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Nov 23rd 2017 GMT
volume 48, issue 14, 2016
  1.  6
    Towards a Philosophy of Academic Publishing.M. Peters, P. Jandric, R. Irwin, K. Locke, N. Devine, R. Heraud, A. Gibbons, T. Besley, J. White, D. Forster, L. Jackson, E. Grierson, C. Mika, G. Stewart, M. Tesar, S. Brighouse, S. Arndt, G. Lazaroiu, R. Mihaila, C. Legg & L. Benade
    This article is concerned with developing a philosophical approach to a number of significant changes to academic publishing, and specifically the global journal knowledge system wrought by a range of new digital technologies that herald the third age of the journal as an electronic, interactive and mixed-media form of scientific communication. The paper emerges from an Editors' Collective, a small New Zealand-based organisation comprised of editors and reviewers of academic journals mostly in the fields of education and philosophy. The paper (...)
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volume 82, issue 6, 2017
  1.  10
    Normal Causes for Normal Effects: Reinvigorating the Correspondence Hypothesis About Judgments of Actual Causation.Totte Harinen
    There have been several recent attempts to model ordinary intuitions about actual causation by combining a counterfactual definition of the causal relation with an abnormality-based account of causal judgments. In these models, the underlying psychological theory is that people automatically focus on abnormal events when judging the actual causes of an effect. This approach has enabled authors such as Halpern and Hitchcock to capture an impressive array of ordinary causal intuitions. However, in this paper I demonstrate how these abnormality-based accounts (...)
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Manuscripts
  1. The Incoherence of Libertarianism.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    In this essay I argue that the ethical and political position known as libertarianism is logically incoherent and, as such, cannot serve as a sound basis for either political theory or public policy. Given that the libertarian position is frequently used to provide the rationale for many of the economic (if not the social) policies of the right, a recognition of this incoherence is especially relevant to us today.
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Nov 22nd 2017 GMT
volume 25, issue 3, 2017
  1.  3
    A Whole Lot of Misery: Adorno's Negative Aristotelianism—Replies to Allen, Celikates, and O'Connor.F. Freyenhagen
    Can one both be an Aristotelian in ethics and a negativist, whereby the latter involves subscribing to the view that the good cannot be known in our social context but that ethical guidance is nonetheless possible in virtue of a pluralist conception of the bad? Moreover, is it possible to combine Aristotelianism with a thoroughly historical outlook? I have argued that such combinations are, indeed, possible, and that we can find an example of them in Adorno's work. In this paper, (...)
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  1. Dialogues on Ethical Vegetarianism, Part 1.Michael Huemer - manuscript
    A four-part series of dialogues between two fictional philosophy students, M and V, on the question: is it wrong to eat meat? M and V review the standard arguments plus a few new ones. Part 1 discusses the suffering caused by factory farming, and how one's intelligence affects the badness of suffering.
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  2. Palaeontological Reflections on the Tractatus.Barry Smith - manuscript
    A collection of fragmentary discussions of possible influences on Wittgenstein when he was writing the Tractatus, includes Reinach and Meinong.
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Nov 21st 2017 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  1
    Proper Names, Rigidity, and Empirical Studies on Judgments of Identity Across Transformations.Vilius Dranseika, Jonas Dagys & Renatas Berniunas - manuscript
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  2.  19
    Scientific Ontology.Johan Gamper - manuscript
    The modal properties of the principle of the causal closure of the physical have traditionally been said to prevent anything outside the physical world from affecting the physical universe and vice versa. This idea has been shown to be relative to the definition of the principle (Gamper 2017). A traditional definition prevents the one universe from affecting any other universe, but with a modi-fied definition, e.g. (ibid.), the causal closure of the physical can be consistent with the possibility of one (...)
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  3.  3
    When Mountains Cease to Be Mountains: Divine Love and the Sanctification of Desire.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    What is the relationship of human desire to divine love? This is the question I take up in this essay. To explore it, I provide a reading of three passages from three spiritual traditions: Buddhist, Taoist, and Christian. By reading these passages together we can use them to illuminate one another and recognize a basic commonality among these (and other) spiritual traditions.
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Nov 20th 2017 GMT
volume 37, issue 1, 2016
  1.  5
    Nietzsche and Value: Flourishing and Excellence.Simon Robertson
    Central to Nietzsche's perfectionism are two ideals: flourishing and excellence. This article offers an original account of what they each involve, including how they differ and connect, plus an axiological picture that makes sense of that. It also suggests that the underlying model of value which emerges--in effect, a model of a good life is interesting and attractive in its own right, and that it may therefore have wider philosophical appeal.
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forthcoming articles
  1.  8
    Determination and Uniformity: The Problem with Speech-Act Theories of Fiction.Predelli Stefano
    Taking inspiration from Searle’s ‘The Logic of Fictional Discourse’, this essay presents an argument against different versions of the so-called ‘speech act theory of fiction’. In particular, it argues that a Uniformity Argument may be constructed, which is additional to the Determination Argument commonly attributed to Searle, and which does not rely on his presumably controversial Determination Principle. This Uniformity Argument is equally powerful against the ‘Dedicated Speech Act’ theories that Searle originally targeted, and the more recent, Grice-inspired versions of (...)
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  1.  6
    Almost Identical, Almost Innocent.Hawley Katherine Jane
    In his 1991 book, Parts of Classes, David Lewis discusses the idea that composition is identity, alongside the idea that mereological overlap is a form of partial identity. But this notion of partial identity does nothing to help Lewis achieve his goals in that book. So why does he mention it? I explore and resolve this puzzle, by comparing Parts of Classes with Lewis’s invocation of partial identity in his 1993 paper ‘Many But Almost One’, where he uses it to (...)
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volume 194, issue 10, 2017
  1. Declarations of Independence.Branden Fitelson & Alan Hájek
    According to orthodox (Kolmogorovian) probability theory, conditional probabilities are by definition certain ratios of unconditional probabilities. As a result, orthodox conditional probabilities are undefined whenever their antecedents have zero unconditional probability. This has important ramifications for the notion of probabilistic independence. Traditionally, independence is defined in terms of unconditional probabilities (the factorization of the relevant joint unconditional probabilities). Various “equivalent” formulations of independence can be given using conditional probabilities. But these “equivalences” break down if conditional probabilities are permitted to have (...)
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volume 194, issue 5, 2017
  1.  11
    Virtues and Vices in Scientific Practice.Cedric Paternotte & Milena Ivanova
    The role intellectual virtues play in scientific inquiry has raised significant discussions in the recent literature. A number of authors have recently explored the link between virtue epistemology and philosophy of science with the aim to show whether epistemic virtues can contribute to the resolution of the problem of theory choice. This paper analyses how intellectual virtues can be beneficial for successful resolution of theory choice. We explore the role of virtues as well as vices in scientific inquiry and their (...)
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Nov 19th 2017 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  11
    Hyperintensional Property Theory.Hasen Khudairi - manuscript
    This paper provides three models of hyperintensional property theory. According to the first model, two properties can be identical while being relatively discernible, if the first property bears a non-symmetric relation to the second. I argue that the non-symmetry of identity is crucial for countenancing the relation between value-theoretic properties such as goodness and non-value-theoretic, natural properties. The non-symmetry of identity is argued to be crucial, as well, for defining a relational rather than intrinsic conception of value-theoretic properties; e.g., predicate (...)
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Nov 18th 2017 GMT
volume 49, issue 146, 2017
  1. Conceptual Reconstruction and Epistemic Import: Allosteric Mechanistic Explanations as a Unified Theory-Net.Karina Alleva, José Díez & Lucía Federico
    The goal of this article is to show that formal analysis and reconstructions may be useful to discuss and shed light on substantive meta-theoretical issues. We proceed here by exemplification, analysing and reconstructing as a case study a paradigmatic biochemical theory, the Monod-Wyman-Changeux theory of allosterism, and applying the reconstruction to the discussion of some issues raised by prominent representatives of the new mechanist philosophy. We conclude that our study shows that at least in this case mechanicism and more traditional (...)
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  2.  2
    On Deontic Truth and Values.J. J. Moreso
    This article analyzes the thesis of ethical relativism, as defended by Alchourrón and Bulygin. These authors offer, on the one hand, a suggestive conception according to which the question “what are our obligations?” is equivalent to thinking about what is to be done; on the other hand, they defend a relativist conception of ethics. They present three objections to constructivist accounts of ethics that are not relativist: a) the argument of the burden of the proof; b) a version of the (...)
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  1.  2
    Beauvoir's Transdisciplinarity: From Philosophy to Gender Theory.Stella Sandford - 2017 - In .
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  2.  12
    A Dilemma for Epistemological Disjunctivism.Schmidt Eva - 2018 - In .
    I argue that epistemological disjunctivism, as defended by Pritchard or McDowell, faces a dilemma. To avoid collapsing into the “highest common factor view”, it has to combined with a metaphysical brand of disjunctivism. This is so because the epistemological disjunctivist’s contention, that veridical perception provides the perceiver with reflectively accessible epistemic reasons that are superior to those provided by hallucination, is tenable only if underwritten by the naïve realist claim that perception is partly constituted by the perceived fact. As I (...)
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  3.  4
    Who is the Peasant Woman Who Trudges Through the Fields? Provincializing the Eurocentric Artistic Space.Tina Chanter - 2017 - In Heidegger and the global age. London, U.K.: Rowman & Littlefield.
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  4.  5
    Social Preference Under Twofold Uncertainty.Philippe Mongin & Marcus Pivato - manuscript
    We investigate the conflict between the ex ante and ex post criteria of social welfare in a new framework of individual and social decisions, which distinguishes between two sources of uncertainty, here interpreted as an objective and a subjective source respectively. This framework makes it possible to endow the individuals and society not only with ex ante and ex post preferences, as is usually done, but also with interim preferences of two kinds, and correspondingly, to introduce interim forms of the (...)
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Nov 17th 2017 GMT
volume 194, issue 12, 2017
  1.  42
    Scientific Revolutions and the Explosion of Scientific Evidence.Ludwig Fahrbach
    Scientific realism, the position that successful theories are likely to be approximately true, is threatened by the pessimistic induction according to which the history of science is full of successful, but false theories. I aim to defend scientific realism against the pessimistic induction. My main thesis is that our current best theories each enjoy a very high degree of predictive success, far higher than was enjoyed by any of the refuted theories. I support this thesis by showing that the amount (...)
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Nov 15th 2017 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  10
    Arguing with "Libertarianism Without Argument": Critical Rationalism and How It Applies to Libertarianism.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    This is a response to “Libertarianism without Argument”. Various misunderstandings in that text are given replies. Both critical rationalism and how it applies to libertarianism are elucidated and elaborated.
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Nov 14th 2017 GMT
New books
  1.  70
    Searching for Logic.Adam Morton - manuscript
    An introductory logic textbook where the central concept is not deduction but search and logical form. (Deduction - logical consequence - drops out as a special case. TIt is meant for a class-based rather than a lecture-based course, and for students with general interests.
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Nov 13th 2017 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  6
    Nomic Necessitism.Hasen Khudairi - manuscript
    This paper aims to provide two abductive considerations adducing in favor of the thesis of Necessitism in modal ontology. I demonstrate how instances of the Barcan formula can be witnessed, when the modal operators are interpreted 'naturally' -- i.e., as including geometric and nomological possibilities -- and the quantifiers in the formula range over a domain of natural, or concrete, entities and their contingently non-concrete analogues. I argue that, because there are considerations within physics and metaphysical inquiry which corroborate modal (...)
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Nov 11th 2017 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  3
    Six Questions on the Construction of Ontologies in Biomedicine.A. Kumar, A. Burgun, W. Ceusters, J. Cimino, J. Davis, P. Elkin, I. Kalet, A. Rector, J. Rice, J. Rogers & Barry Smith - manuscript
    (Report assembled for the Workshop of the AMIA Working Group on Formal Biomedical Knowledge Representation in connection with AMIA Symposium, Washington DC, 2005.) Best practices in ontology building for biomedicine have been frequently discussed in recent years. However there is a range of seemingly disparate views represented by experts in the field. These views not only reflect the different uses to which ontologies are put, but also the experiences and disciplinary background of these experts themselves. We asked six questions related (...)
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Nov 10th 2017 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1.  8
    Social Mereology.Hawley Katherine Jane
    What kind of entity is a committee, a book group or a band? I argue that committees and other such social groups are concrete, composite particulars, having ordinary human beings amongst their parts. So the committee members are literally parts of the committee. This mereological view of social groups was popular several decades ago, but fell out of favour following influential objections from David-Hillel Ruben. But recent years have seen a tidal wave of work in metaphysics, including the metaphysics of (...)
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  1.  7
    Omni-Beauty as a Divine Attribute.Robson Jon
    : the claim that God is perfectly beautiful has played a key role within the history of a number of religious traditions. However, this view has received surprisingly little attention from philosophers of religion in recent decades. In this paper I aim to remedy this neglect by addressing some key philosophical issues surrounding the doctrine of divine beauty. I begin by considering how best to explicate the claim the God is perfectly beautiful before moving on to ask what consequences accepting (...)
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Nov 9th 2017 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Quantum Metaphysical Indeterminacy.Claudio Calosi & Jessica Wilson - manuscript
    On a wide variety of presently live realist interpretations, quantum mechanics violates the classical supposition of 'value definiteness', according to which the properties---a.k.a. 'observables'---of a given particle or system have precise values at all times. The indeterminacy in such cases is moreover typically taken to be metaphysical, not merely epistemological or semantic. Here we consider whether two recent approaches to metaphysical indeterminacy---a metaphysical supervaluationist account, on the one hand, and a determinable-based account, on the other---can provide an intelligible basis for (...)
     
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  2.  57
    Are the Questions of Metaphysics More Fundamental Than Those of Science?Alyssa Ney - manuscript
    When pursued naturalistically, metaphysics may seem forced to navigate a narrow path. So that it may be a worthwhile enterprise, it must have claim to discovery of a distinctive set of objective truths. Yet it must also avoid potential competition or conflict with the results of scientific theories. In response to this problem, some naturalistic metaphysicians have argued that properly understood, metaphysics is aimed at a set of truths distinct from those of science. Metaphysicians investigate a realm of truths more (...)
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  3. Ontological Imperialism. 2000 - Plenary Talk Held at GIScience 2000: First International Conference on Geographic Information Science, Savannah, Georgia.Barry Smith - manuscript
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Nov 8th 2017 GMT
volume 126, issue 4, 2017
  1.  34
    What Matters and How It Matters: A Choice-Theoretic Representation of Moral Theories.Franz Dietrich & Christian List
    We present a new “reason-based” approach to the formal representation of moral theories, drawing on recent decision-theoretic work. We show that any moral theory within a very large class can be represented in terms of two parameters: a specification of which properties of the objects of moral choice matter in any given context, and a specification of how these properties matter. Reason-based representations provide a very general taxonomy of moral theories, as differences among theories can be attributed to differences in (...)
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  1.  13
    A Context Principle for the Twenty-First Century.Fabrizio Cariani - manuscript
    This is an article for an upcoming volume of essays in honor and memory of Eva Picardi. I engage with the literature that has tried to distill the significance of Frege's context principle for the philosophy of language (setting aside its role in Frege's argument for mathematical platonism). I argue that there are some interpretive problems with recent meta-semantic interpretations of the principle. Instead, I offer a somewhat weaker alternative: the context principle is a tool to license certain definitions. Moreover, (...)
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  2. Methodology for Semantic Enhancement of Intelligence Data.Barry Smith, Malyuta Tatiana & S. Mandrick William - manuscript
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Nov 7th 2017 GMT
volume 71, issue 2, 2017
  1.  48
    Against Brute Fundamentalism.Kerry McKenzie
    In metaphysics, the fundamental is standardly equated with that which has no explanation – with that which is, in other words, ‘brute’. But this doctrine of brutalism is in tension with physicists’ ambitions to not only describe but also explain why the fundamental is the way that it is. The tension would ease were science taken to be incapable of furnishing the sort of explanations that brutalists are concerned with, given that these are understood to be of a distinctively ‘metaphysical (...)
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  1.  4
    Super-Humeanism: The Canberra Plan for Physics.Esfeld Michael - unknown
    The paper argues for a metaphysics in the vein of the Canberra plan, namely to single out a minimal, basic set of entities and then to show how everything else is located in that set by being identical with something in that set and how the propositions that describe the basic entities entail all the other true propositions. The paper conceives the Canberra plan for the domain of the natural sciences as a naturalized metaphysics that is not committed to a (...)
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  2.  4
    On the Duty to Care During Epidemics.Daniel Messelken - 2018 - In Daniel Messelken & David T. Winkler (eds.), Ethical Challenges for Military Health Care Personnel : Dealing with Epidemics. London, U.K.: Routledge. pp. 144-163.
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  3.  10
    Medical Care During War: A Remainder and Prospect of Peace.Daniel Messelken - 2017 - In Florian Demont-Biaggi (ed.), The Nature of Peace and the Morality of Armed Conflict. London, U.K.: Springer International Publishing. pp. 293-321.
    Ideally, the principles of medical care remain unaltered during armed conflict and can be interpreted as a remnant of peace during war. Healthcare providers also support future peace by not discriminating according to the conflict roles between enemy and friend or fighter and civilian, but by respecting everybody, in a non-conflict logic, as human beings. The antithetical view identifies medical care for wounded soldiers as a contribution to a threat. This chapter rejects such an interpretation, which can be found in (...)
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  4.  19
    Does the Rich Content View of Experience Matter?Adam Pautz - manuscript
    Does it matter whether we perceptually represent tomato-hood?
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Nov 6th 2017 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1.  4
    Episodic Memory and Theory of Mind : A Connection Reconsidered.Hoerl Christoph
    In the literature on episodic memory, one claim that has been made by a number of psychologists, and that is also at least implicit in some of the accounts given by philosophers, is that being able to recollect particular past events in the distinctive way afforded by episodic memory requires the possession of aspects of a theory of mind, such as a grasp of the relationship between one’s present recollective experience and one’s own past perceptual experience of the remembered event. (...)
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Manuscripts
  1. Formalizing UMLS Relations Using Semantic Partitions in the Context of Task-Based Clinical Guidelines Model.Piazza Matteo, Smith Barry, Quaglini Silvana & Stefanelli Mario - manuscript
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  2.  14
    Love Without Objects.Ryan Stringer - manuscript
    It’s a truism that love must always be for something. In technical terms, love must have an object. Yet we godless naturalists that disbelieve in all gods and any form of an afterlife, including reincarnation, must then be committed to cases of love without objects insofar as we deny the existence of objects that people genuinely love (namely, God and deceased loved ones). This commitment of ours thus seems inconsistent with the truism about love, and so it seems that we (...)
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Nov 5th 2017 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    Directly Depicting Granular Ontologies.Thomas Bittner, Maureen B. Donnelly & Barry Smith - manuscript
    (Published in an extended form as https://philpapers.org/rec/BITEAP) -/- We propose an ontological theory that is powerful enough to describe both complex spatio-temporal processes and the enduring entities that participate in such processes. For this purpose we distinguish between ontologies and metaontology. Ontologies are based on very simple directly depicting languages and fall into two major categories: ontologies of type SPAN and ontologies of type SNAP. These represent two complementary perspectives on reality and result in distinct though compatible systems of categories. (...)
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  2. Formalizing UMLS Relations Using Semantic Partitions in the Context of Task-Based Clinical Guidelines Model.Matteo Piazza, Barry Smith, Silvana Quaglini & Mario Stefanelli - manuscript
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Nov 3rd 2017 GMT
volume 42, issue , 2017
  1.  11
    Rescuing Nietzsche From Constitutivism.Simon Robertson
    Constitutivist theories in ethics seek to derive and justify normative ethical claims via facts about constitutive features of agency. In Agency and the Foundations of Ethics: Nietzschean Constitutivism, Paul Katsafanas uses Nietzsche to elucidate a version of the position he believes avoids worries besetting its competitors. This paper argues that Nietzschean constitutivism falters in many of the same places: it may remain vulnerable to ‘schmagency’ objections; it faces problems giving an account of the weights of reasons that adequately explains why (...)
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Nov 2nd 2017 GMT
New books
  1. What is Ethically Demanded: K.E. Løgstrup’s Philosophy of Moral Life.R. Stern & Hans Fink (eds.) - 2017 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    This collection of essays by leading international philosophers considers central themes in the ethics of Danish philosopher Knud Ejler Løgstrup (1905–1981). Løgstrup was a Lutheran theologian much influenced by phenomenology and by strong currents in Danish culture, to which he himself made important contributions. The essays in What Is Ethically Demanded? K. E. Løgstrup’s Philosophy of Moral Life are divided into four sections. The first section deals predominantly with Løgstrup’s relation to Kant and, through Kant, the system of morality in (...)
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  1.  3
    Løgstrup's Unfulfillable Demand.W. M. Martin - 2017 - In R. Stern & Hans Fink (eds.), What is Ethically Demanded: K.E. Løgstrup’s Philosophy of Moral Life. University of Notre Dame Press. pp. 325-347.
    In his pioneering work of moral phenomenology, K. E. Løgstrup offered a phenomenological articulation of a central moment of ethical life: the experience in which “one finds oneself with the life of another more-or-less in one’s hands”. In such circumstances we encounter what Løgstrup calls simply the ethical demand. Løgstrup’s preferred formulation of the content of that demand is taken from the Bible: Love thy neighbor. This neighborly love is expressed in the form of spontaneous, selfless care for the other. (...)
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  2. Pain.David Bain - manuscript
    Commissioned for Routledge Encylopaedia of Philosophy.
     
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