Results for 'Jordan Kiper'

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  1.  5
    Moral Intuitions and the Religious System: An Adaptationist Account.Jordan Kiper & Richard Sosis - 2014 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 1 (2):172.
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  2.  85
    Henry Shue on Basic Rights: A Defense. [REVIEW]Jordan Kiper - 2011 - Human Rights Review 12 (4):505-514.
    In light of the many recent criticisms of Henry Shue's philosophy, this article provides a defense of Shue's philosophical argument for basic rights. The author demonstrates that the latest criticisms made by Thomas Pogge, Michael Payne, and Andrew Cohen misconstrue Shue's position, and therefore fail to overturn the soundness of Shue's argument. Against those who contend that basic rights demand too much, both logically and morally, the author argues that basic rights serve as the minimal threshold for human dignity and (...)
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  3.  2
    Perspectives on Forgiveness: Contrasting Approaches to Concepts of Forgiveness and Revenge.Susan DiVietro & Jordan Kiper (eds.) - 2017 - Brill | Rodopi.
    This interdisciplinary, empirical and theoretical approach to forgiveness and revenge considers the roles of truth, restitution and ritual in the promotion of forgiveness and deterrence of revenge in multiple contexts.
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  4.  11
    How Propaganda Works: Nationalism, Revenge and Empathy in Serbia.Jordan Kiper, Yeongjin Gwon & Richard Ashby Wilson - 2020 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 20 (5):403-431.
    What is the relationship between war propaganda and nationalism, and what are the effects of each on support for, or participation in, violent acts? This is an important question for international criminal law and ongoing speech crime trials, where prosecutors and judges continue to assert that there is a clear causal link between war propaganda, nationalism, and mass violence. Although most legal judgments hinge on the criminal intent of propagandists, the question of whether and to what extent propaganda and nationalism (...)
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  5.  34
    Why Anthropology Remains Integral to Cognitive Science.Jordan Kiper - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):151-152.
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  6.  7
    Why Religion is Better Conceived as a Complex System Than a Norm-Enforcing Institution.Richard Sosis & Jordan Kiper - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):275-276.
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  7.  2
    Toward a More Comprehensive Theory of Self-Sacrificial Violence.Jordan Kiper & Richard Sosis - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
    We argue that limiting the theory of extreme self-sacrifice to two determinants, namely, identity fusion and group threats, results in logical and conceptual difficulties. To strengthen Whitehouse's theory, we encourage a more holistic approach. In particular, we suggest that the theory include exogenous sociopolitical factors and constituents of the religious system as additional predictors of extreme self-sacrifice.
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  8. Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution.Michael Bergmann & Patrick Kain (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief contains fourteen original essays by philosophers, theologians, and social scientists on challenges to moral and religious belief from disagreement and evolution. Three main questions are addressed: Can one reasonably maintain one's moral and religious beliefs in the face of interpersonal disagreement with intellectual peers? Does disagreement about morality between a religious belief source, such as a sacred text, and a non-religious belief source, such as a society's moral intuitions, make it irrational to continue trusting (...)
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  9. A Lex Sacra From Selinous,(Borimir Jordan).M. H. Jameson, D. R. Jordan & R. D. Kotansky - 1996 - American Journal of Philology 117:326-328.
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  10. Recursive Distributed Representations.Jordan B. Pollack - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 46 (1-2):77-105.
  11.  4
    Taking Chances: Essays on Rational Choice.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1994 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    J. Howard Sobel has long been recognized as an important figure in philosophical discussions of rational decision. He has done much to help formulate the concept of causal decision theory. In this volume of essays Sobel explores the Bayesian idea that rational actions maximize expected values, where an action's expected value is a weighted average of its agent's values for its possible total outcomes. Newcomb's Problem and The Prisoner's Dilemma are discussed, and Allais-type puzzles are viewed from the perspective of (...)
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  12.  2
    Brain Storm: The Flaws in the Science of Sex Differences.Rebecca M. Jordan-Young - 2010 - Harvard University Press.
    1. Sexual Brains and Body Politics 2. Hormones and Hardwiring 3. Making Sense of Brain Organization Studies 4. Thirteen Ways of Looking at Brain Organization 5. Working Backward from “Distinct‘ Groups 6. Masculine and Feminine Sexuality 7. Sexual Orienteering 8. Sex-Typed Interests 9. Taking Context Seriously 10. Trading Essence for Potential.
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  13.  30
    Dr. Jordan and Spencer's Unknowable: Reply.E. Jordan - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21 (3):359.
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  14.  27
    Is the No-Minimum Claim True? Reply to Cullison: Jeff Jordan.Jeff Jordan - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):125-127.
    Is the no-minimum claim true? I have argued that it is not. Andrew Cullison contends that my argument fails, since human sentience is variable; while Michael Schrynemakers has contended that the failure is my neglect of vagueness. Both, I argue, are wrong.
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  15. Kant's Theory of Labour.Jordan Pascoe - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element examines Kant's innovative account of labour in his political philosophy and develops an intersectional analysis of Kant. By demonstrating that Kant's analysis of slavery, citizenship, and sex developed in inter-linked ways over several decades, culminating in his development of a 'trichotomy' of Right, the author shows that Kant's normative account of independence is configured through his theory of labour, and is continuous with his anthropological accounts of race and gender, providing a systemic justification for the dependency of women (...)
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  16. Jordan Peterson on Postmodernism, Truth, and Science.Panu Raatikainen - 2022 - In Jordan Peterson. Critical Responses. Chicago: Open Universe.
  17.  17
    Solipsistic Sentience.Jordan C. V. Taylor - 2022 - Mind and Language 37 (4):734-750.
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  18.  37
    The Psychological Slippery Slope From Physician-Assisted Death to Active Euthanasia: A Paragon of Fallacious Reasoning.Jordan Potter - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (2):239-244.
    In the debate surrounding the morality and legality of the practices of physician-assisted death and euthanasia, a common logical argument regularly employed against these practices is the “slippery slope argument.” One formulation of this argument claims that acceptance of physician-assisted death will eventually lead down a “slippery slope” into acceptance of active euthanasia, including its voluntary, non-voluntary, and/or involuntary forms, through psychological and social processes that warp a society’s values and moral perspective of a practice over an extended period of (...)
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  19.  15
    Movies and the Reagan Presidency: Success and Ethics.Chris Jordan - 2003 - Praeger.
    Exploring 80s genres and movies with both a sociocultural and aesthetic eye, this book will be invaluable to historians, cinema scholars, and film buffs.
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  20.  71
    The Design Inference: Eliminating Chance Through Small Probabilities.Jordan Howard Sobel - 2003 - Mind 112 (447):521-525.
  21.  23
    Artificial Versus Substantial Gauge Symmetries: A Criterion and an Application to the Electroweak Model.Jordan François - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (3):472-496.
    To systematically answer the generalized Kretschmann objection, I propose a mean to make operational a criterion widely recognized as allowing one to decide whether the gauge symmetry of a theory is artificial or substantial. My proposition is based on the dressing field method of gauge symmetry reduction, a new simple tool from mathematical physics. This general scheme allows one in particular to straightforwardly argue that the notion of spontaneous symmetry breaking is superfluous to the empirical success of the electroweak theory. (...)
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  22. Agent-Regret and the Social Practice of Moral Luck.Jordan MacKenzie - 2017 - Res Philosophica 94 (1):95-117.
    Agent-regret seems to give rise to a philosophical puzzle. If we grant that we are not morally responsible for consequences outside our control, then agent-regret—which involves self-reproach and a desire to make amends for consequences outside one’s control—appears rationally indefensible. But despite its apparent indefensibility, agent-regret still seems like a reasonable response to bad moral luck. I argue here that the puzzle can be resolved if we appreciate the role that agent-regret plays in a larger social practice that helps us (...)
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  23. Utilitarianism and Past and Future Mistakes.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1976 - Noûs 10 (2):195-219.
  24. Realism and Anti-Realism About Experiences of Understanding.Jordan Dodd - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (3):745-767.
    Strawson (1994) and Peacocke (1992) introduced thought experiments that show that it seems intuitive that there is, in some way, an experiential character to mental events of understanding. Some (e.g., Siewert 1998, 2011; Pitt 2004) try to explain these intuitions by saying that just as we have, say, headache experiences and visual experiences of blueness, so too we have experiences of understanding. Others (e.g., Prinz 2006, 2011; Tye 1996) propose that these intuitions can be explained without positing experiences of understanding. (...)
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  25. Debate: What is Personhood in the Age of AI?David J. Gunkel & Jordan Joseph Wales - 2021 - AI and Society 36:473–486.
    In a friendly interdisciplinary debate, we interrogate from several vantage points the question of “personhood” in light of contemporary and near-future forms of social AI. David J. Gunkel approaches the matter from a philosophical and legal standpoint, while Jordan Wales offers reflections theological and psychological. Attending to metaphysical, moral, social, and legal understandings of personhood, we ask about the position of apparently personal artificial intelligences in our society and individual lives. Re-examining the “person” and questioning prominent construals of that (...)
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  26.  10
    Meaning Making From Life to Language: The Semiotic Hierarchy and Phenomenology.Jordan Zlatev - 2018 - Cognitive Semiotics 11 (1).
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  27.  20
    An Anatomy of Values: Problems of Personal and Social Choice.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (1):131-135.
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  28. Pascual Jordan's Resolution of the Conundrum of the Wave-Particle Duality of Light.Anthony Duncan & Michel Janssen - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (3):634-666.
    In 1909, Einstein derived a formula for the mean square energy fluctuation in blackbody radiation. This formula is the sum of a wave term and a particle term. In a key contribution to the 1926 Dreim¨.
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  29.  45
    Motion-Induced Blindness Does Not Affect the Formation of Negative Afterimages.Constanze Hofstoetter, Christof Koch & Daniel C. Kiper - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):691-708.
    Aftereffects induced by invisible stimuli constitute a powerful tool to investigate what type of neural information processing can occur in the absence of visual awareness. This approach has been successfully used to demonstrate that awareness of oriented gratings or translating stimuli is not necessary to obtain a robust orientation-specific or motion-specific aftereffect. We exploit motion-induced blindness to investigate the related question of the influence of visual awareness on the formation of negative afterimages. Our results show that MIB does not affect (...)
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  30. Artificial Life IX: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Artificial Life.Jordan Pollack, Mark Bedau, Phil Husbands, Takashi Ikegami & Richard A. Watson (eds.) - 2004 - MIT Press.
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  31.  7
    The Making of the Indebted Man: An Essay on the Neoliberal Condition.Joshua David Jordan (ed.) - 2012 - Semiotext(E).
    The debtor-creditor relation, which is at the heart of this book, sharpens mechanisms of exploitation and domination indiscriminately, since, in it, there is no distinction between workers and the unemployed, consumers and producers, working and non-working populations, between retirees and welfare recipients. They are all "debtors," guilty and responsible in the eyes of capital, which has become the Great, the Universal, Creditor.--from The Making of the Indebted Man Debt -- both public debt and private debt -- has become a major (...)
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  32. The Best Available Parent and Duties of Justice.Jordan David Thomas Walters - forthcoming - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.
    I argue that the best available parent view, in its present formulation, struggles to accommodate for our very weighty duty not to perpetuate historical injustices. I offer an alternative view that reconciles this tension.
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  33.  12
    Best Interests Versus Resource Allocation: Could COVID-19 Cloud Decision-Making for the Cognitively Impaired?Jordan A. Parsons & Harleen Kaur Johal - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):447-450.
    The COVID-19 pandemic is putting the NHS under unprecedented pressure, requiring clinicians to make uncomfortable decisions they would not ordinarily face. These decisions revolve primarily around intensive care and whether a patient should undergo invasive ventilation. Certain vulnerable populations have featured in the media as falling victim to an increasingly utilitarian response to the pandemic—primarily those of advanced years or with serious existing health conditions. Another vulnerable population potentially at risk is those who lack the capacity to make their own (...)
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  34.  20
    The Co-Evolution of Intersubjectivity and Bodily Mimesis.Jordan Zlatev - 2008 - In J. Zlatev, T. Racine, C. Sinha & E. Itkonen (eds.), The Shared Mind: Perspectives on Intersubjectivity. John Benjamins. pp. 215--244.
  35. Curiosity and the Pleasures of Learning: Wanting and Liking New Information.Jordan Litman - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (6):793-814.
  36. Philosophy of Religion: The Key Thinkers.Jeff Jordan (ed.) - 2011 - Continuum.
    An accessible survey of the most important thinkers on Religion, from Aquinas, through Kant to William James.
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  37. Logic and Theism: Arguments for and Against Beliefs in God.Jordan Howard Sobel - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a wide-ranging 2004 book about arguments for and against beliefs in God. The arguments for the belief are analysed in the first six chapters and include ontological arguments from Anselm to Gödel, the cosmological arguments of Aquinas and Leibniz, and arguments from evidence for design and miracles. The next two chapters consider arguments against belief. The last chapter examines Pascalian arguments for and against belief in God. There are discussions of Cantorian problems for omniscience, of challenges to divine (...)
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  38.  21
    The Jordan Curve Theorem and the Schönflies Theorem in Weak Second-Order Arithmetic.Nobuyuki Sakamoto & Keita Yokoyama - 2007 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (5-6):465-480.
    In this paper, we show within ${\mathsf{RCA}_0}$ that both the Jordan curve theorem and the Schönflies theorem are equivalent to weak König’s lemma. Within ${\mathsf {WKL}_0}$ , we prove the Jordan curve theorem using an argument of non-standard analysis based on the fact that every countable non-standard model of ${\mathsf {WKL}_0}$ has a proper initial part that is isomorphic to itself (Tanaka in Math Logic Q 43:396–400, 1997).
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  39.  24
    Fables of the Prefrontal Cortex.Jordan Grafman, Arnaud Partiot & Caroline Hollnagel - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):349-358.
  40.  18
    Iris Murdoch's Genealogy of the Modern Self : Retrieving Consciousness Beyond the Linguistic Turn.Jessy E. G. Jordan - 2008 - Dissertation, Baylor
    In this dissertation I argue that Murdoch’s philosophical-ethical project is best understood as an anti-Enlightenment genealogical narrative. I maintain that her work consistently displays four fundamental features that typify genealogical accounts: 1) liberation from a dominant philosophical picture; 2) restoration of a previous philosophical picture wrongly dismissed; 3) restoration of practices no longer intelligible on the dominant view; and 4) recovery of an alternative grammar at odds with the dominant philosophical discourse. The dominant philosophical picture Murdoch subverts is the eclipse (...)
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  41. The Alleged Aristotelianism of Thomas Aquinas.Mark D. Jordan - 1992 - Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies.
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  42.  34
    Long-Axis Specialization of the Human Hippocampus.Jordan Poppenk, Hallvard R. Evensmoen, Morris Moscovitch & Lynn Nadel - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (5):230-240.
  43.  17
    Planning and the Brain.Jordan Grafman & James Hendler - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):563-564.
  44.  11
    Aristotle, Tyranny, and the Small-Souled Subject.Jordan Jochim - 2020 - Political Theory 48 (2):169-191.
    Political theorists converge in identifying modern techniques of domination as habit-formative and psychologically invasive, in contrast to earlier, more blatantly coercive forms of repression. Putting Aristotle on tyranny in conversation with Michel Foucault on subject formation, this article argues for continuity across the pre- and postmodern divide. Through a close reading of the “three heads of tyranny” in Politics 5.11 —those being the tyrant’s efforts to form subjects who have small thoughts are distrustful of one another, and are incapable of (...)
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  45.  68
    Exploring the Link Between Reading Fiction and Empathy: Ruling Out Individual Differences and Examining Outcomes.Jordan B. Peterson, Keith Oatley & Raymond A. Mar - 2009 - Communications 34 (4):407-428.
    Readers of fiction tend to have better abilities of empathy and theory of mind. We present a study designed to replicate this finding, rule out one possible explanation, and extend the assessment of social outcomes. In order to rule out the role of personality, we first identified Openness as the most consistent correlate. This trait was then statistically controlled for, along with two other important individual differences: the tendency to be drawn into stories and gender. Even after accounting for these (...)
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  46. Old Party, New Tricks: Candidates, Parties, and LDP Dominance in Japan.Jordan Hamzawi - 2022 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 23 (3):283-293.
    In 2009, after decades of single party rule under the Liberal Democratic Party, Japan had its first taste of a real alteration of power. However, just 3 years later, the LDP regained control of government with no significant challenger in sight. Historically, LDP dominance is a common tale, but its resurgence in recent years poses a significant puzzle in Japanese politics. What exactly has contributed to the LDP's return to power? In the years that have passed, the LDP's strength has (...)
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  47. The Temple of Eternity: Thomas Traherne's Philosophy of Time.Richard Douglas Jordan - 1972
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  48. Logic and Theism: Arguments For and Against Beliefs in God's Existence.Jordan Howard Sobel - 2004 - Ars Disputandi 4.
     
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  49.  21
    “Listen Then, or, Rather, Answer”: Contemporary Challenges to Socratic Education.Jordan Fullam - 2015 - Educational Theory 65 (1):53-71.
    The popularity of Jacques Rancière in recent work in educational philosophy has rejuvenated discussion of the merits and weaknesses of Socratic education, both in Plato's dialogues and in invocations of Socrates in contemporary educational practice. In this essay Jordan Fullam explores the implications of this trend through comparing Rancière's educational thought to an analysis of the relationship between dialectic and stultification in Plato's Republic. This task clarifies what is useful in the recent wave of scholarship that brings Rancière's work (...)
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  50.  10
    Examining Overlap in Behavioral and Neural Representations of Morals, Facts, and Preferences.Jordan Theriault, Adam Waytz, Larisa Heiphetz & Liane Young - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (11):1586-1605.
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