Results for 'Markus Asper'

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  1.  32
    Explanation Between Nature and Text: Ancient Greek Commentators on Science.Markus Asper - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):43-50.
    It is commonly agreed that the doctrines of classical Greek philosophers and scientists were transformed by commentators of, roughly, the second to sixth centuries AD. It is, however, less clear how these transformations precisely took place. This article contributes to the discussion by exploring explanative practices in ancient Greek commentaries on authors such as the Hippocratic Corpus, Aristotle, and Euclid and by arguing that among the practices concerned there was a tendency to blur the distinction of nature and text. Among (...)
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  2.  24
    Mathematics and Poetry in Hellenistic Alexandria - R. Netz Ludic Proof. Greek Mathematics and the Alexandrian Aesthetic. Pp. XVI + 255, Figs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Cased, £62, Us$107. Isbn: 978-0-521-89894-2. [REVIEW]Markus Asper - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):75-77.
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  3.  28
    Technicians in Graeco-Roman Cultures (S.) Cuomo Technology and Culture in Greek and Roman Antiquity. Pp. Xii + 212, Ills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Paper, £15.99, US$29.99 (Cased, £40, US$80). ISBN: 978-0-521-00903-4 (ISBN: 978-0-521-81073-9 Hbk). [REVIEW]Markus Asper - 2009 - The Classical Review 59 (1):269-.
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  4.  11
    Férez (J.A.) López Ed. La lengua cientifica griega. Origenes, desarrollo e influencia en las lenguas modernas europeas. (Estudios de filologia griega 5, 6, 10). Madrid: Ediciones Clásicas, 2000–2004. Pp. 200, 305, 292. Ptas. 1600, Ptas. 2400, €23. 8478824103, 8478824111, 8478825568. [REVIEW]Markus Asper - 2006 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 126:207-209.
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  5.  9
    Dionysios und die Datierung Herons von Alexandria.Markus Asper - 2001 - Hermes 129 (1):135-137.
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  6.  4
    Galen and the Rhetoric of Healing (Review).Markus Asper - 2010 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 103 (4):549-550.
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  7.  4
    The Encyclopedia of Ancient Natural Scientists: The Greek Tradition and its Many Heirs (Review).Markus Asper - 2010 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 104 (1):113-114.
  8.  1
    25. Rhetorik als Literatur. Streifzüge durch Handbücher.Markus Asper - 2019 - In Christian Tornau & Michael Erler (eds.), Handbuch Antike Rhetorik. De Gruyter. pp. 655-674.
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  9.  21
    Mythos, Katalog Und Prophezeiung. Studien Zu den Argonautika des Apollonios Rhodios. [REVIEW]Markus Asper - 2007 - The Classical Review 57 (2):344-345.
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  10.  35
    Husserl, Horaz Und Die "Heilsmächte der Phänomenologie.Sebastian Luft & Markus Asper - 1999 - Husserl Studies 16 (1):25-40.
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  11. Philosophie Und Dichtung Im Antiken Griechenland: Akten der 7. Tagung der Karl Und Gertrud Abel-Stiftung Am 10. Und 11. Oktober 2002 in Bernkastel-Kues. [REVIEW]Jochen Althoff (ed.) - 2007 - Steiner.
    Aus dem Inhalt Vorwort Wolfgang Kullmann: Das Verhaltnis zwischen Philosophie und Dichtung in griechischer Sicht Oliver Hellmann: Aristoteles und Achilleus: Der poetische Held aus der Sicht des Philosophen Antonios Rengakos: Zeit und Erzahlung in den Argonautika des Apollonios Rhodios Sabine Follinger: Die Funktion von Nicht-Wissen in der fruhgriechischen Literatur Markus Asper: Medienwechsel und kultureller Kontext. Die Entstehung der griechischen Sachprosa Jochen Althoff: Sokrates als Naturphilosoph in Aristophanes' Wolken Maria Liatsi: Philia bei Aristoteles: Ethische Tugend oder ausseres Gut? Doris (...)
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  12.  80
    Markus Gabriel : Der Neue Realismus.Markus Gabriel & Kurt Wuchterl - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):170-175.
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  13.  1
    Culture and Enlightenment: Essays for György Markus.Gy?rgy Markus, John E. Grumley, Paul Crittenden & Pauline Johnson - 2002 - Routledge.
    Culture and Enlightenment are the two words that best characterise the essence of Gyorgy Markus's career, in whose honour this book is published. This book draws together contributions from leading figures in contemporary philosophy, who are also friends, colleagues and former students of Gyorgy Markus. The book is divided into two sections: the first presents critical assessments of various aspects of Markus' wide-ranging works; the second presents contributions in celebration of his influence and his wide interests. In (...)
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  14.  13
    Interview: Markus Gabriel.Markus Gabriel & Anja Steinbauer - 2016 - Philosophy Now 113:6-10.
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  15. Christian Faith and Greek Philosophy [by] A.H. Armstrong and R.A. Markus.A. H. Armstrong & R. A. Markus - 1960 - Darton, Longman & Todd.
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  16. Epistemic Relativism. A Constructive Critique.Markus Seidel - 2014 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Are our beliefs justified only relatively to a specific culture or society? Is it possible to give reasons for the superiority of our scientific, epistemic methods? Markus Seidel sets out to answer these questions in his critique of epistemic relativism. Focusing on the work of the most prominent, explicitly relativist position in the sociology of scientific knowledge – so-called 'Edinburgh relativism' or the 'Strong Programme' –, he scrutinizes the key arguments for epistemic relativism from a philosophical perspective: underdetermination and (...)
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  17.  21
    Multi-Asperity Contact: A Comparison Between Discrete Dislocation and Crystal Plasticity Predictions.L. Nicola, A. F. Bower, K. -S. Kim, A. Needleman & E. Van der Giessen - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (30-32):3713-3729.
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  18.  12
    Über Bioethik, Gerechtigkeit und den Wert der Kunst: Philip Kitcher im Gespräch mit Markus Rüther.Philip Kitcher & Markus Rüther - 2015 - Ethik in der Medizin 27 (4):335-342.
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  19. ASPERS' Nietzsche Und Das Christentum. [REVIEW]Lohner Lohner - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14:412.
  20.  1
    Fields of Sense: A New Realist Ontology.Markus Gabriel - 2015 - Edinburgh University Press.
    It is still a widespread assumption that metaphysics and ontology deal with roughly the same questions. They are supposed to be concerned with the fundamental nature of reality and to give an account of the meaning of 'existence' or 'being' in line with the broadest possible metaphysical assumptions. Against this, Markus Gabriel proposes a radical form of ontological pluralism that divorces ontology from metaphysics, understood as the most fundamental theory of absolutely everything. He argues that the concept of existence (...)
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  21.  36
    Predicting the Past From Minimal Traces: Episodic Memory and its Distinction From Imagination and Preservation.Markus Werning - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (2):301-333.
    The paper develops an account of minimal traces devoid of representational content and exploits an analogy to a predictive processing framework of perception. As perception can be regarded as a prediction of the present on the basis of sparse sensory inputs without any representational content, episodic memory can be conceived of as a “prediction of the past” on the basis of a minimal trace, i.e., an informationally sparse, merely causal link to a previous experience. The resulting notion of episodic memory (...)
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  22. No Luck for Moral Luck.Markus Kneer & Edouard Machery - 2019 - Cognition 182:331-348.
    Moral philosophers and psychologists often assume that people judge morally lucky and morally unlucky agents differently, an assumption that stands at the heart of the Puzzle of Moral Luck. We examine whether the asymmetry is found for reflective intuitions regarding wrongness, blame, permissibility, and punishment judg- ments, whether people’s concrete, case-based judgments align with their explicit, abstract principles regarding moral luck, and what psychological mechanisms might drive the effect. Our experiments produce three findings: First, in within-subjects experiments favorable to reflective (...)
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  23. The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of Ai.Markus Dirk Dubber, Frank Pasquale & Sunit Das (eds.) - 2020 - Oxford Handbooks.
    This 44-chapter volume tackles a quickly-evolving field of inquiry, mapping the existing discourse as part of a general attempt to place current developments in historical context; at the same time, breaking new ground in taking on novel subjects and pursuing fresh approaches. The term "A.I." is used to refer to a broad range of phenomena, from machine learning and data mining to artificial general intelligence. The recent advent of more sophisticated AI systems, which function with partial or full autonomy and (...)
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  24. W(H)Ither Ecology? The Triple Bottom Line, the Global Reporting Initiative, and Corporate Sustainability Reporting.Markus J. Milne & Rob Gray - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):13-29.
    This paper offers a critique of sustainability reporting and, in particular, a critique of the modern disconnect between the practice of sustainability reporting and what we consider to be the urgent issue of our era: sustaining the life-supporting ecological systems on which humanity and other species depend. Tracing the history of such reporting developments, we identify and isolate the concept of the ‘triple bottom line’ (TBL) as a core and dominant idea that continues to pervade business reporting, and business engagement (...)
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  25. ‘‘‘Aspers’D And Blacken’D’: Pierre Coste’s Critique Of Locke’s Moral Theory.James Dybikowski - 2007 - Enlightenment and Dissent 23:1-23.
     
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  26. Metaphysics of Science: A Systematic and Historical Introduction.Markus Schrenk - 2017 - London & New York: Routledge.
    Metaphysics and science have a long but troubled relationship. In the twentieth century the Logical Positivists argued metaphysics was irrelevant and that philosophy should be guided by science. However, metaphysics and science attempt to answer many of the same, fundamental questions: What are laws of nature? What is causation? What are natural kinds? -/- In this book, Markus Schrenk examines and explains the central questions and problems in the metaphysics of science. He reviews the development of the field from (...)
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  27.  13
    M. Asper: Kallimachos: Werke. Griechisch und Deutsch. Pp. x + 548. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2004. Cased, SFr 115, €69.90. ISBN: 3-534-13693-4. [REVIEW]Richard Hunter - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (2):694-695.
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  28.  42
    Empirical Phenomenology: A Qualitative Research Approach (The Cologne Seminars).Patrik Aspers - 2009 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 9 (2):1-12.
    This paper introduces the philosophical foundation and practical application of empirical phenomenology in social research. The approach of empirical phenomenology builds upon the phenomenology of the philosophers Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger and the sociologist Alfred Schütz, but considers how their more philosophical and theoretical insights can be used in empirical research. It aims at being practically useful for anyone doing qualitative studies and concerned about safeguarding the perspective of those studied. The main idea of empirical phenomenology is that scientific (...)
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  29.  58
    Knowledge and Valuation in Markets.Patrik Aspers - 2009 - Theory and Society 38 (2):111-131.
  30.  27
    M. Asper (ed., trans.): Kallimachos: Werke. Griechisch und Deutsch . Pp. x + 548. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2004. Cased, SFr 115, €69.90. ISBN: 3-534-13693-. [REVIEW]Richard Hunter - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (02):694-.
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  31. Levels of Organization: A Deflationary Account.Markus I. Eronen - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (1):39-58.
    The idea of levels of organization plays a central role in the philosophy of the life sciences. In this article, I first examine the explanatory goals that have motivated accounts of levels of organization. I then show that the most state-of-the-art and scientifically plausible account of levels of organization, the account of levels of mechanism proposed by Bechtel and Craver, is fundamentally problematic. Finally, I argue that the explanatory goals can be reached by adopting a deflationary approach, where levels of (...)
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  32. Agency.Markus Schlosser - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    In very general terms, an agent is a being with the capacity to act, and 'agency' denotes the exercise or manifestation of this capacity. The philosophy of action provides us with a standard conception and a standard theory of action. The former construes action in terms of intentionality, the latter explains the intentionality of action in terms of causation by the agent’s mental states and events. From this, we obtain a standard conception and a standard theory of agency. There are (...)
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  33.  1
    Orderly Fashion: A Sociology of Markets.Patrik Aspers - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    For any market to work properly, certain key elements are necessary: competition, pricing, rules, clearly defined offers, and easy access to information. Without these components, there would be chaos. Orderly Fashion examines how order is maintained in the different interconnected consumer, producer, and credit markets of the global fashion industry. From retailers in Sweden and the United Kingdom to producers in India and Turkey, Patrik Aspers focuses on branded garment retailers--chains such as Gap, H&M, Old Navy, Topshop, and Zara. Aspers (...)
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  34.  83
    Throwing the Baby Out with the Water: From Reasonably Scrutinizing Authorities to Rampant Scepticism About Expertise.Markus Seidel - 2014 - Informal Logic 34 (2):192-218.
    In this paper, I argue that many arguments from expert opinion are strong arguments. Therefore, in many cases it is rational to rely on experts since in many cases the fact that an expert says that p makes it highly likely that p is true. I will defend this claim by providing 5 arguments that illuminate and elaborate on 5 crucial claims about expertise. In this way, I aim to undermine recent attempts to establish a rampant scepticism about arguments from (...)
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  35.  41
    Ethical Challenges of Simulation-Driven Big Neuroscience.Markus Christen, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Berit Bringedal, Kevin Grimes, Julian Savulescu & Henrik Walter - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1):5-17.
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  36. Interventionism for the Intentional Stance: True Believers and Their Brains.Markus I. Eronen - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):45-55.
    The relationship between psychological states and the brain remains an unresolved issue in philosophy of psychology. One appealing solution that has been influential both in science and in philosophy is Dennett’s concept of the intentional stance, according to which beliefs and desires are real and objective phenomena, but not necessarily states of the brain. A fundamental shortcoming of this approach is that it does not seem to leave any causal role for beliefs and desires in influencing behavior. In this paper, (...)
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  37.  39
    Moral Commitments and the Societal Role of Business: An Ordonomic Approach to Corporate Citizenship.Markus Beckmann - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (3):375-401.
    This article introduces an “ordonomic” approach to corporate citizenship. We believe that ordonomics offers a conceptual framework for analyzing both the social structure and the semantics of moral commitments. We claim that such an analysis can provide theoretical guidance for the changing role of business in society, especially in regard to the expectation and trend that businesses take a political role and act as corporate citizens. The systematic raison d’être of corporate citizenship is that business firms can and—judged by the (...)
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  38.  34
    Neural Mechanisms and Temporal Dynamics of Performance Monitoring.Markus Ullsperger, Adrian G. Fischer, Roland Nigbur & Tanja Endrass - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (5):259-267.
  39.  10
    Forms of Uncertainty Reduction: Decision, Valuation, and Contest.Patrik Aspers - 2018 - Theory and Society 47 (2):133-149.
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  40. Robustness and Reality.Markus I. Eronen - 2015 - Synthese 192 (12):3961-3977.
    Robustness is often presented as a guideline for distinguishing the true or real from mere appearances or artifacts. Most of recent discussions of robustness have focused on the kind of derivational robustness analysis introduced by Levins, while the related but distinct idea of robustness as multiple accessibility, defended by Wimsatt, has received less attention. In this paper, I argue that the latter kind of robustness, when properly understood, can provide justification for ontological commitments. The idea is that we are justified (...)
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  41.  12
    Peer Influence on Managerial Honesty: The Role of Transparency and Expectations.Markus Brunner & Andreas Ostermaier - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (1):127-145.
    We investigate peer influence on managerial honesty under varying levels of transparency. In a laboratory experiment, managers report their costs to a superior to request budget. We manipulate whether the managers learn each other’s report and cost or the report but not the cost. The results show, first, that managers are susceptible to peer influence, as they join peers in reporting honestly and dishonestly both under full and partial transparency. Second, however, the effect of peer influence is asymmetric. While managers’ (...)
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  42.  11
    Ethical Focal Points in the International Practice of Deep Brain Stimulation.Markus Christen, Christian Ineichen, Merlin Bittlinger, Hans-Werner Bothe & Sabine Müller - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (4):65-80.
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  43. Relativism or Relationism? A Mannheimian Interpretation of Fleck’s Claims About Relativism.Markus Seidel - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (2):219-240.
    The paper explores the defence by the early sociologist of science Ludwik Fleck against the charge of relativism. It is shown that there are crucial and hitherto unnoticed similarities between Fleck’s strategy and the attempt by his contemporary Karl Mannheim to distinguish between an incoherent relativism and a consistent relationism. Both authors seek to revise epistemology fundamentally by reinterpreting the concept of objectivity in two ways: as inner- and inter-style objectivity. The argument for the latter concept shows the genuine political (...)
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  44. No Levels, No Problems: Downward Causation in Neuroscience.Markus I. Eronen - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):1042-1052.
    I show that the recent account of levels in neuroscience proposed by Craver and Bechtel is unsatisfactory since it fails to provide a plausible criterion for being at the same level and is incompatible with Craver and Bechtel’s account of downward causation. Furthermore, I argue that no distinct notion of levels is needed for analyzing explanations and causal issues in neuroscience: it is better to rely on more well-defined notions such as composition and scale. One outcome of this is that (...)
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  45. The Norm of Assertion: Empirical Data.Markus Kneer - 2018 - Cognition 177:165-171.
    Assertions are speech acts by means of which we express beliefs. As such they are at the heart of our linguistic and social practices. Recent research has focused extensively on the question whether the speech act of assertion is governed by norms, and if so, under what conditions it is acceptable to make an assertion. Standard theories propose, for instance, that one should only assert that p if one knows that p (the knowledge account), or that one should only assert (...)
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  46.  13
    Are Visual Processes Causally Involved in “Perceptual Simulation” Effects in the Sentence-Picture Verification Task?Markus Ostarek, Dennis Joosen, Adil Ishag, Monique de Nijs & Falk Huettig - 2019 - Cognition 182:84-94.
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  47.  9
    Otakuism and the Appeal of Sex Robots.Markus Appel, Caroline Marker & Martina Mara - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  48. The Powerlessness of Necessity.Markus Schrenk - 2010 - Noûs 44 (4):725-739.
    This paper concerns anti-Humean intuitions about connections in nature. It argues for the existence of a de re link that is not necessity.Some anti-Humeans tacitly assume that metaphysical necessity can be used for all sorts of anti-Humean desires. Metaphysical necessity is thought to stick together whatever would be loose and separate in a Hume world, as if it were a kind of universal superglue.I argue that this is not feasible. Metaphysical necessity might connect synchronically co-existent properties—kinds and their essential features, (...)
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  49. Taking Something as a Reason for Action.Markus E. Schlosser - 2012 - Philosophical Papers 41 (2):267-304.
    This paper proposes and defends an account of what it is to act for reasons. In the first part, I will discuss the desire-belief and the deliberative model of acting for reasons. I will argue that we can avoid the weaknesses and retain the strengths of both views, if we pursue an alternative according to which acting for reasons involves taking something as a reason. In the main part, I will develop an account of what it is to take something (...)
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  50.  13
    Why the World Does Not Exist.Markus Gabriel - 2015 - Polity.
    Where do we come from? Are we merely a cluster of elementary particles in a gigantic world receptacle? And what does it all mean? In this highly original new book, the philosopher Markus Gabriel challenges our notion of what exists and what it means to exist. He questions the idea that there is a world that encompasses everything like a container life, the universe, and everything else. This all-inclusive being does not exist and cannot exist. For the world itself (...)
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