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Jun 21st 2018 GMT
volume 31, issue 1, 2017
  1. Perspectives in Imaginative Engagement with Fiction.Elisabeth Camp
    I take up three puzzles about our emotional and evaluative responses to fiction. First, how can we even have emotional responses to characters and events that we know not to exist, if emotions are as intimately connected to belief and action as they seem to be? One solution to this puzzle claims that we merely imagine having such emotional responses. But this raises the puzzle of why we would ever refuse to follow an author’s instructions to imagine such responses, since (...)
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Jun 20th 2018 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  2
    Extended Agency and the Problem of Diachronic Autonomy.Julia Nefsky & Sergio Tenenbaum - manuscript
    It seems to be a humdrum fact of human agency that we act on intentions or decisions that we have made at an earlier time. At breakfast, you look at the Taco Hut menu online and decide that later today you’ll have one of their avocado burritos for lunch. You’re at your desk and you hear the church bells ring the noon hour. You get up, walk to Taco Hut, and order the burrito as planned. As mundane as this sort (...)
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Jun 19th 2018 GMT
New books
  1. A Companion to Wittgenstein.Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.) - 2017 - Wiley-Blackwell.
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volume 128, issue , 2018
  1.  1
    Decisions on Public Projects with Negative Externalities: Veil of Ignorance or Impartial Spectator?Camilla Colombo & Wulf Gaertner
    There are public projects which many people welcome because they are expected to be beneficial for society at large. On the other hand, however, these projects may generate larger negative externalities for certain parts of society. One example is the erection of a nuclear power-plant, a measure that is widely considered to render a country’s energy provision less dependent on supply from outside. On the other hand, it possibly causes a feeling of insecurity among people who live in the vicinity (...)
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volume 4, issue , 2018
  1.  1
    Canguilhem and the Logic of Life.Arantza Etxeberria & Charles T. Wolfe
    In this paper we examine aspects of Canguilhem’s philosophy of biology, concerning the knowledge of life and its consequences on science and vitalism. His concept of life stems from the idea of a living individual, endowed with creative subjectivity and norms, a Kantian view which “disconcerts logic”. In contrast, two different approaches ground naturalistic perspectives to explore the logic of life and the logic of the living individual in the 1970s. Although Canguilhem is closer to the second, there are divergences; (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  4
    Introduction.Hans Johann Glock & John Hyman - 2017 - In Hans-Johann Glock & John Hyman (eds.), A Companion to Wittgenstein. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 1-4.
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  2.  4
    Integrationality (誠) is a Metaphysical Fundamental.Daihyun Chung - manuscript
    What are some metaphysical fundamentals which constitute the reality? This question has occupied philosophers for a long time. The western tradition once dealt with conceptions of earth, air, water, fire, ether whereas the eastern tradition has studied notions like yin-yang(陰陽), taiji(太極), lichi(理氣). The question is now being researched under the name of physicalism or naturalism, and yet what is not yet clarified is the relationship between electromagnetic force as the fundamental of the physical and consciousness as the fundamental of the (...)
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Jun 18th 2018 GMT
New books
  1. Dao Companion to Neo-Daoism (Xuanxue).David Chai (ed.) - forthcoming - Springer.
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Manuscripts
  1.  9
    On Robust Discursive Equality.Thomas M. Besch - manuscript
    Justificatory reciprocity is sometimes associated with a robust idea of discursive equality: it is said to accord people the discursive standing of equals not just as recipients, or clients, of justification, but more robustly as equal co-authors or equal authorities of justifications. What does robust discursive equality require in non-ideal, actual moral or political justification? The paper uses Forst's standard of reciprocity and generality as a proxy for standards of justificatory reciprocity, and examines how robust discursive equality must be understood (...)
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  2.  15
    Causation, Production, and Dependence, or A Model-Invariant Theory of Causation.J. Dmitri Gallow - manuscript
    I provide a theory of causation formulated within the causal modeling framework. This theory is model-invariant in the following sense: if the theory says that C caused (didn't cause) E in a causal model, M, then it will continue to say that C caused (didn't cause) E once we've removed an inessential variable from M. On this theory, we can understand causation as a model-invariant generalization of a relation of causal production. Begin by saying that C produces E iff they (...)
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  3.  26
    What is Fake News?Romy Jaster & David Lanius - manuscript
    Recently, the term «fake news» has become ubiquitous in political and public discourse and the media. Despite its omnipresence, however, it is anything but clear what fake news is. An adequate and comprehensive definition of fake news is called for. We take steps towards this goal by providing a systematic account of fake news that makes the phenomenon tangible, rehabilitates the use of the term, and helps us to set fake news apart from related phenomena.
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  4.  3
    Physical Foundations of Mathematics (In Russian).Andrey Smirnov - manuscript
    The physical foundations of mathematics in the theory of emergent space-time-matter were considered. It is shown that mathematics, including logic, is a consequence of equation which describes the fundamental field. If the most fundamental level were described not by mathematics, but something else, then instead of mathematics there would be consequences of this something else.
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Jun 16th 2018 GMT
New books
  1. Philosophy of Psychology: Causality and Psychological Subject: New Reflections on James Woodward’s Contribution.Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (ed.) - 2018 - De Gruyter.
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Jun 15th 2018 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1.  14
    Risk Aversion and the Long Run.Johanna Thoma
    This paper argues that Lara Buchak’s risk-weighted expected utility theory fails to offer a true alternative to expected utility theory. Under commonly held assumptions about dynamic choice and the framing of decision problems, rational agents are guided by their attitudes to temporally extended courses of action. If so, REU theory makes approximately the same recommendations as expected utility theory. Being more permissive about dynamic choice or framing, however, undermines the theory’s claim to capturing a steady choice disposition in the face (...)
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volume 162, issue , 2017
  1.  2
    Are There Signature Limits in Early Theory of Mind?Ella Fizke, Stephen A. Butterfill, Lea van de Loo, Eva Reindl & Hannes Rakoczy
    Current theory-of-mind research faces the challenge of reconciling two sets of seemingly incompatible findings: Whereas children come to solve explicit verbal false belief tasks from around 4years of age, recent studies with various less explicit measures such as looking time, anticipatory looking, and spontaneous behavior suggest that even infants can succeed on some FB tasks. In response to this tension, two-systems theories propose to distinguish between an early-developing system, tracking simple forms of mental states, and a later-developing system, based on (...)
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volume 3, issue 2, 2018
  1.  1
    An Academic Obituary of Eric McLuhan.Robert K. Logan
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Manuscripts
  1.  5
    When the Actual World is Not Even Possible.Christian Wuthrich - unknown
    Approaches to quantum gravity often involve the disappearance of space and time at the fundamental level. The metaphysical consequences of this disappearance are profound, as is illustrated with David Lewis's analysis of modality. As Lewis's possible worlds are unified by the spatiotemporal relations among their parts, the non-fundamentality of spacetime---if borne out---suggests a serious problem for his analysis: his pluriverse, for all its ontological abundance, does not contain our world. Although the mere existence---as opposed to the fundamentality---of spacetime must be (...)
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  2.  7
    Time in Cosmology.C. D. McCoy & Craig Callender - forthcoming - In Eleanor Knox & Alistair Wilson (eds.), Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Physics.
    Readers familiar with the workhorse of cosmology, the hot big bang model, may think that cosmology raises little of interest about time. As cosmological models are just relativistic spacetimes, time is understood just as it is in relativity theory, and all cosmology adds is a few bells and whistles such as inflation and the big bang and no more. The aim of this chapter is to show that this opinion is not completely right...and may well be dead wrong. In our (...)
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  3.  8
    Before and Beyond Leibniz: Tschirnhaus and Wolff on Experience and Method.Corey W. Dyck - manuscript
    In this chapter, I consider the largely overlooked influence of E. W. von Tschirnhaus' treatise on method, the Medicina mentis, on Wolff's early philosophical project (in both its conception and execution). As I argue, part of Tschirnhaus' importance for Wolff lies in the use he makes of principles gained from experience as a foundation for the scientific enterprise in the context of his broader philosophical rationalism. I will show that this lesson from Tschirnhaus runs through Wolff's earliest philosophical discussions, and (...)
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  4.  17
    What Is the Argument for the Fair Value of Political Liberty?William A. Edmundson - manuscript
    The equal political liberties are among the basic first-principle liberties in John Rawls’s theory of Justice as fairness. But Rawls insists, further, that the “fair value” of the political liberties must be guaranteed, and that a market economy must be embedded in an institutional structure that realizes this guarantee. The aim and the supposed capacity to assure fair value are what distinguish property-owning democracy and liberal democratic socialism from other ideal regime-types. Disavowing an interest in fair value is what disqualifies (...)
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  5.  13
    Consequentialism and Its Demands: The Role of Institutions.Attila Tanyi & András Miklós - manuscript
    It isn’t saying much to claim that morality is demanding; the question, rather, is: can morality be so demanding that we have reason not to follow its dictates? According to many, it can, if that morality is a consequentialist one. This paper takes the plausibility and coherence of this objection – we call it the demandingness objection – as a given. Our question, therefore, is how to respond to the objection. We put forward a response that we think has not (...)
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  6.  21
    Consequentialist Demands, Intuitions and Experimental Methodology (with Joe Sweetman).Attila Tanyi - manuscript
    Can morality be so demanding that we have reason not to follow its dictates? According to many, it can, if that morality is a consequentialist one. We take the plausibility and coherence of this objection – the Demandingness Objection – as a given and are also not concerned with finding the best response to the Objection. Instead, our main aim is to spell out the intuitive background of the Objection and to see how this background could be investigated. This double (...)
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  7.  5
    On the Road to Meaning.Attila Tanyi - manuscript
    The paper offers a philosophically infused analysis of Cormac McCarthy’s The Road. The main idea is that McCarthy’s novel is primarily a statement on the meaning of life. Once this idea is argued for and endorsed, by using a parallel between The Road and a 19th century Hungarian dramatic poem, The Tragedy of Man, the paper goes on to argue that the most plausible – although admittedly not the only possible – interpretation of The Road is that it advocates a (...)
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  8.  12
    Reasons and Beliefs.Attila Tanyi & Matteo Morganti - manuscript
    The present paper identifies a challenge for a certain view of practical reasons, according to which practical reasons (both normative and motivating) are worldly facts. In particular, the challenge has been taken to affect the particular ontological conception of practical reasons that has been defended by Jonathan Dancy. The problem is that Dancy seems forced to maintain both a) that the contents of beliefs are facts and b) that the view according to which the contents of beliefs are facts is (...)
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  9.  13
    What Are Basic Liberties?Attila Tanyi & Stephen K. McLeod - manuscript
    To provide a workable definition of the basic liberties, we focus on Rawls, whose theory of justice relies heavily on the notion. Two moral powers are central to Rawls’s account of justice: the capacity for a sense of justice and the capacity for a conception of the good. The fundamental case in which the first capacity is exercised is in ‘the application of the principles of justice to the basic structure and its social policies’. The fundamental case in which the (...)
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Jun 13th 2018 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    The Legend of the Living Water.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
  2. The Future of War: The Ethical Potential of Leaving War to Lethal Autonomous Weapons.Steven Umbrello, Phil Torres & Angelo F. De Bellis - manuscript
    Lethal Autonomous Weapons (LAWs) are robotic weapons systems, primarily of value to the military, that could engage in offensive or defensive actions without human intervention. This paper assesses and engages the current arguments for and against the use of LAWs through the lens of achieving more ethical warfare. Specific interest is given particularly to ethical LAWs, which are artificially intelligent weapons systems that make decisions within the bounds of their ethics-based code. To ensure that a wide, but not exhaustive, survey (...)
     
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Jun 12th 2018 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  11
    Poésie et éthique: Présentation du livre.Ignace Haaz - manuscript
    Poetry and Ethics: Inventing Possibilities in Which We Are Moved to Action and How We Live Together, Obiora Ike / Andrea Grieder / Ignace Haaz (Eds.), Global Series No. 16, Geneva: Globethics Publications, 2018, pp. 247-262.
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Jun 11th 2018 GMT
New books
  1. New Issues in Epistemological Disjunctivism.Duncan Pritchard, Casey Doyle & Joe Milburn (eds.) - forthcoming
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  2. Early Greek Ethics.David Wolfsdorf (ed.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  3. The Attending Mind.Carolyn Dicey Jennings - manuscript
    This book sits at the crossroads of philosophy of mind and cognitive science, taking up a topic that has become increasingly important in these fields: attention. It will offer a new theoretical stance on the concept of attention and how it intersects with other concepts of mind, such as perception, consciousness, memory, and action. In short, I understand attention to be the act of mental selection by a subject, which is essential for perception, but not consciousness or action. Importantly, this (...)
     
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forthcoming articles
  1.  3
    Agathon Redivivus: Love and Incorporeal Beauty: Ficino's De Amore, Speech V.Suzanne Stern-Gillet
    The personality and the writings of Marsilio Ficino mark the turning point from the middleages to the Renaissance. In John Marenbon’s apt description, medieval philosophy is ‘the story of a complex tradition founded in Neoplatonism, but not simply as a continuation or development of Neoplatonism itself’. ‘Not simply’ because the Enneads, the first and finest flowering of that tradition, testify to Plotinus’ deep engagement, not only with the thought of Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics and the Middle Platonists, but also with (...)
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Jun 9th 2018 GMT
volume 94, issue 1-2, 2017
  1.  11
    Sense, Incomplete Understanding, and the Problem of Normative Guidance.Walter B. Pedriali
    Frege seems committed to the thesis that the senses of the fundamental notions of arithmetic remain stable and are stably grasped by thinkers throughout history. Fully competent practitioners grasp those senses clearly and distinctly, while uncertain practitioners see them, the very same senses, “as if through a mist”. There is thus a common object of the understanding apprehended to a greater or lesser degree by thinkers of diverging conceptual competence. Frege takes the thesis to be a condition for the possibility (...)
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Manuscripts
  1.  9
    The Challenge to Nihilism.Harold Noonan - unknown
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  2.  22
    Epistemological Disjunctivism and its Representational Commitments.Craig French - forthcoming - In Duncan Pritchard, Casey Doyle & Joe Milburn (eds.), New Issues in Epistemological Disjunctivism.
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  3.  18
    Colour Experiences and 'Look' Sentences.Wylie Breckenridge - manuscript
  4.  5
    Juridisch-filosofische stellingen.Mathijs Notermans - manuscript
    Juridisch-filosofische stellingen. Proeve van en aanzet tot een Kelseniaanse 'Juridisch-filosofische verhandeling' naar analogie van Wittgensteins Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Het is mogelijk een Kelseniaanse 'juridisch-filosofische verhandeling' te schrijven naar het voorbeeld van Wittgensteins Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. De volgende hoofd- en eerstvolgende substellingen overeenkomstig de hoofd- en eerstvolgende substellingen van de Tractatus zijn een proeve daarvan en vormen een eerste aanzet daartoe ("Mogen anderen komen en het beter doen"). Anders dan Wittgensteins Tractatus die eindigt met de beroemde hoofdstelling 7 dat men van datgene moet (...)
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Jun 8th 2018 GMT
New books
  1. A Critique of Metaphysical Thinking.T. Parent - manuscript
    This is a rough draft of the front matter and ch. 1, for a new book manuscript on metametaphysics.
     
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volume 85, issue 3, 2018
  1.  42
    Fundamentality and Time’s Arrow.Christian Loew
    The distribution of matter in our universe is strikingly time asymmetric. Most famously, the Second Law of Thermodynamics says that entropy tends to increase toward the future but not toward the past. But what explains this time-asymmetric distribution of matter? In this paper, I explore the idea that time itself has a direction by drawing from recent work on grounding and metaphysical fundamentality. I will argue that positing such a direction of time, in addition to time-asymmetric boundary conditions, enables a (...)
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Jun 7th 2018 GMT
volume 10, issue 32, 2017
  1.  1
    Beyond Toleration? Inconsistency and Pluralism in the Empirical Sciences.María del Rosario Martínez-Ordaz & Luis Estrada-González
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  2.  2
    Pluralism in Scientific Problem Solving. Why Inconsistency is No Big Deal.Diderik Batens
    Pluralism has many meanings. An assessment of the need for logical pluralism with respect to scientific knowledge requires insights in its domain of application. So first a specific form of epistemic pluralism will be defended. Knowledge turns out a patchwork of knowledge chunks. These serve descriptive as well as evaluative functions, may have competitors within the knowledge system, interact with each other, and display a characteristic dynamics caused by new information as well as by mutual readjustment. Logics play a role (...)
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  3.  2
    Contradictions in Motion: Why They’Re Not Needed and Why They Wouldn’T Help.Emiliano Boccardi & Moisés Macías-Bustos
    In this paper we discuss Priest’s account of change and motion, contrasting it with its more orthodox rival, the Russellian account. The paper is divided in two parts. In first one we take a stance that is more sympathetic to the Russellian view, arguing that Priest’s arguments against it are inconclusive. In the second part, instead, we take a more sympathetic attitude towards Priest’s objections. We argue, however, that if these objections pose insurmountable difficulties to the Russellian account, then they (...)
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  4.  2
    Paraconsistency, Pluralistic Models and Reasoning in Climate Science.Bryson Brown
    Scientific inquiry is typically focused on particular questions about particular objects and properties. This leads to a multiplicity of models which, even when they draw on a single, consistent body of concepts and principles, often employ different methods and assumptions to model different systems. Pluralists have remarked on how scientists draw on different assumptions to model different systems, different aspects of systems and systems under different conditions and defended the value of distinct, incompatible models within science at any given time. (...)
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  5.  1
    Scientific Pluralism, Consistency Preservation, and Inconsistency Toleration.Otávio Bueno
    Scientific pluralism is the view according to which there is a plurality of scientific domains and of scientific theories, and these theories are empirically adequate relative to their own respective domains. Scientific monism is the view according to which there is a single domain to which all scientific theories apply. How are these views impacted by the presence of inconsistent scientific theories? There are consistency-preservation strategies and inconsistency-toleration strategies. Among the former, two prominent strategies can be articulated: Compartmentalization and Information (...)
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  6.  2
    Scientific Pluralism and Inconsistency Toleration.Dunja Šešelja
    In this paper I examine the problem of inconsistency toleration in the context of scientific pluralism. I argue that, first of all, the notion of inconsistency toleration has to be qualified with respect to the evaluative attitude that one takes towards a given scientific theory or theories. Second, I show which types of inconsistency toleration are compatible with two major approaches to scientific pluralism, the so-called modest and the radical one. In view of this I suggest some points of demarcation (...)
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  7.  2
    Inconsistency in Mathematics and Inconsistency in Chemistry.Michèle Friend
    In this paper, I compare how it is that inconsistencies are handled in mathematics to how they are handled in chemistry. In mathematics, they are very precisely formulated and identified, unlike in chemistry. So the chemists can learn from the precision and the very well-worked out strategies developed by logicians and deployed by mathematicians to cope with inconsistency. Some lessons can also be learned by the mathematicians from the chemists. Mathematicians tend to be intolerant towards inconsistencies. There are some philosophers (...)
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  8.  1
    Scientific Disagreement and Evidential Pluralism: Lessons From the Studies on Hypercholesterolemia.Veli-Pekka Parkkinen, Federica Russo & Christian Wallmann
    Inconsistencies between scientific theories have been studied, by and large, from the perspective of paraconsistent logic. This approach considered the formal properties of theories and the structure of inferences one can legitimately draw from theories. However, inconsistencies can be also analysed from the perspective of modelling practices, in particular how modelling practices may lead scientists to form opinions and attitudes that are different, but not necessarily inconsistent. In such cases, it is preferable to talk about disagreement, rather than inconsistency. Disagreement (...)
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volume 4, issue 19, 2018
  1.  2
    Natural Properties, Supervenience, and Mereology.Andrea Borghini & Giorgio Lando
    The interpretation of Lewis‘s doctrine of natural properties is difficult and controversial, especially when it comes to the bearers of natural properties. According to the prevailing reading – the minimalist view – perfectly natural properties pertain to the micro-physical realm and are instantiated by entities without proper parts or point-like. This paper argues that there are reasons internal to a broadly Lewisian kind of metaphysics to think that the minimalist view is fundamentally flawed and that a liberal view, according to (...)
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1 — 50 / 105