Results for 'Kim Shaw-Williams'

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  1. The Social Trackways Theory of the Evolution of Human Cognition.Kim Shaw-Williams - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (1):1-11.
    Only our lineage has ever used trackways reading to find unseen and unheard targets. All other terrestrial animals, including our great ape cousins, use scent trails and airborne odors. Because trackways as natural signs have very different properties, they possess an information-rich narrative structure. There is good evidence we began to exploit conspecific trackways in our deep past, at first purely associatively, for safety and orienteering when foraging in vast featureless wetlands. Since our own old trackways were recognizable they were (...)
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  2.  27
    The Social Trackways Theory of the Evolution of Language.Kim Shaw-Williams - 2017 - Biological Theory 12 (4):195-210.
    The social trackways theory is centered on the remarkable 3.66 mya Laetoli Fossilized Trackways, for they incontrovertibly reveal our ancestors were already obligate bipeds with very human-like feet, and were intentionally stepping in other band members’ footprints to maintain safe footing. Trackways are unique among natural sign systems in possessing a depictive narratively generative structure, somewhat like the symbolic sign systems of gestural languages. Therefore, due to daily embodied reiteration of their own and other band member’s old footprints, both for (...)
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  3.  3
    Social and Personal Ethics.William H. Shaw - 2013 - Wadsworth/Cengage.
    SOCIAL AND PERSONAL ETHICS provides students with a sound introduction to ethical theory and contemporary moral issues through engaging readings on today's most hotly debated topics. Among other topics, coverage includes environmental ethics and animal rights, the limits of personal liberty, war and the struggle against terrorism, marriage and sexual morality, the death penalty, gun control, and abortion and euthanasia. The volume begins with two introductory essays written for beginning students by the editor, William H. Shaw, on the nature (...)
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  4. Justice, Rights, and Rules in Mill's Utilitarianism.William H. Shaw - 2012 - In Leonard Kahn (ed.), Mill on Justice. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 47.
     
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  5. Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality.William H. Shaw - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):1074-1077.
  6. Marxism and the Status of Philosophy.William H. Shaw - 1980
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  7. Is Hypocrisy a Problem for Consequentialism?: William H. Shaw.William H. Shaw - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (3):340-346.
    Eldon Soifer and Béla Szabados argue that hypocrisy poses a problem for consequentialism because the hypocrite, in pretending to live up to a norm he or she does not really accept, acts in ways that have good results. They argue, however, that consequentialists can meet this challenge and show the wrongness of hypocrisy by adopting a desirefulfilment version of their theory. This essay raises some doubts about Soifer and Szabados's proposal and argues that consequentialism has no difficulty coming to grips (...)
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  8.  19
    Moral Issues in Business.William H. Shaw - 1998 - Wadsworth.
    "[This] book guides readers in thinking deeply about important moral issues that frequently arise in business situations and helps them develop the reasoning and analytical skills to resolve those issues. Combining insightful and accessible textbook chapters by the authors, cases that highlight the real-world importance of key ethical concepts, and reading selections from the most influential voices in contemporary ethical debates, this book provides a comprehensive, flexible, and pedagogically proven course of study exploring the intersections of commerce and ethics."--Book cover.
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  9. Contemporary Ethics: Taking Account of Utilitarianism.William Shaw - 1999 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Aimed at undergraduates, _Contemporary Ethics_ presupposes little or no familiarity with ethics and is written in a clear and engaging style. It provides students with a sympathetic but critical guide to utilitarianism, explaining its different forms and exploring the debates it has spawned. The book leads students through a number of current issues in contemporary ethics that are connected to controversies over and within utilitarianism. At the same time, it uses utilitarianism to introduce students to ethics as a subject. In (...)
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  10.  2
    Business Ethics.William H. Shaw - 1999 - Wadsworth Publishing Company.
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  11. Marxism, Business Ethics, and Corporate Social Responsibility.William H. Shaw - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):565-576.
    Originally delivered at a conference of Marxist philosophers in China, this article examines some links, and some tensions, between business ethics and the traditional concerns of Marxism. After discussing the emergence of business ethics as an academic discipline, it explores and attempts to answer two Marxist objections that might be brought against the enterprise of business ethics. The first is that business ethics is impossible because capitalism itself tends to produce greedy, overreaching, and unethical business behavior. The second is that (...)
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  12.  35
    Shaw, William R. Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War. New York: Routledge, 2016. Pp. 196. $155.00 ; $44.95.Ryan Jenkins - 2017 - Ethics 127 (4):963-967.
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  13.  60
    Business Ethics Today: A Survey. [REVIEW]William H. Shaw - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):489 - 500.
    This essay surveys the state of business ethics in North America. It describes the distinctive features of business ethics as an academic sub-discipline and as a pedagogical topic, and compares and contrasts three rival models of business ethics current among philosophers.
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  14. The Consequentialist Perspective.William Shaw - 2006 - In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell. pp. 6--5.
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  15.  21
    Marx's Theory of History.William H. Shaw - 1978 - Hutchinson.
  16.  7
    Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War.William H. Shaw - 2016 - Routledge.
    This book offers a detailed utilitarian analysis of the ethical issues involved in war. Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War addresses the two basic ethical questions posed by war: when, if ever, are we morally justified in waging war, and if recourse to arms is warranted, how are we permitted to fight the wars we wage? In addition, it deals with the challenge that realism and relativism raise for the ethical discussion of war, and with the duties of military personnel (...)
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  17. Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism.Roger Crisp, Geoffrey Scarre & William H. Shaw - 1997 - Mind 109 (436):873-879.
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  18.  12
    Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader.Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason, Dale E. Miller, D. W. Haslett, Shelly Kagan, Sanford S. Levy, David Lyons, Phillip Montague, Tim Mulgan, Philip Pettit, Madison Powers, Jonathan Riley, William H. Shaw, Michael Smith & Alan Thomas (eds.) - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    What determines whether an action is right or wrong? Morality, Rules, and Consequences: A Critical Reader explores for students and researchers the relationship between consequentialist theory and moral rules. Most of the chapters focus on rule consequentialism or on the distinction between act and rule versions of consequentialism. Contributors, among them the leading philosophers in the discipline, suggest ways of assessing whether rule consequentialism could be a satisfactory moral theory. These essays, all of which are previously unpublished, provide students in (...)
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  19. Instructor's Manual with Test Items for Shaw and Barry's Moral Issues in Business, Seventh Edition.Andrew Ward & William H. Shaw - 1998
     
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  20.  26
    Intuition and Moral Philosophy.William H. Shaw - 1980 - American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (2):127 - 134.
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  21.  32
    Justice and Economic Distribution (2nd).John Arthur & William H. Shaw (eds.) - 1979 - Prentice-Hall.
    This in-depth examination of the major theories of economic justice focuses on the central question: What should the economic distribution of goods and services be based on?
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  22.  11
    Marx's Theory of History.Alan Gilbert & William H. Shaw - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (3):476.
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  23.  39
    R. M. Hare, Objective Prescriptions and Other Essays, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1999, Pp. 229.William H. Shaw - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (1):123.
  24. Marx and History: From Primitive Society to the Communist Future.Ross Gandy & William Shaw - 1981 - Science and Society 45 (1):109-111.
     
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  25.  28
    Analogy and Inference.William H. Shaw & L. R. Ashley - 1983 - Dialogue 22 (3):415-432.
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  26.  17
    Book Review:Marxism and the Status of Philosophy. Georges Labica. [REVIEW]William H. Shaw - 1984 - Ethics 94 (3):529-.
  27.  9
    Book Reviews : History, Revolution and Human Nature: Marx's Philosophical Anthropology.. By Joseph Bien. Amsterdam: B. R. Gruner Publishing, 1984. Pp. 228. D.M. 45.00 (Paper. [REVIEW]William H. Shaw - 1988 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 18 (3):407-409.
  28.  23
    Boycotting South Africa.William H. Shaw - 1986 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):59-72.
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  29.  21
    On the Morality of Nuclear Deterrence.William H. Shaw - 1985 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (1):41-52.
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  30.  45
    Nuclear Deterrence and Deontology.William H. Shaw - 1984 - Ethics 94 (2):248-260.
  31.  92
    Utilitarianism and Recourse to War.William H. Shaw - 2011 - Utilitas 23 (4):380-401.
    Despite the enormous impact that war and the threat of war have had on human well-being, utilitarians have had surprisingly little to say about when, if ever, we may fight wars. Discussion of this question has been dominated by realism, pacifism and just war theory. This article takes some preliminary steps toward remedying this situation. I begin by spelling out what I call the Utilitarian War Principle (UWP). After presenting some considerations in its favour and answering some possible objections to (...)
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  32. Relativism and Objectivity in Ethics.William H. Shaw - 1981 - In John Arthur (ed.), Morality and Moral Controversies. pp. 31-50.
  33. On the Paradox of Deontology.William H. Shaw - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:393-406.
    Deontological moral theories may forbid a particular action in certain circumstances even though performing it would result in fewer actions of the forbidden type. This is the paradox of deontology, and the first two sections of the essay explicate this paradox and criticize some ways in which deontologists have responded to it. Thereafter, however, I come to the assistance of the deontologist. The third and fourth sections discuss the conditions that must be met before this paradox poses a genuine problem (...)
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  34.  1
    Readings in Philosophy of Law.John Arthur & William H. Shaw - 1984 - Prentice-Hall.
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  35.  60
    Elementary Lifesaving.William H. Shaw - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):87-97.
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  36.  3
    Ethics: And "the Nature of Moral Philosophy".William H. Shaw (ed.) - 2005 - Clarendon Press.
    G. E. Moore's 1912 work Ethics has tended to be overshadowed by his famous earlier work Principia Ethica. However, its detailed discussions of utilitarianism, free will, and the objectivity of moral judgements find no real counterpart in Principia, while its account of right and wrong and of the nature of intrinsic value deepen our understanding of Moore's moral philosophy. Moore himself regarded the book highly, writing late in his career, 'I myself like [it] better than Principia Ethica, because it seems (...)
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  37. "History, Revolution and Numan Nature: Marx's Philosophical Anthropology" by Joseph Bien.William H. Shaw - 1988 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 18 (3):407.
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  38. Michael Bakunin, Statism and Anarchy, Trans. Marshall Shatz. [REVIEW]William Shaw - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12:3-5.
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  39.  2
    Moore's Ethics.William H. Shaw - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element critically surveys the full range of G. E. Moore's ethical thought, including: his rejection of naturalism in favor of the view that 'good' designates a simple, indefinable property, which cannot be identified with or reduced to any other property; his understanding of intrinsic value, his doctrine of organic wholes, his repudiation of hedonism, and his substantive account of the most important goods and evils; and his critique of egoism and subjectivism and his elaboration of a non-hedonistic variant of (...)
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  40. Ruling Ideas.William H. Shaw - 1989 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 15:425.
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  41. Think It Out.William H. Shaw - 1972
     
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  42. Wood, Karl Marx.William H. Shaw - 1983 - Radical Philosophy 33:34.
     
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  43.  27
    Consequentialism, War, and National Defense.William H. Shaw - 2014 - Journal of International Political Theory 10 (1):20-37.
    What, if anything, grounds the right of national defense? This essay explicates and defends a consequentialist answer to that question. After explaining the relevance and importance of this project, I clarify the meaning of consequentialism and explain how consequentialists understand and justify rights, including the right of national defense. International law enshrines that right. After explaining why it is correct to do so and why that right should be upheld, I examine some issues that this right leaves unsettled and probe (...)
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  44.  30
    "The Handmill Gives You The Feudal Lord": Marx's Technological Determinism.William H. Shaw - 1979 - History and Theory 18 (2):156-176.
    Many contemporary Marxist scholars consider technological determinism a "vulgar" interpretation of Marx's theory of history. They argue that though Marx may have made such statements, they were inconsistent with many other aspects of his paradigm. However, a more fundamental analysis illustrates that the themes contained in the Preface to the Critique of Political Economy pervade Marx's scholarship and letters. Though the term technology may be a misnomer, Marx believed that productive forces form the material basis of society and determine its (...)
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  45.  55
    Brian Hutchinson, G. E. Moore's Ethical Theory: Resistance and Reconciliation , Pp. Viii + 219. [REVIEW]William H. Shaw - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (3):334-336.
  46.  21
    Marxism and Moral Objectivity.William H. Shaw - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (sup1):19-44.
  47.  44
    Plekhanov on the Role of the Individual in History.William H. Shaw - 1988 - Studies in East European Thought 35 (3):247-265.
    This essay critically assesses Plekhanov's famous article on the role of the individual in history. Part I explicates his treatment of the problem of free will and determinism and argues that it is unsatisfactory. The whole issue, however, is held to be largely irrelevant to Marxism. Part II then turns to the question of the explanatory weight given to individual action by historical materialism. Plekhanov's discussion of this issue is more insightful, and the essay endeavors to distinguish between the strong (...)
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  48.  14
    On the Paradox of Deontology.William H. Shaw - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:393-406.
    Deontological moral theories may forbid a particular action in certain circumstances even though performing it would result in fewer actions of the forbidden type. This is the paradox of deontology, and the first two sections of the essay explicate this paradox and criticize some ways in which deontologists have responded to it. Thereafter, however, I come to the assistance of the deontologist. The third and fourth sections discuss the conditions that must be met before this paradox poses a genuine problem (...)
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  49. Marxism and Moral Objectivity.William H. Shaw - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 7:19.
     
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  50.  16
    Plekhanov on the Role of the Individual in History.William H. Shaw - 1988 - Studies in Soviet Thought 35 (3):247-265.
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