Results for 'Lisa S. Pearl'

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  1.  16
    Can You Read My Mindprint?: Automatically Identifying Mental States From Language Text Using Deeper Linguistic Features.Lisa S. Pearl & Igii Enverga - 2014 - Interaction Studies 15 (3):359-387.
    Humans routinely transmit and interpret subtle information about their mental states through the language they use, even when only the language text is available. This suggests humans can utilize the linguistic signature of a mental state, comprised of features in the text. Once the relevant features are identified, mindprints can be used to automatically identify mental states communicated via language. We focus on the mindprints of eight mental states resulting from intentions, attitudes, and emotions, and present a mindprint-based machine learning (...)
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  2. Can You Read My Mindprint?Lisa S. Pearl & Igii Enverga - 2014 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 15 (3):359-387.
    Humans routinely transmit and interpret subtle information about their mental states through the language they use, even when only the language text is available. This suggests humans can utilize the linguistic signature of a mental state, comprised of features in the text. Once the relevant features are identified, mindprints can be used to automatically identify mental states communicated via language. We focus on the mindprints of eight mental states resulting from intentions, attitudes, and emotions, and present a mindprint-based machine learning (...)
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  3.  5
    Can You Read My Mindprint?: Automatically Identifying Mental States From Language Text Using Deeper Linguistic Features.Lisa S. Pearl & Igii Enverga - 2014 - Interaction Studies 15 (3):359-387.
  4.  7
    Ethical Dilemmas Encountered by Health Care Providers Caring for Marshallese Migrants in Northwest Arkansas.Lisa Low, Rachel S. Purvis, Thomas V. Cunningham, Almas Chughati, Robert Garner & Pearl A. McElfish - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):53-62.
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  5.  14
    The Utility of Cognitive Plausibility in Language Acquisition Modeling: Evidence From Word Segmentation.Lawrence Phillips & Lisa Pearl - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (8):1824-1854.
    The informativity of a computational model of language acquisition is directly related to how closely it approximates the actual acquisition task, sometimes referred to as the model's cognitive plausibility. We suggest that though every computational model necessarily idealizes the modeled task, an informative language acquisition model can aim to be cognitively plausible in multiple ways. We discuss these cognitive plausibility checkpoints generally and then apply them to a case study in word segmentation, investigating a promising Bayesian segmentation strategy. We incorporate (...)
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  6. Bioethics as Activism.Lisa S. Parker - 2007 - In Lisa A. Eckenwiler & Felicia Cohn (eds.), The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 144--157.
     
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  7. Lisa S. Parker, Athena Beldecos, Lissa wettick.Michael Manolakis & Robert Arnold - forthcoming - Regional Developments in Bioethics.
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  8.  53
    The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, Feminist Themes, and Research Ethics.Lisa S. Parker - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):159-165.
    In 1951 Henrietta Lacks felt a lump in her cervix, entered Johns Hopkins Hospital, and was examined in a colored-only exam room by a physician who biopsied the lump. Called back to Hopkins for treatment of diagnosed carcinoma of the cervix, Henrietta signed a one-line “Operation Permit,” and under general anesthesia received her first round of radium treatment. Before sewing a tube of radium into her cervix, the surgeon on duty took samples of tumor and healthy tissue, and as with (...)
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  9.  16
    Incidental Findings: Patients' Knowledge, Rights, and Preferences.Lisa S. Parker & Rachel Ankeny Majeske - 1995 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 6 (2):176.
  10.  9
    Confidentiality--Revealing Trends in Bioethics.Lisa S. Parker & Robert M. Arnold - 1998 - Bioethics Forum 14 (3-4):32.
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  11. Bioethics in the Current Climate.Lisa S. Parker - 2022 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 65 (4):680-693.
    ABSTRACT:Drawing on insights from feminist epistemology and experience in genomics-related bioethics research, this essay offers three suggestions that may enable bioethics to contribute more persuasively to urgent issues affecting the health and well-being of individuals, communities, and the world they inhabit. First, it suggests that bioethics pay more attention to people's feelings, particularly those that help constitute their self-identities, and to the role of those feelings in their health-relevant behaviors. Further, it proposes conceiving of health-relevant behaviors expansively. Second, it suggests (...)
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  12.  16
    The Future of Incidental Findings: Should They Be Viewed as Benefits?Lisa S. Parker - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):341-351.
    This paper argues against considering incidental fndings as potential benefts of research when assessing the social value of proposed research, determining the appropriateness of a study's risk/beneft ratio, and identifying and disclosing the risks and benefts of participation during informed consent. The possibility of generating IFs should be disclosed during informed consent as neither a risk nor beneft, but as a possible outcome collateral to participation. Whether specifc IFs will be disclosed when identifed is a separate question whose answer is (...)
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  13.  21
    Best Laid Plans for Offering Results Go Awry.Lisa S. Parker - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):22 – 23.
  14.  26
    Breast Cancer Genetic Screening and Critical Bioethics' Gaze.Lisa S. Parker - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (3):313-337.
    This paper illustrates a role that bioethics should play in developing and criticizing protocols for breast cancer genetic screening. It demonstrates how a critical bioethics, using approaches and reflecting concerns of contemporary philosophy of science and science studies, may critically interrogate the normative and conceptual schemes within which ethical considerations about such screening protocols are framed. By exploring various factors that influence the development of such protocols, including politics, cultural norms, and conceptions of disease, this paper and the critical bioethics' (...)
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  15.  11
    The Future of Incidental Findings: Should They Be Viewed as Benefits?Lisa S. Parker - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):341-351.
    The possibility of generating incidental findings — in both research and clinical contexts — has long been regarded as a risk of these enterprises. Should incidental findings in research also be regarded as potential benefits? At first glance, it would seem they ought to be. After all, in particular circumstances or given a particular set of values, any piece of information can be beneficial. Therefore, it may seem incoherent or unduly paternalistic to regard IFs only as risks. Moreover, developments in (...)
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  16.  6
    The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, by Rebecca Skloot.Lisa S. Parker - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):159-165.
    Rebecca Skloot, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, New York: Crown Publishers, 2010, reviewed by Lisa S. Parker.
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  17.  37
    Autonomy's Limits: Living Donation and Health-Related Harm.Ryan Sauder & Lisa S. Parker - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (4):399-407.
    In late December 1998, Renada Daniel-Patterson's father offered to donate a kidney to his daughter and ignited a controversy in the bioethics community. Renada had been born with only one kidney, which began to fail early in her childhood. At age 6, Renada had to receive dialysis three times a week. She was unable to attend school or venture very far from home. This pattern continued until Renada was 13, when Mr. Patterson called from prison to offer her his kidney. (...)
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  18.  77
    In Sport and Social Justice, Is Genetic Enhancement a Game Changer?Lisa S. Parker - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (4):328-346.
    The possibility of genetic enhancement to increase the likelihood of success in sport and life’s prospects raises questions for accounts of sport and theories of justice. These questions obviously include the fairness of such enhancement and its relationship to the goals of sport and demands of justice. Of equal interest, however, is the effect on our understanding of individual effort, merit, and desert of either discovering genetic contributions to components of such effort or recognizing the influence of social factors on (...)
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  19.  33
    Information(Al) Matters: Bioethics and the Boundaries of the Public and the Private.Lisa S. Parker - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):83-112.
    In this essay, I argue that the way American bioethics has traditionally conceived of the distinction between public and private has given rise to some ethically problematic blind spots in its analyses to date. Furthermore, I argue that bioethics's view of the public and private spheres has reinforced a shortsighted view of bioethics's analytical sphere of influence. In particular, it has led bioethics to conceptualize issues largely from the perspective of health professionals, eschewing analyses of the problems of health and (...)
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  20.  38
    Toward an Ethics of Speculative Design.Lisa S. Banu - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 8 (20):69-76.
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  21.  8
    Black Noise: Design Lessons From Roasted Green Chiles, Udon Noodles, and Pound Cake.Lisa S. Banu - 2014 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 28 (1):17-30.
    ABSTRACT A recent issue of the journal Design and Culture included Lucy Kimbell's interview of object-oriented ontology philosopher Graham Harman. The invitation was premised on Harman's ability to counter the contemporary focus on user-centered design with an object orientation. Harman's appearance in the world of design discourse presents a paradox. To ask what object-oriented ontology that explicitly rejects anthropocentrism can offer user-centered and decidedly anthropocentric design practice seems to miss the point of an object orientation. An answer to the paradox (...)
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  22.  9
    Progress, but Slow Going: Public Argument in the Forging of Collective Norms.Lisa S. Villadsen - 2020 - Argumentation 34 (3):325-337.
    Rhetorical argumentation is a craft: collective, processual, and circulating, and it partakes in the indeterminate evolution of public norms. Official apologies can illustrate how rhetorical modalities over time can reflect change in civic sensibilities and effect collective moral reflection and evolution. Rhetorical citizenship, understood as encompassing both critical production and reception of publicly circulating arguments, is a way of conceptualizing the interaction between the individual and the collective in the ongoing discursive formation of the community and the norms that inform (...)
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  23. Familial Coercion to Participate in Genetic Family Studies: Is There Cause for IRB Intervention?Lisa S. Parker & Charles W. Lidz - 1994 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 16 (1/2):6.
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  24.  44
    Issues of Ethics and Identity in Diagnosis of Late Life Depression.Lisa S. Parker & Charles W. Lidz - 2003 - Ethics and Behavior 13 (3):249-262.
    Depression is often diagnosed in patients nearing the end of their lives and medication or psychotherapy is prescribed. In many cases this is appropriate. However, it is widely agreed that a health care professional should treat sick persons so as to improve their condition as they define improvement. This raises questions about the contexts in which treatment of depression in late life is appropriate. This article reviews a problematic case concerning the appropriateness of treatment in light of the literature in (...)
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  25.  14
    Ethical Dimensions of Disparities in Depression Research and Treatment in the Pharmacogenomic Era.Lisa S. Parker & Valerie B. Satkoske - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):886-903.
    Personalized medicine with its promise of developing interventions tailored to an individual's health need and genetically related response to treatment might seem a promising antidote to the documented underutilization of standard depression treatments by African Americans. In addition, understanding depression not merely in biochemical terms but also in genetic terms might seem to counter cultural beliefs and stigma that attach to depression when conceived as a mood or behavioral problem under an individual's control. After all, if there is one thing (...)
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  26. Ninth Circuit Outlines Framework for Admissibility of Scientific Evidence.Lisa S. Russell - 1995 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (2):210-211.
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  27. Risk and Protective Factors for Mental Ill-Health in Elite Para- and Non-Para Athletes.Lisa S. Olive, Simon M. Rice, Caroline Gao, Vita Pilkington, Courtney C. Walton, Matt Butterworth, Lyndel Abbott, Gemma Cross, Matti Clements & Rosemary Purcell - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    ObjectiveTo apply a socioecological approach to identify risk and protective factors across levels of the “sports-ecosystem,” which are associated with mental health outcomes among athletes in para-sports and non-para sports. A further aim is to determine whether para athletes have unique risks and protective factor profiles compared to non-para athletes.MethodsA cross-sectional, anonymous online-survey was provided to all categorized athletes aged 16 years and older, registered with the Australian Institute of Sport. Mental health outcomes included mental health symptoms, general psychological distress, (...)
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  28.  53
    Susan M. Wolf (Ed.): Feminism and Bioethics: Beyond Reproduction.Lisa S. Parker - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (4):411-418.
  29.  3
    Ethics Centers’ Conflicts of Interest and the Failure of Disclosure to Remedy This Endemic Problem in Advance.Lisa S. Parker - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  30.  51
    Review of Neil C. Manson and Onora O'Neill, Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics. [REVIEW]Lisa S. Parker - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):68-69.
  31.  9
    Ethical Dimensions of Disparities in Depression Research and Treatment in the Pharmacogenomic Era.Lisa S. Parker & Valerie B. Satkoske - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):886-903.
    Disparities in access to, and utilization of, treatment for depression among African-American and Caucasian elderly adults have been well-documented. Less fully explored are the multidimensional factors responsible for these disparities. The intersection of cultural constructs, socioeconomic factors, multiple levels of racism, and stigma attending both mental health issues and older age may help to explain disparities in the treatment of the depressed elderly. Personalized medicine with its promise of developing interventions tailored to an individual's health needs and genetically related response (...)
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  32.  12
    Case Study: A Hard Policy to Swallow.Lisa S. Parker & Thomas G. Buller - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (4):23.
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  33.  14
    Preserving Testicular Tissue and a Boy's Open Reproductive Future.Valerie B. Satkoske & Lisa S. Parker - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):36-37.
  34.  2
    Ethics Centers’ Conflicts of Interest and the Failure of Disclosure to Remedy This Endemic Problem.Lisa S. Parker - 2021 - Teaching Ethics 21 (2):239-253.
    Individual and institutional conflicts of interest arise with increasing frequency and negative sequelae as universities and their principals, as well as individual faculty members, engage in research with support from profit/not-for-profit entities. This essay examines how institutional and individual conflicts of interest arise for ethics centers and their faculty/staff, respectively. It defines COI, endorses a reasonable person standard for determining when COI exist, and considers problems that arise when disclosure of COI is embraced as a remedy for them. It argues (...)
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  35.  10
    Preserving Testicular Tissue and a Boy's Open Reproductive Future.Valerie B. Satkoske & Lisa S. Parker - 2013 - TThe American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):36 - 37.
  36.  12
    Social Justice, Federal Paternalism, and Feminism: Breast Implants in the Cultural Context of Female Beauty.Lisa S. Parker - 1993 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 3 (1):57-76.
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  37.  12
    The Immortal Life of Henrietta LacksRebecca Skloot.Lisa S. Parker - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):159-165.
  38.  8
    Beauty and Breast Implantation: How Candidate Selection Affects Autonomy and Informed Consent.Lisa S. Parker - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (1):183 - 201.
    Candidate evaluation for breast implantation presents a more important obstacle to the fulfillment of the normative requirements of informed consent than do the social roles of women or cultural norms governing female beauty. I argue that women's decisions to receive breast implants may indeed be informed, competently made, and substantially voluntary, but that the cultural construction of beauty may undermine women's autonomy by influencing the evaluation of surgical candidates and risk disclosure during informed consent.
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  39.  9
    Practicing Preventive Ethics, Protecting Patients: Challenges of the Electronic Health Record.Valerie B. Satkoske & Lisa S. Parker - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (1):36.
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  40. Towards Organisational Quality in Ethics Through Patterns and Process.Bryan D. Siegel, Lisa S. Taylor & Katie M. Moynihan - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (12):989-990.
    Measuring outcomes using quantitative analytic methods is the hallmark of scientific research in healthcare. For clinical ethics support services (CESS), tangible outcome metrics are lacking and literature examining CESS quality is limited to evaluation of single cases or the influence on individual healthcare professional’s perceptions or behaviour. This represents an enormous barrier to implementing and evaluating ethics initiatives to improve quality. In this context, Kok _et al_ propose a theoretical framework for how moral case deliberation (MCD) can drive quality at (...)
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  41.  26
    Patients' Perceptions of the Quality of Informed Consent for Common Medical Procedures.Daniel P. Sulmasy, Lisa S. Lehmann, David M. Levine & R. R. Raden - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (3):189.
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  42.  5
    1. Self-Appropriation: Lonergan’s Pearl of Great Price.James Marsh - 2014 - In Lonergan in the World: Self-Appropriation, Otherness, and Justice. University of Toronto Press. pp. 1-12.
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  43.  19
    Caring for Patients or Organs: New Therapies Raise New Dilemmas in the Emergency Department.Michael A. DeVita, Lisa S. Parker & Arjun Prabhu - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):6-16.
    Two potentially lifesaving protocols, emergency preservation and resuscitation and uncontrolled donation after circulatory determination of death, currently implemented in some U.S. emergency departments, have similar eligibility criteria and initial technical procedures, but critically different goals. Both follow unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation and induce hypothermia to “buy time”: one in trauma patients suffering cardiac arrest, to enable surgical repair, and the other in patients who unexpectedly die in the ED, to enable organ donation. This article argues that to fulfill patient-focused fiduciary obligations (...)
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  44.  25
    Lisa A. Shabel. Mathematics in Kant's Critical Philosophy: Reflections on Mathematical Practice. Studies in Philosophy Outstanding Dissertations, Robert Nozick, Ed. New York & London: Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0-415-93955-0. Pp. 178. [REVIEW]Lisa Shabel - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (3):366-386.
    In this interesting and engaging book, Shabel offers an interpretation of Kant's philosophy of mathematics as expressed in his critical writings. Shabel's analysis is based on the insight that Kant's philosophical standpoint on mathematics cannot be understood without an investigation into his perception of mathematical practice in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. She aims to illuminate Kant's theory of the construction of concepts in pure intuition—the basis for his conclusion that mathematical knowledge is synthetic a priori. She does this through (...)
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  45.  7
    Preventive Ethics: Expanding the Horizons of Clinical Ethics.Lachlan Forrow, Robert M. Arnold & Lisa S. Parker - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (4):287.
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  46.  8
    Narrative Methods for Assessing “Quality of Life” in Hand Transplantation: Five Case Studies with Bioethical Commentary.Emily R. Herrington & Lisa S. Parker - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (3):407-425.
    Despite having paved the way for face, womb and penis transplants, hand transplantation today remains a small hybrid of reconstructive microsurgery and transplant immunology. An exceptionally limited patient population internationally complicates medical researchers’ efforts to parse outcomes “objectively.” Presumed functional and psychosocial benefits of gaining a transplant hand must be weighed in both patient decisions and bioethical discussions against the difficulty of adhering to post-transplant medications, the physical demands of hand transplant recovery on the patient, and the serious long-term health (...)
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  47.  11
    HCEC Pearls and Pitfalls: Suggested Do's and Don't's for Healthcare Ethics Consultants.Joseph A. Carrese, A. H. Antommaria, K. A. Berkowitz, J. Berger, J. Carrese, B. H. Childs, A. R. Derse, C. Gallagher, J. A. Gallagher & P. Goodman-Crews - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (3):234-240.
    Members of the Clinical Ethics Consultation Affairs Standing Committee of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities present a collection of insights and recommendations developed from their collective experience, intended for those engaged in the work of healthcare ethics consultation.
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  48.  18
    Trial Design and Informed Consent for a Clinic-Based Study With a Treatment as Usual Control Arm.Howard B. Degenholtz, Lisa S. Parker & Charles F. Reynolds - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):43-62.
    Employing the National Institute of Mental Health-funded Prevention of Suicide in Primary Care Elderly Collaborative Trial as a case study, we discuss 2 sets of ethical issues: obtaining informed consent for a clinic-based intervention study and using treatment as usual (TAU) as the control condition. We then address these ethical issues in the context of the debate about the quality improvement efforts of health care organizations. Our analysis reveals the tension between ethics and scientific integrity involved with using TAU as (...)
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  49.  10
    Trial Design and Informed Consent for a Clinic-Based Study with a Treatment as Usual Control Arm.Howard B. Degenholtz, Lisa S. Parker & I. I. I. Charles F. Reynolds - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):43-62.
  50. Lisa.Matthew Lipman, Frederick S. Oscanyan, Ann Margaret Sharp & Institute for the Advancement of Philosophy for Children - 1976
     
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