptikakh i skeptit︠s︡izme.S. I. Goncharuk - 1967 - Moskva,: Politizdat.
     
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  27. An Intelligent Tutoring System for Teaching Grammar English Tenses.Mohammed I. Alhabbash, Ali O. Mahdi & Samy S. Abu Naser - 2016 - European Academic Research 4 (9):1-15.
    The evolution of Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) is the result of the amount of research in the field of education and artificial intelligence in recent years. English is the third most common languages in the world and also is the internationally dominant in the telecommunications, science and trade, aviation, entertainment, radio and diplomatic language as most of the areas of work now taught in English. Therefore, the demand for learning English has increased. In this paper, we describe the design of (...)
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  28. Being free to act, and being a free man.S. I. Benn & W. L. Weinstein - 1971 - Mind 80 (318):194-211.
  29.  3
    Marks protiv SSSR: Kriticheskie interpretat︠s︡ii sovetskogo istoricheskogo opyta v neomarksizme.S. I. Dudnik - 2013 - Sankt-Peterburg: Nauka.
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  30.  2
    Dialekticheskiĭ i istoricheskiĭ materializm i sovremennostʹ.Vladimir Akimovich At︠s︡i︠u︡kovskiĭ - 2005 - Moskva: "Petit".
  31.  5
    Materializm i reliativizm: kritika metodologii sovremennoĭ teoreticheskoĭ fiziki: k 100-letii︠u︡ vykhoda v svet knigi V.I. Lenina "Materializm i empiriokrititsizm".V. A. At︠s︡i︠u︡kovskiĭ - 2009 - Moskva: Izd-vo "Petit".
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  32.  8
    Materializm i reliativizm: kritika metodologii sovremennoĭ teoreticheskoĭ fiziki: k 100-letii︠u︡ vykhoda v svet knigi V.I. Lenina "Materializm i empiriokrititsizm".V. A. At︠s︡i︠u︡kovskiĭ - 2009 - Moskva: Izd-vo "Petit".
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  33.  6
    Materializm i reli︠a︡tivizm: kritika metodologii sovremennoĭ teoreticheskoĭ fiziki.V. A. At︠s︡i︠u︡kovskiĭ - 1992 - Moskva: Ėnergoatomizdat.
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  34.  7
    Vizantiĭsʹkyĭ neoplatonizm vid Dionisii︠a︡ Areopahita do Hennadii︠a︡ Skholarii︠a︡: monohrafii︠a︡.I︠U︡. P. Chornomoret︠s︡ʹ - 2010 - Kyïv: Dukh i litera.
    Vizantiĭsʹkyĭ neoplatonizm i︠a︡k predmet relihii︠e︡znavchoho ta istoryko-filosofsʹkoho doslidz︠h︡enni︠a︡ -- Formuvanni︠a︡ vizantiĭsʹkoho neoplatonizmu u tvorakh Ĭoana Filopona (Dionisii︠a︡ Areopahita) -- Filosofii︠a︡ butti︠a︡ Maksyma Spovidnyka--kulʹminat︠s︡ii︠a︡ rozvytku vizantiĭsʹkoho neoplatonizmu -- Vizantiĭsʹkyĭ neoplatonichnyĭ esent︠s︡ializm kint︠s︡i︠a︡ VII-pochatku XIV stolitʹ -- Palamizm i︠a︡k osoblyva forma vizantiĭsʹkoho neoplatonizmu.
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  35. Vlastʹ i pravo.Vladislav Frant︠s︡ovich Zaleskiĭ - 1897 - Kazanʹ,:
     
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  36. How to keep the 'physical' in physicalism.Andrew Melnyk - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (12):622-637.
    This paper introduces the term "Hempel's Dilemma" to refer to the following challenge to any formulation of physicalism that appeals to the content of physics: if physical properties are those mentioned as such in current physics, then physicalism is probably false; but if they are those mentioned as such in a completed physics, then, since we have no idea what completed physics will look like, the resulting formulation of physicalism will lack content that is determinable by us now. It shows (...)
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  37.  3
    Filosofii︠a︡ i metodologii︠a︡ tekhnicheskogo kompleksirovanii︠a︡.V. A. At︠s︡i︠u︡kovskiĭ - 2005 - Moskva: Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ estestvennykh nauk.
  38. Lenin, i sovremennai︠a︡ fizika.S. I. Vavilov - 1970 - Moskva,: Nauka. Edited by D. I. Blokhint︠s︡ev & I. M. Frank.
     
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  39. I︠A︡zyk i poznanie: vvedenie v postreli︠a︡tivizm.S. I︠U︡ Borodaĭ - 2019 - Moskva: Izdatelʹskiĭ Dom I︠A︡SK.
     
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  40.  9
    Lucretius's Physics.S. I. Vavilov - 1948 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9:21.
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  41.  5
    Skovoroda.I︠U︡riĭ Mikhaĭlovich Loshchit︠s︡ - 1972
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  42.  5
    Filosofii︠a︡--deti︠a︡m: Mezhdunarodnai︠a︡ nauchno-prakticheskoĭ konferent︠s︡ii︠a︡, 17-29 i︠a︡nvari︠a︡ 2005 g.S. I. Levikova (ed.) - 2006 - Moskva: Prometeĭ.
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  43. Diachronikē diastasē stē zōē: eisagōgē stēn plastikē domē tēs vio-iatrikēs anazētēsēs: ereunētikē dokimē.I. N. Augoustēs - 1992 - Athēna: Iatrikes Ekd. LITSAS.
     
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  44.  91
    VI*—Freedom, Autonomy and the Concept of a Person.S. I. Benn - 1976 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 76 (1):109-130.
    S. I. Benn; VI*—Freedom, Autonomy and the Concept of a Person, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 76, Issue 1, 1 June 1976, Pages 109–130, https://.
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  45. Grounding and the Formulation of Physicalism.Andrew Melnyk - 2016 - In Ken Aizawa & Carl Gillett (eds.), Scientific Composition and Metaphysical Ground. London: Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 249-269.
    Grounding is all the rage in analytical metaphysics. But here I give three reasons for not appealing to a primitive relation of grounding in formulating physicalism. (1) It probably can't do the key job it would need to do. (2) We don't need it, since we already have realization. (3) It is probably not even consistent with physicalism.
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  46.  4
    Coneixement i decisió els fonaments del racionalisme crític.Andreu Marqués I. Martí - 1996 - Barcelona: Fundació Salvador Vives Casajuana.
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  47.  4
    L’Evolution Epistemologique de la Science Physique.S. I. Dockx - 1949 - Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Philosophy 2:819-821.
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  48. Problèmes de Philosophie des Sciences.S. I. Dockx, H. J. Pos, E. W. Beth, H. D. Dubarle, J. Daujat & F. Gonseth - 1951 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 2 (5):75-78.
     
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  49. Paradigmy istoricheskogo myshlenii︠a︡ XX veka: ocherki po sovremennoĭ filosofii kulʹtury.S. I. Dudnik - 2001 - Sankt-Peterburg: Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ universitet. Edited by I︠U︡. N. Solonin.
     
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  50. From the Rural to the Universal: The Poetic Journey of Niyi Osundare.S. I. Duruoha - 2002 - Dialogue and Universalism 12 (1-2):51-62.
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