Results for 'Thomas A. Johnstone'

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  1.  17
    Resurrection Axioms and Uplifting Cardinals.Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2014 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 53 (3-4):463-485.
    We introduce the resurrection axioms, a new class of forcing axioms, and the uplifting cardinals, a new large cardinal notion, and prove that various instances of the resurrection axioms are equiconsistent over ZFC with the existence of an uplifting cardinal.
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  2.  56
    Indestructible Strong Unfoldability.Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2010 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (3):291-321.
    Using the lottery preparation, we prove that any strongly unfoldable cardinal $\kappa$ can be made indestructible by all.
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  3.  26
    Strongly Unfoldable Cardinals Made Indestructible.Thomas A. Johnstone - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (4):1215-1248.
    I provide indestructibility results for large cardinals consistent with V = L, such as weakly compact, indescribable and strongly unfoldable cardinals. The Main Theorem shows that any strongly unfoldable cardinal κ can be made indestructible by <κ-closed. κ-proper forcing. This class of posets includes for instance all <κ-closed posets that are either κ -c.c, or ≤κ-strategically closed as well as finite iterations of such posets. Since strongly unfoldable cardinals strengthen both indescribable and weakly compact cardinals, the Main Theorem therefore makes (...)
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  4.  11
    Strongly Uplifting Cardinals and the Boldface Resurrection Axioms.Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2017 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 56 (7-8):1115-1133.
    We introduce the strongly uplifting cardinals, which are equivalently characterized, we prove, as the superstrongly unfoldable cardinals and also as the almost-hugely unfoldable cardinals, and we show that their existence is equiconsistent over ZFC with natural instances of the boldface resurrection axiom, such as the boldface resurrection axiom for proper forcing.
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  5.  13
    What is the Theory ZFC Without Power Set?Victoria Gitman, Joel David Hamkins & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2016 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 62 (4-5):391-406.
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  6.  1
    Indestructibility Properties of Ramsey and Ramsey-Like Cardinals.Victoria Gitman & Thomas A. Johnstone - 2022 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 173 (6):103106.
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  7.  13
    Cerebral Palsy, Cesarean Sections, and Electronic Fetal Monitoring: All the Light We Cannot See.Thomas P. Sartwelle, James C. Johnston, Berna Arda & Mehila Zebenigus - 2019 - Clinical Ethics 14 (3):107-114.
    A half century ago electronic fetal monitoring was rushed into clinical use with the promise that the secrets of fetal heart rate decelerations had been discovered and that the newly discovered knowledge would prevent cerebral palsy with just in time cesarean sections preventing babies from experiencing asphyxia, which was thought to be the primary cause of cerebral palsy. In the years since electronic fetal monitoring’s debut, it has been discovered that asphyxia is a rare cause of cerebral palsy. At the (...)
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  8.  10
    Electronic Fetal Monitoring in the Twenty-First Century: Language, Logic and Lewis Carroll.Thomas P. Sartwelle, James C. Johnston, Berna Arda & Mehila Zebenigus - forthcoming - Clinical Ethics:147775092097180.
    The Alice Books, full of illogical thoughts, words, and contradictions, were unrivaled entertainment until the publication of the medical literature promoting electronic fetal monitoring for every pregnancy. The modern-day EFM advocates acknowledge EFM’s decades long failure but simultaneously recommend EFM use for lawsuit protection and because the profession has used EFM for every pregnancy for fifty years, therefore, it must be efficacious. These self-indulgent, illogical rationalizations ignore the half century of evidence-based scientific research proving that EFM is a complete failure (...)
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  9. The Origins of Christianity, by G. A. Johnston. [REVIEW]Thomas Whittaker - 1915 - Ethics 26:428.
     
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  10. Naïve Beliefs Shape Emotional Reactions to Evaluative Feedback.Thomas I. Vaughan-Johnston & Jill A. Jacobson - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion 35 (2):375-384.
    People are motivated to acquire self-evaluative information that favours themselves or information that confirms their present self-views. We proposed that par...
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  11.  7
    Johnstone Henry W. Jr. Elementary Deductive Logic. Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York 1954, Viii + 241 Pp. [REVIEW]Charles A. Baylis - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):165-166.
  12.  31
    Psychophysiological Responses to Appraisal Dimensions in a Computer Game.Carien van Reekum, Tom Johnstone, Rainer Banse, Alexandre Etter, Thomas Wehrle & Klaus Scherer - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):663-688.
  13.  60
    Chomsky Vis-a-Vis the Methodology of Science.Thomas Johnston - manuscript
    (1) In the first part of this paper, I review Chomsky's meandering journey from the formalism/mentalism of Syntactic Structures, through several methodological positions, to the minimalist theory of his latest work. Infected with mentalism from first to last, each and every position vitiates Chomsky's repeated claims that his theories will provide useful guidance to later theories in such fields as cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience. With the guidance of his insights, he claims, psychologists and neuroscientists will be able to avoid (...)
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  14.  23
    The Origins of Christianity, with an Outline of Van Manen's Analysis of the Pauline Literature. Van Manen, Thomas Whittaker.G. A. Johnston - 1916 - International Journal of Ethics 26 (3):428-429.
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  15.  5
    Selections From the Scottish Philosophy of Common Sense.G. A. Johnston, James Beattie, Adam Ferguson, Thomas Reid & Dugald Stewart - 1915 - Open Court.
    The Scottish Philosophy of Common Sense originated as a protest against the philosophy of the greatest Scottish philosopher. Hume's sceptical conclusions did not excite as much opposition as might have been expected. But in Scotland especially there was a good deal of spoken criticism which was never written; and some who would have liked to denounce Hume's doctrines in print were restrained by the salutary reflection that if they were challenged to give reasons for their criticism they would find it (...)
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  16.  17
    Book Review:The Origins of Christianity, with an Outline of Van Manen's Analysis of the Pauline Literature. Van Manen, Thomas Whittaker. [REVIEW]G. A. Johnston - 1916 - Ethics 26 (3):428-.
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  17.  23
    Laughter in the Best Medicine.Joyce A. Griffin, Susan Gilbert, Nora Porter, Nancy Berlinger, Mary Crowley, Josephine Johnston, Thomas H. Murray & Erik Parens - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  18.  59
    The Co-Ascription of Ordered Lexical Pairs: A Cognitive-Science-Based Semantic Theory of Meaning and Reference: Part 2.Thomas Johnston - manuscript
    (1) This is Part 2 of the semantic theory I call TM. In Part 1, I developed TM as a theory in the analytic philosophy of language, in lexical semantics, and in the sociology of relating occasions of statement production and comprehension to formal and informal lexicographic conclusions about statements and lexical items – roughly, as showing how synchronic semantics is a sociological derivative of diachronic, person-relative acts of linguistic behavior. I included descriptions of new cognitive psychology experimental paradigms which (...)
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  19.  43
    The Powers of Aristotle’s Soul, by Thomas Kjeller Johansen. [REVIEW]Mark A. Johnstone - 2015 - Mind 124 (496):1303-1305.
    A review of Thomas Johansen's book: The Powers of Aristotle's Soul.
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  20.  57
    Interpreting Thomas Kuhn as a Response-Dependence Theorist.Nathaniel Goldberg - 2011 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 19 (5):729 - 752.
    Abstract Thomas Kuhn is the most famous historian and philosopher of science of the last century. He is also among the most controversial. Since Kuhn's death, his corpus has been interpreted, systematized, and defended. Here I add to this endeavor in a novel way by arguing that Kuhn can be interpreted as a global response-dependence theorist. He can be understood as connecting all concepts and terms in an a priori manner to responses of suitably situated subjects to objects in (...)
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  21.  2
    No Evidence for a Decrease in Physical Activity Among Swiss Office Workers During COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study.Andrea Martina Aegerter, Manja Deforth, Gisela Sjøgaard, Venerina Johnston, Thomas Volken, Hannu Luomajoki, Julia Dratva, Holger Dressel, Oliver Distler, Markus Melloh & Achim Elfering - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    PurposeThe COVID-19 lockdown interrupted normal daily activities, which may have led to an increase in sedentary behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the level of physical activity among Swiss office workers.MethodsOffice workers from two Swiss organizations, aged 18–65 years, were included. Baseline data from January 2020 before the COVID-19 pandemic became effective in Switzerland were compared with follow-up data during the lockdown phase in April 2020. Levels of physical activity were (...)
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  22. Following Atheism: On a Debate in Contemporary Psychoanalytic Theory.Thomas Brockelman - 2012 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 6 (1).
    Setting out from a debate between two contemporary Lacanians about the religious significance of psychoanalysis, this paper argues that what such analysis really has to offer to a discussion of religion is purloined by the current round of academic polemics about its "revival." This argument is built in three steps: in the first, I demonstrate that the "site" of a meeting of psychoanalysis and religion is the "fundamental fantasy," tracing that concept's history from its Freudian pre-history through Lacan and showing (...)
     
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  23.  5
    Parental Decision-Making Following a Prenatal Diagnosis That is Lethal, Life-Limiting, or has Long Term Implications for the Future Child and Family: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Literature.Claire Blakeley, Debbie M. Smith, Edward D. Johnstone & Anja Wittkowski - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-19.
    Information on the factors influencing parents’ decision-making process following a lethal, life-limiting or severely debilitating prenatal diagnosis remains deficient. A comprehensive systematic review and meta-synthesis was conducted to explore the influencing factors for parents considering termination or continuation of pregnancy following identification of lethal, life-limiting or severely debilitating fetal abnormalities. Electronic searches of 13 databases were conducted. These searches were supplemented by hand-searching Google Scholar and bibliographies and citation tracing. Thomas and Harden’s thematic synthesis method was used to synthesise (...)
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  24.  54
    The Contradictions of Modern Moral Philosophy: Ethics After Wittgenstein.Dr Paul Johnston & Paul Johnston - 1999 - Routledge.
    _The Contradictions of Modern Moral Philosophy_ is a highly original and radical critique of contemporary moral theory. Paul Johnston demonstrates that much recent moral philosophy is confused about the fundamental issue of whether there are correct moral judgements. He shows that the standard modern approaches to ethics cannot justify - or even make much sense of - traditional moral beliefs. Applied rigorously, these approaches suggest that we should reject ethics as a set of outdated and misguided claims. Rather than facing (...)
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  25. A Commentary on Eugene Thacker’s "Cosmic Pessimism".Gary J. Shipley & Nicola Masciandaro - 2012 - Continent 2 (2):76-81.
    continent. 2.2 (2012): 76–81 Comments on Eugene Thacker’s “Cosmic Pessimism” Nicola Masciandaro Anything you look forward to will destroy you, as it already has. —Vernon Howard In pessimism, the first axiom is a long, low, funereal sigh. The cosmicity of the sigh resides in its profound negative singularity. Moving via endless auto-releasement, it achieves the remote. “ Oltre la spera che piú larga gira / passa ’l sospiro ch’esce del mio core ” [Beyond the sphere that circles widest / penetrates (...)
     
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  26.  23
    John Dee on Geometry: Texts, Teaching and the Euclidean Tradition.Stephen Johnston - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (3):470-479.
    John Dee’s mathematical interests have principally been studied through his Mathematicall praeface to Henry Billingsley’s 1570 translation of Euclid’s Elements. The focus here is broadened to include the notes he added to Books X–XIII of the Elements. I argue that this additional material drew on a manuscript text, the Tyrocinium mathematicum, that Dee wrote a decade earlier, probably as tutor to the youthful Thomas Digges. Using new evidence for this now-lost work, as well as his notes on Euclid, makes (...)
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  27.  53
    Enforcing “Human Rights”: Rejoinder to Rick Johnstone.Paul Gottfried - 1999 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1999 (116):135-137.
    Rick Johnstone's plea for liberal federalism and a supranational mechanism for enforcing “human rights” is reminiscent of what Thomas Hobbes said about “Christian commonwealths.” Behind their appeal to universal morality and religious doctrine was the frenzied attempt to shift rule “from Christian kings and sovereign assemblies absolute in their own territories” to “one Vicar of Christ, constituted of the universal church, to be judged, condemned, or deposed, or put to death as he shall think expedient, or necessary, for (...)
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  28. The Contradictions of Modern Moral Philosophy: Ethics After Wittgenstein.Dr Paul Johnston & Paul Johnston - 1999 - Routledge.
    _The Contradictions of Modern Moral Philosophy_ is a highly original and radical critique of contemporary moral theory. Paul Johnston demonstrates that much recent moral philosophy is confused about the fundamental issue of whether there are correct moral judgements. He shows that the standard modern approaches to ethics cannot justify - or even make much sense of - traditional moral beliefs. Applied rigorously, these approaches suggest that we should reject ethics as a set of outdated and misguided claims. Rather than facing (...)
     
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  29.  15
    Mathematical Practitioners and Instruments in Elizabethan England.Stephen Johnston - 1991 - Annals of Science 48 (4):319-344.
    Summary A new culture of mathematics was developed in sixteenth-century England, the culture of ?the mathematicalls?. Its representatives were the self-styled mathematical practitioners who presented their art as a practical and worldly activity. The careers of two practitioners, Thomas Bedwell and Thomas Hood, are used as case studies to examine the establishment of this culture of the mathematicalls. Both practitioners self-consciously used mathematical instruments as key resources in negotiating their own roles. Bedwell defined his role in contrast to (...)
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  30.  2
    The Contradictions of Modern Moral Philosophy: Ethics After Wittgenstein.Dr Paul Johnston & Paul Johnston - 1999 - Routledge.
    _The Contradictions of Modern Moral Philosophy_ is a highly original and radical critique of contemporary moral theory. Paul Johnston demonstrates that much recent moral philosophy is confused about the fundamental issue of whether there are correct moral judgements. He shows that the standard modern approaches to ethics cannot justify - or even make much sense of - traditional moral beliefs. Applied rigorously, these approaches suggest that we should reject ethics as a set of outdated and misguided claims. Rather than facing (...)
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  31. A Causal Holist Critique Thomas A Boylan and Paschal F O'Gorman.Thomas A. Boylan - 1999 - In Steve Fleetwood (ed.), Critical Realism in Economics: Development and Debate. Routledge. pp. 137.
     
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  32.  12
    Taxa hold little information about organisms: Some inferential problems in biological systematics.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):40.
    The taxa that appear in biological classifications are commonly seen as representing information about the traits of their member organisms. This paper examines in what way taxa feature in the storage and retrieval of such information. I will argue that taxa do not actually store much information about the traits of their member organisms. Rather, I want to suggest, taxa should be understood as functioning to localize organisms in the genealogical network of life on Earth. Taxa store information about where (...)
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  33.  5
    Taxa hold little information about organisms: Some inferential problems in biological systematics.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):40.
    The taxa that appear in biological classifications are commonly seen as representing information about the traits of their member organisms. This paper examines in what way taxa feature in the storage and retrieval of such information. I will argue that taxa do not actually store much information about the traits of their member organisms. Rather, I want to suggest, taxa should be understood as functioning to localize organisms in the genealogical network of life on Earth. Taxa store information about where (...)
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  34. Pragmatism and Purpose Essays Presented to Thomas A. Goudge /Edited by L.W. Sumner, John G. Slater, Fred Wilson. --. --.Thomas A. Goudge, John G. Slater, Fred Wilson & L. W. Sumner - 1981
     
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  35.  53
    “Do Your Homework…and Then Hope for the Best”: The Challenges That Medical Tourism Poses to Canadian Family Physicians’ Support of Patients’ Informed Decision-Making. [REVIEW]Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A. Crooks, Rory Johnston & Shafik Dharamsi - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):37.
    Medical tourism—the practice where patients travel internationally to privately access medical care—may limit patients’ regular physicians’ abilities to contribute to the informed decision-making process. We address this issue by examining ways in which Canadian family doctors’ typical involvement in patients’ informed decision-making is challenged when their patients engage in medical tourism.
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  36. Risk Communication and Informed Consent in the Medical Tourism Industry: A Thematic Content Analysis of Canadian Broker Websites. [REVIEW]Kali Penney, Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A. Crooks & Rory Johnston - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):17-.
    Background: Medical tourism, thought of as patients seeking non-emergency medical care outside of their home countries, is a growing industry worldwide. Canadians are amongst those engaging in medical tourism, and many are helped in the process of accessing care abroad by medical tourism brokers - agents who specialize in making international medical care arrangements for patients. As a key source of information for these patients, brokers are likely to play an important role in communicating the risks and benefits of undergoing (...)
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  37.  26
    Appraisal Processes in Emotion: Theory, Methods, Research.K. Scherer, A. Schorr & T. Johnstone (eds.) - 2001 - Oup Usa.
    Appraisal theory has become one of the most active aproaches in the domain of emotion psychology. The appraisal process consists of the subjective evaluation that occurs during the individual's encounter with significant events in the environment, determining the nature of the emotional reaction and experience. The organism's interpretation of events and situations elicits and differentiates its emotional responses, although the exact processes involved and the limits of the theory are still a matter of debate and are currently the object of (...)
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  38.  1
    Speaking of Apes: A Critical Anthology of Two-Way Communication with Man.Thomas A. Sebeok & Jean Umiker-Sebeok - 1980 - Plenum Press.
  39.  14
    Crossing and Dwelling: A Theory of Religion.Thomas A. Tweed - 2006 - Harvard University Press.
    Beginning with a Cuban Catholic ritual in Miami, this book takes readers on a momentous theoretical journey toward a new understanding of religion.
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  40. Philosophy of Religion a Book of Readings. Edited by George L. Abernethy and Thomas A. Langford. --.George L. Abernethy & Thomas A. Langford - 1962 - Macmillan.
     
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  41.  47
    A Review Essay on Historical Consciousness and 'the Genesis of God' According to Thomas Altizer.Thomas A. Carlson - 1999 - Sophia 38 (1):99-105.
    The Genesis of God: A Theological Genealogy. By Thomas J.J. Altizer. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993. pp.200.
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  42.  5
    German Philosophy in Relation to the War, by G. A. Johnston. [REVIEW]G. A. Johnston - 1915 - Ethics 26:129.
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  43. The Politics of Motion: The World of Thomas Hobbes.Thomas A. Spragens - 1973 - [Lexington]University Press of Kentucky.
  44. How to Fix Kind Membership: A Problem for Hpc Theory and a Solution.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):724-736.
    Natural kinds are often contrasted with other kinds of scientific kinds, especially functional kinds, because of a presumed categorical difference in explanatory value: supposedly, natural kinds can ground explanations, while other kinds of kinds cannot. I argue against this view of natural kinds by examining a particular type of explanation—mechanistic explanation—and showing that functional kinds do the same work there as traditionally recognized natural kinds are supposed to do in “standard” scientific explanations. Breaking down this categorical distinction between traditional natural (...)
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  45.  39
    A Diagnostic Reading of Scientifically Based Research for Education.Thomas A. Schwandt - 2005 - Educational Theory 55 (3):285-305.
    This essay offers a diagnosis of what may be at stake in the current preoccupation with defining science‐based educational research. The diagnosis unfolds in several readings: The first is a charitable and considerate appraisal that draws attention to the fact that advocating experimental methods as important to a science of educational research is not an inherently evil thing to do. Subsequent readings are grimmer, suggesting more deleterious consequences of the science‐based research movement for the entire enterprise of educational practice and (...)
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  46.  6
    Darwin’s Antithesis Revisited – a Zoosemiotic Perspective on Expressing Emotions in Animals and Animal Cartoon Characters.Jason Mario Dydynski & Nelly Maekivi - 2019 - Sign Systems Studies 47 (1/2):205-233.
    In the animation and design of cartoon characters, animators have often turned to the study of biological theories and observation of human actors and animals to capture lifelike movements and emotions more successfully. Charles Darwin’s principle of antithesis, as one of the principles he considered to be responsible for the expression of emotions in animals, would seem to be of distinctive importance in the development of animation. By revisiting Darwin’s original idea in the context of the principles of animation formulated (...)
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  47.  36
    Trust and Integrity in Biomedical Research: The Case of Financial Conflicts of Interest.Thomas H. Murray & Josephine Johnston (eds.) - 2010 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    This volume assesses the ethical, quantitative, and qualitative questions posed by the current financing of biomedical research.
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  48.  50
    How-Possibly Explanations as Genuine Explanations and Helpful Heuristics: A Comment on Forber.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):302-310.
  49.  15
    How to Fix Kind Membership: A Problem for HPC Theory and a Solution.Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):724-736.
    Natural kinds are often contrasted with other kinds of scientific kinds, especially functional kinds, because of a presumed categorical difference in explanatory value: supposedly, natural kinds can ground explanations, while other kinds of kinds cannot. I argue against this view of natural kinds by examining a particular type of explanation—mechanistic explanation—and showing that functional kinds do the same work there as traditionally recognized natural kinds are supposed to do in “standard” scientific explanations. Breaking down this categorical distinction between traditional natural (...)
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  50.  13
    Medical Ethics and Law: Assessing the Core Curriculum.A. Fenwick, C. Johnston, R. Knight, G. Testa, A. Tillyard & G. Stirrat - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):719-720.
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