Results for 'Jules Duchastel'

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  1.  12
    Penser l'Informatique, Informatiser la Pensée L. Couloubaritsis Et G. Hottois, Directeurs de la Publication Mélanges Offerts À André Robinet Collection «Philosophie Et Histoire des Idées» Bruxelles, Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles, 1987, 115 P. [REVIEW]Jules Duchastel - 1992 - Dialogue 31 (1):147-.
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  2.  8
    Texte, discours et idéologie.Gilles Bourque & Jules Duchastel - 1995 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 73 (3):605-619.
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  3. Pluralism and Plurality of Interpretations.Francois Daoust & Jules Duchastel - 2009 - In Bernard Reber & Claire Brossaud (eds.), Digital Cognitive Technologies: Epistemology and Knowledge Society. Iste.
  4. Jules Lequyer's Abel and Abel.Jules Lequier & Donald Wayne Viney - 1999
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  5. Philosophie des Mathématiques Et Théorie de la Connaissance: L'oeuvre de Jules Vuillemin.Jules Vuillemin, Rushdī Rāshid, Pierre Pellegrin & Elisabeth Schwartz (eds.) - 2005 - Blanchard.
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  6. Incorporationism, Conventionality, and the Practical Difference Thesis: Jules L. Coleman.Jules L. Coleman - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (4):381-425.
    H.L.A. Hart's The Concept of Law is the most important and influential book in the legal positivist tradition. Though its importance is undisputed, there is a good deal less consensus regarding its core commitments, both methodological and substantive. With the exception of an occasional essay, Hart neither further developed nor revised his position beyond the argument of the book. The burden of shaping the prevailing understanding of his views, therefore, has fallen to others: notably, Joseph Raz among positivists, and Ronald (...)
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  7. Lettres de Jules Lachelier À Guido De Ruggiero.Jules Lachelier & Guido De Ruggiero - 2006 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 3.
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  8. The Philosophy of Jules Lachelier du Fondement de L'Induction. Psychologie Et Métaphysique. Notes Sur le Pari de Pascal.Jules Lachelier & Edward G. Ballard - 1960 - M. Nijhoff.
     
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  9. The Philosophy of Jules Lachelier: Du Fondement de l'Induction, Psychologie Et Métaphysique, Notes Sur le Pari de Pascal. Together with Contributions to Vocabulaire Technique Et Critique de la Philosophie and a Selection From His Letters.Jules Lachelier - 1960 - M. Nijhoff.
     
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  10.  71
    Truth and Objectivity in Law: Jules L. Coleman.Jules L. Coleman - 1995 - Legal Theory 1 (1):33-68.
  11.  34
    Corrective Justice and Property Rights: JULES L. COLEMAN.Jules L. Coleman - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):124-138.
    Suppose the prevailing distribution of property rights is unjust as determined by the relevant conception of distributive justice. You have far more than you should have under that theory and I have far less. Then I defraud you and in doing so reallocate resources so that our holdings ex post more closely approximate what distributive justice requires. Do I have a duty to return the property to you? There are many good reasons for requiring me to return to you what (...)
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  12.  43
    Market Contractarianism and the Unanimity Rule*: JULES L. COLEMAN.Jules L. Coleman - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (2):69-114.
    This essay is part of a larger project exploring the extent to which the market paradigm might be usefully employed to explain and in some instances justify nonmarket institutions. The focus of the market paradigm in this essay is the relationship between the idea of a perfectly competitive market and aspects of both the rationality of political association and the theory of collective choice. In particular, this essay seeks to identify what connections, if any, exist between one kind of market (...)
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  13.  46
    Rational Choice and Rational Cognition: Jules L. Coleman.Jules L. Coleman - 1997 - Legal Theory 3 (2):183-203.
    There is a close but largely unexplored connection between law and economics and cognitive psychology. Law and economics applies economic models, modes of analysis, and argument to legal problems. Economic theory can be applied to legal problems for predictive, explanatory, or evaluative purposes. In explaining or assessing human action, economic theory presupposes a largely unarticulated account of rational, intentional action. Philosophers typically analyze intentional action in terms of desires and beliefs. I intend to perform some action because I believe that (...)
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  14.  1
    Math'ematiques Et Philosophie de l'Antiquit'e Áa l'Age Classique Hommage Áa Jules Vuillemin.Jules Vuillemin & Rushdī Rāshid - 1991
    Cette édition numérique a été réalisée à partir d'un support physique, parfois ancien, conservé au sein du dépôt légal de la Bibliothèque nationale de France, conformément à la loi n° 2012-287 du 1er mars 2012 relative à l'exploitation des Livres indisponibles du XXe siècle. Pages de début Préface La section de la ligne dans la République Le problème de la mesure dans la perspective de l'Être et du non-Être Sur les principes des mathématiques chez Aristote et Euclide Sur la définition (...)
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  15.  11
    La Philosophie de Jules Lequier.La Liberte. [REVIEW]H. A. L., Jean Grenier & Jules Lequier - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (10):269.
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  16.  91
    The Practice of Principle: In Defence of a Pragmatist Approach to Legal Theory.Jules Coleman (ed.) - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Jules Coleman, one of the world's leading philosophers of law, here presents his most mature work so far on substantive issues in legal theory and the appropriate methodology for legal theorizing. In doing so, he takes on the views of highly respected contemporaries such as Brian Leiter, Stephen Perry, and Ronald Dworkin.
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  17. Responsibility for Implicit Bias.Jules Holroyd - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (3).
    Research programs in empirical psychology from the past two decades have revealed implicit biases. Although implicit processes are pervasive, unavoidable, and often useful aspects of our cognitions, they may also lead us into error. The most problematic forms of implicit cognition are those which target social groups, encoding stereotypes or reflecting prejudicial evaluative hierarchies. Despite intentions to the contrary, implicit biases can influence our behaviours and judgements, contributing to patterns of discriminatory behaviour. These patterns of discrimination are obviously wrong and (...)
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  18.  11
    Art and Responsibility: A Phenomenology of the Diverging Paths of Rosenzweig and Heidegger.Jules Simon - 2011 - Continuum.
    Two German philosophers working during the Weimar Republic in Germany, between the two World Wars, produced seminal texts that continue to resonate almost a hundred years later. Franz Rosenzweig—a Jewish philosopher, and Martin Heidegger—a philosopher who at one time was studying to become a Catholic priest, each in their own, particular way include in their writings powerful philosophies of art that, if approached phenomenologically and ethically, provide keys to understanding their radically divergent trajectories, both biographically and for their philosophical heritage. (...)
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  19. Responsibility for Implicit Bias.Jules Holroyd - 2012 - Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (3):274-306.
    Philosophers who have written about implicit bias have claimed or implied that individuals are not responsible, and therefore not blameworthy, for their implicit biases, and that this is a function of the nature of implicit bias as implicit: below the radar of conscious reflection, out of the control of the deliberating agent, and not rationally revisable in the way many of our reflective beliefs are. I argue that close attention to the findings of empirical psychology, and to the conditions for (...)
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  20. L'histoire Comme Pensée Et Comme Action. Préface, Traduction Et Notes de Jules Chaix-Ruy.Benedetto Croce & Jules Chaix-ruy - 1968 - Droz.
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  21. Implicit Bias and Prejudice.Jules Holroyd & Kathy Puddifoot - forthcoming - In Miranda Fricker, Peter J. Graham, David Henderson, Nikolaj Pedersen & Jeremy Wyatt (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology.
    Recent empirical research has substantiated the finding that very many of us harbour implicit biases: fast, automatic, and difficult to control processes that encode stereotypes and evaluative content, and influence how we think and behave. Since it is difficult to be aware of these processes - they have sometimes been referred to as operating 'unconsciously' - we may not know that we harbour them, nor be alert to their influence on our cognition and action. And since they are difficult to (...)
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  22. The Heterogeneity of Implicit Bias.Jules Holroyd & Joseph Sweetman - forthcoming - In Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.), Implicit Bias and Philosophy. New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
    The term 'implicit bias' has very swiftly been incorporated into philosophical discourse. Our aim in this paper is to scrutinise the phenomena that fall under the rubric of implicit bias. The term is often used in a rather broad sense, to capture a range of implicit social cognitions, and this is useful for some purposes. However, we here articulate some of the important differences between phenomena identified as instances of implicit bias. We caution against ignoring these differences: it is likely (...)
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  23.  4
    Présentation.Mireille Duchastelle-Cabanes - 2012 - Philosophie 114 (3):3-5.
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  24. Implicit Bias, Character and Control.Jules Holroyd & Dan Kelly - 2016 - In Jonathan Webber & Alberto Masala (eds.), From Personality to Virtue. New York, NY, USA: pp. 106-133.
    Our focus here is on whether, when influenced by implicit biases, those behavioural dispositions should be understood as being a part of that person’s character: whether they are part of the agent that can be morally evaluated.[4] We frame this issue in terms of control. If a state, process, or behaviour is not something that the agent can, in the relevant sense, control, then it is not something that counts as part of her character. A number of theorists have argued (...)
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  25. Language, Truth and Logic.Alfred Jules Ayer - 1936 - London: V. Gollancz.
  26. What is Implicit Bias?Jules Holroyd, Robin Scaife & Tom Stafford - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (10):e12437.
    Research programs in empirical psychology over the past few decades have led scholars to posit implicit biases. This is due to the development of innovative behavioural measures that have revealed aspects of our cognitions which may not be identified on self-report measures requiring individuals to reflect on and report their attitudes and beliefs. But what does it mean to characterise such biases as implicit? Can we satisfactorily articulate the grounds for identifying them as bias? And crucially, what sorts of cognitions (...)
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  27. Implicit Bias, Awareness and Imperfect Cognitions.Jules Holroyd - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:511-523.
  28. Practice of Principle: In Defence of a Pragmatist Approach to Legal Theory.Jules Coleman - 2001 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Jules Coleman, one of the world's most influential philosophers of law, here expounds his recent views on a range of important issues in legal theory. Coleman offers for the first time an explicit account of the pragmatist method that has long informed his work, and takes on the views of highly respected contemporaries such as Ronald Dworkin and Joseph Raz.
     
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  29.  62
    VIII—What Do We Want From a Model of Implicit Cognition?Jules Holroyd - 2016 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 116 (2):153-179.
    In this paper, I set out some desiderata for a model of implicit cognition. I present test cases and suggest that, when considered in light of them, some recent models of implicit cognition fail to satisfy these desiderata. The test cases also bring to light an important class of cases that have been almost completely ignored in philosophical discussions of implicit cognition and implicit bias. These cases have important work to do in helping us understand both the role of implicit (...)
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  30. The Epistemological Foundations of Data Science: A Critical Analysis.Jules Desai, David Watson, Vincent Wang, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - manuscript
    The modern abundance and prominence of data has led to the development of “data science” as a new field of enquiry, along with a body of epistemological reflections upon its foundations, methods, and consequences. This article provides a systematic analysis and critical review of significant open problems and debates in the epistemology of data science. We propose a partition of the epistemology of data science into the following five domains: (i) the constitution of data science; (ii) the kind of enquiry (...)
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  31. Democracy and Social Choice.Jules L. Coleman & John Ferejohn - 1986 - Ethics 97 (1):6-25.
  32.  13
    Introduction: Introducing Philosophy of the City.Jules Simon - 2021 - Topoi 40 (2):387-398.
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  33. Punishment and Justice.Jules Holroyd - 2010 - Social Theory and Practice 36 (1):78-111.
    Should the state punish its disadvantaged citizens who have committed crimes? Duff has recently argued that where disadvantage persists the state loses its authority to hold individuals to account and to punish for criminal wrongdoings. I here scrutinize Duff’s argument for the claim that social justice is a precondition for the legitimacy of state punishment. I sharpen an objection to Duff’s argument: with his framework, we seem unable to block the implausible conclusion that where disadvantage persists the state lacks the (...)
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  34.  75
    Language, Truth, and Logic.Alfred Jules Ayer - 1936 - London, England: Dover Publications.
    A dissertation in the tradition of logical positivism includes a discussion of the functions and methods of philosophy and a critique of ethics and theology.
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  35. Concordance of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception.David Morris, Andrew Robinson & Catherine Duchastel - manuscript
    This is a concordance of page numbers in the following editions of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception: English editions prior to the Routledge Classics 2002; Routledge Classics edition, with the new pagination; the French edition from Gallimard, prior to 2005; the 2e edition from Gallimard, 2005, with new pagination.
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  36.  37
    Risks and Wrongs.Jules L. Coleman - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    This book by one of America's preeminent legal theorists is concerned with the conflict between the goals of justice and economic efficiency in the allocation of risk, especially risk pertaining to safety. The author approaches his subject from the premise that the market is central to liberal political, moral, and legal theory. In the first part of the book, he rejects traditional "rational choice" liberalism in favor of the view that the market operates as a rational way of fostering stable (...)
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  37.  37
    The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence & Philosophy of Law.Jules Coleman & Scott Shapiro (eds.) - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    One of the first volumes in the new series of prestigious Oxford Handbooks, The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law brings together specially commissioned essays by twenty-six of the foremost legal theorists currently writing, to provide a state of the art overview of jurisprudential scholarship.
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  38.  1
    Etienne-Jules Marey: A Passion for the Trace.François Dagognet - 1992 - Zone Books.
    A study of Marey, physician, physiologist, aviation researcher, and inventor, delineates his innovative work in chronophotography.
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  39. Relational Autonomy and Paternalistic Interventions.Jules Holroyd - 2009 - Res Publica 15 (4):321-336.
    Relational conceptions of autonomy attempt to take into account the social aspects of autonomous agency. Those views that incorporate not merely causally, but constitutively necessary relational conditions, incorporate a condition that has the form: A necessary condition for autonomous agency is that the agent stands in social relations S. I argue that any account that incorporates such a condition cannot play one of autonomy’s key normative roles: identifying those agents who ought to be protected from paternalistic intervention. I argue, against (...)
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  40.  8
    Implicit Bias and Epistemic Oppression in Confronting Racism.Jules Holroyd & Katherine Puddifoot - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association:1-20.
    Motivating reforms to address discrimination and exclusion is important. But what epistemic practices characterize better or worse ways of doing this? Recently, the phenomena of implicit biases have played a large role in motivating reforms. We argue that this strategy risks perpetuating two kinds of epistemic oppression: the vindication dynamic and contributory injustice. We offer positive proposals for avoiding these forms of epistemic oppression when confronting racism.
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  41.  24
    Alfred Jules Ayer.Graham Macdonald - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement.
    Alfred Jules Ayer was born in London and educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. He attended sessions of the logical positivist ‘Vienna Circle’ in 1932, and taught at Oxford from 1933 until joining the Army in 1940. His Language, Truth and Logic was published in 1936, and The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge in 1940. After war service he returned to Oxford in 1945, and became Grote Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Logic at University College, London, the (...)
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  42.  8
    Alfred Jules Ayer.Oswald Hanfling - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 20:259-.
    Alfred Jules Ayer was born in London and educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. He attended sessions of the logical positivist ‘Vienna Circle’ in 1932, and taught at Oxford from 1933 until joining the Army in 1940. His Language, Truth and Logic was published in 1936, and The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge in 1940. After war service he returned to Oxford in 1945, and became Grote Professor of the Philosophy of Mind and Logic at University College, London, the (...)
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  43.  98
    Beyond the Separability Thesis: Moral Semantics and the Methodology of Jurisprudence.Jules L. Coleman - 2007 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 27 (4):581-608.
    Next SectionIn emphasizing the importance of the separability thesis, legal philosophers have inadequately appreciated other philosophically important ways in which law and morality are or might be connected with one another. In this article, I argue that the separability thesis cannot shoulder the philosophical burdens that it has been asked to bear. I then turn to two issues of greater importance to jurisprudence. These are ‘the moral semantics of law’ and ‘the normativity of theory construction in jurisprudence’. The moral semantics (...)
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  44.  75
    Language and Perceptual Categorisation.Jules Davidoff - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (9):382-387.
  45. Two Ways of Socialising Responsibility: Circumstantialist and Scaffolded-Responsiveness.Jules Holroyd - 2018 - In Katrina Hutchinson, Catriona Mackenzie & Marina Oshana (eds.), Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility. New York, USA: pp. 137-162.
    This chapter evaluates two competing views of morally responsible agency. The first view at issue is Vargas’s circumstantialism—on which responsible agency is a function of the agent and her circumstances, and so is highly context sensitive. The second view is McGeer’s scaffolded-responsiveness view, on which responsible agency is constituted by the capacity for responsiveness to reasons directly, and indirectly via sensitivity to the expectations of one’s audience (whose sensitivity may be more developed than one’s own). This chapter defends a version (...)
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  46. Hart's Postscript: Essays on the Postscript to `the Concept of Law'.Jules L. Coleman (ed.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Postscript to The Concept of Law contains Herbert Hart's only sustained and considered response to the objections pressed against his views by his distinguished critic, Ronald Dworkin. In this extraordinary collection, many of the leading legal philosophers in the world evaluate the success of Hart's responses to Dworkin on several of these counts. Notable contributors include Joseph Raz of Oxford University and Jules L. Coleman of the Yale Law School.
     
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  47.  9
    Jules Vuillemin, Philosophe Analytique Contrarié.Pascal Engel - 2020 - Revue de Synthèse 141 (1-2):35-55.
    Résumé Jules Vuillemin a souvent été considéré comme l’un des parrains de la philosophie analytique en France. Mais il a pris toutes ses distances vis-à-vis de la tournure qu’a prise cette philosophie à la fin du vingtième siècle. Il est cependant resté fidèle aux principes les plus constants de la philosophie analytique à ses origines.
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  48.  34
    Jules Verne's Metaphor of the Iron Cage.Marinus Ossewaarde - 2010 - The European Legacy 15 (3):287-300.
    Max Weber's concept of the iron cage has become a byword in the scholarly world since the publication in 1930 of Talcott Parsons' translation of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism . What is less well-known is that Jules Verne had earlier used the iron cage metaphor in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1869) to reveal the paradoxes of modernity. Roland Barthes criticized Verne's vision of modernity as bourgeois and positivistic, pointing out his narrow-minded enthusiasm for (...)
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  49. Epistemic Logic for Ai and Computer Science.John-Jules Ch Meyer & W. van der Hoek - 1995
     
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  50.  18
    Farmers' Extension Practice and Technology Adaptation: Agricultural Revolution in 17–19th Century Britain. [REVIEW]Jules N. Pretty - 1991 - Agriculture and Human Values 8 (1-2):132-148.
    The challenge of producing sufficient food to feed a growing world population cannot now be met by industrialized and green revolution agriculture as production is currently at or above a sustainable level. Future growth has to occur on resource-poor and marginal lands, where farmers have little or no access to external resources or research and extension support. A precedent for such growth occurred during the agricultural revolution in Britain. Over a period of two centuries crop and livestock production increased 3–4 (...)
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